Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian foreign trade in 2011

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods in 2011: turnover, exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade

In 2011, Russia’s trade totaled $822,478 million, up 31.39% ($196,499 million) from 2010.

Russia’s exports in 2011 totaled $516,718 million, up 30.13% ($119,650 million) from 2010.

Russia’s imports in 2011 totaled $305,760 million, up 33.57% ($76,849 million) from 2010.

Russia’s trade surplus in 2011 was $210,957 million, a 25.45% increase ($42,802 million) over 2010.

Russia’s Exports

The major share of Russian exports in 2011 (and in 2010) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 71.15% of Russia’s total exports (68.84% in 2010);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 9.20% of Russia’s total exports (10.74% in 2010);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 6.32% of Russia’s total exports (6.36% in 2010);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 3.87% of Russia’s total exports (4.41% in 2010);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 2.58% of Russia’s total exports (2.35% in 2010);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.18% of Russia’s total exports (2.48% in 2010);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 2.16% of Russia’s total exports (2.17% in 2010).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $92,041 million;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $3,928 million;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $2,770 million;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $2,543 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $2,034 million;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $1,772 million.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial decrease.
Russia’s exports in 2011 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2011,
million US dollars
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2010,
million US dollars
Percent change
in 2011
over 2010
01 Live animals 13 0.00 1122.01
02 Meat and edible meat offal 52 0.01 3643.91
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 2,437 0.47 2,20710.41
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 293 0.06 2679.87
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 37 0.01 2359.72
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 2 0.00 214.15
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 256 0.05 77230.13
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 71 0.01 3791.92
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 147 0.03 1367.93
10 Cereals 4,456 0.86 2,42283.97
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 357 0.07 121195.87
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 224 0.04 100123.30
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 6 0.00 537.33
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 9 0.00 640.09
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 1,260 0.24 83650.67
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 214 0.04 1997.29
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 310 0.06 146112.96
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 486 0.09 38925.05
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 436 0.08 4135.36
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 168 0.03 15011.96
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 523 0.10 4779.73
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 534 0.10 46016.21
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 467 0.09 36229.29
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 572 0.11 45226.37
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 1,613 0.31 1,14441.04
26 Ores, slag and ash 4,055 0.78 2,28377.60
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 361,967 70.05 269,92634.10
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 8,274 1.60 6,75022.57
29 Organic chemicals 4,637 0.90 3,42135.55
30 Pharmaceutical products 483 0.09 42214.47
31 Fertilizers 10,354 2.00 7,58436.52
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 274 0.05 23616.17
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 437 0.08 38812.52
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 485 0.09 4830.56
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 34 0.01 340.48
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 104 0.02 8325.58
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 9 0.00 10-10.27
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 548 0.11 48812.16
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2,518 0.49 2,16516.29
40 Rubber and articles thereof 4,475 0.87 3,18240.63
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 247 0.05 21315.71
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 35 0.01 3016.64
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 112 0.02 6376.57
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 7,359 1.42 6,46513.83
45 Cork and articles of cork 0 0.00 0-0.56
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0 0.00 0-17.43
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 1,400 0.27 1,19017.69
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 2,161 0.42 1,82818.26
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 353 0.07 372-5.09
50 Silk 0 0.00 011.44
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 58 0.01 4432.10
52 Cotton 90 0.02 847.25
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 21 0.00 1821.53
54 Man-made filaments 67 0.01 5229.46
55 Man-made staple fibers 47 0.01 4211.81
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 112 0.02 9418.87
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 6 0.00 530.13
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 12 0.00 939.76
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 67 0.01 5815.49
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 6 0.00 537.78
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 58 0.01 4335.57
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 113 0.02 9025.10
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 56 0.01 537.22
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 209 0.04 2061.53
65 Headgear and parts thereof 8 0.00 713.60
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0 0.00 070.64
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0 0.00 1-43.60
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 446 0.09 36422.51
69 Ceramic products 296 0.06 2729.00
70 Glass and glassware 521 0.10 4759.66
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 11,168 2.16 8,62529.48
72 Iron and steel 24,730 4.79 20,80318.88
73 Articles of iron or steel 3,226 0.62 2,65721.40
74 Copper and articles thereof 5,280 1.02 5,1273.00
75 Nickel and articles thereof 4,704 0.91 5,456-13.78
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 7,981 1.54 7,08312.67
78 Lead and articles thereof 208 0.04 18711.08
79 Zinc and articles thereof 152 0.03 173-11.95
80 Tin and articles thereof 18 0.00 1071.66
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 817 0.16 8002.21
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 285 0.06 20241.20
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 130 0.03 162-19.54
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 7,354 1.42 6,8557.28
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 4,443 0.86 3,48727.42
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,308 0.25 76970.19
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 3,828 0.74 2,74539.44
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 1,643 0.32 2,346-29.96
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,415 0.27 1,2919.61
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 9 0.00 730.70
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 1 0.00 0254.51
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 439 0.08 460-4.66
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 115 0.02 9027.49
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 20 0.00 234-91.47
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 2 0.00 3-26.77
SS Classified 9,976 1.93 7 47733.42

Russia’s Imports

The major share of Russian imports in 2011 (and in 2010) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 46.47% of Russia’s total imports (42.83% in 2010);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 15.06% of Russia’s total imports (16.27% in 2010);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 13.91% of Russia’s total imports (15.92% in 2010);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 7.31% of Russia’s total imports (7.40% in 2010);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 5.47% of Russia’s total imports (6.19% in 2010);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 3.23% of Russia’s total imports (2.58% in 2010);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.21% of Russia’s total imports (2.57% in 2010).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $17,513 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $15,248 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $5,546 million;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $2,585 million;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $2,299 million;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $2,067 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $2,051 million;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $2,039 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $1,996 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $1,660 million;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $1,496 million;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - an increase of $1,480 million;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $1,251 million;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $1,040 million.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial decrease.
Russia’s imports in 2011 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2011,
million US dollars
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2010,
million US dollars
Percent change
in 2011
over 2010
01 Live animals 586 0.19 33375.78
02 Meat and edible meat offal 7,028 2.30 6,4968.20
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 2,327 0.76 2,03714.23
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 3,722 1.22 3,4956.50
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 139 0.05 1361.97
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 924 0.30 76021.56
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 3,111 1.02 2,32034.09
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 6,243 2.04 5,49313.65
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 1,213 0.40 96026.34
10 Cereals 391 0.13 24857.65
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 220 0.07 14650.08
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,154 0.38 1,00614.72
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 151 0.05 13512.08
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 2 0.00 3-28.75
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 1,589 0.52 1,36916.06
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 720 0.24 52337.81
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 2,253 0.74 1,66835.05
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 1,482 0.48 1,30413.64
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 855 0.28 68225.34
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 1,548 0.51 1,39710.76
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,684 0.55 1,49412.73
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 2,764 0.90 2,26422.08
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 1,127 0.37 95717.80
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 1,301 0.43 1,2087.66
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 1,278 0.42 85649.29
26 Ores, slag and ash 2,580 0.84 1,32994.10
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 6,019 1.97 3,72061.81
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 3,542 1.16 2,99618.25
29 Organic chemicals 3,081 1.01 2,17841.47
30 Pharmaceutical products 13,266 4.34 11,19918.45
31 Fertilizers 82 0.03 5645.80
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,418 0.79 1,98921.60
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 3,464 1.13 3,2087.98
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,516 0.50 1,27219.15
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 584 0.19 51014.49
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 39 0.01 1998.26
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 241 0.08 245-1.35
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 2,770 0.91 2,08133.12
39 Plastics and articles thereof 10,745 3.51 8,69423.59
40 Rubber and articles thereof 4,297 1.41 2,80153.39
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 82 0.03 6820.40
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,047 0.34 86421.16
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 452 0.15 31244.82
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 1,203 0.39 95426.06
45 Cork and articles of cork 60 0.02 5117.19
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 20 0.01 194.28
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 117 0.04 7359.48
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 4,498 1.47 3,98412.90
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 845 0.28 8124.05
50 Silk 8 0.00 4117.06
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 46 0.02 3725.14
52 Cotton 735 0.24 54634.51
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 58 0.02 4335.08
54 Man-made filaments 596 0.19 48123.82
55 Man-made staple fibers 881 0.29 70425.20
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 451 0.15 37520.07
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 262 0.09 20229.91
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 152 0.05 13314.07
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 430 0.14 34225.75
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 423 0.14 3995.89
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 3,484 1.14 2,74326.99
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 3,720 1.22 3,16417.56
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 944 0.31 74426.88
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 4,286 1.40 4,0266.45
65 Headgear and parts thereof 164 0.05 12531.55
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 50 0.02 51-1.07
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 47 0.02 50-6.34
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,185 0.39 88833.37
69 Ceramic products 1,329 0.43 1,02230.07
70 Glass and glassware 1,241 0.41 95729.66
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 648 0.21 49431.22
72 Iron and steel 7,403 2.42 5,36438.01
73 Articles of iron or steel 8,427 2.76 6,43131.04
74 Copper and articles thereof 959 0.31 70037.06
75 Nickel and articles thereof 253 0.08 110129.66
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,644 0.54 1,24332.27
78 Lead and articles thereof 14 0.00 21-34.46
79 Zinc and articles thereof 96 0.03 915.57
80 Tin and articles thereof 38 0.01 2551.08
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 267 0.09 21126.66
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,658 0.54 1,35522.32
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 1,589 0.52 1,39314.09
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 53,423 17.47 38,17539.94
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 31,924 10.44 26,37821.03
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 3,638 1.19 2,15768.61
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 41,686 13.63 24,17372.45
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 3,636 1.19 1,051246.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 7,768 2.54 6,10827.17
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 324 0.11 23836.28
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 94 0.03 7919.62
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 4,132 1.35 3,09233.63
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,969 0.64 1,67517.55
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 547 0.18 5234.68
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 25 0.01 11122.20
SS Classified 6,330 2.07 4 05156.26
Share the publication on:
Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia