Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Bulgaria in 2012

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Bulgaria in 2012: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Bulgaria

In 2012, Russia’s trade with Bulgaria totaled $4,956,481,797, up 18.51% ($774,183,675) from 2011.

Russia’s exports to Bulgaria in 2012 totaled $4,262,397,631, up 22.02% ($769,162,851) from 2011.

Russia’s imports from Bulgaria in 2012 totaled $694,084,166, up 0.73% ($5,020,824) from 2011.

Russia’s trade surplus with Bulgaria in 2012 was $3,568,313,465, a 27.25% increase ($764,142,027) over 2011.

Bulgaria was Russia’s 29th largest trading partner in 2012 (just as in 2011), accounting for 0.5887% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.5085% in 2011).

Bulgaria was Russia’s 27th largest export market in 2012 (just as in 2011), accounting for 0.8123% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.6760% in 2011).

Bulgaria was Russia’s 48th largest supplier in 2012 (down from 46th in 2011), accounting for 0.2188% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.2254% in 2011).

Russia’s Exports to Bulgaria

The major share of Russian exports to Bulgaria in 2012 (and in 2011) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 88.88% of Russia’s total exports to Bulgaria (87.31% in 2011);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 6.14% of Russia’s total exports to Bulgaria (4.62% in 2011);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.78% of Russia’s total exports to Bulgaria (3.27% in 2011);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.22% of Russia’s total exports to Bulgaria (1.67% in 2011).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Bulgaria in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $709,349,468;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - an increase of $101,258,686;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $29,093,769;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $15,056,368.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Bulgaria in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - a decrease of $34,365,594;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $15,078,219.
Russia’s exports to Bulgaria in 2012 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2012
over 2011
01 Live animals 0 0.00 20,883-100.00
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 518 0.00 0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 239 0.00 0
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 48,586 0.00 4,421998.98
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 829,298 0.02 305,752171.23
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 1,284 0.00 1,506-14.74
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 3,998 0.00 32,119-87.55
10 Cereals 21,764 0.00 39,137-44.39
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 45,843 0.00 4,0321,036.98
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 286,857 0.01 0
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 177 0.00 0
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 553-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 17,398 0.00 3,325423.25
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 2,502,716 0.06 3,021,422-17.17
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 415,607 0.01 324,55728.05
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 336,629 0.01 462,195-27.17
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 7,629 0.00 52,884-85.57
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 713,065 0.02 1,282,299-44.39
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1,326,389 0.03 1,429,669-7.22
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 9,375 0.00 6,71939.53
26 Ores, slag and ash 29,269,275 0.69 175,50616,577.08
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 3,759,222,214 88.20 3,049,872,74623.26
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 4,199,327 0.10 6,892,251-39.07
29 Organic chemicals 4,981,534 0.12 3,167,10657.29
30 Pharmaceutical products 27,828 0.00 9,371196.96
31 Fertilizers 21,270,669 0.50 24,974,366-14.83
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 138,328 0.00 138,571-0.18
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 214,647 0.01 155,66237.89
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 175,381 0.00 603,536-70.94
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 21,430 0.00 16,39030.75
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 1,539,629 0.04 2,110,030-27.03
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 2,320 0.00 46,248-94.98
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 592,733 0.01 605,978-2.19
39 Plastics and articles thereof 5,485,857 0.13 3,917,80040.02
40 Rubber and articles thereof 13,152,365 0.31 15,615,157-15.77
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0 0.00 53,714-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 942 0.00 214,385.71
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 4,414,935 0.10 2,501,19976.51
45 Cork and articles of cork 298 0.00 1,456-79.53
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 22,753,213 0.53 23,703,655-4.01
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 368,779 0.01 2,078,117-82.25
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 633,543 0.01 216,286192.92
52 Cotton 6,109 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 0 0.00 70,941-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 23,140 0.00 21,1659.33
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 1,680 0.00 0
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 17 0.00 92,152-99.98
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 174,553 0.00 47,664266.22
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 8,448 0.00 8,504-0.66
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 1,160 0.00 481141.16
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 9,366 0.00 14,892-37.11
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 108,062 0.00 119,629-9.67
65 Headgear and parts thereof 1,050 0.00 1,377-23.75
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0 0.00 103-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 4,378,186 0.10 3,132,68539.76
69 Ceramic products 52,292 0.00 103,068-49.26
70 Glass and glassware 313,705 0.01 362,517-13.46
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 258,738 0.01 0
72 Iron and steel 35,398,915 0.83 32,385,2739.31
73 Articles of iron or steel 5,249,518 0.12 6,994,243-24.95
74 Copper and articles thereof 3,158,247 0.07 7,946,236-60.25
75 Nickel and articles thereof 5,078 0.00 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 29,538,999 0.69 63,904,593-53.78
78 Lead and articles thereof 2,137,903 0.05 2,759,035-22.51
79 Zinc and articles thereof 1,917 0.00 0
80 Tin and articles thereof 24,100 0.00 34,501-30.15
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 62,349 0.00 49,62425.64
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 241,331 0.01 176,50736.73
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 136,706 0.00 125,1909.20
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 120,698,084 2.83 135,776,303-11.11
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 5,753,902 0.13 6,666,660-13.69
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 101,691,145 2.39 432,45923,414.63
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 2,685,488 0.06 3,846,153-30.18
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 26,205,266 0.61 11,148,898135.05
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 4,586,202 0.11 3,599,24027.42
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 36 0.00 2,461-98.54
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0 0.00 687-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 136,081 0.00 1,762,475-92.28
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 92,313 0.00 191,499-51.79
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 36,081 0.00 23,09556.23
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 1,666 0.00 290474.48
SS Classified 44,187,179 1.04 67 587 541-34.62

Russia’s Imports from Bulgaria

The major share of Russian imports from Bulgaria in 2012 (and in 2011) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 34.39% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (37.00% in 2011);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 33.75% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (36.43% in 2011);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 11.93% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (10.90% in 2011);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 6.62% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (5.87% in 2011);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.44% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (4.12% in 2011);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 1.95% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (0.71% in 2011).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Bulgaria in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - an increase of $8,655,394;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - an increase of $7,477,798;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $6,295,521;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $5,275,617;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $3,112,922;
  • Meat and edible meat offal (HS code 02) - an increase of $3,076,163;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $3,053,158;
  • Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 95) - an increase of $2,951,516;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $2,935,072;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - an increase of $2,537,031.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Bulgaria in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $17,698,867;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $13,347,319;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $3,998,136;
  • Photographic or cinematographic goods (HS code 37) - a decrease of $3,971,224;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $3,754,273;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - a decrease of $2,801,884;
  • Copper and articles thereof (HS code 74) - a decrease of $2,768,976.
Russia’s imports from Bulgaria in 2012 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2012
over 2011
01 Live animals 58,815 0.01 0
02 Meat and edible meat offal 3,346,492 0.48 270,3291,137.93
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 334,528 0.05 277,66220.48
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 1,016,412 0.15 1,058,032-3.93
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 1,338 0.00 27,801-95.19
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 452,259 0.07 314,30943.89
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 2,133,114 0.31 3,527,073-39.52
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 984,933 0.14 1,224,078-19.54
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 2,790,725 0.40 4,485,856-37.79
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 20,488 0.00 11,47278.59
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 16,726 0.00 332,797-94.97
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 394,125 0.06 118,338233.05
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 652,349 0.09 618,0055.56
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 1,774,342 0.26 980,73580.92
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 554,859 0.08 560,646-1.03
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 9,487,715 1.37 8,083,32317.37
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,057,408 0.30 1,746,91417.77
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 29,932,466 4.31 32,734,350-8.56
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 2,432,810 0.35 1,872,43429.93
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 24,353,349 3.51 16,875,55144.31
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 13,558,555 1.95 4,903,161176.53
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 27,175,015 3.92 25,307,1137.38
29 Organic chemicals 2,787,607 0.40 6,541,880-57.39
30 Pharmaceutical products 161,972,325 23.34 179,671,192-9.85
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 348,800 0.05 612,859-43.09
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 14,009,781 2.02 13,018,7017.61
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 537,504 0.08 461,29116.52
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 2,030,418 0.29 2,708,087-25.02
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 29,132 0.00 28,6481.69
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 1,118,945 0.16 5,090,169-78.02
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 2,427,021 0.35 1,773,14036.88
39 Plastics and articles thereof 14,462,350 2.08 11,349,42827.43
40 Rubber and articles thereof 7,386,620 1.06 4,451,54865.93
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 205,587 0.03 373,939-45.02
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,617,339 0.23 1,272,57427.09
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 21,366 0.00 18,89813.06
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 543,043 0.08 176,182208.23
45 Cork and articles of cork 28 0.00 7,551-99.63
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 622,247 0.09 1,474,385-57.80
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 55,068 0.01 287,650-80.86
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 184,883 0.03 148,64924.38
52 Cotton 28,307 0.00 332,171-91.48
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 14,637 0.00 48,809-70.01
54 Man-made filaments 58,021 0.01 127,232-54.40
55 Man-made staple fibers 2,264,765 0.33 3,958,321-42.78
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 216,910 0.03 434,313-50.06
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 54,088 0.01 77,154-29.90
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 7,199 0.00 1,914276.12
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 117,081 0.02 390,247-70.00
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 439,055 0.06 785,236-44.09
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 17,850,031 2.57 12,574,41441.96
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 19,766,446 2.85 16,713,28818.27
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 2,933,529 0.42 1,439,361103.81
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,851,120 0.27 3,209,349-42.32
65 Headgear and parts thereof 132,109 0.02 228,471-42.18
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 575,551 0.08 573,9460.28
69 Ceramic products 12,846,108 1.85 10,943,21817.39
70 Glass and glassware 9,033,213 1.30 6,496,18239.05
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 46,045 0.01 55,008-16.29
72 Iron and steel 8,011,550 1.15 6,808,52817.67
73 Articles of iron or steel 9,028,979 1.30 7,477,93220.74
74 Copper and articles thereof 4,752,520 0.68 7,521,496-36.81
75 Nickel and articles thereof 3 0.00 2,741-99.89
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 431,741 0.06 519,569-16.90
79 Zinc and articles thereof 1,174 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 0 0.00 3,597-100.00
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,415,987 0.20 644,509119.70
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 7,208,997 1.04 5,398,06933.55
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 136,947,774 19.73 134,945,3181.48
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 45,491,112 6.55 45,057,0960.96
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 36,117,722 5.20 40,115,858-9.97
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 10,130,236 1.46 23,477,555-56.85
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 10,023,134 1.44 11,326,528-11.51
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0 0.00 908-100.00
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 49,232 0.01 98,509-50.02
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 14,281,148 2.06 7,985,62778.84
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 7,039,211 1.01 4,087,69572.20
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 773,176 0.11 406,42390.24
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 4,695 0.00 0
SS Classified 252,673 0.04 0
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia