Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with India in 2012

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with India in 2012: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with India

In 2012, Russia’s trade with India totaled $10,604,095,250, up 19.60% ($1,737,776,033) from 2011.

Russia’s exports to India in 2012 totaled $7,563,325,915, up 24.40% ($1,483,490,235) from 2011.

Russia’s imports from India in 2012 totaled $3,040,769,335, up 9.13% ($254,285,798) from 2011.

Russia’s trade surplus with India in 2012 was $4,522,556,580, a 37.32% increase ($1,229,204,437) over 2011.

India was Russia’s 19th largest trading partner in 2012 (up from 23rd in 2011), accounting for 1.2594% of Russia’s total trade (up from 1.0780% in 2011).

India was Russia’s 18th largest export market in 2012 (up from 23rd in 2011), accounting for 1.4414% of Russia’s total exports (up from 1.1766% in 2011).

India was Russia’s 24th largest supplier in 2012 (up from 25th in 2011), accounting for 0.9584% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.9113% in 2011).

Russia’s Exports to India

The major share of Russian exports to India in 2012 (and in 2011) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 36.94% of Russia’s total exports to India (24.34% in 2011);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 17.97% of Russia’s total exports to India (17.53% in 2011);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 9.91% of Russia’s total exports to India (11.83% in 2011);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 9.66% of Russia’s total exports to India (10.37% in 2011);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 4.06% of Russia’s total exports to India (5.74% in 2011);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.69% of Russia’s total exports to India (3.98% in 2011);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.86% of Russia’s total exports to India (0.65% in 2011).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to India in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $1,279,065,891;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $304,237,652;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $123,974,760;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $111,270,556;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - an increase of $88,057,622;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - an increase of $51,922,393;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $40,152,317;
  • Nickel and articles thereof (HS code 75) - an increase of $36,996,492;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $30,210,067.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to India in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $107,825,179;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $86,609,791;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $44,801,678;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $34,112,250;
  • Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans (HS code 49) - a decrease of $24,128,632.
Russia’s exports to India in 2012 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2012
over 2011
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 0 0.00 87,627-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 119,630,322 1.58 31,572,700278.90
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 104,697 0.00 10,454901.50
10 Cereals 6,857 0.00 5,76718.90
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 0 0.00 14,719-100.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,677,998 0.02 566,377196.27
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 2,093 0.00 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 18,282,340 0.24 6,012,737204.06
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 524 0.00 139276.98
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 0 0.00 10,436-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 999,061 0.01 1,215,969-17.84
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 294,911 0.00 42,464594.50
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 117,590,119 1.55 65,667,72679.07
26 Ores, slag and ash 13,824,246 0.18 8,469163,133.51
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 175,589,356 2.32 283,414,535-38.05
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 126,810,235 1.68 118,191,2707.29
29 Organic chemicals 45,999,387 0.61 29,692,56054.92
30 Pharmaceutical products 2,654,153 0.04 2,166,74322.50
31 Fertilizers 1,083,523,364 14.33 779,285,71239.04
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 5,794,421 0.08 7,177,810-19.27
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 91,306 0.00 55,90263.33
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,842,761 0.02 1,455,55226.60
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 854,777 0.01 581,01847.12
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 10,307,474 0.14 5,359,44292.32
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 19,080 0.00 16,00319.23
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 6,685,510 0.09 9,121,200-26.70
39 Plastics and articles thereof 28,335,391 0.37 46,715,644-39.34
40 Rubber and articles thereof 45,990,129 0.61 66,136,888-30.46
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 2,017 0.00 329,745-99.39
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 199,551 0.00 869,933-77.06
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 7,168,923 0.09 9,269,294-22.66
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 22,328,536 0.30 22,705,988-1.66
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 145,484,395 1.92 157,526,667-7.64
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 28,626,628 0.38 52,755,260-45.74
50 Silk 0 0.00 3,484-100.00
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 2,845,576 0.04 6,029,421-52.81
52 Cotton 58,035 0.00 110,911-47.67
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 23,550 0.00 21,32210.45
54 Man-made filaments 1,297,432 0.02 1,195,9848.48
55 Man-made staple fibers 24,513 0.00 4,292471.13
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 481,702 0.01 309,77655.50
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 5,372 0.00 6,458-16.82
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 10,159,993 0.13 12,260,424-17.13
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 72,824 0.00 9,940632.64
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 172,621 0.00 1,50211,392.74
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 1,457 0.00 344,185.29
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 519,271 0.01 1,235,015-57.95
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 0 0.00 3,961-100.00
65 Headgear and parts thereof 130,234 0.00 2,8434,480.87
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,866,240 0.02 1,196,33056.00
69 Ceramic products 2,433,111 0.03 206,2851,079.49
70 Glass and glassware 3,524,837 0.05 4,886,053-27.86
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 749,536,880 9.91 719,326,8134.20
72 Iron and steel 501,697,995 6.63 377,723,23532.82
73 Articles of iron or steel 79,405,593 1.05 124,207,271-36.07
74 Copper and articles thereof 2,950,361 0.04 4,161,506-29.10
75 Nickel and articles thereof 40,324,898 0.53 3,328,4061,111.54
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 46,768,630 0.62 59,292,957-21.12
78 Lead and articles thereof 5,129,764 0.07 10,766,109-52.35
79 Zinc and articles thereof 1,068 0.00 7,834-86.37
80 Tin and articles thereof 90,811 0.00 35,951152.60
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 45,829,030 0.61 40,753,00312.46
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 6,737,246 0.09 5,407,02624.60
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 1,919,488 0.03 4,763,136-59.70
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 543,156,735 7.18 577,268,985-5.91
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 530,775,846 7.02 490,623,5298.18
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 10,598,593 0.14 6,140,92072.59
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 60,052,388 0.79 146,662,179-59.05
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 1,334,858,866 17.65 55,792,9752,292.52
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 314,443,769 4.16 203,173,21354.77
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 338,922 0.00 213,52458.73
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2,775,579 0.04 7,389,836-62.44
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 99,094 0.00 18,956422.76
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 141,834 0.00 180,951-21.62
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 939 0.00 6,095-84.59
SS Classified 1,251,354,256 16.55 1 517 064 485-17.51

Russia’s Imports from India

The major share of Russian imports from India in 2012 (and in 2011) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 34.29% of Russia’s total imports from India (34.10% in 2011);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 23.90% of Russia’s total imports from India (24.56% in 2011);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 18.61% of Russia’s total imports from India (19.45% in 2011);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 10.39% of Russia’s total imports from India (10.86% in 2011);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 8.02% of Russia’s total imports from India (5.82% in 2011).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from India in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $71,980,409;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $53,677,787;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $27,872,188;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $22,597,542;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $19,433,729;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $12,535,255;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $12,187,339;
  • Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts (HS code 13) - an increase of $10,360,211;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $9,278,266.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from India in 2012 over 2011 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - a decrease of $17,118,841;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $13,428,924;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - a decrease of $12,836,626;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - a decrease of $10,569,755.
Russia’s imports from India in 2012 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2012
over 2011
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 29,455,257 0.97 29,426,8580.10
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 16,744 0.00 10,32962.11
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 377,763 0.01 155,942142.25
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 20,792,448 0.68 34,221,372-39.24
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 22,290,466 0.73 13,012,20071.30
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 142,800,131 4.70 143,351,859-0.38
10 Cereals 28,510,691 0.94 638,5034,365.24
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 295,821 0.01 726,891-59.30
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 36,756,661 1.21 24,221,40651.75
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 27,853,658 0.92 17,493,44759.22
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 429,237 0.01 173,952146.76
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 6,967,750 0.23 8,810,688-20.92
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 8,102,372 0.27 5,620,42144.16
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 12,933,692 0.43 4,857,354166.27
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 0 0.00 1,098-100.00
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 76,446 0.00 44,25972.72
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 26,285,335 0.86 27,328,118-3.82
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 103,913,909 3.42 121,032,750-14.14
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 125,295 0.00 27463,955.56
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 613,837 0.02 715,270-14.18
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 97,314,856 3.20 110,151,482-11.65
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 6,403,534 0.21 5,746,99911.42
26 Ores, slag and ash 2,141,552 0.07 10,212,802-79.03
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 9,686,756 0.32 8,265,40517.20
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 10,182,560 0.33 7,416,36437.30
29 Organic chemicals 81,249,375 2.67 61,815,64631.44
30 Pharmaceutical products 775,906,978 25.52 722,229,1917.43
31 Fertilizers 14 0.00 0
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 24,802,200 0.82 23,844,6904.02
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 16,637,959 0.55 13,794,24120.62
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 3,827,128 0.13 3,570,2037.20
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 1,078,408 0.04 930,35015.91
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 215,369 0.01 303,662-29.08
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 32,980,985 1.08 30,013,2739.89
39 Plastics and articles thereof 59,426,464 1.95 52,243,21413.75
40 Rubber and articles thereof 36,306,799 1.19 33,978,1536.85
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 3,488,360 0.11 3,533,647-1.28
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 34,287,946 1.13 29,588,69615.88
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 35,995 0.00 92,844-61.23
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 864,395 0.03 816,8255.82
45 Cork and articles of cork 114,788 0.00 344,860-66.71
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 257,254 0.01 194,09832.54
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 3,810,869 0.13 7,408,677-48.56
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 1,250,759 0.04 1,561,090-19.88
50 Silk 516,893 0.02 578,340-10.62
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 147,715 0.00 559,269-73.59
52 Cotton 16,336,660 0.54 8,075,946102.29
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 5,193,517 0.17 3,873,66934.07
54 Man-made filaments 9,669,760 0.32 5,197,20286.06
55 Man-made staple fibers 11,427,240 0.38 4,082,082179.94
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 3,145,363 0.10 3,503,086-10.21
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 9,480,552 0.31 9,727,310-2.54
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 482,952 0.02 605,431-20.23
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,100,140 0.04 1,214,260-9.40
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 2,320,975 0.08 966,961140.03
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 75,471,964 2.48 86,041,719-12.28
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 108,132,359 3.56 106,932,9541.12
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 27,702,455 0.91 27,609,5300.34
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 44,624,888 1.47 43,192,5443.32
65 Headgear and parts thereof 220,103 0.01 300,490-26.75
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 9,088 0.00 15,756-42.32
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 35,023 0.00 16,153116.82
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 24,069,819 0.79 19,493,00423.48
69 Ceramic products 3,518,288 0.12 4,724,079-25.52
70 Glass and glassware 5,388,327 0.18 6,105,941-11.75
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 27,708,994 0.91 27,571,7610.50
72 Iron and steel 163,707,209 5.38 91,726,80078.47
73 Articles of iron or steel 32,180,232 1.06 25,550,62625.95
74 Copper and articles thereof 2,383,487 0.08 1,683,01841.62
75 Nickel and articles thereof 19,569 0.00 374,840-94.78
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,168,202 0.04 913,76427.85
78 Lead and articles thereof 4,860 0.00 0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 78,321 0.00 3,9331,891.38
80 Tin and articles thereof 455 0.00 42983.33
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 364,648 0.01 851,731-57.19
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 38,704,971 1.27 35,945,3667.68
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 5,396,597 0.18 4,999,8757.93
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 141,935,226 4.67 136,618,2813.89
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 488,482,569 16.06 476,295,2302.56
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 232,809 0.01 170,43336.60
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 76,535,351 2.52 53,937,80941.90
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 0 0.00 848,232-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 19,614,658 0.65 16,471,66319.08
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 284,345 0.01 281,5281.00
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 251,744 0.01 170,57547.59
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 9,735,278 0.32 7,556,19728.84
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,195,775 0.04 750,45259.34
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 10,630,035 0.35 9,433,52912.68
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 224 0.00 0
SS Classified 290,879 0.01 1 612 970-81.97
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia