Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Ethiopia in 2013

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Ethiopia in 2013: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Ethiopia

In 2013, Russia’s trade with Ethiopia was $68,631,841, down 54.20% ($81,205,471) from 2012.

Russia’s exports to Ethiopia in 2013 were $46,191,165, down 64.32% ($83,272,859) from 2012.

Russia’s imports from Ethiopia in 2013 totaled $22,440,676, up 10.15% ($2,067,388) from 2012.

Russia’s trade surplus with Ethiopia in 2013 was $23,750,489, a 78.23% decrease ($85,340,247) over 2012.

Ethiopia was Russia’s 119th largest trading partner in 2013 (down from 107th in 2012), accounting for 0.0081% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.0178% in 2012).

Ethiopia was Russia’s 117th largest export market in 2013 (down from 94th in 2012), accounting for 0.0088% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.0247% in 2012).

Ethiopia was Russia’s 106th largest supplier in 2013 (up from 108th in 2012), accounting for 0.0071% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.0064% in 2012).

Russia’s Exports to Ethiopia

The major share of Russian exports to Ethiopia in 2013 (and in 2012) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 37.73% of Russia’s total exports to Ethiopia (13.38% in 2012);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 36.03% of Russia’s total exports to Ethiopia (76.91% in 2012);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 12.53% of Russia’s total exports to Ethiopia (5.49% in 2012);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 4.73% of Russia’s total exports to Ethiopia (1.02% in 2012);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 3.63% of Russia’s total exports to Ethiopia (1.06% in 2012).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Ethiopia in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $4,449,352;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $3,517,045;
  • Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten (HS code 11) - an increase of $766,386;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $722,878;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $542,140;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $181,120.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Ethiopia in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $82,189,498;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $8,586,640;
  • Headgear and parts thereof (HS code 65) - a decrease of $1,019,424;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $791,313;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - a decrease of $615,157;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $591,292;
  • Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics (HS code 32) - a decrease of $308,761;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $267,500.
Russia’s exports to Ethiopia in 2013 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2013,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2013
over 2012
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 1,766,391 3.82 1,000,00576.64
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 417,485 0.90 326,17527.99
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 37,524 0.08 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 0 0.00 16,275-100.00
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 1,702 0.00 0
29 Organic chemicals 66 0.00 0
30 Pharmaceutical products 19,870 0.04 0
31 Fertilizers 15,433,735 33.41 97,623,233-84.19
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 37,903 0.08 346,664-89.07
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 11 0.00 29,072-99.96
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 4,335 0.01 37,926-88.57
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 58,273 0.13 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 40,094 0.09 5,304655.92
39 Plastics and articles thereof 119,939 0.26 711,231-83.14
40 Rubber and articles thereof 927,256 2.01 820,49013.01
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 956 0.00 4,200-77.24
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 438,941 0.95 706,441-37.87
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 0 0.00 101,257-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 1,107,870 2.40 565,73095.83
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 130,423 0.28 50025,984.60
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 627 0.00 4,135-84.84
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 24,180 0.05 22,7296.38
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 97 0.00 0
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 320 0.00 15,524-97.94
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0 0.00 1,019,424-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 114,850 0.25 24,205374.49
70 Glass and glassware 9,215 0.02 35,552-74.08
72 Iron and steel 4,473,502 9.68 4,292,3824.22
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,007,008 2.18 1,798,321-44.00
74 Copper and articles thereof 19,428 0.04 85,360-77.24
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 235,593 0.51 850,750-72.31
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 30,295 0.07 24,12825.56
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 20,054 0.04 59,897-66.52
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 8,634,858 18.69 5,117,81368.72
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 5,743,342 12.43 1,293,990343.85
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 1,742,506 3.77 10,329,146-83.13
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,308,957 2.83 586,079123.34
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 81,408 0.18 6,5841,136.45
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 76,238 0.17 1,0007,523.80
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 41 0.00 6,706-99.39
SS Classified 2,125,872 4.60 1 595 79633.22

Russia’s Imports from Ethiopia

The major share of Russian imports from Ethiopia in 2013 (and in 2012) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 99.89% of Russia’s total imports from Ethiopia (98.55% in 2012).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Ethiopia in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - an increase of $7,453,424;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $120,040.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Ethiopia in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - a decrease of $5,162,044;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - a decrease of $188,805;
  • Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage (HS code 06) - a decrease of $141,078;
  • Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather (HS code 41) - a decrease of $98,024.
Russia’s imports from Ethiopia in 2013 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2013,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2013
over 2012
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 2,946,591 13.13 3,087,669-4.57
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 9,677,365 43.12 2,223,941335.14
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 128,181 0.57 96,63332.65
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 9,282,133 41.36 14,444,177-35.74
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 270,527 1.21 150,48779.77
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 112,149 0.50 74,10851.33
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 0 0.00 762-100.00
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0 0.00 98,024-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 5,453 0.02 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 6,105 0.03 1913,096.34
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 10,626 0.05 1,077886.63
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 901 0.00 189,706-99.53
70 Glass and glassware 0 0.00 905-100.00
73 Articles of iron or steel 0 0.00 323-100.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 220 0.00 0
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 163 0.00 0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 262 0.00 2,594-89.90
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 0 0.00 1,201-100.00
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 0 0.00 1,490-100.00

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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia