Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Finland in 2013

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Finland in 2013: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Finland

In 2013, Russia’s trade with Finland totaled $18,703,929,415, up 9.94% ($1,690,773,159) from 2012.

Russia’s exports to Finland in 2013 totaled $13,308,193,909, up 10.82% ($1,298,944,919) from 2012.

Russia’s imports from Finland in 2013 totaled $5,395,735,506, up 7.83% ($391,828,240) from 2012.

Russia’s trade surplus with Finland in 2013 was $7,912,458,403, a 12.95% increase ($907,116,679) over 2012.

Finland was Russia’s 15th largest trading partner in 2013 (just as in 2012), accounting for 2.2208% of Russia’s total trade (up from 2.0206% in 2012).

Finland was Russia’s 13th largest export market in 2013 (up from 14th in 2012), accounting for 2.5240% of Russia’s total exports (up from 2.2886% in 2012).

Finland was Russia’s 15th largest supplier in 2013 (up from 16th in 2012), accounting for 1.7131% of Russia’s total imports (up from 1.5772% in 2012).

Russia’s Exports to Finland

The major share of Russian exports to Finland in 2013 (and in 2012) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 80.13% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (77.82% in 2012);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 11.53% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (14.11% in 2012);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 4.53% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (4.18% in 2012);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.37% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (1.91% in 2012);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 1.09% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (0.66% in 2012).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Finland in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $1,286,663,416;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $108,826,652;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $70,171,041.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Finland in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $141,548,693;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $67,314,816.
Russia’s exports to Finland in 2013 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2013,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2013
over 2012
01 Live animals 0 0.00 128-100.00
02 Meat and edible meat offal 2,097,756 0.02 2,030,5283.31
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 19,643 0.00 17,63111.41
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 118,188 0.00 120,271-1.73
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 185,585 0.00 0
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 1,790,480 0.01 6,271,334-71.45
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 28,547 0.00 0
10 Cereals 527,262 0.00 7,158,301-92.63
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 347,637 0.00 271,28328.15
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 219,837 0.00 1,212,823-81.87
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 97,306 0.00 36,627165.67
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 1,043,924 0.01 0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 717,659 0.01 905,478-20.74
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 40,260 0.00 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 64,221 0.00 48,08033.57
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 36,196,958 0.27 23,082,32456.82
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 23,399,667 0.18 9,709,774140.99
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 8,280,106 0.06 3,937,617110.28
26 Ores, slag and ash 69,271,384 0.52 42,208,59564.12
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 10,586,619,374 79.55 9,299,955,95813.84
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 138,350,714 1.04 155,142,394-10.82
29 Organic chemicals 1,111,979,942 8.36 1,253,528,635-11.29
30 Pharmaceutical products 2,098,768 0.02 1,710,98022.66
31 Fertilizers 121,276,629 0.91 146,645,784-17.30
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 236,874 0.00 34,347589.65
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 785,411 0.01 603,22430.20
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 245,111 0.00 67,542262.90
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 2,955 0.00 1761,578.98
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 3,515,067 0.03 3,116,62412.78
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 33,678,352 0.25 21,188,03558.95
39 Plastics and articles thereof 8,607,357 0.06 7,550,41914.00
40 Rubber and articles thereof 114,209,717 0.86 105,391,8608.37
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 683,663 0.01 360,41089.69
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,091,960 0.01 747,61646.06
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 20,448,888 0.15 4,159,914391.57
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 569,030,606 4.28 460,203,95423.65
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 27,586 0.00 18,32250.56
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 8,985,214 0.07 12,596,792-28.67
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 25,068,796 0.19 29,285,310-14.40
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 271,727 0.00 48,471460.60
52 Cotton 0 0.00 131,932-100.00
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0 0.00 60,634-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 794 0.00 0
55 Man-made staple fibers 0 0.00 65,650-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 14,953 0.00 48,285-69.03
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 113 0.00 4,080-97.23
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 22,786 0.00 22110,210.41
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 9,964 0.00 148,114-93.27
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 40,959 0.00 60,582-32.39
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 60,906 0.00 34,62475.91
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 43,671 0.00 96,415-54.71
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 601,319 0.00 667,073-9.86
65 Headgear and parts thereof 3,313 0.00 655,116.67
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 182 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 13,423,524 0.10 15,691,948-14.46
69 Ceramic products 1,639,706 0.01 1,626,1080.84
70 Glass and glassware 8,635,762 0.06 5,894,10146.52
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 208,308 0.00 226,559-8.06
72 Iron and steel 57,471,342 0.43 124,786,158-53.94
73 Articles of iron or steel 29,806,371 0.22 25,452,07517.11
74 Copper and articles thereof 14,679,347 0.11 15,727,071-6.66
75 Nickel and articles thereof 937,073 0.01 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 32,290,291 0.24 7,546,581327.88
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 598-100.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0 0.00 21-100.00
80 Tin and articles thereof 2,426 0.00 854184.07
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 18,490,647 0.14 37,985,563-51.32
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,590,659 0.01 10,257,812-84.49
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 27,569,213 0.21 7,034,984291.89
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 112,125,655 0.84 41,954,614167.25
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 21,057,113 0.16 17,877,44117.79
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 5,102,416 0.04 1,276,524299.71
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 2,691,287 0.02 13,952,718-80.71
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 1,657,473 0.01 611,962170.85
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 2,298,459 0.02 3,088,505-25.58
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2,127,490 0.02 1,512,55540.66
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 5,761,735 0.04 4,756,91321.12
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 161,129 0.00 106,12151.84
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 36,683 0.00 1,6632,105.83
SS Classified 55,969,709 0.42 71 194 364-21.38

Russia’s Imports from Finland

The major share of Russian imports from Finland in 2013 (and in 2012) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 33.38% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (30.56% in 2012);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 19.42% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (20.10% in 2012);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 14.88% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (16.07% in 2012);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 11.15% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (11.07% in 2012);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 10.36% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (10.41% in 2012);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 6.05% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (6.74% in 2012);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.31% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (1.26% in 2012).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Finland in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $270,360,183;
  • Copper and articles thereof (HS code 74) - an increase of $71,099,479;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $39,702,134;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $36,556,184;
  • Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included (HS code 04) - an increase of $24,840,072;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $18,110,666.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Finland in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $34,725,690;
  • Nickel and articles thereof (HS code 75) - a decrease of $33,572,456;
  • Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans (HS code 49) - a decrease of $30,215,627;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $19,110,676.
Russia’s imports from Finland in 2013 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2013,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2013
over 2012
01 Live animals 1,728,298 0.03 5,728,643-69.83
02 Meat and edible meat offal 27,235,670 0.50 23,580,45915.50
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 11,141,899 0.21 15,244,223-26.91
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 317,572,486 5.89 292,732,4148.49
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 31,893 0.00 132,787-75.98
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 126,339 0.00 79,76358.39
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 4,519,269 0.08 9,055,804-50.10
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 25,242 0.00 58,213-56.64
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 4,021,400 0.07 3,012,91433.47
10 Cereals 3,367,954 0.06 2,149,72456.67
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 25,528,352 0.47 29,555,865-13.63
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 17,940 0.00 13,14736.46
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 25,062 0.00 50,638-50.51
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 2,211,279 0.04 3,668,484-39.72
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 1,209,478 0.02 1,342,050-9.88
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 4,030,477 0.07 3,349,65520.33
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 8,721,044 0.16 8,230,7295.96
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 30,881,011 0.57 24,236,37627.42
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 3,852,556 0.07 3,335,79015.49
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 10,294,413 0.19 9,648,2586.70
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 75,967,603 1.41 61,107,30324.32
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 26,693,818 0.49 24,573,6238.63
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 10,636,817 0.20 11,402,501-6.72
26 Ores, slag and ash 10,535 0.00 28,034-62.42
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 316,031,127 5.86 325,724,015-2.98
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 74,979,406 1.39 62,489,52219.99
29 Organic chemicals 21,477,084 0.40 20,130,2856.69
30 Pharmaceutical products 82,463,251 1.53 73,758,35811.80
31 Fertilizers 827,707 0.02 1,345,891-38.50
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 150,162,019 2.78 162,593,042-7.65
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 20,117,677 0.37 24,047,121-16.34
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 179,248,431 3.32 176,387,9161.62
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 13,382,678 0.25 13,953,001-4.09
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 367,428 0.01 55,841557.99
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 268,243 0.00 107,326149.93
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 70,729,193 1.31 57,386,04123.25
39 Plastics and articles thereof 382,841,629 7.10 343,139,49511.57
40 Rubber and articles thereof 51,053,225 0.95 70,163,901-27.24
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 188,421 0.00 104,72979.91
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 553,479 0.01 723,326-23.48
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 13,257,072 0.25 16,572,380-20.01
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 28,580,250 0.53 26,983,5765.92
45 Cork and articles of cork 4,251 0.00 2,38578.24
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 46,245 0.00 54,026-14.40
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 46,105,166 0.85 36,754,65625.44
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 674,010,603 12.49 655,899,9372.76
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 54,238,851 1.01 84,454,478-35.78
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 170,051 0.00 97,56674.29
52 Cotton 20,014 0.00 30,684-34.77
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0 0.00 10,279-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 36,904 0.00 75,908-51.38
55 Man-made staple fibers 75,317 0.00 35,938109.57
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 7,238,614 0.13 9,767,168-25.89
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 674,680 0.01 824,631-18.18
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 718,285 0.01 528,94435.80
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 5,724,260 0.11 5,233,5989.38
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 391,780 0.01 353,99710.67
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 3,249,958 0.06 1,720,17788.93
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 25,728,096 0.48 17,607,39946.12
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,924,358 0.04 2,349,888-18.11
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 21,455,206 0.40 21,920,536-2.12
65 Headgear and parts thereof 3,068,871 0.06 2,310,92632.80
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 1,365 0.00 6,336-78.46
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 2,051 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 59,289,195 1.10 52,726,62612.45
69 Ceramic products 2,468,096 0.05 3,290,682-25.00
70 Glass and glassware 10,961,566 0.20 8,933,94122.70
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 314,312 0.01 610,854-48.55
72 Iron and steel 156,130,666 2.89 152,463,9672.40
73 Articles of iron or steel 111,348,976 2.06 119,456,063-6.79
74 Copper and articles thereof 188,863,031 3.50 117,763,55260.37
75 Nickel and articles thereof 88,524,577 1.64 122,097,033-27.50
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 34,363,485 0.64 26,030,72232.01
78 Lead and articles thereof 28,321 0.00 2,5401,015.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 313,168 0.01 52,667494.62
80 Tin and articles thereof 1,935 0.00 4,882-60.36
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 234,656 0.00 270,932-13.39
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 13,171,409 0.24 8,756,05850.43
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 8,666,577 0.16 6,808,11427.30
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 894,722,475 16.58 884,396,9501.17
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 352,224,386 6.53 315,668,20211.58
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 9,619,591 0.18 15,595,676-38.32
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 180,104,897 3.34 214,830,587-16.16
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 292,562,640 5.42 22,202,4571,217.70
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 71,941,440 1.33 76,279,498-5.69
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 1,442,638 0.03 893,52461.45
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 82,033,973 1.52 90,964,541-9.82
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 9,023,953 0.17 9,200,946-1.92
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 3,575,453 0.07 3,381,1645.75
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 26,028 0.00 33,927-23.28
SS Classified 2,513,981 0.05 3 168 541-20.66

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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia