Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Romania in 2013

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in 2013: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In 2013, Russia’s trade with Romania totaled $3,662,133,265, up 1.37% ($49,557,355) from 2012.

Russia’s exports to Romania in 2013 were $1,615,541,073, down 13.91% ($261,055,767) from 2012.

Russia’s imports from Romania in 2013 totaled $2,046,592,192, up 17.89% ($310,613,122) from 2012.

Russia’s trade balance with Romania went from a surplus of $140,617,770 in 2012, to a deficit of $431,051,119 in 2013.

Romania was Russia’s 34th largest trading partner in 2013 (up from 35th in 2012), accounting for 0.4348% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.4290% in 2012).

Romania was Russia’s 42nd largest export market in 2013 (down from 39th in 2012), accounting for 0.3064% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.3576% in 2012).

Romania was Russia’s 29th largest supplier in 2013 (up from 32nd in 2012), accounting for 0.6498% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.5472% in 2012).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in 2013 (and in 2012) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 78.03% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (81.27% in 2012);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 12.82% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (10.27% in 2012);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 3.52% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.12% in 2012);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.40% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (1.88% in 2012);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.59% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (1.85% in 2012);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.24% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (1.27% in 2012).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $22,177,091;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - an increase of $14,389,852;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $12,791,823;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $10,305,862.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $289,176,167;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $16,093,587;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $9,186,687;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $9,045,014;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $7,676,286.
Russia’s exports to Romania in 2013 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2013,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2013
over 2012
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 121,766 0.01 26,589357.96
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 68,272 0.00 54,70924.79
10 Cereals 0 0.00 16,093,587-100.00
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 204,039 0.01 145,00340.71
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 67,942 0.00 41,14165.14
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 18,317,771 1.13 5,525,948231.49
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 0 0.00 104,952-100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 0 0.00 134,459-100.00
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 0 0.00 1,350-100.00
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0 0.00 18,765-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 874,646 0.05 1,292,109-32.31
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 196,867 0.01 377,213-47.81
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 21,748 0.00 0
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 108,833 0.01 56,48092.69
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 18,297,633 1.13 3,907,781368.24
26 Ores, slag and ash 59,222,631 3.67 48,916,76921.07
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,183,030,759 73.23 1,472,206,926-19.64
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 14,125,009 0.87 10,628,53732.90
29 Organic chemicals 56,115,833 3.47 33,938,74265.34
30 Pharmaceutical products 106,286 0.01 432,528-75.43
31 Fertilizers 47,316,645 2.93 47,536,189-0.46
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 126,002 0.01 32,618286.30
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 2,484,643 0.15 2,718,546-8.60
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 434,294 0.03 359,91120.67
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 4,928 0.00 27,245-81.91
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 0 0.00 278,279-100.00
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 1,735 0.00 1,21243.15
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 277,695 0.02 185,34349.83
39 Plastics and articles thereof 5,492,828 0.34 6,720,956-18.27
40 Rubber and articles thereof 80,696,046 4.99 89,882,733-10.22
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0 0.00 6,429-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 215 0.00 32571.88
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 3,514,433 0.22 2,046,51071.73
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 8,476,537 0.52 6,236,38435.92
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 26,686,422 1.65 26,569,2240.44
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 96,971 0.01 510,108-80.99
52 Cotton 55,782 0.00 68,137-18.13
54 Man-made filaments 17,653 0.00 76,422-76.90
55 Man-made staple fibers 94,092 0.01 0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 2,049,508 0.13 1,432,67043.06
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 1,476 0.00 81281.77
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 8 0.00 0
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 113,671 0.01 66,70970.40
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 65 0.00 2,835-97.71
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 3,242 0.00 19,848-83.67
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 77,334 0.00 75,9841.78
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,263 0.00 0
65 Headgear and parts thereof 113 0.00 0
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 394 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 2,235,077 0.14 1,805,78523.77
69 Ceramic products 2,774 0.00 1082,468.52
70 Glass and glassware 790,295 0.05 1,950,876-59.49
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 534 0.00 0
72 Iron and steel 18,150,915 1.12 27,195,929-33.26
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,894,268 0.12 2,197,925-13.82
74 Copper and articles thereof 2,214,699 0.14 878,179152.19
75 Nickel and articles thereof 0 0.00 143-100.00
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 2,829,722 0.18 3,974,393-28.80
78 Lead and articles thereof 41 0.00 6583.33
80 Tin and articles thereof 1 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 33,313 0.00 0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 372,192 0.02 379,898-2.03
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 170,552 0.01 93,08383.23
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 29,983,682 1.86 37,659,968-20.38
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 22,739,405 1.41 19,846,40214.58
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 25,333 0.00 103,498-75.52
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 2,805,934 0.17 508,553451.75
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 0 0.00 4,538-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,289,210 0.08 495,999159.92
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 18,843 0.00 0
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 3,303 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 913,904 0.06 249,468266.34
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 126,497 0.01 392,486-67.77
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 269 0.00 1,650-83.70
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 0 0.00 17,107-100.00
SS Classified 36,280 0.00 82 122-55.82

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in 2013 (and in 2012) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 53.16% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (48.82% in 2012);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 19.94% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (23.32% in 2012);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 8.04% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (8.34% in 2012);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 5.62% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (6.09% in 2012);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 5.42% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (4.27% in 2012);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 2.52% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (2.79% in 2012);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 0.37% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (1.05% in 2012).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $149,540,299;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $72,445,312;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $35,761,834;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $22,500,254;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - an increase of $11,018,778;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $10,628,692;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $10,525,016.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $29,319,182;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $15,784,129.
Russia’s imports from Romania in 2013 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2013,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2012,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2013
over 2012
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 251,475 0.01 262,229-4.10
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 2,369,599 0.12 2,348,2830.91
10 Cereals 34,332,400 1.68 31,970,1167.39
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 4,089,432 0.20 6,484,736-36.94
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 4,057 0.00 0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 823,660 0.04 707,10316.48
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 1,131,454 0.06 719,32357.29
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 605,693 0.03 95,704532.88
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 587,664 0.03 622,058-5.53
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 4,771,529 0.23 3,156,87551.15
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 403,329 0.02 353,75214.01
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 2,223,324 0.11 1,757,02526.54
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 196,521 0.01 15,980,650-98.77
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 7,447,501 0.36 2,311,538222.19
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 6,104,796 0.30 4,493,11335.87
29 Organic chemicals 6,208,840 0.30 1,588,406290.88
30 Pharmaceutical products 171,915,273 8.40 201,234,455-14.57
31 Fertilizers 115,458 0.01 112,3472.77
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,870,834 0.14 2,747,1114.50
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 93,908,757 4.59 71,408,50331.51
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 508,495 0.02 294,52472.65
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 0 0.00 7,521-100.00
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 47 0.00 10,567-99.56
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,651,766 0.08 220,147650.30
39 Plastics and articles thereof 44,473,261 2.17 40,438,9729.98
40 Rubber and articles thereof 80,406,296 3.93 82,316,159-2.32
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 56,733 0.00 90,695-37.45
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 7,757,224 0.38 6,198,64025.14
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 273,050 0.01 182,36449.73
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 82,366,857 4.02 46,605,02376.73
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 32 0.00 39-17.95
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 27,357,388 1.34 25,972,3195.33
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 1,268,293 0.06 1,562,258-18.82
50 Silk 0 0.00 103-100.00
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 7,903 0.00 166,628-95.26
52 Cotton 25,824 0.00 66,703-61.29
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0 0.00 45-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 905,495 0.04 511,93276.88
55 Man-made staple fibers 242,673 0.01 271,145-10.50
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 237,878 0.01 619,406-61.60
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 287,204 0.01 1,570,799-81.72
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 263,712 0.01 216,43521.84
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 10,718,014 0.52 7,850,04036.53
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 35,947 0.00 83,446-56.92
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 26,550,975 1.30 25,540,7023.96
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 65,798,586 3.22 55,169,89419.27
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 7,112,461 0.35 4,460,81059.44
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 52,216,836 2.55 47,835,7769.16
65 Headgear and parts thereof 150,100 0.01 343,264-56.27
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 57,451 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,261,526 0.06 1,079,71016.84
69 Ceramic products 10,854,796 0.53 10,400,2984.37
70 Glass and glassware 9,224,467 0.45 5,433,56569.77
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 75,537 0.00 27,225177.45
72 Iron and steel 20,535,299 1.00 25,818,801-20.46
73 Articles of iron or steel 39,603,646 1.94 40,185,284-1.45
74 Copper and articles thereof 29,674 0.00 12,870130.57
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 16,320,360 0.80 16,911,624-3.50
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 898-100.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 360,351 0.02 219,67764.04
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 154,357 0.01 64,249140.25
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 5,430,403 0.27 894,477507.10
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 32,551,317 1.59 21,532,53951.17
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 382,993,577 18.71 233,453,27864.06
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 142,480,877 6.96 137,407,8083.69
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 446,336 0.02 86,630415.22
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 512,421,182 25.04 439,975,87016.47
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 35,802,127 1.75 25,277,11141.64
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 13,855,031 0.68 11,219,82723.49
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 287,714 0.01 455,345-36.81
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 258,552 0.01 303,220-14.73
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 67,398,616 3.29 65,758,4502.49
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,965,306 0.10 1,768,48911.13
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 995,950 0.05 675,03047.54
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 160,294 0.01 0
SS Classified 32,800 0.00 57 112-42.57
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia