Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian foreign trade in 2014

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods in 2014: turnover, exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade

In 2014, Russia’s trade was $782,927 million, down 7.04% ($59,307 million) from 2013.

Russia’s exports in 2014 were $496,944 million, down 5.75% ($30,322 million) from 2013.

Russia’s imports in 2014 were $285,982 million, down 9.20% ($28,985 million) from 2013.

Russia’s trade surplus in 2014 was $210,962 million, a 0.63% decrease ($1,337 million) over 2013.

Russia’s Exports

The major share of Russian exports in 2014 (and in 2013) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 70.45% of Russia’s total exports (71.52% in 2013);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 8.16% of Russia’s total exports (7.75% in 2013);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 5.86% of Russia’s total exports (5.84% in 2013);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 4.46% of Russia’s total exports (4.43% in 2013);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 3.80% of Russia’s total exports (3.08% in 2013);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 2.38% of Russia’s total exports (2.71% in 2013);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.34% of Russia’s total exports (2.08% in 2013).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $2,332 million.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $26,592 million;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $2,459 million.
Russia’s exports in 2014 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2014,
million US dollars
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2013,
million US dollars
Percent change
in 2014
over 2013
01 Live animals 28 0.01 1671.67
02 Meat and edible meat offal 105 0.02 8621.55
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 2,860 0.58 2,8191.45
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 311 0.06 325-4.22
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 72 0.01 79-9.23
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 2 0.00 3-28.59
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 246 0.05 249-1.08
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 86 0.02 834.69
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 143 0.03 161-11.34
10 Cereals 7,084 1.43 4,75249.08
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 182 0.04 16510.71
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 369 0.07 3437.73
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 7 0.00 546.69
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 12 0.00 123.51
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 2,258 0.45 2,1853.33
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 175 0.04 207-15.78
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 258 0.05 275-5.95
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 645 0.13 669-3.61
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 619 0.12 5777.24
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 266 0.05 2449.34
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 598 0.12 612-2.26
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 550 0.11 585-5.96
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 1,217 0.24 1,04216.84
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 812 0.16 73510.39
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 1,393 0.28 1,429-2.46
26 Ores, slag and ash 3,278 0.66 3,616-9.33
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 345,445 69.51 372,036-7.15
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 7,357 1.48 8,035-8.44
29 Organic chemicals 4,488 0.90 4,600-2.44
30 Pharmaceutical products 614 0.12 5864.84
31 Fertilizers 8,986 1.81 9,121-1.48
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 196 0.04 212-7.76
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 513 0.10 560-8.31
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 442 0.09 500-11.50
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 36 0.01 338.11
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 139 0.03 1352.81
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 10 0.00 657.47
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 689 0.14 6427.24
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2,646 0.53 2,5702.93
40 Rubber and articles thereof 3,005 0.60 3,788-20.69
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 251 0.05 2366.13
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 45 0.01 3624.47
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 118 0.02 337-64.93
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 7,757 1.56 7,3305.83
45 Cork and articles of cork 1 0.00 037.12
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0 0.00 034.03
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 1,195 0.24 1,1256.23
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 2,253 0.45 2,0559.65
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 427 0.09 469-8.93
50 Silk 0 0.00 0-46.29
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 32 0.01 33-2.35
52 Cotton 58 0.01 62-6.08
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 11 0.00 18-39.54
54 Man-made filaments 51 0.01 485.42
55 Man-made staple fibers 58 0.01 548.52
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 116 0.02 1105.33
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 6 0.00 9-28.64
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 8 0.00 9-13.08
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 62 0.01 577.85
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 8 0.00 9-15.68
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 143 0.03 11821.07
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 205 0.04 16524.28
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 78 0.02 6913.24
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 218 0.04 14946.66
65 Headgear and parts thereof 13 0.00 17-24.90
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 1 0.00 1-20.33
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 1 0.00 151.61
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 421 0.08 491-14.23
69 Ceramic products 264 0.05 2582.51
70 Glass and glassware 588 0.12 604-2.66
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 11,843 2.38 14,301-17.19
72 Iron and steel 20,522 4.13 20,0702.25
73 Articles of iron or steel 3,127 0.63 3,440-9.10
74 Copper and articles thereof 4,905 0.99 4,965-1.20
75 Nickel and articles thereof 4,031 0.81 3,7756.78
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 6,517 1.31 7,125-8.53
78 Lead and articles thereof 189 0.04 196-3.69
79 Zinc and articles thereof 106 0.02 41155.26
80 Tin and articles thereof 11 0.00 20-46.61
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 804 0.16 8000.52
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 218 0.04 252-13.60
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 136 0.03 162-15.94
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 9,280 1.87 8,8684.64
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 4,887 0.98 4,977-1.82
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 767 0.15 833-7.87
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 4,373 0.88 4,822-9.31
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 1,435 0.29 2,301-37.64
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,425 0.29 1,550-8.05
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 15 0.00 16-1.23
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 1 0.00 119.10
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 456 0.09 468-2.64
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 122 0.02 10713.52
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 253 0.05 19231.48
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 5 0.00 513.27
SS Classified 8,985 1.81 10 011-10.25

Russia’s Imports

The major share of Russian imports in 2014 (and in 2013) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 44.93% of Russia’s total imports (46.61% in 2013);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 16.23% of Russia’s total imports (15.88% in 2013);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 13.89% of Russia’s total imports (13.70% in 2013);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.72% of Russia’s total imports (6.88% in 2013);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 5.70% of Russia’s total imports (5.73% in 2013);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 2.53% of Russia’s total imports (2.20% in 2013);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.06% of Russia’s total imports (2.10% in 2013).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial increase.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $8,788 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $4,887 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $1,865 million;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $1,750 million;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - a decrease of $1,299 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $1,288 million;
  • Meat and edible meat offal (HS code 02) - a decrease of $1,249 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $1,039 million;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - a decrease of $928 million;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - a decrease of $896 million.
Russia’s imports in 2014 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2014,
million US dollars
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2013,
million US dollars
Percent change
in 2014
over 2013
01 Live animals 259 0.09 413-37.28
02 Meat and edible meat offal 5,499 1.92 6,748-18.51
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 2,555 0.89 2,863-10.77
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 3,719 1.30 4,408-15.63
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 73 0.03 97-24.51
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 849 0.30 961-11.61
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 2,954 1.03 2,8822.52
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 5,474 1.91 6,402-14.49
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 1,300 0.45 1,2623.01
10 Cereals 524 0.18 632-17.10
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 177 0.06 186-4.65
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,858 0.65 1,35736.94
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 161 0.06 1507.98
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 3 0.00 317.03
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 1,241 0.43 1,2360.38
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 683 0.24 715-4.60
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 808 0.28 65723.10
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 1,367 0.48 1,404-2.68
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 1,282 0.45 1,2284.38
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 1,608 0.56 1,6000.49
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,762 0.62 1,818-3.10
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 3,066 1.07 3,407-10.03
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 1,279 0.45 1,406-9.03
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 1,214 0.42 1,330-8.73
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 1,429 0.50 1,519-5.98
26 Ores, slag and ash 1,896 0.66 1,7548.09
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 3,905 1.37 3,6437.17
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 3,381 1.18 3,508-3.62
29 Organic chemicals 3,099 1.08 3,329-6.92
30 Pharmaceutical products 12,803 4.48 14,552-12.02
31 Fertilizers 85 0.03 6922.58
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,439 0.85 2,607-6.45
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 3,620 1.27 3,901-7.21
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,762 0.62 1,7351.57
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 724 0.25 6964.06
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 46 0.02 63-26.47
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 230 0.08 249-7.82
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,116 1.09 3,0801.17
39 Plastics and articles thereof 11,003 3.85 11,467-4.04
40 Rubber and articles thereof 4,107 1.44 4,769-13.89
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 45 0.02 65-30.77
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 992 0.35 1,183-16.14
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 243 0.08 276-12.00
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 1,320 0.46 1,653-20.16
45 Cork and articles of cork 52 0.02 56-7.79
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 41 0.01 2753.10
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 149 0.05 154-2.77
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 3,539 1.24 3,814-7.23
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 794 0.28 907-12.46
50 Silk 26 0.01 9187.08
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 23 0.01 35-32.72
52 Cotton 509 0.18 563-9.59
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 48 0.02 54-10.70
54 Man-made filaments 562 0.20 5492.38
55 Man-made staple fibers 650 0.23 754-13.82
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 584 0.20 5476.81
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 259 0.09 286-9.16
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 129 0.04 149-13.95
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 406 0.14 3962.57
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 499 0.17 562-11.24
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 3,720 1.30 4,066-8.53
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 4,020 1.41 4,125-2.53
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 922 0.32 1,093-15.63
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 3,681 1.29 4,578-19.58
65 Headgear and parts thereof 183 0.06 184-0.90
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 32 0.01 40-20.86
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 53 0.02 4712.76
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,204 0.42 1,341-10.23
69 Ceramic products 1,337 0.47 1,521-12.12
70 Glass and glassware 1,152 0.40 1,254-8.18
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 1,107 0.39 88025.76
72 Iron and steel 5,585 1.95 5,892-5.20
73 Articles of iron or steel 6,897 2.41 8,185-15.74
74 Copper and articles thereof 971 0.34 82617.59
75 Nickel and articles thereof 164 0.06 289-43.44
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,553 0.54 1,782-12.86
78 Lead and articles thereof 6 0.00 9-39.51
79 Zinc and articles thereof 91 0.03 900.83
80 Tin and articles thereof 47 0.02 47-0.80
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 303 0.11 330-8.13
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,931 0.68 2,524-23.51
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 1,666 0.58 1,704-2.24
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 52,078 18.21 56,965-8.58
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 33,683 11.78 35,547-5.25
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,731 0.61 3,031-42.87
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 31,406 10.98 40,194-21.86
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 1,685 0.59 2,114-20.26
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 7,904 2.76 8,943-11.62
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 382 0.13 3625.40
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 101 0.04 112-9.54
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 4,243 1.48 4,672-9.19
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 2,392 0.84 2,438-1.87
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,445 0.51 1,479-2.29
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 19 0.01 184.37
SS Classified 8,061 2.82 6 13731.35
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia