Russian foreign trade
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Russian trade with North Korea in 2014

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with North Korea in 2014: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with North Korea

In 2014, Russia’s trade with North Korea was $92,339,751, down 18.08% ($20,377,316) from 2013.

Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2014 were $82,174,596, down 20.55% ($21,251,883) from 2013.

Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2014 totaled $10,165,155, up 9.41% ($874,567) from 2013.

Russia’s trade surplus with North Korea in 2014 was $72,009,441, a 23.50% decrease ($22,126,450) over 2013.

North Korea was Russia’s 113th largest trading partner in 2014 (just as in 2013), accounting for 0.0118% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.0134% in 2013).

North Korea was Russia’s 101st largest export market in 2014 (down from 96th in 2013), accounting for 0.0165% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.0196% in 2013).

North Korea was Russia’s 119th largest supplier in 2014 (up from 123rd in 2013), accounting for 0.0036% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.0029% in 2013).

Russia’s Exports to North Korea

The major share of Russian exports to North Korea in 2014 (and in 2013) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 41.90% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (43.56% in 2013);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 31.64% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (33.58% in 2013);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 19.92% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (6.47% in 2013);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 4.81% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (6.65% in 2013);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 0.48% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (2.66% in 2013);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 0.32% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (2.85% in 2013).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $12,884,586;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $7,421,771;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $1,117,263;
  • Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 03) - an increase of $816,621;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - an increase of $325,571;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - an increase of $302,171.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $15,013,627;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $9,602,389;
  • Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials (HS code 68) - a decrease of $3,319,876;
  • Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard (HS code 47) - a decrease of $3,275,014;
  • Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten (HS code 11) - a decrease of $3,049,652;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $2,744,941;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $1,825,101;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $1,310,966;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - a decrease of $1,203,100;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $989,144;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $769,366;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $325,089;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $253,231.
Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2014 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2014,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2013,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2014
over 2013
01 Live animals 58,519 0.07 139,432-58.03
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,819,780 2.21 1,003,15981.40
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 11,625 0.01 1,772556.04
10 Cereals 12,953,789 15.76 69,20318,618.54
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 824,775 1.00 3,874,427-78.71
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 80,000 0.10 47,60968.04
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 137,703 0.17 1,340,803-89.73
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 5,724 0.01 20,161-71.61
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 55,367 0.07 1,6653,225.35
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 16,303 0.02 16,1830.74
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 17,439 0.02 3085,562.01
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0 0.00 2,741-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 331,049 0.40 5,4785,943.25
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 56,528 0.07 167,797-66.31
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 0 0.00 786-100.00
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0 0.00 223-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 443,076 0.54 1,432,220-69.06
26 Ores, slag and ash 0 0.00 32,547-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 33,984,011 41.36 43,586,400-22.03
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 0 0.00 2,718-100.00
30 Pharmaceutical products 191,677 0.23 211,122-9.21
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 28,393 0.03 31,556-10.02
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 3,791 0.00 0
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 116,276 0.14 222,968-47.85
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 40 0.00 92-56.52
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 19,696 0.02 171,566-88.52
39 Plastics and articles thereof 12,746 0.02 1,837,847-99.31
40 Rubber and articles thereof 18,137 0.02 271,368-93.32
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 237,577 0.29 122,54093.88
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 458 0.00 1,758-73.95
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 3,540,304 4.31 2,423,04146.11
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 403,892 0.49 3,678,906-89.02
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 2,001 0.00 771,367-99.74
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 2,470 0.00 256864.84
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 11,393 0.01 10,28810.74
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 123 0.00 3,551-96.54
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 249 0.00 4,386-94.32
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 14,696 0.02 5,680158.73
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,711 0.00 2,893-40.86
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 5,636 0.01 1,348318.10
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0 0.00 1,206-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 484,415 0.59 3,804,291-87.27
69 Ceramic products 0 0.00 9-100.00
70 Glass and glassware 864 0.00 281207.47
72 Iron and steel 183,888 0.22 76,706139.73
73 Articles of iron or steel 69,540 0.08 2,814,481-97.53
74 Copper and articles thereof 109 0.00 4,222-97.42
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 790 0.00 4,530-82.56
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 6,547 0.01 12,371-47.08
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 4,930 0.01 36,124-86.35
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 7,864,709 9.57 22,878,336-65.62
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 761,022 0.93 2,071,988-63.27
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 317,479 0.39 15,3081,973.94
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 17,026,951 20.72 9,605,18077.27
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 0 0.00 49,950-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 28,797 0.04 111,142-74.09
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 34 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 16,861 0.02 341,950-95.07
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 57 0.00 0
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 649 0.00 1,319-50.80
SS Classified 0 0.00 78 920-100.00

Russia’s Imports from North Korea

The major share of Russian imports from North Korea in 2014 (and in 2013) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 47.49% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (45.13% in 2013);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 26.76% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (23.05% in 2013);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 4.57% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (10.56% in 2013);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.52% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (0.89% in 2013);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 1.27% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (1.70% in 2013).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $848,921;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $467,343;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $287,801;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $252,983;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $181,297;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $158,164;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $106,891;
  • Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof (HS code 56) - an increase of $105,581;
  • Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 92) - an increase of $93,397.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $264,727;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $248,362;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - a decrease of $219,573;
  • Man-made filaments (HS code 54) - a decrease of $200,656;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - a decrease of $193,843;
  • Man-made staple fibers (HS code 55) - a decrease of $117,785;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $103,102;
  • Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics (HS code 32) - a decrease of $96,028;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $89,800;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $65,829;
  • Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials (HS code 68) - a decrease of $48,929.
Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2014 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2014,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2013,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2014
over 2013
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 0 0.00 10-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 4,566 0.04 1423,115.49
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0 0.00 5,644-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 3,592 0.04 3101,058.71
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 16,712 0.16 14,43015.81
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 129,550 1.27 151,153-14.29
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 0 0.00 6,363-100.00
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 0 0.00 193,843-100.00
29 Organic chemicals 14,688 0.14 0
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,720 0.03 98,748-97.25
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 6,260 0.06 1,287386.40
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 75 0.00 20,907-99.64
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 729 0.01 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 28,960 0.28 293,687-90.14
39 Plastics and articles thereof 406,619 4.00 118,818242.22
40 Rubber and articles thereof 4,997 0.05 253,359-98.03
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 9,525 0.09 12,737-25.22
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 0 0.00 453-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 1,375 0.01 67,204-97.95
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 13,642 0.13 11,82615.36
54 Man-made filaments 2,822 0.03 203,478-98.61
55 Man-made staple fibers 0 0.00 117,785-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 105,581 1.04 0
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0 0.00 224-100.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 2,996 0.03 9,441-68.27
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 15,355 0.15 9,24266.14
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 4,699,181 46.23 3,850,26022.05
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,118 0.01 2,695-58.52
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 4,146 0.04 53,075-92.19
70 Glass and glassware 32,832 0.32 7,434341.65
72 Iron and steel 133,963 1.32 27,072394.84
73 Articles of iron or steel 209,071 2.06 50,907310.69
74 Copper and articles thereof 6,811 0.07 727836.86
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 3,830 0.04 2,23371.52
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,013 0.01 1,487-31.88
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 3,025 0.03 717321.90
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,598,701 15.73 1,131,35841.31
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 674,122 6.63 421,13960.07
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 6,447 0.06 226,020-97.15
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 250,593 2.47 353,695-29.15
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 190,454 1.87 9,1571,979.87
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 1,374,428 13.52 1,281,0317.29
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 163,994 1.61 253,794-35.38
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 10,950 0.11 9,80111.72
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 29,712 0.29 16,89575.86
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia