Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Abkhazia in 2015

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Abkhazia in 2015: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Abkhazia

In 2015, Russia’s trade with Abkhazia was $234,751,344, down 17.68% ($50,411,803) from 2014.

Russia’s exports to Abkhazia in 2015 were $188,738,340, down 15.47% ($34,537,335) from 2014.

Russia’s imports from Abkhazia in 2015 were $46,013,004, down 25.65% ($15,874,468) from 2014.

Russia’s trade surplus with Abkhazia in 2015 was $142,725,336, a 11.56% decrease ($18,662,867) over 2014.

Abkhazia was Russia’s 93rd largest trading partner in 2015 (up from 94th in 2014), accounting for 0.0446% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.0364% in 2014).

Abkhazia was Russia’s 85th largest export market in 2015 (up from 86th in 2014), accounting for 0.0549% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.0449% in 2014).

Abkhazia was Russia’s 95th largest supplier in 2015 (down from 90th in 2014), accounting for 0.0252% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.0216% in 2014).

Russia’s Exports to Abkhazia

The major share of Russian exports to Abkhazia in 2015 (and in 2014) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 33.41% of Russia’s total exports to Abkhazia (25.71% in 2014);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 32.85% of Russia’s total exports to Abkhazia (33.63% in 2014);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 11.31% of Russia’s total exports to Abkhazia (12.29% in 2014);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 6.81% of Russia’s total exports to Abkhazia (8.30% in 2014);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.00% of Russia’s total exports to Abkhazia (9.39% in 2014);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 3.91% of Russia’s total exports to Abkhazia (3.92% in 2014).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Abkhazia in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - an increase of $2,934,953;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $2,730,307;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - an increase of $1,231,301;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $589,837.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Abkhazia in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $4,999,474;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $4,488,825;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $4,093,547;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $3,963,828;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - a decrease of $3,627,462;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $3,167,514;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $2,632,925;
  • Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included (HS code 04) - a decrease of $2,338,001;
  • Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 16) - a decrease of $2,141,860;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $1,543,728;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - a decrease of $1,342,864;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $1,329,751;
  • Meat and edible meat offal (HS code 02) - a decrease of $1,161,905;
  • Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten (HS code 11) - a decrease of $697,178;
  • Sugars and sugar confectionery (HS code 17) - a decrease of $647,357;
  • Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster (HS code 34) - a decrease of $624,152;
  • Ceramic products (HS code 69) - a decrease of $612,210.
Russia’s exports to Abkhazia in 2015 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2014,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2015
over 2014
01 Live animals 15,856 0.01 24,762-35.97
02 Meat and edible meat offal 2,124,973 1.13 3,286,878-35.35
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 117,230 0.06 14,128729.77
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 7,843,891 4.16 10,181,892-22.96
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 0 0.00 2,988-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 157,651 0.08 122,10729.11
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 111,452 0.06 117,063-4.79
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 2,759,574 1.46 2,907,438-5.09
10 Cereals 282,153 0.15 343,202-17.79
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 6,511,202 3.45 7,208,380-9.67
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 36,229 0.02 5,366575.16
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 421 0.00 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 1,253,857 0.66 1,043,19420.19
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 5,622,601 2.98 7,764,461-27.59
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 1,168,194 0.62 1,815,551-35.66
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 3,282,025 1.74 3,754,766-12.59
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 4,417,611 2.34 4,781,727-7.61
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 1,849,141 0.98 2,184,770-15.36
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 3,077,262 1.63 3,353,207-8.23
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 10,504,045 5.57 11,846,909-11.34
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 648,176 0.34 490,79132.07
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 10,212,623 5.41 13,840,085-26.21
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 3,573,756 1.89 638,803459.45
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 59,490,927 31.52 56,760,6204.81
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 114,772 0.06 152,021-24.50
29 Organic chemicals 39,643 0.02 52,283-24.18
30 Pharmaceutical products 9,899,861 5.25 13,067,375-24.24
31 Fertilizers 913,552 0.48 919,515-0.65
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 1,566,041 0.83 1,665,948-6.00
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 1,632,330 0.86 2,101,674-22.33
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 2,405,066 1.27 3,029,218-20.60
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 113,094 0.06 122,569-7.73
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 133,638 0.07 170,120-21.44
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 23,188 0.01 73,760-68.56
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 745,316 0.39 655,92513.63
39 Plastics and articles thereof 3,330,031 1.76 4,873,759-31.67
40 Rubber and articles thereof 431,256 0.23 549,682-21.54
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 15,402 0.01 27,788-44.57
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 3,699,140 1.96 5,028,891-26.44
45 Cork and articles of cork 80,360 0.04 50,15660.22
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 7,639 0.00 0
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 187 0.00 0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 2,537,775 1.34 3,071,653-17.38
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 1,046,701 0.55 597,45775.19
52 Cotton 704 0.00 0
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0 0.00 571-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 37,850 0.02 33,70912.28
55 Man-made staple fibers 1,157 0.00 771,402.60
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 145,836 0.08 135,6237.53
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 187,516 0.10 281,690-33.43
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 3,778 0.00 7,180-47.38
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 126,579 0.07 228,528-44.61
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 31,904 0.02 82,457-61.31
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 115,260 0.06 94,73221.67
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 196,254 0.10 353,158-44.43
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 166,965 0.09 214,285-22.08
65 Headgear and parts thereof 5,685 0.00 2,113169.05
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 10,337 0.01 55,308-81.31
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,000,226 0.53 1,065,162-6.10
69 Ceramic products 1,534,984 0.81 2,147,194-28.51
70 Glass and glassware 3,708,292 1.96 2,476,99149.71
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 26,164 0.01 134,889-80.60
72 Iron and steel 7,080,997 3.75 11,174,544-36.63
73 Articles of iron or steel 3,345,501 1.77 8,344,975-59.91
74 Copper and articles thereof 28,975 0.02 62,675-53.77
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 185,554 0.10 369,008-49.72
78 Lead and articles thereof 81 0.00 0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 8,332 0.00 8,1861.78
80 Tin and articles thereof 0 0.00 845-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 13,935 0.01 10,38034.25
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 254,150 0.13 390,177-34.86
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 406,020 0.22 602,192-32.58
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 4,150,974 2.20 6,783,899-38.81
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 3,697,256 1.96 8,186,081-54.83
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0 0.00 7,060-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 1,206,749 0.64 865,63839.41
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 528,752 0.28 17,7452,879.72
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 3,268,308 1.73 2,678,47122.02
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 5,858 0.00 5,6873.01
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0 0.00 14,251-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2,033,339 1.08 5,997,167-66.10
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 198,183 0.11 481,704-58.86
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,044,585 0.55 1,128,242-7.41
SS Classified 185,458 0.10 134 19938.20

Russia’s Imports from Abkhazia

The major share of Russian imports from Abkhazia in 2015 (and in 2014) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 98.94% of Russia’s total imports from Abkhazia (97.96% in 2014);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 0.85% of Russia’s total imports from Abkhazia (1.45% in 2014).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Abkhazia in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - an increase of $230,887;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - an increase of $139,096.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Abkhazia in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - a decrease of $9,557,066;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - a decrease of $5,257,681;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $507,359;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - a decrease of $272,636;
  • Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage (HS code 06) - a decrease of $162,905.
Russia’s imports from Abkhazia in 2015 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2014,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2015
over 2014
01 Live animals 1,624 0.00 0
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 25,784 0.06 121,726-78.82
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 96,587 0.21 259,492-62.78
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 148,595 0.32 9,4991,464.32
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 4,944,908 10.75 10,202,589-51.53
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 134,314 0.29 181,784-26.11
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 22,888 0.05 67,371-66.03
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0 0.00 32,931-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 355,464 0.77 628,100-43.41
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 39,564,662 85.99 49,121,728-19.46
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 230,887 0.50 0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 391,622 0.85 898,981-56.44
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 0 0.00 218-100.00
39 Plastics and articles thereof 10,743 0.02 0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 29,586 0.06 123,136-75.97
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1,741 0.00 0
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 4,835 0.01 0
73 Articles of iron or steel 0 0.00 85,760-100.00
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 0 0.00 479-100.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 28,055 0.06 65,950-57.46
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 11,100 0.02 87,728-87.35
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 9,609 0.02 0
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia