Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with China in 2015

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with China in 2015: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with China

In 2015, Russia’s trade with China was $63,555,524,254, down 28.10% ($24,833,624,433) from 2014.

Russia’s exports to China in 2015 were $28,605,267,011, down 23.73% ($8,899,487,754) from 2014.

Russia’s imports from China in 2015 were $34,950,257,243, down 31.31% ($15,934,136,679) from 2014.

Russia’s trade deficit with China in 2015 was $6,344,990,232, a 52.58% decrease ($7,034,648,925) over 2014.

China was Russia’s largest trading partner in 2015 (just as in 2014), accounting for 12.0765% of Russia’s total trade (up from 11.2896% in 2014).

China was Russia’s 2nd largest export market in 2015 (just as in 2014), accounting for 8.3252% of Russia’s total exports (up from 7.5471% in 2014).

China was Russia’s largest supplier in 2015 (just as in 2014), accounting for 19.1322% of Russia’s total imports (up from 17.7929% in 2014).

Russia’s Exports to China

The major share of Russian exports to China in 2015 (and in 2014) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 68.98% of Russia’s total exports to China (77.02% in 2014);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 10.64% of Russia’s total exports to China (8.86% in 2014);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 6.46% of Russia’s total exports to China (5.02% in 2014);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 6.33% of Russia’s total exports to China (4.22% in 2014);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 4.83% of Russia’s total exports to China (2.92% in 2014);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.33% of Russia’s total exports to China (0.91% in 2014).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to China in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - an increase of $206,119,733;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $129,056,830;
  • Copper and articles thereof (HS code 74) - an increase of $102,524,159;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $94,856,627.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to China in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $8,842,333,226;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $293,041,185;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $284,856,488;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $134,234,327.
Russia’s exports to China in 2015 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2014,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2015
over 2014
01 Live animals 3,334,577 0.01 7,485,911-55.46
02 Meat and edible meat offal 28,559 0.00 8933,098.10
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 975,163,772 3.41 913,097,1246.80
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 6,133,281 0.02 1,557,270293.85
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 10,147,306 0.04 11,994,133-15.40
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 966 0.00 0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 717,717 0.00 405,95676.80
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 12,346,074 0.04 14,972,254-17.54
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 274,491 0.00 30,823790.54
10 Cereals 14,699,953 0.05 6,193,645137.34
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 9,192,022 0.03 4,131,845122.47
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 125,013,972 0.44 30,157,345314.54
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 669,937 0.00 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 91,111,760 0.32 15,975,453470.32
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 754,595 0.00 444,31669.83
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 2,407,721 0.01 478,823402.84
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 24,139,361 0.08 4,107,678487.66
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 9,616,934 0.03 734,2191,209.82
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 1,571,694 0.01 335,678368.21
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,309,408 0.01 1,751,34131.87
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 14,618,532 0.05 7,519,60394.41
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 64,521,016 0.23 53,161,85721.37
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 12,693,936 0.04 18,913,384-32.88
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 63,410,684 0.22 90,959,771-30.29
26 Ores, slag and ash 753,868,768 2.64 1,038,725,256-27.42
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 18,914,497,515 66.12 27,756,830,741-31.86
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 315,755,701 1.10 109,635,968188.00
29 Organic chemicals 302,208,190 1.06 376,378,182-19.71
30 Pharmaceutical products 442,793 0.00 393,87812.42
31 Fertilizers 825,524,228 2.89 959,758,555-13.99
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 1,419,427 0.00 2,224,365-36.19
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 956,181 0.00 359,534165.95
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 944,334 0.00 2,941,466-67.90
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 0 0.00 130,421-100.00
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 0 0.00 84,437-100.00
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 1,967 0.00 1,19864.19
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 17,499,757 0.06 17,600,786-0.57
39 Plastics and articles thereof 246,718,447 0.86 302,786,982-18.52
40 Rubber and articles thereof 135,770,779 0.47 112,299,21420.90
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 10,540,765 0.04 4,041,260160.83
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 21,200 0.00 1,013,201-97.91
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 7,441,918 0.03 6,437,05415.61
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 2,217,637,536 7.75 2,510,678,721-11.67
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0 0.00 231-100.00
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 705,727,130 2.47 697,751,7301.14
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 75,185,386 0.26 85,579,122-12.15
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 45,588,903 0.16 28,070,79962.41
50 Silk 0 0.00 37,711-100.00
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 12,088,045 0.04 2,950,100309.75
52 Cotton 65,206 0.00 58,63711.20
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 1,044,638 0.00 781,04233.75
54 Man-made filaments 712,106 0.00 222,140220.57
55 Man-made staple fibers 236,580 0.00 103,794127.93
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 3,995 0.00 47,819-91.65
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 87,339 0.00 171,217-48.99
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 411 0.00 265,622-99.85
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 13,716 0.00 15,107-9.21
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0 0.00 1,151-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 322,475 0.00 100,150221.99
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 188,413 0.00 141,47633.18
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 929,932 0.00 1,696,802-45.20
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 9,111 0.00 78,126-88.34
65 Headgear and parts thereof 24,737 0.00 23,0917.13
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 8,250 0.00 758988.39
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0 0.00 5,602-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 2,189,948 0.01 970,761125.59
69 Ceramic products 73,953 0.00 253,680-70.85
70 Glass and glassware 1,151,887 0.00 852,60735.10
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 42,326,048 0.15 54,156,488-21.84
72 Iron and steel 17,445,164 0.06 89,088,659-80.42
73 Articles of iron or steel 171,698,898 0.60 108,842,63757.75
74 Copper and articles thereof 122,790,046 0.43 20,265,887505.90
75 Nickel and articles thereof 3,968,158 0.01 7,593,891-47.75
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 38,293,925 0.13 91,092,778-57.96
78 Lead and articles thereof 677,803 0.00 611,35010.87
79 Zinc and articles thereof 3,180 0.00 1581,912.66
80 Tin and articles thereof 0 0.00 8,755-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 23,644,654 0.08 20,091,96317.68
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,473,809 0.01 925,59159.23
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 425,292 0.00 2,384,715-82.17
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,499,664,605 5.24 1,370,607,7759.42
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 63,811,848 0.22 80,467,611-20.70
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,036,440 0.00 2,288,076-54.70
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 77,234,829 0.27 11,192,826590.04
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 17,408,462 0.06 7,657,396127.34
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 150,287,306 0.53 111,158,69835.20
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 100,124 0.00 195,185-48.70
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 4,190,544 0.01 4,744,151-11.67
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 149,031 0.00 801,844-81.41
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 122,767 0.00 83,14847.65
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 734,453 0.00 557,36731.77
SS Classified 325,999,690 1.14 313 028 0004.14

Russia’s Imports from China

The major share of Russian imports from China in 2015 (and in 2014) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 54.70% of Russia’s total imports from China (52.77% in 2014);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 13.00% of Russia’s total imports from China (14.14% in 2014);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 9.56% of Russia’s total imports from China (8.92% in 2014);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 7.34% of Russia’s total imports from China (7.80% in 2014);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 4.41% of Russia’s total imports from China (3.75% in 2014);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.11% of Russia’s total imports from China (1.47% in 2014).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from China in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial increase.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from China in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $3,664,973,031;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $2,762,032,119;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $1,065,119,334;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $768,123,747;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - a decrease of $762,740,646;
  • Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 95) - a decrease of $756,878,686;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $716,969,103;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $675,745,910;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - a decrease of $641,325,224;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $529,856,152;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $272,939,932;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $246,653,846;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $239,206,202;
  • Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) (HS code 42) - a decrease of $238,692,903;
  • Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal (HS code 82) - a decrease of $226,952,337;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $190,503,842;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $166,235,335;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - a decrease of $163,956,505;
  • Ceramic products (HS code 69) - a decrease of $155,818,022;
  • Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 03) - a decrease of $140,396,037;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - a decrease of $132,816,277;
  • Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags (HS code 63) - a decrease of $130,949,709;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $120,652,328;
  • Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials (HS code 68) - a decrease of $120,609,622.
Russia’s imports from China in 2015 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2014,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2015
over 2014
01 Live animals 51,491 0.00 58,296-11.67
02 Meat and edible meat offal 23,951,889 0.07 26,532,570-9.73
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 166,917,085 0.48 307,313,122-45.69
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 60,938 0.00 262,277-76.77
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 76,421 0.00 56,95334.18
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 543,355 0.00 1,013,001-46.36
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 441,150,575 1.26 466,614,141-5.46
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 287,282,490 0.82 298,699,390-3.82
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 83,758,632 0.24 86,711,982-3.41
10 Cereals 1,654,466 0.00 4,713,675-64.90
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 757,009 0.00 1,433,754-47.20
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 26,011,958 0.07 38,405,332-32.27
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 39,206,402 0.11 30,415,21628.90
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 623,101 0.00 590,5775.51
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 4,563,354 0.01 5,731,814-20.39
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 50,581,276 0.14 85,319,927-40.72
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 37,883,100 0.11 53,414,468-29.08
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 13,705,165 0.04 16,709,390-17.98
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 11,459,018 0.03 16,484,392-30.49
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 217,242,457 0.62 314,461,856-30.92
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 41,449,948 0.12 55,537,584-25.37
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 4,820,681 0.01 8,482,237-43.17
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 36,311,169 0.10 42,359,526-14.28
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 50,698,437 0.15 46,228,1879.67
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 56,366,024 0.16 77,763,446-27.52
26 Ores, slag and ash 7,191,835 0.02 10,302,987-30.20
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 72,991,038 0.21 20,140,686262.41
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 292,068,589 0.84 376,620,767-22.45
29 Organic chemicals 819,398,029 2.34 799,480,0322.49
30 Pharmaceutical products 59,764,307 0.17 85,970,414-30.48
31 Fertilizers 2,715,342 0.01 2,541,9976.82
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 69,792,525 0.20 84,584,871-17.49
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 111,902,080 0.32 130,777,755-14.43
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 35,940,510 0.10 53,016,533-32.21
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 108,137,086 0.31 115,618,359-6.47
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 23,190,233 0.07 28,420,619-18.40
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 31,699,381 0.09 30,428,3284.18
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 204,307,664 0.58 206,031,021-0.84
39 Plastics and articles thereof 1,191,231,670 3.41 1,959,355,417-39.20
40 Rubber and articles thereof 391,329,275 1.12 664,269,207-41.09
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 1,570,632 0.00 2,284,641-31.25
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 362,859,654 1.04 601,552,557-39.68
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 67,251,476 0.19 105,973,532-36.54
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 138,973,661 0.40 329,477,503-57.82
45 Cork and articles of cork 1,753,115 0.01 2,357,313-25.63
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 10,865,813 0.03 33,563,450-67.63
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 216,624 0.00 36,539492.86
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 191,887,246 0.55 312,539,574-38.60
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 45,026,755 0.13 70,721,751-36.33
50 Silk 1,470,804 0.00 4,256,291-65.44
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 5,621,126 0.02 5,155,0989.04
52 Cotton 53,678,872 0.15 90,702,231-40.82
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 2,627,789 0.01 3,776,808-30.42
54 Man-made filaments 144,613,615 0.41 195,034,053-25.85
55 Man-made staple fibers 119,087,741 0.34 169,764,800-29.85
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 56,177,489 0.16 93,866,588-40.15
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 23,800,793 0.07 36,421,738-34.65
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 42,544,904 0.12 55,945,213-23.95
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 60,668,942 0.17 96,419,260-37.08
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 93,974,316 0.27 179,502,030-47.65
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 969,139,315 2.77 1,610,464,539-39.82
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 1,250,505,323 3.58 1,967,474,426-36.44
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 282,080,167 0.81 413,029,876-31.70
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,307,919,595 3.74 2,070,660,241-36.84
65 Headgear and parts thereof 82,540,154 0.24 126,990,423-35.00
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 15,062,057 0.04 25,598,529-41.16
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 31,164,262 0.09 48,698,592-36.01
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 254,816,982 0.73 375,426,604-32.13
69 Ceramic products 199,175,457 0.57 354,993,479-43.89
70 Glass and glassware 196,890,306 0.56 329,706,583-40.28
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 87,153,243 0.25 253,388,578-65.60
72 Iron and steel 450,728,076 1.29 689,934,278-34.67
73 Articles of iron or steel 938,011,030 2.68 1,613,756,940-41.87
74 Copper and articles thereof 74,202,212 0.21 75,819,689-2.13
75 Nickel and articles thereof 1,860,659 0.01 2,247,532-17.21
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 309,886,519 0.89 411,903,041-24.77
78 Lead and articles thereof 689,760 0.00 994,819-30.66
79 Zinc and articles thereof 1,106,440 0.00 1,591,560-30.48
80 Tin and articles thereof 1,868,996 0.01 5,411,477-65.46
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 118,563,067 0.34 105,560,12112.32
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 377,773,817 1.08 604,726,154-37.53
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 290,767,014 0.83 454,723,519-36.06
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 8,216,950,077 23.51 10,978,982,196-25.16
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 8,826,040,876 25.25 12,491,013,907-29.34
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 42,215,364 0.12 73,855,602-42.84
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 1,145,056,790 3.28 2,210,176,124-48.19
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 211,462,027 0.61 171,692,74423.16
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 677,791,675 1.94 924,445,521-26.68
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 58,102,657 0.17 67,045,560-13.34
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 26,046,878 0.07 51,209,655-49.14
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 738,173,276 2.11 1,268,029,428-41.79
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,041,036,956 2.98 1,797,915,642-42.10
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 259,932,832 0.74 347,175,005-25.13
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 873,297 0.00 3,985,316-78.09
SS Classified 21,212,715 0.06 13 543 14656.63
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia