Russian foreign trade
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Russian trade with Ethiopia in 2015

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Ethiopia in 2015: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Ethiopia

In 2015, Russia’s trade with Ethiopia was $41,997,491, down 45.47% ($35,014,790) from 2014.

Russia’s exports to Ethiopia in 2015 were $17,723,292, down 59.58% ($26,127,518) from 2014.

Russia’s imports from Ethiopia in 2015 were $24,274,199, down 26.80% ($8,887,272) from 2014.

Russia’s trade balance with Ethiopia went from a surplus of $10,689,339 in 2014, to a deficit of $6,550,907 in 2015.

Ethiopia was Russia’s 133rd largest trading partner in 2015 (down from 118th in 2014), accounting for 0.0080% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.0098% in 2014).

Ethiopia was Russia’s 136th largest export market in 2015 (down from 120th in 2014), accounting for 0.0052% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.0088% in 2014).

Ethiopia was Russia’s 101st largest supplier in 2015 (down from 99th in 2014), accounting for 0.0133% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.0116% in 2014).

Russia’s Exports to Ethiopia

The major share of Russian exports to Ethiopia in 2015 (and in 2014) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 48.14% of Russia’s total exports to Ethiopia (19.41% in 2014);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 20.12% of Russia’s total exports to Ethiopia (35.07% in 2014);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 15.95% of Russia’s total exports to Ethiopia (4.62% in 2014);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 13.18% of Russia’s total exports to Ethiopia (31.16% in 2014);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 0.97% of Russia’s total exports to Ethiopia (1.35% in 2014).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Ethiopia in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $414,827;
  • Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard (HS code 47) - an increase of $313,938;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $83,839;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - an increase of $80,815.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Ethiopia in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $10,830,567;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $7,117,600;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $1,943,867;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $1,802,500;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $947,291;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $408,488;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $302,255;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $279,460;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - a decrease of $114,073;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - a decrease of $55,157;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $53,905.
Russia’s exports to Ethiopia in 2015 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2014,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2015
over 2014
10 Cereals 8,075,381 45.56 8,104,811-0.36
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0 0.00 24,510-100.00
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 48,021 0.27 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 0 0.00 55,157-100.00
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 407,962 2.30 327,14724.70
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 0 0.00 279,460-100.00
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 31,400 0.18 1,7261,719.24
30 Pharmaceutical products 84,000 0.47 67,20025.00
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 3,929 0.02 5,460-28.04
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 0 0.00 98-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 0 0.00 2,940-100.00
39 Plastics and articles thereof 16,108 0.09 70,013-76.99
40 Rubber and articles thereof 37,284 0.21 445,772-91.64
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 946,109 5.34 862,2709.72
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 313,938 1.77 0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 1,559,773 8.80 1,144,94636.23
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 6,745 0.04 18,389-63.32
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 0 0.00 1,998-100.00
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 0 0.00 2,255-100.00
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0 0.00 5-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 270 0.00 51,092-99.47
70 Glass and glassware 236 0.00 44,481-99.47
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 0 0.00 3,210-100.00
72 Iron and steel 2,193,479 12.38 13,024,046-83.16
73 Articles of iron or steel 92,342 0.52 394,597-76.60
74 Copper and articles thereof 1,891 0.01 11,007-82.82
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 47,042 0.27 161,115-70.80
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 0 0.00 37,868-100.00
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 645 0.00 34,172-98.11
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 938,453 5.30 8,056,053-88.35
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,352,730 7.63 3,296,597-58.97
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 190,225 1.07 1,992,725-90.45
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,084,428 6.12 2,031,719-46.63
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 992 0.01 32,104-96.91
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 85 0.00 820-89.63
SS Classified 289,824 1.64 3 265 047-91.12

Russia’s Imports from Ethiopia

The major share of Russian imports from Ethiopia in 2015 (and in 2014) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 99.74% of Russia’s total imports from Ethiopia (99.84% in 2014).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Ethiopia in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $138,598.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Ethiopia in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $6,741,705;
  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - a decrease of $2,052,254;
  • Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage (HS code 06) - a decrease of $142,198.
Russia’s imports from Ethiopia in 2015 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2014,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2015
over 2014
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 2,076,042 8.55 2,218,240-6.41
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 9,356,799 38.55 16,098,504-41.88
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 25,650 0.11 88,511-71.02
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 12,069,800 49.72 14,122,054-14.53
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 611,497 2.52 472,89929.31
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 67,309 0.28 109,799-38.70
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 3,641 0.01 0
39 Plastics and articles thereof 0 0.00 6-100.00
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 17,205 0.07 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 35,547 0.15 35,911-1.01
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 8,533 0.04 12,579-32.16
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 0 0.00 1,040-100.00
73 Articles of iron or steel 0 0.00 16-100.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,312 0.01 0
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 864 0.00 1,912-54.81
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia