Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Germany in 2015

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Germany in 2015: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Germany

In 2015, Russia’s trade with Germany was $45,791,839,247, down 34.66% ($24,294,644,875) from 2014.

Russia’s exports to Germany in 2015 were $25,351,669,518, down 31.71% ($11,772,281,327) from 2014.

Russia’s imports from Germany in 2015 were $20,440,169,729, down 37.99% ($12,522,363,548) from 2014.

Russia’s trade surplus with Germany in 2015 was $4,911,499,789, a 18.02% increase ($750,082,221) over 2014.

Germany was Russia’s 2nd largest trading partner in 2015 (up from 3rd in 2014), accounting for 8.7011% of Russia’s total trade (down from 8.9519% in 2014).

Germany was Russia’s 3rd largest export market in 2015 (just as in 2014), accounting for 7.3783% of Russia’s total exports (down from 7.4704% in 2014).

Germany was Russia’s 2nd largest supplier in 2015 (just as in 2014), accounting for 11.1892% of Russia’s total imports (down from 11.5261% in 2014).

Russia’s Exports to Germany

The major share of Russian exports to Germany in 2015 (and in 2014) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 79.58% of Russia’s total exports to Germany (81.45% in 2014);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 8.14% of Russia’s total exports to Germany (7.69% in 2014);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.04% of Russia’s total exports to Germany (5.69% in 2014);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 2.37% of Russia’s total exports to Germany (1.95% in 2014);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.38% of Russia’s total exports to Germany (1.25% in 2014);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 1.13% of Russia’s total exports to Germany (0.85% in 2014).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Germany in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial increase.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Germany in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $10,063,288,820;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $654,081,932;
  • Copper and articles thereof (HS code 74) - a decrease of $441,987,910;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $211,202,388;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $149,718,848;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $78,716,088.
Russia’s exports to Germany in 2015 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2014,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2015
over 2014
01 Live animals 27,709 0.00 50,151-44.75
02 Meat and edible meat offal 5,269 0.00 1,624,928-99.68
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 10,384,110 0.04 13,679,282-24.09
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 322,567 0.00 436,936-26.18
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 7,169,803 0.03 9,677,733-25.91
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 45,067 0.00 51,635-12.72
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 3,903,754 0.02 2,941,74932.70
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 3,266,214 0.01 4,857,665-32.76
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 2,748,861 0.01 2,435,68612.86
10 Cereals 10,634,827 0.04 39,713,733-73.22
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 1,176,710 0.00 1,080,5028.90
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 13,946,931 0.06 12,679,17610.00
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 26 0.00 113,231-99.98
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 90,675 0.00 7,2711,147.08
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 13,410,085 0.05 9,852,44736.11
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 241,197 0.00 497,831-51.55
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 4,019,952 0.02 5,552,831-27.61
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 8,624,379 0.03 9,877,300-12.68
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 3,754,498 0.01 4,330,178-13.29
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 13,239,632 0.05 14,415,530-8.16
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,172,301 0.01 4,288,884-49.35
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 24,653,483 0.10 30,575,438-19.37
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 8,197,938 0.03 26,972,333-69.61
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 895,738 0.00 3,679,132-75.65
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 8,990,431 0.04 13,272,705-32.26
26 Ores, slag and ash 39,411,128 0.16 34,195,39715.25
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 20,126,358,389 79.39 30,189,647,209-33.33
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 269,584,276 1.06 306,515,671-12.05
29 Organic chemicals 22,408,052 0.09 37,311,466-39.94
30 Pharmaceutical products 2,178,423 0.01 3,889,828-44.00
31 Fertilizers 108,616,816 0.43 187,332,904-42.02
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 3,597,629 0.01 3,020,15419.12
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 8,642,906 0.03 8,559,7230.97
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 383,528 0.00 913,391-58.01
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 50,521 0.00 61,231-17.49
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 78,786 0.00 372,937-78.87
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 205,291 0.00 277,468-26.01
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 9,329,197 0.04 11,081,677-15.81
39 Plastics and articles thereof 57,928,133 0.23 59,457,092-2.57
40 Rubber and articles thereof 118,691,454 0.47 104,178,42213.93
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 281,879 0.00 2,793,456-89.91
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 6,294,018 0.02 6,984,045-9.88
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 2,999,897 0.01 4,282,497-29.95
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 247,425,723 0.98 296,377,364-16.52
45 Cork and articles of cork 0 0.00 1,169-100.00
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 58,111 0.00 94,458-38.48
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 18,847,974 0.07 35,481,849-46.88
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 78,679,119 0.31 127,758,137-38.42
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 3,682,356 0.01 5,969,582-38.31
50 Silk 8 0.00 8,404-99.90
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 1,660,672 0.01 1,893,167-12.28
52 Cotton 45,034 0.00 106,857-57.86
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 941,851 0.00 1,124,686-16.26
54 Man-made filaments 631,009 0.00 1,035,125-39.04
55 Man-made staple fibers 22,769 0.00 302,571-92.47
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 2,122,715 0.01 2,446,741-13.24
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 37,268 0.00 586,260-93.64
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 3,354 0.00 6,386-47.48
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 127,058 0.00 80,47557.89
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 5,386 0.00 38,097-85.86
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 242,836 0.00 246,824-1.62
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 446,684 0.00 415,1327.60
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 15,105,992 0.06 20,506,922-26.34
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 425,666 0.00 926,512-54.06
65 Headgear and parts thereof 4,734 0.00 14,783-67.98
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 5,366 0.00 5,1314.58
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 116 0.00 7554.67
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 3,145,980 0.01 1,999,88357.31
69 Ceramic products 7,693,171 0.03 11,260,795-31.68
70 Glass and glassware 26,872,876 0.11 31,357,523-14.30
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 286,222,073 1.13 314,193,596-8.90
72 Iron and steel 515,730,030 2.03 665,448,878-22.50
73 Articles of iron or steel 32,242,235 0.13 29,227,22110.32
74 Copper and articles thereof 613,154,821 2.42 1,055,142,731-41.89
75 Nickel and articles thereof 59,732,396 0.24 530,67511,155.93
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 145,295,305 0.57 195,672,321-25.75
78 Lead and articles thereof 13,120,757 0.05 26,052,534-49.64
79 Zinc and articles thereof 18,435 0.00 9,51693.73
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 147,513,207 0.58 134,884,8219.36
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 2,414,280 0.01 3,167,618-23.78
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 2,007,414 0.01 3,729,404-46.17
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,638,920,093 6.46 1,850,122,481-11.42
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 190,929,144 0.75 845,011,076-77.41
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,269,880 0.01 762,07666.63
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 100,126,891 0.39 24,520,468308.34
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 9,436,853 0.04 36,388,486-74.07
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 122,191,524 0.48 96,916,30926.08
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 133,589 0.00 232,287-42.49
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 39,190 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 36,084,735 0.14 51,718,282-30.23
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 8,464,712 0.03 11,216,153-24.53
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 179,701 0.00 447,923-59.88
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 221,389 0.00 325,546-31.99
SS Classified 99,024,556 0.39 64 646 68053.18

Russia’s Imports from Germany

The major share of Russian imports from Germany in 2015 (and in 2014) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 55.38% of Russia’s total imports from Germany (56.82% in 2014);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 27.14% of Russia’s total imports from Germany (24.15% in 2014);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.27% of Russia’s total imports from Germany (6.39% in 2014);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 4.71% of Russia’s total imports from Germany (4.61% in 2014);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.48% of Russia’s total imports from Germany (2.25% in 2014);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.00% of Russia’s total imports from Germany (0.93% in 2014).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Germany in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $268,527,784.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Germany in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $3,246,222,022;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $2,580,957,503;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $951,662,384;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $911,539,041;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $736,941,908;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $524,305,510;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $315,084,901;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - a decrease of $200,066,047;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - a decrease of $172,030,692;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $167,868,357;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $160,606,073;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $155,351,741;
  • Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal (HS code 82) - a decrease of $141,253,714;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - a decrease of $140,808,114;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - a decrease of $138,844,953;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $137,665,910;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $135,538,587;
  • Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics (HS code 32) - a decrease of $130,194,835;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $125,223,930;
  • Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster (HS code 34) - a decrease of $100,914,018;
  • Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included (HS code 04) - a decrease of $91,411,320;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $88,361,658.
Russia’s imports from Germany in 2015 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2014,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2015
over 2014
01 Live animals 32,103,977 0.16 43,986,772-27.01
02 Meat and edible meat offal 0 0.00 61,232,789-100.00
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 0 0.00 2,538,305-100.00
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 31,300,658 0.15 122,711,978-74.49
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 1,833,235 0.01 2,458,402-25.43
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 19,689,101 0.10 16,569,92018.82
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 7,661,617 0.04 16,621,879-53.91
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 66,728 0.00 9,999,398-99.33
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 34,238,000 0.17 42,266,463-18.99
10 Cereals 1,161,138 0.01 1,922,073-39.59
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 17,890,527 0.09 27,942,848-35.97
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 49,922,629 0.24 66,860,554-25.33
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 30,044,883 0.15 25,882,52716.08
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 118,366 0.00 162,866-27.32
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 18,047,193 0.09 30,907,927-41.61
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 1,708,580 0.01 5,506,076-68.97
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 28,014,391 0.14 32,723,191-14.39
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 128,552,019 0.63 178,588,481-28.02
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 111,615,645 0.55 160,490,024-30.45
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 29,487,787 0.14 42,363,724-30.39
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 200,474,210 0.98 339,319,163-40.92
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 76,442,879 0.37 131,437,648-41.84
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 93,630,279 0.46 109,884,164-14.79
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 48,572,638 0.24 47,363,1142.55
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 21,066,316 0.10 27,634,751-23.77
26 Ores, slag and ash 2,201,450 0.01 3,665,281-39.94
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 105,336,825 0.52 193,698,483-45.62
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 101,053,679 0.49 117,181,907-13.76
29 Organic chemicals 481,308,806 2.35 618,974,716-22.24
30 Pharmaceutical products 1,740,444,120 8.51 2,692,106,504-35.35
31 Fertilizers 4,797,998 0.02 5,432,828-11.69
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 310,174,868 1.52 440,369,703-29.56
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 341,917,576 1.67 513,948,268-33.47
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 251,160,872 1.23 352,074,890-28.66
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 105,809,334 0.52 142,444,025-25.72
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 1,775,438 0.01 2,764,796-35.78
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 12,111,416 0.06 24,268,364-50.09
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 518,535,371 2.54 686,403,728-24.46
39 Plastics and articles thereof 1,398,888,558 6.84 1,923,194,068-27.26
40 Rubber and articles thereof 280,420,746 1.37 441,026,819-36.42
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 1,188,608 0.01 920,22029.17
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 10,961,614 0.05 16,063,355-31.76
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 2,008,390 0.01 11,293,960-82.22
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 92,533,402 0.45 149,931,863-38.28
45 Cork and articles of cork 251,721 0.00 449,536-44.00
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 88,278 0.00 55,70958.46
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 8,389,588 0.04 16,304,970-48.55
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 374,142,849 1.83 509,681,436-26.59
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 32,032,416 0.16 66,175,371-51.59
50 Silk 55,911 0.00 73,681-24.12
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 2,309,179 0.01 1,198,27692.71
52 Cotton 2,683,348 0.01 2,668,6300.55
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 167,809 0.00 196,974-14.81
54 Man-made filaments 8,485,962 0.04 10,873,934-21.96
55 Man-made staple fibers 15,133,411 0.07 30,730,264-50.75
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 27,958,648 0.14 38,706,467-27.77
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 2,815,095 0.01 4,866,019-42.15
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 1,268,312 0.01 1,852,339-31.53
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 37,806,968 0.18 53,652,983-29.53
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 1,263,940 0.01 2,209,023-42.78
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 20,125,728 0.10 34,808,566-42.18
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 9,816,688 0.05 21,563,987-54.48
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 56,259,419 0.28 60,781,448-7.44
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 15,496,920 0.08 36,443,088-57.48
65 Headgear and parts thereof 2,472,485 0.01 4,220,677-41.42
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 443,211 0.00 549,547-19.35
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 203,842 0.00 667,461-69.46
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 57,745,221 0.28 86,361,207-33.14
69 Ceramic products 69,025,359 0.34 117,492,271-41.25
70 Glass and glassware 66,564,409 0.33 100,713,618-33.91
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 8,287,869 0.04 15,164,691-45.35
72 Iron and steel 173,896,012 0.85 299,119,942-41.86
73 Articles of iron or steel 515,478,555 2.52 830,563,456-37.94
74 Copper and articles thereof 54,838,407 0.27 91,643,317-40.16
75 Nickel and articles thereof 11,670,002 0.06 7,202,97462.02
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 107,172,240 0.52 159,744,617-32.91
78 Lead and articles thereof 527,274 0.00 386,03136.59
79 Zinc and articles thereof 3,161,252 0.02 5,314,273-40.51
80 Tin and articles thereof 861,609 0.00 1,018,426-15.40
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 10,642,192 0.05 25,501,488-58.27
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 215,383,967 1.05 356,637,681-39.61
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 188,401,096 0.92 329,209,210-42.77
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 5,678,616,219 27.78 8,924,838,241-36.37
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,454,214,264 7.11 2,365,753,305-38.53
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 60,248,384 0.29 260,314,431-76.86
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 2,713,666,383 13.28 5,294,623,886-48.75
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 399,009,044 1.95 130,481,260205.80
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,014,800,546 4.96 1,751,742,454-42.07
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 3,024,970 0.01 6,877,296-56.02
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 4,609,475 0.02 11,674,522-60.52
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 156,224,335 0.76 311,576,076-49.86
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 14,790,573 0.07 28,865,087-48.76
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 67,032,513 0.33 77,395,151-13.39
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 1,300,239 0.01 1,505,848-13.65
SS Classified 23,033,725 0.11 588 943 317-96.09
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia