Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Iran in 2015

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Iran in 2015: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Iran

In 2015, Russia’s trade with Iran was $1,280,843,164, down 23.87% ($401,576,483) from 2014.

Russia’s exports to Iran in 2015 were $1,017,491,400, down 23.33% ($309,677,924) from 2014.

Russia’s imports from Iran in 2015 were $263,351,764, down 25.87% ($91,898,559) from 2014.

Russia’s trade surplus with Iran in 2015 was $754,139,636, a 22.41% decrease ($217,779,365) over 2014.

Iran was Russia’s 53rd largest trading partner in 2015 (up from 54th in 2014), accounting for 0.2434% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.2149% in 2014).

Iran was Russia’s 48th largest export market in 2015 (up from 49th in 2014), accounting for 0.2961% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.2671% in 2014).

Iran was Russia’s 61st largest supplier in 2015 (just as in 2014), accounting for 0.1442% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.1242% in 2014).

Russia’s Exports to Iran

The major share of Russian exports to Iran in 2015 (and in 2014) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 47.13% of Russia’s total exports to Iran (45.11% in 2014);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 20.61% of Russia’s total exports to Iran (30.23% in 2014);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 17.15% of Russia’s total exports to Iran (13.15% in 2014);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 10.79% of Russia’s total exports to Iran (6.79% in 2014);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 3.03% of Russia’s total exports to Iran (2.11% in 2014);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 0.97% of Russia’s total exports to Iran (2.11% in 2014).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Iran in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $53,818,616;
  • Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans (HS code 49) - an increase of $9,505,565;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $4,632,501;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - an increase of $4,445,035.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Iran in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $189,261,036;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $97,091,500;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $30,392,641;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $18,067,785;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $12,250,191;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $9,955,276;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - a decrease of $9,818,302;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $8,484,091;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $3,492,008.
Russia’s exports to Iran in 2015 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2014,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2015
over 2014
01 Live animals 241,975 0.02 0
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 84,854 0.01 117,313-27.67
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,368,602 0.13 0
10 Cereals 435,725,121 42.82 532,816,621-18.22
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 17,100 0.00 9,40081.91
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,136,049 0.11 13,386,240-91.51
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 32,271,435 3.17 42,089,737-23.33
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 778 0.00 0
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 44,658 0.00 23,05093.74
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 3,388 0.00 0
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 666,007 0.07 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 437,816 0.04 96,219355.02
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 748 0.00 857-12.72
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 2,259,057 0.22 5,306,596-57.43
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 5,278,656 0.52 4,887,4558.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0 0.00 6-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 9,903,200 0.97 27,970,985-64.59
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 20,989,107 2.06 16,544,07226.87
29 Organic chemicals 2,111,449 0.21 83,8592,417.86
30 Pharmaceutical products 186,219 0.02 0
31 Fertilizers 16,233 0.00 3,508,241-99.54
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 535,839 0.05 42,7941,152.14
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 154,644 0.02 0
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 71,476 0.01 3,5901,890.97
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 837 0.00 2,106-60.26
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 871,142 0.09 1,218,421-28.50
39 Plastics and articles thereof 4,955,466 0.49 6,345,499-21.91
40 Rubber and articles thereof 945,584 0.09 258,118266.34
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 192 0.00 242-20.66
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 120,228,595 11.82 130,183,871-7.65
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 7,516,127 0.74 10,092,286-25.53
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 29,177,650 2.87 26,148,89111.58
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 17,559,711 1.73 8,054,146118.02
52 Cotton 0 0.00 1-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 1,232,538 0.12 644,68291.19
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 198 0.00 119,700.00
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0 0.00 4,958-100.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 6,319 0.00 32,009-80.26
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 15 0.00 1136.36
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 437 0.00 0
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 15,027 0.00 1,747760.16
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,457 0.00 0
65 Headgear and parts thereof 5,739 0.00 0
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 30 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 153,244 0.02 1,562,589-90.19
69 Ceramic products 91 0.00 19,000.00
70 Glass and glassware 85,360 0.01 93,603-8.81
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 2,830 0.00 24,613-88.50
72 Iron and steel 207,299,913 20.37 396,560,949-47.73
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,944,268 0.19 3,585,441-45.77
74 Copper and articles thereof 33,142 0.00 2,6221,164.00
75 Nickel and articles thereof 43,892 0.00 23,65385.57
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 16,913 0.00 186,717-90.94
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 1,760 0.00 822,046.34
80 Tin and articles thereof 0 0.00 0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 139,852 0.01 733,839-80.94
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 201,942 0.02 84,846138.01
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 69,058,423 6.79 15,239,807353.14
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 22,232,093 2.18 52,624,734-57.75
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 3,164,338 0.31 1,415,799123.50
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 4,708,304 0.46 75,8036,111.24
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 6,287,955 0.62 14,772,046-57.43
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 4,308,030 0.42 5,937,039-27.44
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 88 0.00 864-89.81
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 25,749 0.00 46,894-45.09
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 2,471 0.00 0
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 31,545 0.00 3,077925.19
SS Classified 1,727,722 0.17 4 320 282-60.01

Russia’s Imports from Iran

The major share of Russian imports from Iran in 2015 (and in 2014) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 78.64% of Russia’s total imports from Iran (69.88% in 2014);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 8.76% of Russia’s total imports from Iran (12.58% in 2014);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 6.60% of Russia’s total imports from Iran (12.29% in 2014);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 3.68% of Russia’s total imports from Iran (1.53% in 2014);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 0.72% of Russia’s total imports from Iran (1.13% in 2014).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Iran in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $4,907,048;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $3,497,017;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - an increase of $1,239,882.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Iran in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $28,454,266;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - a decrease of $21,183,773;
  • Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (HS code 20) - a decrease of $14,351,468;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $8,314,223;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $7,763,096;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $7,355,822;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $6,633,175;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - a decrease of $2,196,085;
  • Carpets and other textile floor coverings (HS code 57) - a decrease of $1,337,340;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $1,333,370;
  • Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials (HS code 68) - a decrease of $852,369;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $828,966.
Russia’s imports from Iran in 2015 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2014,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2015
over 2014
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 541,521 0.21 0
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 10,629 0.00 3,301221.99
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 109,064,758 41.41 117,378,981-7.08
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 82,054,091 31.16 103,237,864-20.52
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 2,880,779 1.09 2,218,71929.84
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 56,539 0.02 20,252179.18
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 76,719 0.03 387,130-80.18
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 256,509 0.10 355,076-27.76
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 32,161 0.01 264,892-87.86
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 31,835 0.01 21,53547.83
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 329,601 0.13 126,116161.35
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 9,505,689 3.61 23,857,157-60.16
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,462,256 0.56 222,374557.57
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 11,909 0.00 8291,336.55
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 788,876 0.30 171,841359.07
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 13,444,723 5.11 41,898,989-67.91
26 Ores, slag and ash 3,878,001 1.47 380,984917.89
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 58,827 0.02 1,392,197-95.77
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 261,689 0.10 56,000367.30
29 Organic chemicals 4,064,142 1.54 11,827,238-65.64
30 Pharmaceutical products 5,859,068 2.22 13,214,890-55.66
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 60,753 0.02 107,302-43.38
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 49,150 0.02 15,053226.51
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 96,894 0.04 73,53731.76
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 232,000 0.09 280,710-17.35
39 Plastics and articles thereof 12,432,644 4.72 19,065,819-34.79
40 Rubber and articles thereof 8,829 0.00 65,593-86.54
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 0 0.00 2,650-100.00
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 155 0.00 27,410-99.43
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 1,094 0.00 301263.46
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 106,194 0.04 794,677-86.64
54 Man-made filaments 176,433 0.07 355,239-50.33
55 Man-made staple fibers 77,486 0.03 270,565-71.36
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 90,759 0.03 146,127-37.89
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 822,890 0.31 2,160,230-61.91
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 13,184 0.01 115,621-88.60
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 0 0.00 121-100.00
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 5,906 0.00 19,478-69.68
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 329 0.00 216,350.00
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 0 0.00 2,000-100.00
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 703,773 0.27 940,399-25.16
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 0 0.00 123-100.00
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0 0.00 39-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 216,216 0.08 1,068,585-79.77
69 Ceramic products 984,707 0.37 1,044,639-5.74
70 Glass and glassware 1,237,942 0.47 3,434,027-63.95
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 0 0.00 3,079-100.00
72 Iron and steel 3,827 0.00 0
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,248,124 0.47 1,967,022-36.55
74 Copper and articles thereof 70,464 0.03 191,826-63.27
75 Nickel and articles thereof 41,201 0.02 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 6,637 0.00 41,552-84.03
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 3,318 0.00 0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 33 0.00 3,405-99.03
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 7,568 0.00 34,030-77.76
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 6,356,886 2.41 1,449,838338.45
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 123,854 0.05 428,017-71.06
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 65 0.00 0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 1,975,727 0.75 2,804,693-29.56
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 785,000 0.30 455,00072.53
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 438,937 0.17 301,13945.76
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 2,290 0.00 12,158-81.16
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 191,356 0.07 240,953-20.58
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 400 0.00 6,731-94.06
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 108,417 0.04 280,475-61.35
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 0 0.00 3,793-100.00
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia