Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with North Korea in 2015

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with North Korea in 2015: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with North Korea

In 2015, Russia’s trade with North Korea was $84,384,727, down 8.61% ($7,955,024) from 2014.

Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2015 were $78,341,976, down 4.66% ($3,832,620) from 2014.

Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2015 were $6,042,751, down 40.55% ($4,122,404) from 2014.

Russia’s trade surplus with North Korea in 2015 was $72,299,225, a 0.40% increase ($289,784) over 2014.

North Korea was Russia’s 117th largest trading partner in 2015 (down from 113th in 2014), accounting for 0.0160% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.0118% in 2014).

North Korea was Russia’s 104th largest export market in 2015 (down from 101st in 2014), accounting for 0.0228% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.0165% in 2014).

North Korea was Russia’s 123rd largest supplier in 2015 (down from 119th in 2014), accounting for 0.0033% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.0036% in 2014).

Russia’s Exports to North Korea

The major share of Russian exports to North Korea in 2015 (and in 2014) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 83.27% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (41.90% in 2014);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 10.21% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (19.92% in 2014);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 4.16% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (4.81% in 2014);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 0.73% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (31.64% in 2014).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $31,095,112;
  • Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten (HS code 11) - an increase of $1,469,154;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $265,859.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $16,964,297;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $10,233,748;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $7,618,406;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $658,030;
  • Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials (HS code 68) - a decrease of $482,256;
  • Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard (HS code 47) - a decrease of $403,892;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $338,205;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - a decrease of $293,644;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $287,543;
  • Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather (HS code 41) - a decrease of $237,577.
Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2015 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2014,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2015
over 2014
01 Live animals 257,090 0.33 58,519339.33
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,995,955 2.55 1,819,7809.68
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 16,831 0.02 11,62544.78
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 2,861 0.00 0
10 Cereals 2,720,041 3.47 12,953,789-79.00
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 2,293,929 2.93 824,775178.13
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 97,672 0.12 80,00022.09
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 76,705 0.10 137,703-44.30
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 41,884 0.05 5,724631.73
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 108,714 0.14 55,36796.35
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 27,995 0.04 16,30371.72
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 138,513 0.18 17,439694.27
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 157,498 0.20 331,049-52.42
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 58,552 0.07 56,5283.58
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 3,252 0.00 0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 155,533 0.20 443,076-64.90
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 65,079,123 83.07 33,984,01191.50
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 3,547 0.00 0
30 Pharmaceutical products 457,536 0.58 191,677138.70
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 10,002 0.01 28,393-64.77
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 1,726 0.00 3,791-54.47
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 6,534 0.01 116,276-94.38
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 3,648 0.00 409,020.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 21,964 0.03 19,69611.52
39 Plastics and articles thereof 12,051 0.02 12,746-5.45
40 Rubber and articles thereof 21,998 0.03 18,13721.29
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0 0.00 237,577-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 31,130 0.04 4586,696.94
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 3,202,099 4.09 3,540,304-9.55
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 0 0.00 403,892-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 55,306 0.07 2,0012,663.92
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 1,338 0.00 2,470-45.83
52 Cotton 1,701 0.00 0
55 Man-made staple fibers 29,283 0.04 0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,625 0.00 11,393-85.74
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 275 0.00 0
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 252 0.00 123104.88
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 3,973 0.01 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 41,914 0.05 24916,732.93
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 3,943 0.01 14,696-73.17
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 12,421 0.02 1,711625.95
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 13,233 0.02 5,636134.79
65 Headgear and parts thereof 175 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 2,159 0.00 484,415-99.55
70 Glass and glassware 4,640 0.01 864437.04
72 Iron and steel 7,280 0.01 183,888-96.04
73 Articles of iron or steel 298,464 0.38 69,540329.20
74 Copper and articles thereof 279 0.00 109155.96
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 10,689 0.01 7901,253.04
78 Lead and articles thereof 275 0.00 0
80 Tin and articles thereof 44 0.00 0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 60,192 0.08 6,547819.38
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 2,236 0.00 4,930-54.65
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 246,303 0.31 7,864,709-96.87
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 102,992 0.13 761,022-86.47
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 23,835 0.03 317,479-92.49
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 62,654 0.08 17,026,951-99.63
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 134,635 0.17 28,797367.53
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 850 0.00 342,400.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 98,514 0.13 16,861484.27
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 23,232 0.03 5740,657.89
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 15,150 0.02 6492,234.36
SS Classified 77,731 0.10 0

Russia’s Imports from North Korea

The major share of Russian imports from North Korea in 2015 (and in 2014) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 34.97% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (47.49% in 2014);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 29.36% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (0.24% in 2014);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 11.40% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (26.76% in 2014);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 5.38% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (4.57% in 2014);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 0.77% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (3.52% in 2014);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 0.12% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (1.27% in 2014).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 03) - an increase of $1,681,218;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - an increase of $316,490;
  • Man-made filaments (HS code 54) - an increase of $261,908;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $86,429;
  • Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares (HS code 19) - an increase of $51,080;
  • Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten (HS code 11) - an increase of $41,652;
  • Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics (HS code 32) - an increase of $39,780.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $3,000,321;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $1,509,905;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $422,876;
  • Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 92) - a decrease of $298,227;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $249,773;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $246,424;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $191,056;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $168,550;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $163,537;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $122,402;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $115,934;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - a decrease of $32,832;
  • Miscellaneous manufactured articles (HS code 96) - a decrease of $29,059;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $28,960.
Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2015 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2014,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2015
over 2014
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,681,218 27.82 0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0 0.00 4,566-100.00
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 41,652 0.69 0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 51,080 0.85 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 0 0.00 3,592-100.00
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 0 0.00 16,712-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 7,148 0.12 129,550-94.48
29 Organic chemicals 15,000 0.25 14,6882.12
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 42,500 0.70 2,7201,462.50
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 17,492 0.29 6,260179.42
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 0 0.00 75-100.00
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 1,800 0.03 0
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 105 0.00 729-85.60
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 0 0.00 28,960-100.00
39 Plastics and articles thereof 156,846 2.60 406,619-61.43
40 Rubber and articles thereof 91,426 1.51 4,9971,729.62
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,545 0.03 9,525-83.78
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 0 0.00 1,375-100.00
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 5,211 0.09 13,642-61.80
54 Man-made filaments 264,730 4.38 2,8229,280.94
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 114,477 1.89 105,5818.43
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 14,310 0.24 2,996377.64
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 19,143 0.32 15,35524.67
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 1,698,860 28.11 4,699,181-63.85
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 57 0.00 1,118-94.90
65 Headgear and parts thereof 1,697 0.03 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 0 0.00 4,146-100.00
69 Ceramic products 2,138 0.04 0
70 Glass and glassware 0 0.00 32,832-100.00
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 790 0.01 0
72 Iron and steel 18,029 0.30 133,963-86.54
73 Articles of iron or steel 18,015 0.30 209,071-91.38
74 Copper and articles thereof 76 0.00 6,811-98.88
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 5,577 0.09 3,83045.61
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 2,265 0.04 1,013123.59
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 2,466 0.04 3,025-18.48
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 88,796 1.47 1,598,701-94.45
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 251,246 4.16 674,122-62.73
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 322,937 5.34 6,4474,909.11
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 4,169 0.07 250,593-98.34
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 21,904 0.36 190,454-88.50
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 1,076,201 17.81 1,374,428-21.70
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 457 0.01 163,994-99.72
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 735 0.01 10,950-93.29
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 653 0.01 29,712-97.80

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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia