Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with China in the 1st quarter of 2016

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia's foreign trade in goods with China in the first quarter of 2016: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia's Trade with China

In the 1st quarter of 2016, Russia's trade with China was $13,456,371,548, down 11.79% ($1,798,174,233) from the 1st quarter of 2015.

Russia's exports to China in the 1st quarter of 2016 were $5,966,037,008, down 11.91% ($806,329,793) from the 1st quarter of 2015.

Russia's imports from China in the 1st quarter of 2016 were $7,490,334,540, down 11.69% ($991,844,440) from the 1st quarter of 2015.

Russia's trade deficit with China in the 1st quarter of 2016 was $1,524,297,532, a 10.85% decrease ($185,514,647) over the 1st quarter of 2015.

China was Russia's largest trading partner in the 1st quarter of 2016 (just as in the 1st quarter of 2015), accounting for 13.8290% of Russia's total trade (up from 11.5304% in the 1st quarter of 2015).

China was Russia's 2nd largest export market in the 1st quarter of 2016 (up from 3rd in the 1st quarter of 2015), accounting for 9.7218% of Russia's total exports (up from 7.5026% in the 1st quarter of 2015).

China was Russia's largest supplier in the 1st quarter of 2016 (just as in the 1st quarter of 2015), accounting for 20.8423% of Russia's total imports (up from 20.1803% in the 1st quarter of 2015).

Russia's Exports to China

The major share of Russian exports to China in the 1st quarter of 2016 (and in the 1st quarter of 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 65.18% of Russia's total exports to China (72.68% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 12.41% of Russia's total exports to China (11.05% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 8.02% of Russia's total exports to China (7.20% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 7.32% of Russia's total exports to China (5.61% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 5.13% of Russia's total exports to China (1.88% in the 1st quarter of 2015).

The largest gains in Russia's exports to China in the 1st quarter of 2016 over the 1st quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $107,098,568;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $63,577,153;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $42,303,404;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $29,244,497;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $23,247,329;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $23,070,469;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $19,828,266.

The largest declines in Russia's exports to China in the 1st quarter of 2016 over the 1st quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $1,005,383,833;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $48,892,655;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $41,256,755;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $35,005,423.
Russia's exports to China in the 1st quarter of 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q1 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share
in total export
in Q1 2016
Percent change
in Q1 2016
over Q1 2015
01 Live animals 148,205 0.00
02 Meat and edible meat offal 37,063 0.00 398.76
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 260,489,939 4.37 -3.84
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 1,056,518 0.02 -12.29
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 1,277,733 0.02 -64.21
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 126,168 0.00 1,037.16
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 911,011 0.02 -79.19
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 100,145 0.00 28,760.23
10 Cereals 4,751,586 0.08 77.12
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 2,666,529 0.04 32.72
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 66,395,669 1.11 53.88
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 62,359 0.00 23.40
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 54,192,788 0.91 355.81
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 76,295 0.00 -54.91
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 929,276 0.02 179.32
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 9,239,121 0.15 220.53
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 5,680,953 0.10 600.76
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 690,502 0.01 165.75
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,011,914 0.03 435.41
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 3,499,482 0.06 40.23
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 16,619,220 0.28 -43.33
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 5,510,203 0.09 51.15
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 26,305,936 0.44 34.43
26 Ores, slag and ash 149,337,211 2.50 -18.99
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 3,712,940,069 62.23 -21.31
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 8,246,978 0.14 6.47
29 Organic chemicals 43,513,777 0.73 -52.91
30 Pharmaceutical products 85,051 0.00 917.23
31 Fertilizers 320,100,478 5.37 24.78
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 224,001 0.00 -51.09
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 40,811 0.00 -1.71
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 948,311 0.02 820.55
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 16,859 0.00
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 0 0.00 -100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,522,376 0.06 16.39
39 Plastics and articles thereof 50,550,585 0.85 -44.94
40 Rubber and articles thereof 51,207,146 0.86 44.93
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 1,794,941 0.03 -38.74
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 10,200 0.00 256.52
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 72,333 0.00 -96.87
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 553,527,948 9.28 -1.07
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 162,413,433 2.72 -2.92
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 21,553,851 0.36 21.68
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 3,171,455 0.05 -18.78
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 725,765 0.01 -63.28
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 355,556 0.01 -19.85
54 Man-made filaments 126,104 0.00 -13.73
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 2,978 0.00 7,736.84
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 5,224 0.00 -82.19
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 6 0.00 -94.87
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 6,562 0.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 6,693 0.00 700.60
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 4,704 0.00 10.32
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 173,218 0.00 -20.55
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 629 0.00
65 Headgear and parts thereof 213 0.00 610.00
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 94 0.00 -98.72
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 845,556 0.01 966.92
69 Ceramic products 20 0.00 -99.94
70 Glass and glassware 53,583 0.00 -84.81
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 17,272,610 0.29 71.66
72 Iron and steel 6,551,425 0.11 135.62
73 Articles of iron or steel 34,621,567 0.58 15.38
74 Copper and articles thereof 1,270,739 0.02 -43.73
75 Nickel and articles thereof 2,327,177 0.04 1,298.23
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 7,635,423 0.13 7.39
78 Lead and articles thereof 224,374 0.00 -24.01
79 Zinc and articles thereof 144 0.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 4,728,316 0.08 8.23
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 159,437 0.00 -60.87
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 249,265 0.00 569.89
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 195,642,963 3.28 120.95
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 41,626,498 0.70 236.19
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0 0.00 -100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 27,083,528 0.45 273.29
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 74,627 0.00 116.42
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 41,505,419 0.70 125.15
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 24,500 0.00 16,913.89
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,811,038 0.03 195.58
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 22,397 0.00 1,868.10
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 2,547 0.00 -73.70
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 14,330 0.00
SS Classified 34,825,350 0.58 -13.34

Russia's Imports from China

The major share of Russian imports from China in the 1st quarter of 2016 (and in the 1st quarter of 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 52.60% of Russia's total imports from China (52.16% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 14.18% of Russia's total imports from China (15.30% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 10.37% of Russia's total imports from China (8.94% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.91% of Russia's total imports from China (7.03% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 4.94% of Russia's total imports from China (4.13% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.12% of Russia's total imports from China (1.35% in the 1st quarter of 2015).

The largest gains in Russia's imports from China in the 1st quarter of 2016 over the 1st quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $323,867,590;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $28,545,453;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $24,678,677.

The largest declines in Russia's imports from China in the 1st quarter of 2016 over the 1st quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $730,629,488;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - a decrease of $91,119,826;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $75,003,115;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $73,783,847;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $53,758,978;
  • Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 95) - a decrease of $48,426,013;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - a decrease of $38,839,284;
  • Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof (HS code 81) - a decrease of $28,866,166;
  • Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) (HS code 42) - a decrease of $27,760,577;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $27,127,447;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - a decrease of $24,468,829.
Russia's imports from China in the 1st quarter of 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports
in Q1 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share
in total import
in Q1 2016
Percent change
in Q1 2016
over Q1 2015
01 Live animals 27,214 0.00 291.29
02 Meat and edible meat offal 794,088 0.01 -64.81
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 52,139,670 0.70 3.42
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 -100.00
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 36,904 0.00 297.54
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 221,611 0.00 -21.21
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 90,633,239 1.21 -23.04
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 81,320,399 1.09 54.09
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 21,983,620 0.29 0.56
10 Cereals 169,377 0.00 -6.63
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 152,982 0.00 -40.50
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 6,305,504 0.08 18.74
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 9,004,428 0.12 29.86
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 249,761 0.00 69.99
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 958,282 0.01 25.29
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 12,272,047 0.16 37.49
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 9,245,537 0.12 22.24
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 2,194,179 0.03 -59.48
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 2,675,803 0.04 -3.30
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 46,738,294 0.62 32.91
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 9,323,747 0.12 8.35
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 568,343 0.01 -27.22
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 8,016,446 0.11 14.07
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 15,019,291 0.20 2.70
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 13,126,188 0.18 -3.64
26 Ores, slag and ash 936,495 0.01 -53.08
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 19,141,845 0.26 11.46
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 58,271,018 0.78 -7.51
29 Organic chemicals 223,495,046 2.98 12.41
30 Pharmaceutical products 11,440,827 0.15 -24.56
31 Fertilizers 3,353,660 0.04 220.61
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 14,813,238 0.20 9.75
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 26,445,906 0.35 -5.36
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 9,094,179 0.12 4.22
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 16,629,780 0.22 -16.72
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 181,359 0.00 -82.61
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 7,761,119 0.10 5.74
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 64,700,688 0.86 8.73
39 Plastics and articles thereof 269,006,944 3.59 -1.78
40 Rubber and articles thereof 71,213,787 0.95 3.99
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 504,644 0.01 216.74
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 80,153,087 1.07 -25.72
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 3,339,227 0.04 -41.03
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 23,601,766 0.32 -40.05
45 Cork and articles of cork 272,702 0.00 -50.77
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 3,729,690 0.05 -7.26
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 4,127 0.00 -91.61
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 46,371,398 0.62 -19.95
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 10,077,736 0.13 -20.19
50 Silk 1,444,416 0.02 12,633.99
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 529,259 0.01 -66.80
52 Cotton 18,058,281 0.24 32.87
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 639,423 0.01 54.75
54 Man-made filaments 38,124,817 0.51 12.06
55 Man-made staple fibers 28,075,790 0.37 -19.16
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 14,869,422 0.20 11.33
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 4,908,237 0.07 -15.57
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 9,921,647 0.13 -15.67
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 13,938,554 0.19 -11.72
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 20,656,372 0.28 -3.37
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 205,311,825 2.74 -15.91
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 270,657,385 3.61 -21.42
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 60,849,253 0.81 -25.64
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 341,423,727 4.56 -21.07
65 Headgear and parts thereof 17,720,663 0.24 -26.19
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 3,670,994 0.05 -41.52
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 11,017,452 0.15 -7.15
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 53,782,135 0.72 -17.47
69 Ceramic products 39,074,010 0.52 -33.16
70 Glass and glassware 37,939,178 0.51 -23.28
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 14,708,705 0.20 -38.40
72 Iron and steel 71,399,955 0.95 -6.06
73 Articles of iron or steel 210,507,215 2.81 -4.45
74 Copper and articles thereof 12,933,800 0.17 -21.40
75 Nickel and articles thereof 327,027 0.00 -1.75
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 45,366,115 0.61 -35.04
78 Lead and articles thereof 83,775 0.00 14.30
79 Zinc and articles thereof 245,993 0.00 1.36
80 Tin and articles thereof 1,533,042 0.02 281.09
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 15,826,152 0.21 -64.59
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 88,807,167 1.19 -3.51
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 70,272,809 0.94 -7.78
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,579,442,248 21.09 -31.63
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,923,497,707 25.68 20.25
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 16,485,219 0.22 52.80
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 258,324,773 3.45 -17.23
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 7,129,727 0.10 -73.08
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 155,100,417 2.07 -6.34
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 15,302,135 0.20 44.70
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 5,491,110 0.07 -11.44
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 149,185,476 1.99 -33.46
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 233,290,219 3.11 -17.19
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 68,169,243 0.91 9.85
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 34,934 0.00 -92.49
SS Classified 6,539,515 0.09 -44.67
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia