Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Germany in the 1st quarter of 2016

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia's foreign trade in goods with Germany in the first quarter of 2016: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia's Trade with Germany

In the 1st quarter of 2016, Russia's trade with Germany was $8,497,793,750, down 23.98% ($2,680,613,582) from the 1st quarter of 2015.

Russia's exports to Germany in the 1st quarter of 2016 were $4,589,140,414, down 32.70% ($2,229,873,385) from the 1st quarter of 2015.

Russia's imports from Germany in the 1st quarter of 2016 were $3,908,653,336, down 10.34% ($450,740,197) from the 1st quarter of 2015.

Russia's trade surplus with Germany in the 1st quarter of 2016 was $680,487,078, a 72.33% decrease ($1,779,133,188) over the 1st quarter of 2015.

Germany was Russia's 2nd largest trading partner in the 1st quarter of 2016 (up from 3nd in the 1st quarter of 2015), accounting for 8.7331% of Russia's total trade (up from 8.4494% in the 1st quarter of 2015).

Germany was Russia's 3rd largest export market in the 1st quarter of 2016 (down from 2nd in the 1st quarter of 2015), accounting for 7.4781% of Russia's total exports (down from 7.5543% in the 1st quarter of 2015).

Germany was Russia's 2nd largest supplier in the 1st quarter of 2016 (just as in the 1st quarter of 2015), accounting for 10.8761% of Russia's total imports (up from 10.3716% in the 1st quarter of 2015).

Russia's Exports to Germany

The major share of Russian exports to Germany in the 1st quarter of 2016 (and in the 1st quarter of 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 81.05% of Russia's total exports to Germany (72.37% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 7.39% of Russia's total exports to Germany (5.65% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 3.75% of Russia's total exports to Germany (15.34% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 2.78% of Russia's total exports to Germany (2.05% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.91% of Russia's total exports to Germany (1.25% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 1.41% of Russia's total exports to Germany (1.57% in the 1st quarter of 2015).

The largest gains in Russia's exports to Germany in the 1st quarter of 2016 over the 1st quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $30,262,631.

The largest declines in Russia's exports to Germany in the 1st quarter of 2016 over the 1st quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $1,208,422,060;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $894,004,649;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $42,101,758;
  • Copper and articles thereof (HS code 74) - a decrease of $30,310,019;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $19,936,965;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $17,274,778;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $16,353,951.
Russia's exports to Germany in the 1st quarter of 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q1 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share
in total export
in Q1 2016
Percent change
in Q1 2016
over Q1 2015
01 Live animals 2,451 0.00 -78.04
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 3,141,075 0.07 140.16
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 35,759 0.00 -54.80
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 1,451,534 0.03 -1.62
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 280,631 0.01 229.77
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 1,261,903 0.03 45.22
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 444,365 0.01 -0.71
10 Cereals 6,603,115 0.14 44.37
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 267,859 0.01 -6.29
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 2,702,797 0.06 12.36
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 15,632 0.00
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 32,558 0.00 250.54
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 3,385,310 0.07 -7.50
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 0 0.00 -100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 1,600,665 0.03 173.32
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 2,177,263 0.05 10.32
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 859,176 0.02 16.06
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 3,771,980 0.08 10.95
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 476,807 0.01 -2.70
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 3,825,430 0.08 -34.75
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 1,790,846 0.04 -34.08
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 2,464,216 0.05 431.91
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 3,224,237 0.07 42.22
26 Ores, slag and ash 3,335,570 0.07 -69.53
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 3,712,950,041 80.91 -24.55
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 31,699,137 0.69 -28.73
29 Organic chemicals 5,642,304 0.12 17.22
30 Pharmaceutical products 536,406 0.01 -33.74
31 Fertilizers 38,320,004 0.84 -29.91
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 1,041,081 0.02 15.45
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 742,084 0.02 -46.12
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 37,573 0.00 -49.61
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 31,374 0.00 217.65
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 89,818 0.00 415.57
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 1,970 0.00 -95.35
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,947,587 0.04 -11.66
39 Plastics and articles thereof 18,934,952 0.41 45.65
40 Rubber and articles thereof 28,460,562 0.62 63.30
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,506,542 0.03 -17.71
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 1,198,704 0.03 -6.17
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 61,018,684 1.33 15.92
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 26,498 0.00 38.96
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 4,366,973 0.10 -1.45
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 21,244,098 0.46 -21.84
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 788,002 0.02 15.98
50 Silk 0 0.00 -100.00
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 428,006 0.01 -31.46
52 Cotton 0 0.00 -100.00
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 303,449 0.01 56.08
54 Man-made filaments 155,829 0.00 -16.77
55 Man-made staple fibers 0 0.00 -100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 731,482 0.02 41.39
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 213 0.00 -99.33
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 811 0.00 54.48
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 12,235 0.00 -44.42
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0 0.00 -100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 20,498 0.00 -77.53
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 125,496 0.00 -33.79
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 3,962,260 0.09 12.05
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 116,702 0.00 -36.32
65 Headgear and parts thereof 13,707 0.00 711.55
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 117 0.00 -97.68
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 761,468 0.02 62.40
69 Ceramic products 1,493,489 0.03 -30.29
70 Glass and glassware 5,980,448 0.13 -0.77
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 64,771,602 1.41 -39.39
72 Iron and steel 100,131,699 2.18 -16.60
73 Articles of iron or steel 9,263,720 0.20 30.79
74 Copper and articles thereof 156,670,127 3.41 -16.21
75 Nickel and articles thereof 601,554 0.01 55.19
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 28,457,550 0.62 -9.32
78 Lead and articles thereof 1,717,048 0.04 -61.93
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0 0.00 -100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 41,296,156 0.90 20.13
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 783,119 0.02 92.37
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 363,352 0.01 9.34
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 57,093,390 1.24 -94.00
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 37,771,705 0.82 -31.38
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 418,911 0.01 170.90
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 43,333,826 0.94 231.52
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 546,163 0.01 30.39
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 32,816,868 0.72 25.07
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 211,833 0.00 6,081.30
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 9,266,752 0.20 27.53
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 491,178 0.01 -76.51
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 12,768 0.00 -90.47
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 9,295 0.00 -87.13
SS Classified 15,270,015 0.33 -75.64

Russia's Imports from Germany

The major share of Russian imports from Germany in the 1st quarter of 2016 (and in the 1st quarter of 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 52.32% of Russia's total imports from Germany (54.77% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 29.14% of Russia's total imports from Germany (27.26% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.02% of Russia's total imports from Germany (6.33% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 5.63% of Russia's total imports from Germany (5.02% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.70% of Russia's total imports from Germany (2.59% in the 1st quarter of 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.06% of Russia's total imports from Germany (1.04% in the 1st quarter of 2015).

The largest gains in Russia's imports from Germany in the 1st quarter of 2016 over the 1st quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $26,909,421;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $24,563,068.

The largest declines in Russia's imports from Germany in the 1st quarter of 2016 over the 1st quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $184,200,294;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $115,212,701;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $68,731,199;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $26,897,536;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $23,864,138;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $15,283,073;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $13,617,513;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - a decrease of $12,891,680;
  • Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal (HS code 82) - a decrease of $12,229,900.
Russia's imports from Germany in the 1st quarter of 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports
in Q1 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share
in total import
in Q1 2016
Percent change
in Q1 2016
over Q1 2015
01 Live animals 3,956,590 0.10 -13.01
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 8,070,581 0.21 7.20
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 839,769 0.02 78.38
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 4,639,824 0.12 19.63
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,870,516 0.05 -9.77
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 14,830 0.00 31.39
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 6,890,073 0.18 -18.43
10 Cereals 905,995 0.02 112.12
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 4,143,128 0.11 16.80
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 35,063,343 0.90 47.28
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 9,198,578 0.24 48.94
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 29,396 0.00 74.20
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 3,712,241 0.09 5.97
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 106,913 0.00 -85.97
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 7,244,190 0.19 12.73
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 26,071,248 0.67 -10.89
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 17,860,343 0.46 -30.67
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 5,955,715 0.15 -15.74
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 42,320,520 1.08 -1.91
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 13,500,694 0.35 -1.28
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 17,611,764 0.45 -4.86
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 10,089,177 0.26 3.44
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 2,992,569 0.08 -8.41
26 Ores, slag and ash 436,343 0.01 -19.52
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 19,618,202 0.50 -13.90
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 21,731,088 0.56 7.29
29 Organic chemicals 82,192,300 2.10 -24.66
30 Pharmaceutical products 356,259,134 9.11 7.41
31 Fertilizers 2,211,454 0.06 30.47
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 61,391,318 1.57 -1.74
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 73,375,624 1.88 -12.22
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 54,178,956 1.39 -5.93
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 18,161,082 0.46 -17.13
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 301,368 0.01 196.86
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 3,064,198 0.08 -6.21
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 124,582,573 3.19 -7.17
39 Plastics and articles thereof 279,648,594 7.15 -7.86
40 Rubber and articles thereof 61,709,931 1.58 4.33
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 69,069 0.00 -61.02
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 2,028,065 0.05 -21.48
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 41,191 0.00 -92.38
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 16,085,239 0.41 -38.09
45 Cork and articles of cork 60,350 0.00 23.65
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 7,345 0.00 118.73
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 891,186 0.02 -6.27
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 83,635,035 2.14 6.56
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 4,831,412 0.12 -34.51
50 Silk 7,370 0.00 60.64
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 44,039 0.00 75.01
52 Cotton 501,961 0.01 0.97
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 62,532 0.00 -0.88
54 Man-made filaments 1,408,916 0.04 -25.15
55 Man-made staple fibers 5,405,338 0.14 115.44
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 6,439,953 0.16 9.04
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 517,213 0.01 -29.79
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 248,535 0.01 -22.97
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 8,331,115 0.21 -5.84
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 246,747 0.01 -1.29
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 4,064,309 0.10 -16.36
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 2,493,581 0.06 -0.63
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 6,495,119 0.17 -44.65
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 4,644,665 0.12 3.83
65 Headgear and parts thereof 365,254 0.01 -45.92
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 99,305 0.00 12.48
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 22,213 0.00 -32.93
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 12,410,330 0.32 13.86
69 Ceramic products 16,614,933 0.43 15.47
70 Glass and glassware 17,926,875 0.46 20.82
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 660,231 0.02 -79.04
72 Iron and steel 28,599,498 0.73 12.72
73 Articles of iron or steel 95,754,256 2.45 -13.76
74 Copper and articles thereof 10,148,493 0.26 -7.36
75 Nickel and articles thereof 1,382,422 0.04 -37.44
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 22,433,138 0.57 -6.30
78 Lead and articles thereof 12,774 0.00 -92.42
79 Zinc and articles thereof 360,824 0.01 -44.33
80 Tin and articles thereof 80,173 0.00 -46.70
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 2,054,705 0.05 -7.46
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 44,308,005 1.13 -21.63
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 29,986,914 0.77 -30.07
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,053,881,667 26.96 -14.88
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 275,203,438 7.04 -19.98
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 9,754,914 0.25 -12.15
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 466,076,815 11.92 -19.82
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 3,568,390 0.09 3.45
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 236,493,271 6.05 12.84
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 400,859 0.01 -58.24
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 412,069 0.01 -65.47
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 25,142,248 0.64 -35.13
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 2,201,531 0.06 -19.57
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 19,210,118 0.49 61.25
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 33,140 0.00 -45.73
SS Classified 2,544,086 0.07 79.32
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia