Russian foreign trade
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Russian trade with North Korea in the 2nd quarter of 2016

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with North Korea in the second quarter of 2016: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with North Korea

In the 2nd quarter of 2016, Russia’s trade with North Korea was $18,180,794, down 31.61% ($8,402,793) from the 2nd quarter of 2015.

Russia’s exports to North Korea in the 2nd quarter of 2016 were $16,698,120, down 36.37% ($9,543,371) from the 2nd quarter of 2015.

Russia’s imports from North Korea in the 2nd quarter of 2016 totaled $1,482,674, up 333.41% ($1,140,578) from the 2nd quarter of 2015.

Russia’s trade surplus with North Korea in the 2nd quarter of 2016 was $15,215,446, a 41.25% decrease ($10,683,949) over the 2nd quarter of 2015.

North Korea was Russia’s 113th largest trading partner in the 2nd quarter of 2016 (down from 111th in the 2nd quarter of 2015), accounting for 0.0167% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.0195% in the 2nd quarter of 2015).

North Korea was Russia’s 97th largest export market in the 2nd quarter of 2016 (up from 99th in the 2nd quarter of 2015), accounting for 0.0251% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.0287% in the 2nd quarter of 2015).

North Korea was Russia’s 123rd largest supplier in the 2nd quarter of 2016 (up from 136th in the 2nd quarter of 2015), accounting for 0.0035% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.0008% in the 2nd quarter of 2015).

Russia’s Exports to North Korea

The major share of Russian exports to North Korea in the 2nd quarter of 2016 (and in the 2nd quarter of 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 72.46% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (80.25% in the 2nd quarter of 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 18.38% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (12.39% in the 2nd quarter of 2015);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 7.11% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (0.44% in the 2nd quarter of 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.08% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (0.03% in the 2nd quarter of 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 0.61% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (1.47% in the 2nd quarter of 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 0.34% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (5.30% in the 2nd quarter of 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to North Korea in the 2nd quarter of 2016 over the 2nd quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten (HS code 11) - an increase of $876,328;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $742,568;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $325,417;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $170,895.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to North Korea in the 2nd quarter of 2016 over the 2nd quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $8,862,513;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $1,338,488;
  • Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 03) - a decrease of $794,590;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $330,370;
  • Live animals (HS code 01) - a decrease of $202,366;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $96,147;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - a decrease of $76,809.
Russia’s exports to North Korea in the 2nd quarter of 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q2 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in Q2 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q2 2016
over Q2 2015
01 Live animals 11,412 0.07 213,778-94.66
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 0 0.00 794,590-100.00
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 7,431 0.04 0
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 3,009,382 18.02 2,133,05441.08
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 0 0.00 1,592-100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 12,800 0.08 5,448134.95
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 9,760 0.06 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 3,240 0.02 80,049-95.95
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 15,110 0.09 22,753-33.59
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 13,669 0.08 109,816-87.55
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 12,085,425 72.38 20,947,938-42.31
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 85 0.00 23269.57
30 Pharmaceutical products 44,889 0.27 375,259-88.04
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 39 0.00 770-94.94
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 0 0.00 1,153-100.00
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 61 0.00 91-32.97
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 22 0.00 32-31.25
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,897 0.01 2,771-31.54
39 Plastics and articles thereof 24,609 0.15 9572,471.47
40 Rubber and articles thereof 30,148 0.18 4 439579.16
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 41 0.00 25,831-99.84
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 6,647 0.04 1,345,135-99.51
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 46,600 0.28 0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 2,763 0.02 44,538-93.80
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 0 0.00 1,274-100.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 0 0.00 154-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 728 0.00 7181.39
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 240 0.00 0
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,487 0.01 82081.34
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0 0.00 113-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 0 0.00 1,884-100.00
72 Iron and steel 356 0.00 508-29.92
73 Articles of iron or steel 174,142 1.04 3,2475,263.17
74 Copper and articles thereof 78 0.00 28178.57
75 Nickel and articles thereof 335 0.00 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 233 0.00 0
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 47-100.00
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 4,741 0.03 3,51934.73
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 95 0.00 1,755-94.59
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 822,056 4.92 79,488934.19
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 15,937 0.10 34,246-53.46
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 19,753 0.12 7282,085.71
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 325,594 1.95 177183,851.41
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 3,873 0.02 2,52253.57
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 2,442 0.01 967152.53

Russia’s Imports from North Korea

The major share of Russian imports from North Korea in the 2nd quarter of 2016 (and in the 2nd quarter of 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 58.52% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (13.63% in the 2nd quarter of 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 22.28% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (10.03% in the 2nd quarter of 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 2.65% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (2.03% in the 2nd quarter of 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 0.42% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (6.10% in the 2nd quarter of 2015);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 0.00% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (2.09% in the 2nd quarter of 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from North Korea in the 2nd quarter of 2016 over the 2nd quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $765,451;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $287,412;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $94,793;
  • Man-made staple fibers (HS code 55) - an increase of $36,138;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - an increase of $18,520;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $15,266;
  • Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 92) - an increase of $13,293;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $4,908.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from North Korea in the 2nd quarter of 2016 over the 2nd quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $28,511;
  • Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof (HS code 56) - a decrease of $22,208;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $18,029;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - a decrease of $7,271;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $7,148;
  • Man-made filaments (HS code 54) - a decrease of $6,123.
Russia’s imports from North Korea in the 2nd quarter of 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in Q2 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in Q2 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q2 2016
over Q2 2015
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0 0.00 7,148-100.00
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 18,520 1.25 0
39 Plastics and articles thereof 20,457 1.38 5,191294.09
40 Rubber and articles thereof 299 0.02 1,762-83.03
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 0 0.00 1,291-100.00
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 140 0.01 0
54 Man-made filaments 0 0.00 6,123-100.00
55 Man-made staple fibers 36,138 2.44 0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 8 0.00 22,216-99.96
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 9 0.00 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 0 0.00 565-100.00
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 292,808 19.75 5,3965,326.39
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,322 0.09 168,162.50
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 251 0.02 0
69 Ceramic products 0 0.00 57-100.00
70 Glass and glassware 8 0.00 0
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 873 0.06 0
72 Iron and steel 0 0.00 18,029-100.00
73 Articles of iron or steel 5,366 0.36 4581,071.62
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 841 0.06 101732.67
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 23 0.00 2,265-98.98
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 39 0.00 0
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 2,543 0.17 31,054-91.81
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 767,433 51.76 1,98238,620.13
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0 0.00 7,271-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 96,584 6.51 1,7915,292.74
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,145 0.08 4,537-74.76
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 237,463 16.02 224,1705.93
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 114 0.01 222-48.65
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 290 0.02 451-35.70
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia