Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2016

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in the third quarter of 2016: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In the 3rd quarter of 2016, Russia’s trade with Romania was $814,695,004, down 3.22% ($27,108,363) from the 3rd quarter of 2015.

Russia’s exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2016 were $455,344,302, down 18.05% ($100,317,733) from the 3rd quarter of 2015.

Russia’s imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2016 totaled $359,350,702, up 25.59% ($73,209,370) from the 3rd quarter of 2015.

Russia’s trade surplus with Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2016 was $95,993,600, a 64.38% decrease ($173,527,103) over the 3rd quarter of 2015.

Romania was Russia’s 30th largest trading partner in the 3rd quarter of 2016 (down from 29th in the 3rd quarter of 2015), accounting for 0.6682% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.6633% in the 3rd quarter of 2015).

Romania was Russia’s 36th largest export market in the 3rd quarter of 2016 (down from 30th in the 3rd quarter of 2015), accounting for 0.6329% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.6987% in the 3rd quarter of 2015).

Romania was Russia’s 29th largest supplier in the 3rd quarter of 2016 (up from 30th in the 3rd quarter of 2015), accounting for 0.7190% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.6038% in the 3rd quarter of 2015).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2016 (and in the 3rd quarter of 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 72.13% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (85.24% in the 3rd quarter of 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 13.53% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (7.01% in the 3rd quarter of 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.79% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.74% in the 3rd quarter of 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 3.70% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (1.79% in the 3rd quarter of 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 2.90% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (0.95% in the 3rd quarter of 2015);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 2.78% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (1.87% in the 3rd quarter of 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2016 over the 3rd quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $28,839,828;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $12,371,900;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $8,940,252;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $2,324,020;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $1,819,124;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $1,517,816.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2016 over the 3rd quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $147,148,585;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $5,551,787;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $2,261,728;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $1,843,896;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $1,742,700.
Russia’s exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q3 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in Q3 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q3 2016
over Q3 2015
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 11,596 0.00 0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 480,532 0.11 1,572,685-69.45
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0 0.00 13,345-100.00
10 Cereals 12,371,900 2.72 0
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 153,391 0.03 0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 0 0.00 2,261,728-100.00
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 39,157 0.01 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0 0.00 15,629-100.00
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 11,769 0.00 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 68,474 0.02 84 431-18.90
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 81,914 0.02 36,824122.45
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 0 0.00 195-100.00
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0 0.00 1,285,046-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 6,617,476 1.45 6,202,3126.69
26 Ores, slag and ash 3,041,444 0.67 1,523,62899.62
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 318,773,604 70.01 465,922,189-31.58
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 2,173,540 0.48 2,070,5934.97
29 Organic chemicals 4,813,429 1.06 10,365,216-53.56
30 Pharmaceutical products 466,553 0.10 25,1371,756.04
31 Fertilizers 34,905,775 7.67 6,065,947475.44
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 16,765 0.00 9,28880.50
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 811,814 0.18 648,96625.09
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 109,206 0.02 79,13638.00
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 992 0.00 2,498-60.29
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 19,900 0.00 45,200-55.97
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 270,869 0.06 292,432-7.37
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2,441,149 0.54 1,901,53628.38
40 Rubber and articles thereof 15,592,776 3.42 17,436,672-10.57
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 489 0.00 0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 9,661 0.00 0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 10,170,102 2.23 1,229,850726.94
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 400,262 0.09 757,890-47.19
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 6,227,089 1.37 7,969,789-21.87
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 40,397 0.01 3,5221,046.99
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 286 0.00 0
52 Cotton 99,804 0.02 118,356-15.67
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 21,244 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 21,067 0.00 1,3811,425.49
55 Man-made staple fibers 4,829 0.00 23,082-79.08
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 178,721 0.04 264,406-32.38
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 7,941 0.00 3412,228.74
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 1,811 0.00 1018,010.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 2,692 0.00 12,296-78.11
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 665 0.00 0
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 214 0.00 1,504-85.77
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 5,333 0.00 4,9178.46
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 8,330 0.00 2,714206.93
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 2,658,022 0.58 1,515,23175.42
69 Ceramic products 213,043 0.05 0
70 Glass and glassware 1,200,662 0.26 182,486557.95
72 Iron and steel 15,519,886 3.41 13,700,76213.28
73 Articles of iron or steel 748,925 0.16 808,735-7.40
74 Copper and articles thereof 31,018 0.01 5235,830.78
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 336,248 0.07 344,149-2.30
78 Lead and articles thereof 10,360 0.00 11,035,900.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 407 0.00 0
80 Tin and articles thereof 6,705 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 219,741 0.05 105209,177.14
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 35,989 0.01 44,424-18.80
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 328,412 0.07 317,8623.32
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 8,093,827 1.78 5,769,80740.28
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 2,313,844 0.51 3,521,358-34.29
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 53,920 0.01 0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 1,702,185 0.37 1,015,40167.64
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 484,606 0.11 96,196403.77
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 7,519 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 162,144 0.04 87,74884.78
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 32,839 0.01 0
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 709,038 0.16 6,75610,394.94

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2016 (and in the 3rd quarter of 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 54.05% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (52.26% in the 3rd quarter of 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 20.58% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (22.98% in the 3rd quarter of 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 10.98% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (13.13% in the 3rd quarter of 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 5.30% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (5.34% in the 3rd quarter of 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 4.38% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (0.54% in the 3rd quarter of 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.82% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (1.82% in the 3rd quarter of 2015);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 0.67% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (1.33% in the 3rd quarter of 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2016 over the 3rd quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $24,040,041;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $20,097,069;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $14,486,537;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $9,508,255;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $9,470,461;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $4,572,723;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - an increase of $2,604,293;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $2,036,698;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $1,746,855;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $1,447,382;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $1,338,406;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $1,099,537.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2016 over the 3rd quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $10,705,370;
  • Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal (HS code 82) - a decrease of $3,068,366;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - a decrease of $2,002,396;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $1,415,328;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - a decrease of $1,306,821.
Russia’s imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in Q3 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in Q3 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q3 2016
over Q3 2015
10 Cereals 268,173 0.07 0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 14,486,537 4.03 0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 29,487 0.01 88,731-66.77
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 57,989 0.02 50,90213.92
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 194,321 0.05 97,90398.48
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 214,021 0.06 433,423-50.62
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 152,296 0.04 454,990-66.53
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 84,467 0.02 242,199-65.12
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 237,010 0.07 169,32839.97
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 5,778 0.00 7,514-23.10
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 2,390,782 0.67 3,806,110-37.19
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 239,512 0.07 1,209,719-80.20
29 Organic chemicals 657,224 0.18 347,82688.95
30 Pharmaceutical products 35,625,421 9.91 26,154,96036.21
31 Fertilizers 41,019 0.01 35,79814.58
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 539,685 0.15 415,85929.78
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 15,783,201 4.39 17,785,597-11.26
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 95,159 0.03 82,55715.26
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 406 0.00 331,130.30
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 231,993 0.06 1,239,109-81.28
39 Plastics and articles thereof 7,407,309 2.06 6,479,58014.32
40 Rubber and articles thereof 13,346,678 3.71 12,008,27211.15
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 40,803 0.01 0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,727,307 0.48 1,338,80829.02
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 36,113 0.01 59,213-39.01
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 1,656,691 0.46 2,417,622-31.47
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 34 0.00 105-67.62
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 4,733,850 1.32 2,697,15275.51
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 164,168 0.05 106,44654.23
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 20,465 0.01 3,492486.05
52 Cotton 0 0.00 383-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 183,223 0.05 133,01237.75
55 Man-made staple fibers 423,294 0.12 40,564943.52
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 159,890 0.04 114,40839.88
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 6,871 0.00 16,186-57.55
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 151,731 0.04 90,24768.13
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 709,347 0.20 662,2407.11
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 8,522 0.00 20,186-57.78
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 7,319,561 2.04 5,872,17924.65
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 18,033,137 5.02 16,933,6006.49
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 480,897 0.13 486,886-1.23
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 11,685,819 3.25 12,992,640-10.06
65 Headgear and parts thereof 115,726 0.03 66,74273.39
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 159,636 0.04 135,96817.41
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 3,560 0.00 213,280-98.33
69 Ceramic products 1,247,622 0.35 721,76872.86
70 Glass and glassware 1,046,762 0.29 825,75426.76
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 94 0.00 292-67.81
72 Iron and steel 1,326,081 0.37 828,93459.97
73 Articles of iron or steel 10,866,324 3.02 6,293,60172.66
74 Copper and articles thereof 4,171 0.00 2,57362.11
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,372,087 0.38 2,180,840-37.08
79 Zinc and articles thereof 58,702 0.02 31,16088.39
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 56,322 0.02 127,266-55.74
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 113,494 0.03 3,181,860-96.43
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 5,237,830 1.46 2,633,53798.89
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 38,500,597 10.71 49,205,967-21.76
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 35,985,952 10.01 26,477,69735.91
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 87,013,893 24.21 66,916,82430.03
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 27,637,959 7.69 3,597,918668.17
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 5,081,207 1.41 3,334,45252.39
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 5,569 0.00 10,017-44.40
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 3,252,971 0.91 3,877,166-16.10
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 237,834 0.07 252,133-5.67
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 396,118 0.11 130,004204.70

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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia