Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Afghanistan in 2016

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Afghanistan in 2016: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Afghanistan

In 2016, Russia’s trade with Afghanistan totaled $190,439,219, up 19.76% ($31,416,861) from 2015.

Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in 2016 totaled $184,160,507, up 22.84% ($34,243,628) from 2015.

Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in 2016 were $6,278,712, down 31.04% ($2,826,767) from 2015.

Russia’s trade surplus with Afghanistan in 2016 was $177,881,795, a 26.33% increase ($37,070,395) over 2015.

Afghanistan was Russia’s 100th largest trading partner in 2016 (down from 99th in 2015), accounting for 0.0407% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.0302% in 2015).

Afghanistan was Russia’s 85th largest export market in 2016 (up from 89th in 2015), accounting for 0.0645% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.0436% in 2015).

Afghanistan was Russia’s 124th largest supplier in 2016 (down from 113th in 2015), accounting for 0.0034% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.0050% in 2015).

Russia’s Exports to Afghanistan

The major share of Russian exports to Afghanistan in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 48.41% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (24.40% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 21.83% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (20.75% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 16.33% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (23.19% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 9.51% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (21.07% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 2.23% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (3.01% in 2015);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 1.18% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (5.76% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $52,563,571;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $7,607,003;
  • Sugars and sugar confectionery (HS code 17) - an increase of $1,580,892.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $13,752,921;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $4,769,810;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $4,014,694;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $1,214,507;
  • Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster (HS code 34) - a decrease of $1,037,865;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $802,253.
Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 40,110-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 89,370 0.05 0
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 0 0.00 159,980-100.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 18,872 0.01 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 38,448,854 20.88 30,841,85124.66
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 1,580,892 0.86 0
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 46,238 0.03 0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 18,251 0.01 61,284-70.22
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 89,143,924 48.41 36,580,353143.69
29 Organic chemicals 346,665 0.19 0
30 Pharmaceutical products 83,120 0.05 358,789-76.83
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 10,860 0.01 1726,213.95
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,246,859 0.68 2,284,724-45.43
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 1,181,430 0.64 1,038,55713.76
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 283,576 0.15 56,048405.95
39 Plastics and articles thereof 1,023 0.00 12,309-91.69
40 Rubber and articles thereof 949,464 0.52 762,49124.52
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 29,976,806 16.28 34,746,616-13.73
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 89,409 0.05 15,619472.44
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 1,005 0.00 175,811.76
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 810 0.00 6,949-88.34
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 128,131 0.07 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 10,128 0.01 20,052-49.49
72 Iron and steel 17,293,514 9.39 31,046,435-44.30
73 Articles of iron or steel 212,748 0.12 530,920-59.93
74 Copper and articles thereof 510 0.00 0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 0 0.00 9,225-100.00
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 0 0.00 382-100.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 967,801 0.53 4,982,495-80.58
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 351,492 0.19 1,153,745-69.53
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0 0.00 1,470-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 802,388 0.44 2,016,895-60.22
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 57,541 0.03 485,660-88.15
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 286 0.00 11,564-97.53
SS Classified 818,540 0.44 2 692 167-69.60

Russia’s Imports from Afghanistan

The major share of Russian imports from Afghanistan in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 99.37% of Russia’s total imports from Afghanistan (99.87% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $254,791;
  • Carpets and other textile floor coverings (HS code 57) - an increase of $34,886.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - a decrease of $3,109,035.
Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 5,984,408 95.31 9,093,443-34.19
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 254,791 4.06 0
29 Organic chemicals 430 0.01 0
39 Plastics and articles thereof 105 0.00 31238.71
40 Rubber and articles thereof 13 0.00 0
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 0 0.00 1,500-100.00
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 34,886 0.56 0
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 1,076 0.02 0
73 Articles of iron or steel 930 0.01 116701.72
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 0 0.00 438-100.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,628 0.03 273496.34
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 12 0.00 1,377-99.13
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 383 0.01 4,115-90.69
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 50 0.00 4,186-98.81

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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia