Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Bulgaria in 2016

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Bulgaria in 2016: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Bulgaria

In 2016, Russia’s trade with Bulgaria totaled $2,800,222,057, up 18.60% ($439,208,149) from 2015.

Russia’s exports to Bulgaria in 2016 totaled $2,318,759,062, up 22.85% ($431,282,998) from 2015.

Russia’s imports from Bulgaria in 2016 totaled $481,462,995, up 1.67% ($7,925,151) from 2015.

Russia’s trade surplus with Bulgaria in 2016 was $1,837,296,067, a 29.94% increase ($423,357,847) over 2015.

Bulgaria was Russia’s 34th largest trading partner in 2016 (up from 39th in 2015), accounting for 0.5987% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.4486% in 2015).

Bulgaria was Russia’s 28th largest export market in 2016 (up from 37th in 2015), accounting for 0.8122% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.5493% in 2015).

Bulgaria was Russia’s 50th largest supplier in 2016 (up from 51st in 2015), accounting for 0.2642% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.2592% in 2015).

Russia’s Exports to Bulgaria

The major share of Russian exports to Bulgaria in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 86.12% of Russia’s total exports to Bulgaria (78.56% in 2015);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 6.38% of Russia’s total exports to Bulgaria (6.57% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.80% of Russia’s total exports to Bulgaria (3.88% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 2.67% of Russia’s total exports to Bulgaria (3.46% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 0.75% of Russia’s total exports to Bulgaria (1.05% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Bulgaria in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $518,323,241;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $25,673,492.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Bulgaria in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $11,140,569.
Russia’s exports to Bulgaria in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
01 Live animals 0 0.00 200-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 884,606 0.04 266,806231.55
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 90 0.00 900.00
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 21,614 0.00 47,902-54.88
10 Cereals 0 0.00 5,428-100.00
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 109,953 0.00 102,1357.65
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 2,429,251 0.10 34,1917,004.94
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 19,961 0.00 28,860-30.84
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 618,431 0.03 20,3712,935.84
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 45,247 0.00 137,060-66.99
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 411,248 0.02 368,31311.66
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 238,436 0.01 239,955-0.63
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 236,335 0.01 92,418155.72
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 526,639 0.02 741,152-28.94
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1,647,014 0.07 1,849,629-10.95
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 0 0.00 248-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 15,899 0.00 9,81062.07
26 Ores, slag and ash 0 0.00 4,141,358-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,996,927,533 86.12 1,478,604,29235.05
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 2,661,552 0.11 5,706,572-53.36
29 Organic chemicals 12,864,891 0.55 9,005,45342.86
30 Pharmaceutical products 114,488 0.00 59,07493.80
31 Fertilizers 20,881,817 0.90 21,588,481-3.27
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 239,655 0.01 81,461194.20
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 815,197 0.04 1,687,043-51.68
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 135,518 0.01 131,3613.16
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 8,902 0.00 11,988-25.74
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 462,295 0.02 2,771,587-83.32
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 11,207 0.00 2,495349.18
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,286,764 0.06 2,803,079-54.09
39 Plastics and articles thereof 7,778,837 0.34 5,241,69648.40
40 Rubber and articles thereof 14,750,800 0.64 16,128,872-8.54
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0 0.00 26,442-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 19,030 0.00 3,154503.36
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 6,137,778 0.26 3,343,11483.59
45 Cork and articles of cork 0 0.00 101-100.00
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 9,251 0.00 15,022-38.42
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 10,886,254 0.47 11,630,673-6.40
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 328,138 0.01 4,791,966-93.15
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 705,355 0.03 2,128,035-66.85
52 Cotton 9,640 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 239,828 0.01 235,5261.83
55 Man-made staple fibers 242,488 0.01 0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 35,169 0.00 3,506903.11
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 184 0.00 101,740.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 20,679 0.00 29,963-30.98
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 2,072 0.00 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 14,368 0.00 74,062-80.60
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 1,368 0.00 16,212-91.56
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 19,436 0.00 13,07248.68
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 149,524 0.01 115,89129.02
65 Headgear and parts thereof 2,315 0.00 4,842-52.19
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 4,754,445 0.21 4,726,0450.60
69 Ceramic products 67,278 0.00 25,251166.44
70 Glass and glassware 5,422,371 0.23 2,903,27486.77
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 0 0.00 156,212-100.00
72 Iron and steel 27,217,306 1.17 38,357,875-29.04
73 Articles of iron or steel 5,036,523 0.22 3,338,75050.85
74 Copper and articles thereof 253,806 0.01 251,9360.74
75 Nickel and articles thereof 2,802 0.00 5,000-43.96
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 26,796,068 1.16 21,382,00225.32
78 Lead and articles thereof 4,735,972 0.20 8,814,037-46.27
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0 0.00 211-100.00
80 Tin and articles thereof 20,000 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 178,414 0.01 482,159-63.00
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 352,156 0.02 358,010-1.64
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 361,446 0.02 189,14691.09
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 89,452,301 3.86 93,782,849-4.62
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 29,632,802 1.28 3,959,310648.43
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 9,417,891 0.41 10,005,022-5.87
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 5,217,947 0.23 4,625,05712.82
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 9,103,946 0.39 8,149,80511.71
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 5,054,554 0.22 3,441,32446.88
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 12,001 0.00 9133,244.44
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 497,931 0.02 281,04577.17
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 52,861 0.00 160,927-67.15
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 41,087 0.00 29,58138.90
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 1,500 0.00 2,354-36.28
SS Classified 10,108,597 0.44 107 707 902-90.61

Russia’s Imports from Bulgaria

The major share of Russian imports from Bulgaria in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 34.50% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (32.63% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 33.12% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (37.72% in 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 10.13% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (6.86% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 9.36% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (11.64% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.69% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (3.23% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.63% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (1.56% in 2015);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 0.59% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (2.10% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Bulgaria in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - an increase of $12,469,306;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $9,141,741;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $5,352,255;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $4,466,412;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $4,188,558;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $2,937,424;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $2,490,590;
  • Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 95) - an increase of $2,320,319.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Bulgaria in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $20,357,669;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $6,180,110;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - a decrease of $2,908,461;
  • Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes (HS code 35) - a decrease of $2,850,814;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - a decrease of $2,175,983;
  • Sugars and sugar confectionery (HS code 17) - a decrease of $2,002,098;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $1,474,079.
Russia’s imports from Bulgaria in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 3,223,679 0.67 3,391,757-4.96
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 9 0.00 0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 4,301,414 0.89 5,371,844-19.93
10 Cereals 51,818 0.01 17629,342.05
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 2,776 0.00 927199.46
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,058,680 0.22 2,159,271-50.97
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 0 0.00 5,375-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 9,683 0.00 6021,508.47
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 35,736 0.01 228,503-84.36
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 773,495 0.16 2,775,593-72.13
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 1,394,252 0.29 1,528,850-8.80
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 485,158 0.10 1,763,800-72.49
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 5,187,685 1.08 5,617,191-7.65
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 3,344,644 0.69 2,630,45827.15
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 5,736,016 1.19 8,644,477-33.65
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 2,980,425 0.62 2,374,52325.52
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 16,456,833 3.42 18,632,816-11.68
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 941,843 0.20 2,192,460-57.04
26 Ores, slag and ash 1,536,874 0.32 7,716,984-80.08
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 343,202 0.07 33,963910.52
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 9,858,788 2.05 9,505,1303.72
29 Organic chemicals 2,648,890 0.55 2,644,7920.15
30 Pharmaceutical products 114,237,426 23.73 134,595,095-15.13
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 611,061 0.13 541,37812.87
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 8,018,360 1.67 8,934,744-10.26
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 284,349 0.06 320,558-11.30
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 5,414,876 1.12 8,265,690-34.49
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 0 0.00 3,331-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 2,274,236 0.47 1,081,850110.22
39 Plastics and articles thereof 8,350,857 1.73 7,910,9085.56
40 Rubber and articles thereof 7,762,371 1.61 4,824,94760.88
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 2,302,267 0.48 1,563,49447.25
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 6,531 0.00 3,49187.08
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 55,626 0.01 85,866-35.22
45 Cork and articles of cork 651 0.00 173,729.41
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 7,733,402 1.61 7,242,8366.77
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 74,639 0.02 53,74538.88
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 592,533 0.12 209,327183.07
52 Cotton 742,885 0.15 101,217633.95
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 3,871 0.00 1,373181.94
54 Man-made filaments 431,935 0.09 52,385724.54
55 Man-made staple fibers 1,582,634 0.33 1,676,230-5.58
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 4,379,389 0.91 3,622,58520.89
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 58,369 0.01 5,739917.06
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 2,485 0.00 0
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 2,843 0.00 3,693-23.02
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 495,762 0.10 189,643161.42
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 15,135,925 3.14 10,669,51341.86
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 18,447,592 3.83 14,259,03429.37
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 665,529 0.14 821,008-18.94
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 5,851,993 1.22 499,7381,071.01
65 Headgear and parts thereof 144,478 0.03 58,869145.42
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 244,356 0.05 335,416-27.15
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 108,984 0.02 168,383-35.28
69 Ceramic products 2,640,907 0.55 3,390,456-22.11
70 Glass and glassware 13,601,019 2.82 1,131,7131,101.81
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 24,716 0.01 6,469282.07
72 Iron and steel 4,200,022 0.87 3,035,61738.36
73 Articles of iron or steel 4,355,342 0.90 4,357,229-0.04
74 Copper and articles thereof 589,963 0.12 402,86546.44
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,078,845 0.22 866,02524.57
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 210 0.00 4,555-95.39
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,217,697 0.25 1,538,537-20.85
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 6,319,355 1.31 5,085,39024.26
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 107,640,861 22.36 105,150,2712.37
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 44,792,880 9.30 35,651,13925.64
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 330,333 0.07 0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 5,362,836 1.11 4,390,51422.15
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 651,714 0.14 1,587,004-58.93
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 7,329,955 1.52 7,730,423-5.18
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 107,223 0.02 95,69212.05
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 88,675 0.02 82,3857.63
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 7,972,828 1.66 9,446,907-15.60
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 5,970,064 1.24 3,649,74563.57
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 797,435 0.17 584,03636.54
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 0 0.00 26,162-100.00
SS Classified 0 0.00 3 115-100.00

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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia