Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Mongolia in 2016

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Mongolia in 2016: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Mongolia

In 2016, Russia’s trade with Mongolia was $931,580,440, down 19.79% ($229,829,340) from 2015.

Russia’s exports to Mongolia in 2016 were $895,671,721, down 19.84% ($221,634,392) from 2015.

Russia’s imports from Mongolia in 2016 were $35,908,719, down 18.58% ($8,194,948) from 2015.

Russia’s trade surplus with Mongolia in 2016 was $859,763,002, a 19.89% decrease ($213,439,444) over 2015.

Mongolia was Russia’s 60th largest trading partner in 2016 (down from 58th in 2015), accounting for 0.1992% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.2207% in 2015).

Mongolia was Russia’s 50th largest export market in 2016 (down from 44th in 2015), accounting for 0.3137% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.3252% in 2015).

Mongolia was Russia’s 94th largest supplier in 2016 (up from 97th in 2015), accounting for 0.0197% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.0241% in 2015).

Russia’s Exports to Mongolia

The major share of Russian exports to Mongolia in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 60.34% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (74.11% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 18.29% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (11.11% in 2015);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 8.32% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (4.68% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 7.17% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (5.04% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.42% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (2.52% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Mongolia in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $29,586,721;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $29,499,186;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $6,252,854;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - an increase of $3,821,985;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - an increase of $3,353,628.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Mongolia in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $287,135,272;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $6,591,265;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $3,550,616.
Russia’s exports to Mongolia in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
01 Live animals 311,581 0.03 489,626-36.36
02 Meat and edible meat offal 1,808,057 0.20 559,988222.87
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 31,868 0.00 41,966-24.06
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 7,434,129 0.83 7,238,5262.70
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 9,619 0.00 7,58226.87
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 714,766 0.08 292,911144.02
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 2,271,817 0.25 2,176,4144.38
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 623,934 0.07 495,86425.83
10 Cereals 40,073,796 4.47 10,574,610278.96
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 9,329,981 1.04 7,723,03020.81
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 2,914,371 0.33 682,995326.70
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 24,419 0.00 4,380457.51
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 18,293,088 2.04 17,784,0562.86
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 1,453,180 0.16 1,278,55813.66
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 7,318,894 0.82 5,495,06033.19
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 19,207,459 2.14 15,385,47424.84
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 17,994,679 2.01 17,738,4871.44
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 3,120,014 0.35 3,463,523-9.92
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 13,285,235 1.48 13,690,205-2.96
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 9,726,310 1.09 8,677,14912.09
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 4,416,185 0.49 4,910,875-10.07
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 3,456,776 0.39 5,447,114-36.54
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 1,257,547 0.14 1,693,447-25.74
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 539,175,275 60.20 826,310,547-34.75
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 1,364,445 0.15 1,141,03619.58
29 Organic chemicals 6,804,305 0.76 5,890,88615.51
30 Pharmaceutical products 8,416,326 0.94 9,164,349-8.16
31 Fertilizers 17,808,916 1.99 11,556,06254.11
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,188,847 0.24 2,568,647-14.79
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 3,543,002 0.40 1,911,67185.34
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 7,858,705 0.88 7,020,14311.95
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 168,026 0.02 465,773-63.93
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 3,853,680 0.43 2,642,39245.84
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 4,755 0.00 20,730-77.06
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 6,003,428 0.67 8,491,998-29.30
39 Plastics and articles thereof 4,067,068 0.45 3,272,95424.26
40 Rubber and articles thereof 2,178,837 0.24 2,201,514-1.03
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 849,063 0.09 638,77832.92
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 46,006 0.01 65,397-29.65
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 14,151 0.00 11,57322.28
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 3,038,205 0.34 1,953,08155.56
45 Cork and articles of cork 5,150 0.00 3,86633.21
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 332 0.00 456-27.19
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 1,572,953 0.18 998,91557.47
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 2,049,500 0.23 1,615,42326.87
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 68,735 0.01 87,642-21.57
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 13,415 0.00 32,197-58.33
52 Cotton 172,207 0.02 205,083-16.03
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 523 0.00 967-45.92
54 Man-made filaments 5,018 0.00 12,971-61.31
55 Man-made staple fibers 0 0.00 587-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 422,668 0.05 309,83336.42
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 37,219 0.00 26,90838.32
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 4,127 0.00 3,68911.87
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 75,707 0.01 88,087-14.05
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 674 0.00 42757.85
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 178,698 0.02 273,660-34.70
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 278,571 0.03 180,02254.74
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 109,321 0.01 66,33164.81
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 737,404 0.08 717,7592.74
65 Headgear and parts thereof 79,797 0.01 31,537153.03
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0 0.00 36-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 4,737,297 0.53 6,165,146-23.16
69 Ceramic products 659,685 0.07 1,031,293-36.03
70 Glass and glassware 9,653,351 1.08 6,299,72353.23
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 21,522 0.00 1,3831,456.18
72 Iron and steel 11,265,765 1.26 13,531,568-16.74
73 Articles of iron or steel 7,413,721 0.83 10,964,337-32.38
74 Copper and articles thereof 267,876 0.03 491,473-45.50
75 Nickel and articles thereof 21 0.00 132,934-99.98
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,690,848 0.19 1,628,9803.80
78 Lead and articles thereof 194 0.00 6,616-97.07
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0 0.00 3,468-100.00
80 Tin and articles thereof 8,361 0.00 43,856-80.94
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1,895 0.00 1512,533.33
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 480,327 0.05 892,663-46.19
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 501,934 0.06 404,75424.01
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 19,376,199 2.16 25,967,464-25.38
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 46,554,627 5.20 16,967,906174.37
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,719,151 0.19 1,746,620-1.57
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 5,783,074 0.65 6,117,551-5.47
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 51,273 0.01 61,973-17.27
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,037,646 0.12 1,411,756-26.50
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 12,371 0.00 8,40847.13
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 1,177 0.00 2,094-43.79
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,532,595 0.17 4,174,093-63.28
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 121,920 0.01 104,19417.01
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 4,391,221 0.49 3,153,47339.25
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 0 0.00 25,850-100.00
SS Classified 114,906 0.01 130 755-12.12

Russia’s Imports from Mongolia

The major share of Russian imports from Mongolia in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 75.08% of Russia’s total imports from Mongolia (81.34% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 18.83% of Russia’s total imports from Mongolia (14.70% in 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 5.89% of Russia’s total imports from Mongolia (2.29% in 2015);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 0.04% of Russia’s total imports from Mongolia (1.36% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Mongolia in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $1,090,282;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $944,814;
  • Meat and edible meat offal (HS code 02) - an increase of $339,213;
  • Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts (HS code 13) - an increase of $311,541;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - an increase of $120,314.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Mongolia in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $7,279,685;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $2,722,644;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - a decrease of $595,313;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $318,355;
  • Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 16) - a decrease of $214,761.
Russia’s imports from Mongolia in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
01 Live animals 0 0.00 20,050-100.00
02 Meat and edible meat offal 5,852,155 16.30 5,512,9426.15
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0 0.00 318,355-100.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 11,185 0.03 0
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 325,280 0.91 13,7392,267.57
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 1,095 0.00 0
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 243,803 0.68 458,564-46.83
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 6,277 0.02 0
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0 0.00 12,968-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 174,229 0.49 53,915223.15
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 146,497 0.41 92,13459.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 24,261,223 67.56 26,983,867-10.09
26 Ores, slag and ash 2,224,937 6.20 1,134,65596.09
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 474,136 1.32 7,753,821-93.89
29 Organic chemicals 0 0.00 4,231-100.00
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 654 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 0 0.00 458-100.00
39 Plastics and articles thereof 15,585 0.04 0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 2,499 0.01 0
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 0 0.00 19,317-100.00
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 0 0.00 582-100.00
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 982 0.00 0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 55 0.00 0
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 19,166 0.05 61,892-69.03
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 276,114 0.77 267,3903.26
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 71,025 0.20 36,29395.70
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1,580,293 4.40 635,479148.68
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 32,731 0.09 25,72127.25
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 35,137 0.10 7,287382.19
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 48,561 0.14 0
65 Headgear and parts thereof 69,683 0.19 37,87184.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 14,794 0.04 8217,941.46
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 0 0.00 6,447-100.00
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0 0.00 595,313-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 133 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 20,490 0.06 49,761-58.82
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 0 0.00 533-100.00

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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia