Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with North Korea in 2016

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with North Korea in 2016: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with North Korea

In 2016, Russia’s trade with North Korea was $76,846,277, down 8.93% ($7,538,450) from 2015.

Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2016 were $68,050,627, down 13.14% ($10,291,349) from 2015.

Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2016 totaled $8,795,650, up 45.56% ($2,752,899) from 2015.

Russia’s trade surplus with North Korea in 2016 was $59,254,977, a 18.04% decrease ($13,044,248) over 2015.

North Korea was Russia’s 113th largest trading partner in 2016 (up from 117th in 2015), accounting for 0.0164% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.0160% in 2015).

North Korea was Russia’s 102nd largest export market in 2016 (up from 104th in 2015), accounting for 0.0238% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.0228% in 2015).

North Korea was Russia’s 119th largest supplier in 2016 (up from 123rd in 2015), accounting for 0.0048% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.0033% in 2015).

Russia’s Exports to North Korea

The major share of Russian exports to North Korea in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 84.84% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (83.27% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 9.39% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (10.21% in 2015);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 4.15% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (0.73% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 0.26% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (4.16% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $1,349,958;
  • Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten (HS code 11) - an increase of $1,091,171;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $1,002,109;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $335,322;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $256,869.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $7,526,656;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $3,191,646;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $2,455,903;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $363,432;
  • Live animals (HS code 01) - a decrease of $240,085.
Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
01 Live animals 17,005 0.02 257,090-93.39
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 2,110,129 3.10 1,995,9555.72
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 10,431 0.02 16,831-38.03
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 40,862 0.06 0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0 0.00 2,861-100.00
10 Cereals 264,138 0.39 2,720,041-90.29
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 3,385,100 4.97 2,293,92947.57
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 51,015 0.07 97,672-47.77
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 412,027 0.61 76,705437.16
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 0 0.00 41,884-100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 24,575 0.04 108,714-77.39
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 0 0.00 27,995-100.00
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 18,347 0.03 138,513-86.75
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 7,246 0.01 157,498-95.40
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 51,911 0.08 58,552-11.34
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 0 0.00 3,252-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 181,352 0.27 155,53316.60
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 57,552,467 84.57 65,079,123-11.57
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 5,628 0.01 3,54758.67
30 Pharmaceutical products 94,104 0.14 457,536-79.43
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,144 0.00 10,002-78.56
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 13 0.00 1,726-99.25
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 15,977 0.02 6,534144.52
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 271 0.00 3,648-92.57
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 278,833 0.41 21,9641,169.50
39 Plastics and articles thereof 108,126 0.16 12,051797.24
40 Rubber and articles thereof 62,692 0.09 21,998184.99
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 256 0.00 31,130-99.18
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 10,453 0.02 3,202,099-99.67
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 141,930 0.21 0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 11,768 0.02 55,306-78.72
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 15,203 0.02 1,3381,036.25
52 Cotton 0 0.00 1,701-100.00
55 Man-made staple fibers 0 0.00 29,283-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 234 0.00 1,625-85.60
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0 0.00 275-100.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 572 0.00 252126.98
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0 0.00 3,973-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 21,084 0.03 41,914-49.70
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 6,079 0.01 3,94354.17
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 15,892 0.02 12,42127.94
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,520 0.00 13,233-88.51
65 Headgear and parts thereof 84 0.00 175-52.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 13,132 0.02 2,159508.24
70 Glass and glassware 0 0.00 4,640-100.00
72 Iron and steel 11,476 0.02 7,28057.64
73 Articles of iron or steel 240,739 0.35 298,464-19.34
74 Copper and articles thereof 420 0.00 27950.54
75 Nickel and articles thereof 335 0.00 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 2,495 0.00 10,689-76.66
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 275-100.00
80 Tin and articles thereof 0 0.00 44-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 26 0.00 0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 31,864 0.05 60,192-47.06
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 460 0.00 2,236-79.43
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,248,412 1.83 246,303406.86
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 89,954 0.13 102,992-12.66
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 37,118 0.05 23,83555.73
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 1,412,612 2.08 62,6542,154.62
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 38,117 0.06 134,635-71.69
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0 0.00 850-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,226 0.00 98,514-98.76
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 0 0.00 23,232-100.00
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 2,773 0.00 15,150-81.70
SS Classified 0 0.00 77 731-100.00

Russia’s Imports from North Korea

The major share of Russian imports from North Korea in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 33.31% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (11.40% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 32.03% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (29.36% in 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 16.70% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (34.97% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 3.94% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (5.38% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.14% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (0.77% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $1,979,191;
  • Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 03) - an increase of $1,136,142;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $570,181;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $142,388;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $135,589;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $76,200;
  • Zinc and articles thereof (HS code 79) - an increase of $60,887;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - an increase of $36,920;
  • Man-made staple fibers (HS code 55) - an increase of $36,138.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $451,417;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - a decrease of $322,937;
  • Man-made filaments (HS code 54) - a decrease of $261,482;
  • Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof (HS code 56) - a decrease of $114,346;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $91,092;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $62,210;
  • Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares (HS code 19) - a decrease of $51,080;
  • Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics (HS code 32) - a decrease of $42,500;
  • Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten (HS code 11) - a decrease of $41,652.
Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 2,817,360 32.03 1,681,21867.58
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 0 0.00 41,652-100.00
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 0 0.00 51,080-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0 0.00 7,148-100.00
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 36,920 0.42 0
29 Organic chemicals 0 0.00 15,000-100.00
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 0 0.00 42,500-100.00
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 9,041 0.10 17,492-48.31
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 8,700 0.10 1,800383.33
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 0 0.00 105-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 135,589 1.54 0
39 Plastics and articles thereof 156,276 1.78 156,846-0.36
40 Rubber and articles thereof 334 0.00 91,426-99.63
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 635 0.01 1,545-58.90
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 124 0.00 0
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 140 0.00 5,211-97.31
54 Man-made filaments 3,248 0.04 264,730-98.77
55 Man-made staple fibers 36,138 0.41 0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 131 0.00 114,477-99.89
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 9 0.00 0
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 15,913 0.18 14,31011.20
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 161,531 1.84 19,143743.81
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 1,247,443 14.18 1,698,860-26.57
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 4,699 0.05 578,143.86
65 Headgear and parts thereof 162 0.00 1,697-90.45
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,430 0.02 0
69 Ceramic products 0 0.00 2,138-100.00
70 Glass and glassware 7 0.00 0
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 2,327 0.03 790194.56
72 Iron and steel 0 0.00 18,029-100.00
73 Articles of iron or steel 35,536 0.40 18,01597.26
74 Copper and articles thereof 0 0.00 76-100.00
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 841 0.01 5,577-84.92
79 Zinc and articles thereof 60,887 0.69 0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 2,644 0.03 2,26516.73
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 116 0.00 2,466-95.30
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 26,586 0.30 88,796-70.06
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 821,427 9.34 251,246226.94
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0 0.00 322,937-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 1,983,360 22.55 4,16947,474.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 98,104 1.12 21,904347.88
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 1,096,098 12.46 1,076,2011.85
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 22,336 0.25 4574,787.53
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 877 0.01 73519.32
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 8,681 0.10 6531,229.40

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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia