Russian foreign trade
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Russian trade with Romania in the 4th quarter of 2016

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in the fourth quarter of 2016: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In the 4th quarter of 2016, Russia’s trade with Romania totaled $864,691,478, up 18.33% ($133,920,273) from the 4th quarter of 2015.

Russia’s exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2016 totaled $559,110,490, up 39.26% ($157,622,547) from the 4th quarter of 2015.

Russia’s imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2016 were $305,580,988, down 7.20% ($23,702,274) from the 4th quarter of 2015.

Russia’s trade surplus with Romania in the 4th quarter of 2016 was $253,529,502, a 251.13% increase ($181,324,821) over the 4th quarter of 2015.

Romania was Russia’s 34th largest trading partner in the 4th quarter of 2016 (up from 35th in the 4th quarter of 2015), accounting for 0.6345% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.5588% in the 4th quarter of 2015).

Romania was Russia’s 34th largest export market in the 4th quarter of 2016 (up from 37th in the 4th quarter of 2015), accounting for 0.6669% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.4871% in the 4th quarter of 2015).

Romania was Russia’s 33rd largest supplier in the 4th quarter of 2016 (down from 31st in the 4th quarter of 2015), accounting for 0.5828% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.6812% in the 4th quarter of 2015).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2016 (and in the 4th quarter of 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 82.58% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (76.74% in the 4th quarter of 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 8.68% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (10.32% in the 4th quarter of 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 3.02% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.87% in the 4th quarter of 2015);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 3.00% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.49% in the 4th quarter of 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.27% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.66% in the 4th quarter of 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 0.63% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.37% in the 4th quarter of 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2016 over the 4th quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $147,858,088;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $9,422,974;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $5,969,470;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - an increase of $4,390,272;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $3,407,235.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2016 over the 4th quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $6,071,322;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $4,761,411;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $3,377,307;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $2,417,706.
Russia’s exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q4 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in Q4 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q4 2016
over Q4 2015
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 13,275 0.00 0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0 0.00 1,490,735-100.00
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0 0.00 51,045-100.00
10 Cereals 407,396 0.07 5,168,807-92.12
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 168,860 0.03 18,571809.27
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 2,553,653 0.46 1,053,702142.35
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 23,333 0.00 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 120,340 0.02 9,8991,115.68
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 40,076 0.01 89,394-55.17
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 190,733 0.03 1,633,436-88.32
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 5,606,580 1.00 1,216,308360.95
26 Ores, slag and ash 2,625,223 0.47 1,232,487113.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 453,498,193 81.11 305,640,10548.38
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 3,188,360 0.57 2,741,01616.32
29 Organic chemicals 5,740,054 1.03 9,117,361-37.04
30 Pharmaceutical products 346,696 0.06 40,380758.58
31 Fertilizers 22,132,765 3.96 12,709,79174.14
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 21,044 0.00 9,158129.79
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 1,198,823 0.21 445,813168.91
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 69,733 0.01 24,612183.33
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 1,392 0.00 656112.20
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 19,900 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 292,316 0.05 291,5300.27
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2,458,188 0.44 1,409,02074.46
40 Rubber and articles thereof 13,053,750 2.33 14,632,700-10.79
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 12,121 0.00 0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 10,498,286 1.88 4,528,816131.81
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 311,064 0.06 1,228,685-74.68
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 6,070,727 1.09 5,715,2956.22
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 2,660 0.00 32,044-91.70
52 Cotton 84,254 0.02 75,59511.45
54 Man-made filaments 25,361 0.00 0
55 Man-made staple fibers 22,030 0.00 0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 209,128 0.04 32,190549.67
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 38 0.00 7442.86
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 0 0.00 7,891-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1,167 0.00 487139.63
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 7,534 0.00 2,948155.56
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,365 0.00 1121,118.75
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 12,334 0.00 8931,281.19
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0 0.00 219-100.00
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0 0.00 441-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,574,954 0.28 1,318,02219.49
69 Ceramic products 214,431 0.04 5,9443,507.52
70 Glass and glassware 1,827,645 0.33 633,318188.58
72 Iron and steel 6,029,905 1.08 12,101,227-50.17
73 Articles of iron or steel 663,062 0.12 787,811-15.83
74 Copper and articles thereof 16,693 0.00 5,302214.84
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 170,295 0.03 1,288,164-86.78
78 Lead and articles thereof 29 0.00 21,350.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0 0.00 189-100.00
80 Tin and articles thereof 1,178 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 150,444 0.03 7,3711,941.03
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 13,239 0.00 38,305-65.44
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 54,328 0.01 451,081-87.96
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 9,666,621 1.73 8,156,98718.51
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,988,545 0.36 4,406,251-54.87
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 4,429 0.00 12,048-63.24
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 4,514,131 0.81 1,106,896307.82
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 590,479 0.11 317,02086.26
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0 0.00 210-100.00
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 10,041 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 24,124 0.00 155,473-84.48
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 45,695 0.01 26,05475.39
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 521,470 0.09 119438,110.08
SS Classified 0 0.00 18 000-100.00

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2016 (and in the 4th quarter of 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 50.09% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (58.78% in the 4th quarter of 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 22.67% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (19.87% in the 4th quarter of 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 8.67% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (6.46% in the 4th quarter of 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 7.44% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (4.32% in the 4th quarter of 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 5.26% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (5.35% in the 4th quarter of 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.20% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (1.72% in the 4th quarter of 2015);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 1.05% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (1.10% in the 4th quarter of 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2016 over the 4th quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $8,392,382;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $5,437,741;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $5,298,734;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $2,778,726;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $2,626,032;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $2,053,217;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $1,919,429;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $1,646,685;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $1,204,634;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $1,018,467.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2016 over the 4th quarter of 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $45,484,572;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $4,836,645;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $4,413,890;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $2,809,819;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $966,155.
Russia’s imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in Q4 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in Q4 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q4 2016
over Q4 2015
10 Cereals 11,863,063 3.88 16,276,953-27.12
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 2,945,691 0.96 166,9651,664.26
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 0 0.00 4,133-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 96,983 0.03 0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 58,940 0.02 131,830-55.29
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 79,059 0.03 146,019-45.86
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 234,788 0.08 109,294114.82
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 233,618 0.08 192,38921.43
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 357,628 0.12 20,5911,636.82
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 82,013 0.03 235,409-65.16
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 123,098 0.04 334,546-63.20
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 2,954 0.00 6,066-51.30
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 3,218,022 1.05 3,603,564-10.70
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 221,325 0.07 254,916-13.18
29 Organic chemicals 585,271 0.19 263,668121.97
30 Pharmaceutical products 28,501,417 9.33 28,341,9060.56
31 Fertilizers 25,198 0.01 3,867551.62
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 861,107 0.28 604,04342.56
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 21,464,072 7.02 16,026,33133.93
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 42,199 0.01 85,667-50.74
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 0 0.00 1,172-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 98,297 0.03 2,908,116-96.62
39 Plastics and articles thereof 6,724,951 2.20 6,818,853-1.38
40 Rubber and articles thereof 10,766,336 3.52 10,111,4196.48
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 11,500 0.00 0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,509,823 0.49 1,263,25719.52
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 24,941 0.01 5,256374.52
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 1,678,509 0.55 1,875,825-10.52
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 34 0.00 248-86.29
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 4,690,795 1.54 3,672,32827.73
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 347,352 0.11 115,996199.45
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 8,069 0.00 1,649389.33
52 Cotton 9,212 0.00 2114,265.88
54 Man-made filaments 516,676 0.17 220,764134.04
55 Man-made staple fibers 275,937 0.09 150,20883.70
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 145,289 0.05 104,86038.56
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 5,769 0.00 25,591-77.46
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 117,467 0.04 40,306191.44
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 729,489 0.24 879,125-17.02
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 6,697 0.00 20,735-67.70
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 5,546,904 1.82 4,342,27027.74
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 11,387,918 3.73 9,334,70122.00
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 412,816 0.14 557,482-25.95
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 7,171,951 2.35 5,525,26629.80
65 Headgear and parts thereof 94,060 0.03 39,944135.48
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 71,847 0.02 18,370291.11
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 2,149 0.00 24,188-91.12
69 Ceramic products 1,354,812 0.44 775,16774.78
70 Glass and glassware 866,120 0.28 1,132,829-23.54
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 1,844 0.00 627194.10
72 Iron and steel 1,545,259 0.51 1,376,16212.29
73 Articles of iron or steel 15,172,450 4.97 6,780,068123.78
74 Copper and articles thereof 2,477 0.00 3,640-31.95
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,180,672 0.39 1,764,187-33.08
79 Zinc and articles thereof 53,966 0.02 41,13431.20
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 98,119 0.03 49,82996.91
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 138,967 0.05 105,90631.22
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 4,554,479 1.49 4,088,09611.41
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 40,306,160 13.19 38,386,7315.00
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 36,377,519 11.90 31,078,78517.05
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 67,900,707 22.22 72,737,352-6.65
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 2,865,864 0.94 48,350,436-94.07
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 5,616,000 1.84 2,989,96887.83
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 9,459 0.00 6,45446.56
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 34,738 0.01 21,95458.23
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 3,382,897 1.11 4,349,052-22.22
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 418,073 0.14 260,93560.22
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 349,172 0.11 117,653196.78
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia