Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with South Africa in 2016

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with South Africa in 2016: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with South Africa

In 2016, Russia’s trade with South Africa was $717,657,597, down 14.34% ($120,152,323) from 2015.

Russia’s exports to South Africa in 2016 were $196,584,094, down 27.47% ($74,459,805) from 2015.

Russia’s imports from South Africa in 2016 were $521,073,503, down 8.06% ($45,692,518) from 2015.

Russia’s trade deficit with South Africa in 2016 was $324,489,409, a 9.73% increase ($28,767,287) over 2015.

South Africa was Russia’s 68th largest trading partner in 2016 (down from 67th in 2015), accounting for 0.1534% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.1592% in 2015).

South Africa was Russia’s 82nd largest export market in 2016 (down from 76th in 2015), accounting for 0.0689% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.0789% in 2015).

South Africa was Russia’s 48th largest supplier in 2016 (down from 47th in 2015), accounting for 0.2859% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.3103% in 2015).

Russia’s Exports to South Africa

The major share of Russian exports to South Africa in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 61.46% of Russia’s total exports to South Africa (63.93% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 11.66% of Russia’s total exports to South Africa (19.23% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 8.47% of Russia’s total exports to South Africa (2.89% in 2015);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 7.06% of Russia’s total exports to South Africa (3.85% in 2015);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 6.01% of Russia’s total exports to South Africa (6.06% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 3.86% of Russia’s total exports to South Africa (3.48% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to South Africa in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - an increase of $7,014,139;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $2,707,577;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $2,265,057;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - an increase of $1,906,040;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $1,430,910;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $1,120,178.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to South Africa in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $52,721,950;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $28,449,481;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $3,505,723;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $2,007,224;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $1,701,905;
  • Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard (HS code 47) - a decrease of $1,244,168;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $1,153,767;
  • Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal (HS code 82) - a decrease of $937,872;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $903,111;
  • Miscellaneous manufactured articles (HS code 96) - a decrease of $805,956.
Russia’s exports to South Africa in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 232,498 0.12 73,280217.27
10 Cereals 119,041,841 60.56 171,763,791-30.69
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 21,518 0.01 0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 8,250 0.00 0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 25 0.00 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 867,992 0.44 766,00013.31
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 87,730 0.04 26,186235.03
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 564,678 0.29 641,171-11.93
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 53,448 0.03 0
26 Ores, slag and ash 912,183 0.46 2,065,950-55.85
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 10,850,316 5.52 14,356,039-24.42
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 2,732,393 1.39 826,353230.66
29 Organic chemicals 94,617 0.05 300,688-68.53
30 Pharmaceutical products 11,808 0.01 0
31 Fertilizers 10,518,992 5.35 38,968,473-73.01
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 3,926 0.00 5,805-32.37
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 43,285 0.02 15,540178.54
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 46,628 0.02 2,9691,470.50
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 0 0.00 2,746-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,486,005 0.76 2,389,116-37.80
39 Plastics and articles thereof 806,425 0.41 440,31583.15
40 Rubber and articles thereof 7,168,431 3.65 9,175,655-21.88
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 13,210 0.01 12010,908.33
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 2,068,222 1.05 948,044118.16
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 2,360,097 1.20 3,604,265-34.52
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 3,161,773 1.61 4,863,678-34.99
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 7,680 0.00 3,389126.62
54 Man-made filaments 105,079 0.05 219,229-52.07
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 791,385 0.40 209,290278.13
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 20 0.00 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 8,897 0.00 0
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 32,636 0.02 20163,080.00
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 3,582 0.00 3001,094.00
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 29,557 0.02 33,602-12.04
65 Headgear and parts thereof 364 0.00 0
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 170 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 31,239 0.02 55,816-44.03
69 Ceramic products 2,200 0.00 2,800-21.43
70 Glass and glassware 25,673 0.01 11,649120.39
72 Iron and steel 6,003,841 3.05 3,296,26482.14
73 Articles of iron or steel 71,327 0.04 21,975224.58
74 Copper and articles thereof 1,690 0.00 12,718-86.71
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 10,146,338 5.16 3,132,199223.94
78 Lead and articles thereof 39 0.00 15160.00
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 431,881 0.22 1,369,753-68.47
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 2,868 0.00 0
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 937,944 0.48 1,327,346-29.34
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 4,082,817 2.08 2,651,90753.96
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 2,621 0.00 0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 203,495 0.10 67,782200.22
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 8,644,245 4.40 6,379,18835.51
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 469 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 48,087 0.02 42,43313.32
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 5,919 0.00 49,886-88.13
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,398 0.00 807,354-99.83
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 38,990 0.02 9603,961.46
SS Classified 1,765,352 0.90 111 8401,478.46

Russia’s Imports from South Africa

The major share of Russian imports from South Africa in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 38.34% of Russia’s total imports from South Africa (42.20% in 2015);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 28.98% of Russia’s total imports from South Africa (23.08% in 2015);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 13.69% of Russia’s total imports from South Africa (21.71% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 10.68% of Russia’s total imports from South Africa (7.34% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 7.92% of Russia’s total imports from South Africa (5.26% in 2015).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from South Africa in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $15,252,896;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $13,911,938;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - an increase of $10,050,588;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - an increase of $4,869,863;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - an increase of $3,756,326.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from South Africa in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $44,444,171;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - a decrease of $39,139,888;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $5,545,434;
  • Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (HS code 20) - a decrease of $4,772,462;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $2,579,500.
Russia’s imports from South Africa in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2015,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2016
over 2015
01 Live animals 2,611 0.00 47,072-94.45
02 Meat and edible meat offal 0 0.00 109,524-100.00
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 109,200 0.02 59,40083.84
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 30,857 0.01 17,73573.99
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 791,854 0.15 633,29925.04
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 69,587 0.01 113,979-38.95
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 158,835,826 30.48 197,975,714-19.77
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 114,259 0.02 172,893-33.91
10 Cereals 712,833 0.14 60,4141,079.91
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 779,069 0.15 575,71635.32
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 144,985 0.03 37,208289.66
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 1,757 0.00 1,990-11.71
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 2,756 0.00 2,20524.99
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 811 0.00 72,574-98.88
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 14,199,436 2.73 18,971,898-25.16
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 132,169 0.03 249,473-47.02
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 23,331,277 4.48 19,574,95119.19
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 67,002 0.01 14,801352.69
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 467,451 0.09 474,167-1.42
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 15,022,676 2.88 10,152,81347.97
26 Ores, slag and ash 135,115,743 25.93 119,862,84712.73
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 882,843 0.17 782,91412.76
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 27,012,584 5.18 16,961,99659.25
29 Organic chemicals 2,724,377 0.52 2,885,654-5.59
30 Pharmaceutical products 32,410 0.01 21,45151.09
31 Fertilizers 0 0.00 83,221-100.00
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 517,912 0.10 245,815110.69
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 419,491 0.08 376,97011.28
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 183,242 0.04 116,30157.56
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 31,073 0.01 100,583-69.11
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 6,733,172 1.29 5,496,00722.51
39 Plastics and articles thereof 1,321,271 0.25 1,731,878-23.71
40 Rubber and articles thereof 2,281,689 0.44 1,785,72227.77
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 18,099 0.00 15,69215.34
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 69,900 0.01 93,817-25.49
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 0 0.00 75,641-100.00
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 44,333 0.01 17,404154.73
45 Cork and articles of cork 6 0.00 106-94.34
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0 0.00 6-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 43,954 0.01 178,288-75.35
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 29,525 0.01 23,05028.09
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 52,995 0.01 71,714-26.10
52 Cotton 840 0.00 0
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 987 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 685,001 0.13 153,598345.97
55 Man-made staple fibers 46,459 0.01 59,384-21.77
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 153 0.00 5,442-97.19
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 0 0.00 17-100.00
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0 0.00 180-100.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 31,184 0.01 22,50438.57
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1,217 0.00 16,616-92.68
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 5,905 0.00 1,610266.77
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 7,806 0.00 3,595117.13
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 651 0.00 238173.53
65 Headgear and parts thereof 144 0.00 0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 33 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 61,338 0.01 127,530-51.90
69 Ceramic products 150,645 0.03 218,006-30.90
70 Glass and glassware 94,923 0.02 138,133-31.28
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 126,787 0.02 690,754-81.65
72 Iron and steel 47,655,467 9.15 33,743,52941.23
73 Articles of iron or steel 2,199,892 0.42 2,167,7411.48
74 Copper and articles thereof 13,843 0.00 14,378-3.72
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 3,271,580 0.63 3,485,698-6.14
79 Zinc and articles thereof 437,376 0.08 573,762-23.77
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1,067,583 0.20 1,009,7095.73
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 951,589 0.18 562,59169.14
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 54,788 0.01 18,272199.85
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 14,957,351 2.87 20,502,785-27.05
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 2,928,857 0.56 5,508,357-46.83
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 757,178 0.15 500,55051.27
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 51,821,571 9.95 96,265,742-46.17
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 0 0.00 20,889-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 868,444 0.17 260,063233.94
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0 0.00 592-100.00
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 992 0.00 1,184-16.22
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 75,362 0.01 56,84532.57
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,606 0.00 559187.30
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 64,323 0.01 88,145-27.03
SS Classified 400,593 0.08 302 12032.59

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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia