Russian foreign trade
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Russian trade in goods with Romania in Q4 2017

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in the fourth quarter of 2017: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In the 4th quarter of 2017, Russia’s trade with Romania totaled $1,082,528,827, up 25.19% ($217,837,349) from the 4th quarter of 2016.

Russia’s exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 totaled $608,627,573, up 8.86% ($49,517,083) from the 4th quarter of 2016.

Russia’s imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 totaled $473,901,254, up 55.08% ($168,320,266) from the 4th quarter of 2016.

Russia’s trade surplus with Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 was $134,726,319, a 46.86% decrease ($118,803,183) over the 4th quarter of 2016.

Romania was Russia’s 36th largest trading partner in the 4th quarter of 2017 (down from 34th in the 4th quarter of 2016), accounting for 0.6477% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.6345% in the 4th quarter of 2016).

Romania was Russia’s 36th largest export market in the 4th quarter of 2017 (down from 34th in the 4th quarter of 2016), accounting for 0.5917% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.6669% in the 4th quarter of 2016).

Romania was Russia’s 32nd largest supplier in the 4th quarter of 2017 (up from 33rd in the 4th quarter of 2016), accounting for 0.7372% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.5828% in the 4th quarter of 2016).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 (and in the 4th quarter of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 78.54% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (82.58% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 8.96% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (8.68% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 5.15% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.00% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.98% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (1.27% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.95% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.02% in the 4th quarter of 2016).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 over the 4th quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $19,514,043;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $9,071,909;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $5,768,279;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $5,368,865;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $4,902,362;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $4,076,719;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $2,608,189.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 over the 4th quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $2,625,223;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $2,515,693;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $2,016,723.
Russia’s exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q4 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in Q4 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q4 2017
over Q4 2016
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 227,769 0.04 13,2751,615.77
10 Cereals 0 0.00 407,396-100.00
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 84,877 0.01 168,860-49.74
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 37,960 0.01 2,553,653-98.51
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0 0.00 23,333-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 143,996 0.02 120,34019.66
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 54,492 0.01 40,07635.97
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0 0.00 190,733-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 4,997,044 0.82 5,606,580-10.87
26 Ores, slag and ash 0 0.00 2,625,223-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 473,012,236 77.72 453,498,1934.30
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 3,236,409 0.53 3,188,3601.51
29 Organic chemicals 8,348,243 1.37 5,740,05445.44
30 Pharmaceutical products 266,708 0.04 346,696-23.07
31 Fertilizers 20,116,042 3.31 22,132,765-9.11
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 47,930 0.01 21,044127.76
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 647,340 0.11 1,198,823-46.00
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 35,992 0.01 69,733-48.39
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 4,866 0.00 1,392249.57
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 0 0.00 19,900-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 185,539 0.03 292,316-36.53
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2,819,867 0.46 2,458,18814.71
40 Rubber and articles thereof 18,822,029 3.09 13,053,75044.19
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 142,566 0.02 0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 17,847 0.00 12,12147.24
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 11,345,978 1.86 10,498,2868.07
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 357,679 0.06 311,06414.99
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 6,193,379 1.02 6,070,7272.02
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 70,981 0.01 2,6602,568.46
52 Cotton 43,269 0.01 84,254-48.64
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 117 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 8,430 0.00 25,361-66.76
55 Man-made staple fibers 0 0.00 22,030-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 760,295 0.12 209,128263.55
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 19 0.00 38-50.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 710 0.00 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 16,715 0.00 1,1671,332.31
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 11,150 0.00 7,53448.00
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 2,076 0.00 1,36552.09
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 8,599 0.00 12,334-30.28
65 Headgear and parts thereof 32 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 2,082,846 0.34 1,574,95432.25
69 Ceramic products 510,387 0.08 214,431138.02
70 Glass and glassware 3,233,961 0.53 1,827,64576.95
72 Iron and steel 15,101,814 2.48 6,029,905150.45
73 Articles of iron or steel 898,851 0.15 663,06235.56
74 Copper and articles thereof 2,569 0.00 16,693-84.61
75 Nickel and articles thereof 3,764 0.00 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,386,266 0.23 170,295714.04
78 Lead and articles thereof 8 0.00 29-72.41
80 Tin and articles thereof 0 0.00 1,178-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 113,887 0.02 150,444-24.30
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 425,920 0.07 13,2393,117.16
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 178,873 0.03 54,328229.25
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 13,743,340 2.26 9,666,62142.17
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 7,357,410 1.21 1,988,545269.99
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 905 0.00 4,429-79.57
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 9,416,493 1.55 4,514,131108.60
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 2,420 0.00 0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 803,156 0.13 590,47936.02
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 12,135 0.00 0
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 10,070 0.00 10,0410.29
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 357,938 0.06 24,1241,383.74
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 81,674 0.01 45,69578.74
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 833,705 0.14 521,47059.88

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 (and in the 4th quarter of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 53.66% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (50.09% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 21.16% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (22.67% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 9.17% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (5.26% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 7.17% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (8.67% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.97% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (7.44% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 0.77% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (1.05% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 0.56% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (2.20% in the 4th quarter of 2016).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 over the 4th quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $35,815,511;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $26,395,923;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $25,519,819;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $19,271,932;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $18,302,029;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $15,333,266;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $9,414,236;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $4,384,206;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $4,026,164;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - an increase of $2,645,873;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $2,330,288;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $2,057,354;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $1,873,125;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $1,521,559.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 over the 4th quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $4,460,828;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $3,437,913.
Russia’s imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in Q4 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in Q4 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q4 2017
over Q4 2016
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 1,216 0.00 0
10 Cereals 12,744,591 2.69 11,863,0637.43
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 29,341,614 6.19 2,945,691896.09
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 174,809 0.04 96,98380.25
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 201,354 0.04 58,940241.63
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 129,338 0.03 79,05963.60
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 164,137 0.03 234,788-30.09
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 315,453 0.07 233,61835.03
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 46,602 0.01 357,628-86.97
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 63,970 0.01 82,013-22.00
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 289,769 0.06 123,098135.40
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0 0.00 2,954-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 3,650,705 0.77 3,218,02213.45
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 196,268 0.04 221,325-11.32
29 Organic chemicals 805,597 0.17 585,27137.65
30 Pharmaceutical products 43,834,683 9.25 28,501,41753.80
31 Fertilizers 32,998 0.01 25,19830.95
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 988,112 0.21 861,10714.75
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 30,878,308 6.52 21,464,07243.86
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 176,386 0.04 42,199317.99
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 182,110 0.04 98,29785.27
39 Plastics and articles thereof 11,109,157 2.34 6,724,95165.19
40 Rubber and articles thereof 12,094,319 2.55 10,766,33612.33
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0 0.00 11,500-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,782,906 0.38 1,509,82318.09
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 63,233 0.01 24,941153.53
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 1,720,828 0.36 1,678,5092.52
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 195 0.00 34473.53
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 229,967 0.05 4,690,795-95.10
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 681,560 0.14 347,35296.22
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 29,599 0.01 8,069266.82
52 Cotton 11,352 0.00 9,21223.23
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 143 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 328,956 0.07 516,676-36.33
55 Man-made staple fibers 859,870 0.18 275,937211.62
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 422,560 0.09 145,289190.84
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 9,469 0.00 5,76964.14
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 389,262 0.08 117,467231.38
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 878,532 0.19 729,48920.43
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 24,462 0.01 6,697265.27
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 5,819,939 1.23 5,546,9044.92
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 15,414,082 3.25 11,387,91835.35
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 509,211 0.11 412,81623.35
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 9,045,076 1.91 7,171,95126.12
65 Headgear and parts thereof 234,565 0.05 94,060149.38
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 5,365 0.00 71,847-92.53
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 26,924 0.01 2,1491,152.86
69 Ceramic products 1,424,082 0.30 1,354,8125.11
70 Glass and glassware 1,489,752 0.31 866,12072.00
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 1,343 0.00 1,844-27.17
72 Iron and steel 3,066,818 0.65 1,545,25998.47
73 Articles of iron or steel 11,734,537 2.48 15,172,450-22.66
74 Copper and articles thereof 4,080 0.00 2,47764.72
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,298,246 0.27 1,180,6729.96
79 Zinc and articles thereof 57,327 0.01 53,9666.23
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 37,994 0.01 98,119-61.28
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 158,519 0.03 138,96714.07
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 7,200,352 1.52 4,554,47958.09
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 76,121,671 16.06 40,306,16088.86
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 54,679,548 11.54 36,377,51950.31
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 6,962 0.00 0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 93,420,526 19.71 67,900,70737.58
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 22,137,796 4.67 2,865,864672.46
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 7,946,288 1.68 5,616,00041.49
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 141 0.00 9,459-98.51
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 56,061 0.01 34,73861.38
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 5,440,251 1.15 3,382,89760.82
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,116,095 0.24 418,073166.96
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 593,313 0.13 349,17269.92
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia