Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Finland in 2017

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Finland in 2017: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Finland

In 2017, Russia’s trade with Finland totaled $12,337,720,564, up 36.88% ($3,324,399,731) from 2016.

Russia’s exports to Finland in 2017 totaled $8,641,738,659, up 32.23% ($2,106,463,514) from 2016.

Russia’s imports from Finland in 2017 totaled $3,695,981,905, up 49.15% ($1,217,936,217) from 2016.

Russia’s trade surplus with Finland in 2017 was $4,945,756,754, a 21.90% increase ($888,527,297) over 2016.

Finland was Russia’s 15th largest trading partner in 2017 (just as in 2016), accounting for 2.1124% of Russia’s total trade (up from 1.9269% in 2016).

Finland was Russia’s 13th largest export market in 2017 (just as in 2016), accounting for 2.4201% of Russia’s total exports (up from 2.2891% in 2016).

Finland was Russia’s 14th largest supplier in 2017 (up from 16th in 2016), accounting for 1.6284% of Russia’s total imports (up from 1.3596% in 2016).

Russia’s Exports to Finland

The major share of Russian exports to Finland in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 59.75% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (66.03% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 18.24% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (9.50% in 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 12.51% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (13.26% in 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 5.60% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (6.73% in 2016);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 2.38% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (2.88% in 2016).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Finland in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $805,698,966;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $583,103,537;
  • Nickel and articles thereof (HS code 75) - an increase of $361,162,773;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $105,610,926;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $101,181,973;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $50,316,570;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $44,215,127;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $43,792,999.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Finland in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $30,812,518.
Russia’s exports to Finland in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2017
over 2016
01 Live animals 0 0.00 500-100.00
02 Meat and edible meat offal 2,413,827 0.03 2,786,202-13.36
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 12,998 0.00 17,813-27.03
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 440 0.00 123,566.67
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 96,337 0.00 94,5131.93
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 50,652 0.00 29,02274.53
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 3,103,699 0.04 2,429,39227.76
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 205,420 0.00 110,47485.94
10 Cereals 388,991 0.00 0
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 60,910 0.00 129,673-53.03
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 107,213 0.00 128,228-16.39
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 13,696 0.00 39,480-65.31
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 2,323,800 0.03 2,271,0482.32
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 700,905 0.01 635,99010.21
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 25,609 0.00 0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 40,772 0.00 36,13812.82
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 9,174 0.00 8271,009.31
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 103,536 0.00 97,5246.16
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 25,041,592 0.29 13,491,96085.60
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 22,137,939 0.26 29,610,703-25.24
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0 0.00 3,679-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 4,959,818 0.06 6,723,705-26.23
26 Ores, slag and ash 109,889,033 1.27 66,096,03466.26
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 5,048,183,009 58.42 4,242,484,04318.99
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 82,453,221 0.95 74,812,12010.21
29 Organic chemicals 647,976,510 7.50 546,794,53718.50
30 Pharmaceutical products 4,420,419 0.05 3,759,52017.58
31 Fertilizers 217,035,117 2.51 111,424,19194.78
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 106,398 0.00 55,21992.68
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 200,431 0.00 254,148-21.14
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 3,427,773 0.04 13,70924,903.82
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 52 0.00 129-59.69
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 6,262,341 0.07 5,529,81113.25
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 0 0.00 14,848-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 26,859,076 0.31 14,346,85887.21
39 Plastics and articles thereof 13,574,577 0.16 15,973,523-15.02
40 Rubber and articles thereof 78,594,054 0.91 93,438,588-15.89
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 395,732 0.00 384,7122.86
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 374,459 0.00 634,811-41.01
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 16,147,363 0.19 10,798,25549.54
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 453,134,534 5.24 408,919,40710.81
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 9,918 0.00 12,827-22.68
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 7,079,597 0.08 2,988,654136.88
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 24,006,182 0.28 20,521,82516.98
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 78,691 0.00 7,395,119-98.94
55 Man-made staple fibers 65 0.00 0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 109,122 0.00 59,10484.63
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 9,644 0.00 5461,666.30
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,796,981 0.02 2,109,743-14.82
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 51,274 0.00 55,505-7.62
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 305,863 0.00 520,472-41.23
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 63,448 0.00 50,18926.42
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 3,949 0.00 11,935-66.91
65 Headgear and parts thereof 1,028 0.00 2,147-52.12
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 1,179 0.00 0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 714 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 18,891,153 0.22 12,499,46851.14
69 Ceramic products 977,168 0.01 897,4478.88
70 Glass and glassware 28,999,007 0.34 19,513,26648.61
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 112,295 0.00 79,88240.58
72 Iron and steel 68,975,628 0.80 56,796,18321.44
73 Articles of iron or steel 811,828,835 9.39 228,725,298254.94
74 Copper and articles thereof 83,963 0.00 7,767,219-98.92
75 Nickel and articles thereof 626,248,153 7.25 265,085,380136.24
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 51,889,656 0.60 52,100,058-0.40
80 Tin and articles thereof 191 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 5,213,000 0.06 1,937,241169.09
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 696,459 0.01 574,48821.23
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 11,372,204 0.13 8,091,32540.55
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 52,743,806 0.61 83,556,324-36.88
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 57,307,076 0.66 77,229,125-25.80
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 260,112 0.00 168,22854.62
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 41,492,550 0.48 23,703,08175.05
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 51,946,145 0.60 1,629,5753,087.71
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 2,309,964 0.03 1,611,47743.34
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 107,075 0.00 0
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 300 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2,127,443 0.02 1,249,90070.21
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 3,704,335 0.04 3,840,066-3.53
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 72,947 0.00 90,819-19.68
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 1,701 0.00 16,124-89.45
SS Classified 28,411 0.00 13 759106.49

Russia’s Imports from Finland

The major share of Russian imports from Finland in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 53.02% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (36.26% in 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 17.19% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (23.43% in 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 12.71% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (18.16% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 5.73% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (8.94% in 2016);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 4.76% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (5.52% in 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 3.28% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (4.23% in 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 0.90% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (1.07% in 2016).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Finland in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $642,152,812;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $191,300,972;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $141,858,902;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $76,165,691;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $56,186,407;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $37,859,827;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $19,190,427;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $15,036,413;
  • Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof (HS code 43) - an increase of $14,906,138.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Finland in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Copper and articles thereof (HS code 74) - a decrease of $56,006,998;
  • Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics (HS code 32) - a decrease of $13,424,512.
Russia’s imports from Finland in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2017
over 2016
01 Live animals 1,084,496 0.03 1,328,887-18.39
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,308,368 0.04 1,270,2983.00
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 588,219 0.02 80,780628.17
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 97,572 0.00 69,88639.62
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 2,399,101 0.06 1,842,19430.23
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,423,014 0.04 1,397,8711.80
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 3,155,437 0.09 2,865,31610.13
10 Cereals 6,328,298 0.17 1,435,592340.81
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 12,583,817 0.34 14,619,001-13.92
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 128,414 0.00 107,36019.61
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 4,069 0.00 140,379-97.10
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 1,212 0.00 2,058-41.11
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 879,373 0.02 841,8264.46
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 1,355,300 0.04 2,052,452-33.97
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 2,587,249 0.07 2,498,2723.56
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 5,349,000 0.14 6,230,381-14.15
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 15,167,300 0.41 17,199,894-11.82
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 2,169,972 0.06 2,333,982-7.03
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 6,431,962 0.17 5,094,19426.26
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 30,920,523 0.84 22,368,77138.23
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 27,297,035 0.74 21,097,07829.39
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 5,921 0.00 699747.07
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 7,386,775 0.20 6,221,02318.74
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 168,544,846 4.56 130,685,01928.97
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 57,009,432 1.54 53,306,9116.95
29 Organic chemicals 17,840,781 0.48 18,148,159-1.69
30 Pharmaceutical products 65,931,809 1.78 64,847,1121.67
31 Fertilizers 719,744 0.02 583,86723.27
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 61,019,064 1.65 74,443,576-18.03
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 8,144,419 0.22 10,542,945-22.75
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 75,406,034 2.04 72,546,8933.94
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 15,042,807 0.41 13,786,1349.12
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 4,835 0.00 0
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 580 0.00 29,089-98.01
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 34,456,241 0.93 37,972,056-9.26
39 Plastics and articles thereof 263,017,117 7.12 206,830,71027.17
40 Rubber and articles thereof 36,650,592 0.99 27,499,11733.28
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 210,962 0.01 192,0189.87
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 20,413,447 0.55 5,507,309270.66
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 8,614,632 0.23 8,099,9726.35
45 Cork and articles of cork 35,811 0.00 30,04819.18
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 18,682 0.00 38,313-51.24
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 19,666,771 0.53 17,988,9099.33
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 426,670,207 11.54 411,633,7943.65
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 14,835,224 0.40 12,262,25920.98
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 1,939 0.00 74,735-97.41
52 Cotton 5,086 0.00 16,774-69.68
54 Man-made filaments 14,663 0.00 11,00033.30
55 Man-made staple fibers 12,229 0.00 26,072-53.10
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 2,047,493 0.06 1,120,38482.75
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 335,591 0.01 363,684-7.72
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 607,466 0.02 462,01631.48
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 3,895,654 0.11 4,049,524-3.80
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 660,959 0.02 473,79139.50
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1,514,365 0.04 1,186,00327.69
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 9,924,785 0.27 6,675,15848.68
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,256,563 0.03 2,411,285-47.89
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 10,904,371 0.30 8,361,90530.41
65 Headgear and parts thereof 1,992,865 0.05 1,285,65555.01
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 891 0.00 221303.17
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 15,869 0.00 3,371370.75
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 21,603,880 0.58 17,744,23121.75
69 Ceramic products 1,236,389 0.03 1,081,79614.29
70 Glass and glassware 5,293,604 0.14 3,130,63369.09
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 269 0.00 3,063-91.22
72 Iron and steel 77,365,953 2.09 58,175,52632.99
73 Articles of iron or steel 53,439,250 1.45 46,138,30215.82
74 Copper and articles thereof 20,138,974 0.54 76,145,972-73.55
75 Nickel and articles thereof 6,347,447 0.17 4,823131,507.86
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 37,039,903 1.00 28,461,69530.14
78 Lead and articles thereof 934 0.00 0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 331,306 0.01 242,26536.75
80 Tin and articles thereof 5,848 0.00 4,14741.02
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 387,568 0.01 254,86652.07
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 8,811,094 0.24 7,429,02618.60
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 8,004,943 0.22 4,672,97171.30
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 632,067,670 17.10 440,766,69843.40
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 356,248,201 9.64 280,082,51027.19
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 4,838,118 0.13 1,630,846196.66
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 256,081,576 6.93 114,222,674124.20
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 659,513,305 17.84 17,360,4933,698.93
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 50,748,082 1.37 44,355,43814.41
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 954,949 0.03 1,018,525-6.24
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 31,165,442 0.84 25,549,55921.98
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 6,906,654 0.19 4,343,12159.03
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 610,880 0.02 542,76812.55
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 21,623 0.00 17,26325.26
SS Classified 720,790 0.02 72 495894.26
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia