Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Iran in 2017

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Iran in 2017: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Iran

In 2017, Russia’s trade with Iran was $1,706,962,841, down 21.85% ($477,359,655) from 2016.

Russia’s exports to Iran in 2017 were $1,314,795,643, down 30.13% ($566,976,742) from 2016.

Russia’s imports from Iran in 2017 totaled $392,167,198, up 29.62% ($89,617,087) from 2016.

Russia’s trade surplus with Iran in 2017 was $922,628,445, a 41.58% decrease ($656,593,829) over 2016.

Iran was Russia’s 48th largest trading partner in 2017 (down from 42nd in 2016), accounting for 0.2923% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.4670% in 2016).

Iran was Russia’s 47th largest export market in 2017 (down from 34th in 2016), accounting for 0.3682% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.6591% in 2016).

Iran was Russia’s 60th largest supplier in 2017 (down from 59th in 2016), accounting for 0.1728% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.1660% in 2016).

Russia’s Exports to Iran

The major share of Russian exports to Iran in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 41.89% of Russia’s total exports to Iran (22.77% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 22.09% of Russia’s total exports to Iran (15.01% in 2016);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 17.10% of Russia’s total exports to Iran (35.84% in 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 14.04% of Russia’s total exports to Iran (7.64% in 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 3.61% of Russia’s total exports to Iran (1.55% in 2016).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Iran in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $56,866,584;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $40,187,133;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $27,997,426;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $26,349,861;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - an increase of $16,936,124;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $15,892,634;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - an increase of $11,285,270;
  • Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard (HS code 47) - an increase of $9,772,603;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $7,458,700;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $5,389,503;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $4,696,543;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - an increase of $4,217,510.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Iran in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $395,447,022;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $99,388,657.
Russia’s exports to Iran in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2017
over 2016
01 Live animals 839 0.00 37,250-97.75
02 Meat and edible meat offal 2,018,091 0.15 0
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 0 0.00 29,920-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 8,482,535 0.65 4,265,02598.89
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 37,845 0.00 20518,360.98
10 Cereals 355,107,424 27.01 314,920,29112.76
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 24,258 0.00 58,750-58.71
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 29,735,310 2.26 13,842,676114.81
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 146,429,310 11.14 89,562,72663.49
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 187,896 0.01 220,108-14.63
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 258,063 0.02 242,6036.37
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 166,987 0.01 2,2247,408.41
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 289,738 0.02 182,16759.05
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,023,169 0.08 335,679204.81
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 180,829 0.01 0
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 6,161,027 0.47 4,435,87338.89
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 622,805 0.05 273,978127.32
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 14,443 0.00 1907,501.58
26 Ores, slag and ash 4,696,543 0.36 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 4,005,020 0.30 1,727,284131.87
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 27,080,119 2.06 10,143,995166.96
29 Organic chemicals 2,620,289 0.20 4,968,105-47.26
30 Pharmaceutical products 3,290,368 0.25 850,278286.98
31 Fertilizers 58,534 0.00 44,87530.44
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 5,656,187 0.43 3,557,09459.01
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 86,869 0.01 112,020-22.45
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 187,966 0.01 65,676186.20
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 5,806 0.00 3,09387.71
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 1,722 0.00 0
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 1,516 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,673,813 0.13 667,474150.77
39 Plastics and articles thereof 5,532,161 0.42 5,824,777-5.02
40 Rubber and articles thereof 1,207,572 0.09 2,938,412-58.90
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 8,961 0.00 1,260611.19
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 125,701,694 9.56 97,704,26828.66
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0 0.00 6-100.00
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 17,684,250 1.35 7,911,647123.52
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 22,797,512 1.73 21,078,6118.15
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 18,372,705 1.40 17,040,0167.82
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 16 0.00 5,279-99.70
54 Man-made filaments 2,419,954 0.18 1,808,36433.82
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 2,319,009 0.18 870,596166.37
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 0 0.00 1,009-100.00
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0 0.00 380-100.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 43,539 0.00 63,260-31.17
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1,497 0.00 679120.47
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 157 0.00 0
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 12,297 0.00 3,497251.64
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 0 0.00 2,475-100.00
65 Headgear and parts thereof 3,923 0.00 650503.54
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 187 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 637,121 0.05 425,28649.81
69 Ceramic products 252 0.00 0
70 Glass and glassware 114,614 0.01 1,004,966-88.60
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 0 0.00 848,201-100.00
72 Iron and steel 279,154,069 21.23 278,730,4870.15
73 Articles of iron or steel 10,218,539 0.78 2,759,839270.26
74 Copper and articles thereof 135,437 0.01 178,609-24.17
75 Nickel and articles thereof 52,510 0.00 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 753,232 0.06 723,6674.09
78 Lead and articles thereof 22 0.00 0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 364 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 213 0.00 0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 85,215 0.01 43,62295.35
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 22,197 0.00 49,760-55.39
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 93,402,193 7.10 67,052,33239.30
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 42,282,151 3.22 437,729,173-90.34
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 37,361,637 2.84 26,076,36743.28
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 36,051,402 2.74 135,440,059-73.38
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 7,585,597 0.58 2,196,094245.41
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 8,124,155 0.62 6,000,30935.40
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 18,166 0.00 9491,814.23
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0 0.00 6-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 157,228 0.01 27,054481.16
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 23,018 0.00 3286,917.68
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 103,957 0.01 3,1373,213.90
SS Classified 2,301,599 0.18 316 677 395-99.27

Russia’s Imports from Iran

The major share of Russian imports from Iran in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 69.63% of Russia’s total imports from Iran (77.03% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 11.07% of Russia’s total imports from Iran (0.37% in 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 10.14% of Russia’s total imports from Iran (16.15% in 2016);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 3.74% of Russia’s total imports from Iran (1.26% in 2016);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 2.81% of Russia’s total imports from Iran (2.94% in 2016).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Iran in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Copper and articles thereof (HS code 74) - an increase of $42,304,924;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - an increase of $15,939,006;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $10,169,183;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $9,298,197;
  • Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included (HS code 04) - an increase of $8,634,416;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $4,959,010;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $3,862,697;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - an increase of $3,526,518;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $3,454,921;
  • Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (HS code 20) - an increase of $3,257,117;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $2,656,850;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - an increase of $1,911,463;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $1,727,353;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $1,510,000;
  • Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials (HS code 68) - an increase of $1,447,281.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Iran in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - a decrease of $25,393,186;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $3,234,140.
Russia’s imports from Iran in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2017
over 2016
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,902,537 0.49 905,179110.18
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 9,937,246 2.53 1,302,830662.74
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 44,278 0.01 8,435424.93
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 119,922,937 30.58 103,983,93115.33
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 120,320,129 30.68 110,150,9469.23
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 814,924 0.21 933,170-12.67
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 118,169 0.03 91,66228.92
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 112,268 0.03 162,323-30.84
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 415,391 0.11 338,44522.74
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 1,418 0.00 0
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 0 0.00 40-100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 153,414 0.04 110,11639.32
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 319,697 0.08 118,652169.44
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 790,839 0.20 265,769197.57
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 13,730,973 3.50 10,473,85631.10
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 3,979,173 1.01 3,044,30630.71
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 9,330 0.00 45,913-79.68
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 487,165 0.12 1,125,144-56.70
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 6,406,200 1.63 2,879,682122.46
26 Ores, slag and ash 3,592,811 0.92 137,8902,505.56
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 4,669,507 1.19 806,810478.76
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 259,628 0.07 25,652,814-98.99
29 Organic chemicals 5,117,600 1.30 3,390,24750.95
30 Pharmaceutical products 13,862,383 3.53 8,903,37355.70
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 3,223 0.00 25,366-87.29
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 36,421 0.01 5,547556.59
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 64,033 0.02 19432,906.70
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 220,161 0.06 10,9601,908.77
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 2,261 0.00 0
39 Plastics and articles thereof 20,167,618 5.14 10,869,42185.54
40 Rubber and articles thereof 18,028 0.00 6,894161.50
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 6,468 0.00 955577.28
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 3,479 0.00 6,424-45.84
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 4,316 0.00 28,485-84.85
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 6,565 0.00 18,974-65.40
54 Man-made filaments 465,917 0.12 397,68217.16
55 Man-made staple fibers 73,133 0.02 115,482-36.67
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 62,451 0.02 100,739-38.01
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 268,777 0.07 1,233,646-78.21
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 53,412 0.01 28,56986.96
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 14,580 0.00 31,430-53.61
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 61,558 0.02 16038,373.75
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 6,314 0.00 1,350367.70
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,737,867 0.44 1,038,06067.41
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 0 0.00 15,607-100.00
65 Headgear and parts thereof 2,822 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 2,777,706 0.71 1,330,425108.78
69 Ceramic products 1,242,816 0.32 870,76042.73
70 Glass and glassware 3,290,908 0.84 1,379,445138.57
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 75 0.00 0
72 Iron and steel 54,945 0.01 0
73 Articles of iron or steel 904,759 0.23 820,63310.25
74 Copper and articles thereof 42,357,303 10.80 52,37980,766.96
75 Nickel and articles thereof 0 0.00 110,586-100.00
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 56 0.00 11,533-99.51
79 Zinc and articles thereof 71,299 0.02 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 0 0.00 1,595-100.00
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,235 0.00 101,171-98.78
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 15,899 0.00 7,175121.59
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 3,433,401 0.88 6,667,541-48.51
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,185,597 0.30 38,5902,972.29
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0 0.00 510,105-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 1,826,570 0.47 1,270,26943.79
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 1,510,000 0.39 0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 3,053,067 0.78 396,217670.55
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 4,118 0.00 3,73310.31
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 49,110 0.01 143,665-65.82
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 109,370 0.03 19,575458.72
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 31,443 0.01 45,729-31.24
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 100 0.00 1,507-93.36
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia