Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with North Korea in 2017

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with North Korea in 2017: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with North Korea

In 2017, Russia’s trade with North Korea totaled $77,877,124, up 1.34% ($1,030,847) from 2016.

Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2017 totaled $74,210,288, up 9.05% ($6,159,661) from 2016.

Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2017 were $3,666,836, down 58.31% ($5,128,814) from 2016.

Russia’s trade surplus with North Korea in 2017 was $70,543,452, a 19.05% increase ($11,288,475) over 2016.

North Korea was Russia’s 119th largest trading partner in 2017 (down from 113th in 2016), accounting for 0.0133% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.0164% in 2016).

North Korea was Russia’s 103rd largest export market in 2017 (down from 102nd in 2016), accounting for 0.0208% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.0238% in 2016).

North Korea was Russia’s 132nd largest supplier in 2017 (down from 119th in 2016), accounting for 0.0016% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.0048% in 2016).

Russia’s Exports to North Korea

The major share of Russian exports to North Korea in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 83.39% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (84.84% in 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 11.81% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (9.39% in 2016);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 1.80% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (4.15% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.39% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (0.42% in 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.17% of Russia’s total exports to North Korea (0.83% in 2016).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $4,091,612;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $2,558,538;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $919,283;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $495,300;
  • Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 03) - an increase of $323,180;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - an increase of $301,810.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $1,084,717;
  • Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten (HS code 11) - a decrease of $1,046,665;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $482,035;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $262,163.
Russia’s exports to North Korea in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2017
over 2016
01 Live animals 0 0.00 17,005-100.00
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 2,433,309 3.28 2,110,12915.32
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 22,817 0.03 10,431118.74
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0 0.00 40,862-100.00
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 1,336 0.00 0
10 Cereals 358,269 0.48 264,13835.64
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 2,338,435 3.15 3,385,100-30.92
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 10,500 0.01 51,015-79.42
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 2,970,565 4.00 412,027620.96
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 47,135 0.06 0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 126,898 0.17 24,575416.37
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 45,598 0.06 0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 25,553 0.03 18,34739.28
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 7,769 0.01 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 309,056 0.42 7,2464,165.19
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 65,168 0.09 51,91125.54
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 242,412 0.33 181,35233.67
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 61,644,079 83.07 57,552,4677.11
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 3,407 0.00 5,628-39.46
29 Organic chemicals 14,318 0.02 0
30 Pharmaceutical products 589,404 0.79 94,104526.33
31 Fertilizers 94,050 0.13 0
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,562 0.00 2,14419.50
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 373 0.00 132,769.23
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 72,029 0.10 15,977350.83
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 121 0.00 271-55.35
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 16,670 0.02 278,833-94.02
39 Plastics and articles thereof 16,022 0.02 108,126-85.18
40 Rubber and articles thereof 60,389 0.08 62,692-3.67
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 493 0.00 25692.58
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 200,902 0.27 10,4531,821.96
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 0 0.00 141,930-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 21,085 0.03 11,76879.17
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 19 0.00 15,203-99.88
52 Cotton 540 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 3,174 0.00 0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 7,159 0.01 2342,959.40
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 152 0.00 0
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 5,728 0.01 572901.40
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 31 0.00 21,084-99.85
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 9,129 0.01 6,07950.17
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 15,130 0.02 15,892-4.79
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 6,400 0.01 1,520321.05
65 Headgear and parts thereof 373 0.00 84344.05
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 3,099 0.00 13,132-76.40
69 Ceramic products 5,943 0.01 0
70 Glass and glassware 3,402 0.00 0
72 Iron and steel 930,759 1.25 11,4768,010.48
73 Articles of iron or steel 72,628 0.10 240,739-69.83
74 Copper and articles thereof 13,542 0.02 4203,124.29
75 Nickel and articles thereof 0 0.00 335-100.00
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 5,799 0.01 2,495132.42
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 0 0.00 26-100.00
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 6,900 0.01 31,864-78.35
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 3,209 0.00 460597.61
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 766,377 1.03 1,248,412-38.61
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 207,623 0.28 89,954130.81
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 8,874 0.01 37,118-76.09
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 327,895 0.44 1,412,612-76.79
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 22,531 0.03 38,117-40.89
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 339 0.00 0
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 100 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 18,683 0.03 1,2261,423.90
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 6 0.00 0
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 2,143 0.00 2,773-22.72
SS Classified 21,877 0.03 0

Russia’s Imports from North Korea

The major share of Russian imports from North Korea in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 37.43% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (16.70% in 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 16.13% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (3.94% in 2016);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 11.04% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (33.31% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.22% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (1.14% in 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.21% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (0.00% in 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 0.00% of Russia’s total imports from North Korea (32.03% in 2016).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $222,471;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $148,581;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $53,546;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $44,341;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $42,962;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - an increase of $36,522;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $32,277;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $13,936.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 03) - a decrease of $2,817,360;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $1,811,426;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $642,226;
  • Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 92) - a decrease of $114,783;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $85,043;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $72,947;
  • Zinc and articles thereof (HS code 79) - a decrease of $60,887;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - a decrease of $36,920;
  • Man-made staple fibers (HS code 55) - a decrease of $35,751;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $22,336;
  • Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use (HS code 59) - a decrease of $15,906.
Russia’s imports from North Korea in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2017
over 2016
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 0 0.00 2,817,360-100.00
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 64 0.00 0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 36,522 1.00 0
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 0 0.00 36,920-100.00
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 8,066 0.22 9,041-10.78
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 964 0.03 0
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 4,809 0.13 8,700-44.72
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 62 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 358,060 9.76 135,589164.08
39 Plastics and articles thereof 209,822 5.72 156,27634.26
40 Rubber and articles thereof 9,540 0.26 3342,756.29
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,205 0.03 63589.76
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 44,465 1.21 12435,758.87
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 0 0.00 140-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 168 0.00 3,248-94.83
55 Man-made staple fibers 387 0.01 36,138-98.93
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 237 0.01 13180.92
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0 0.00 9-100.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 7 0.00 15,913-99.96
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 1,613 0.04 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 193,808 5.29 161,53119.98
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 1,174,496 32.03 1,247,443-5.85
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 614 0.02 4,699-86.93
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,207 0.03 0
65 Headgear and parts thereof 6 0.00 162-96.30
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 3,097 0.08 1,430116.57
69 Ceramic products 420 0.01 0
70 Glass and glassware 0 0.00 7-100.00
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 0 0.00 2,327-100.00
72 Iron and steel 42,962 1.17 0
73 Articles of iron or steel 184,117 5.02 35,536418.11
74 Copper and articles thereof 754 0.02 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 0 0.00 841-100.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0 0.00 60,887-100.00
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 221 0.01 2,644-91.64
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 70 0.00 116-39.66
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 40,522 1.11 26,58652.42
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 179,201 4.89 821,427-78.18
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 171,934 4.69 1,983,360-91.33
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 13,061 0.36 98,104-86.69
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 981,315 26.76 1,096,098-10.47
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 0 0.00 22,336-100.00
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 2,210 0.06 877152.00
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 830 0.02 8,681-90.44
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia