Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Saudi Arabia in 2017

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Saudi Arabia in 2017: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Saudi Arabia

In 2017, Russia’s trade with Saudi Arabia totaled $915,198,199, up 86.14% ($423,521,278) from 2016.

Russia’s exports to Saudi Arabia in 2017 totaled $770,682,488, up 119.62% ($419,767,831) from 2016.

Russia’s imports from Saudi Arabia in 2017 totaled $144,515,711, up 2.67% ($3,753,447) from 2016.

Russia’s trade surplus with Saudi Arabia in 2017 was $626,166,777, a 197.96% increase ($416,014,384) over 2016.

Saudi Arabia was Russia’s 65th largest trading partner in 2017 (up from 75th in 2016), accounting for 0.1567% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.1051% in 2016).

Saudi Arabia was Russia’s 56th largest export market in 2017 (up from 70th in 2016), accounting for 0.2158% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.1229% in 2016).

Saudi Arabia was Russia’s 76th largest supplier in 2017 (down from 75th in 2016), accounting for 0.0637% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.0772% in 2016).

Russia’s Exports to Saudi Arabia

The major share of Russian exports to Saudi Arabia in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 44.59% of Russia’s total exports to Saudi Arabia (70.29% in 2016);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 35.38% of Russia’s total exports to Saudi Arabia (1.22% in 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 8.09% of Russia’s total exports to Saudi Arabia (13.08% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 5.66% of Russia’s total exports to Saudi Arabia (6.16% in 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 3.39% of Russia’s total exports to Saudi Arabia (7.35% in 2016);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 1.14% of Russia’s total exports to Saudi Arabia (1.45% in 2016).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Saudi Arabia in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $268,388,414;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $52,953,404;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $29,768,954;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $21,256,073;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - an increase of $17,755,820;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $15,020,517;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $4,888,999;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - an increase of $4,626,093;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $3,858,630;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $2,438,173.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Saudi Arabia in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $7,846,821;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $3,133,693;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $2,950,353.
Russia’s exports to Saudi Arabia in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2017
over 2016
02 Meat and edible meat offal 3,162 0.00 0
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 0 0.00 1,802-100.00
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 512,916 0.07 5,5269,181.87
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 5,702,639 0.74 1,076,546429.72
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0 0.00 24,610-100.00
10 Cereals 261,451,940 33.92 208,498,53625.40
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 0 0.00 4,337-100.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 0 0.00 12,500-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 55,943,600 7.26 34,687,52761.28
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 54 0.00 0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 69,872 0.01 3,6981,789.45
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 19,928,835 2.59 2,173,015817.11
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 0 0.00 153,897-100.00
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 32,359 0.00 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 210 0.00 20,502-98.98
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 0 0.00 1,902-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 3 0.00 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 272,662,949 35.38 4,274,5356,278.77
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 1,272,888 0.17 622,154104.59
29 Organic chemicals 1,198,862 0.16 529,787126.29
30 Pharmaceutical products 4,154,383 0.54 295,7531,304.68
31 Fertilizers 427,607 0.06 610,620-29.97
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 48,290 0.01 209,075-76.90
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 267,406 0.03 1,44518,405.61
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 0 0.00 67,714-100.00
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 0 0.00 640-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 37,093,878 4.81 40,044,231-7.37
39 Plastics and articles thereof 143,545 0.02 795,003-81.94
40 Rubber and articles thereof 17,729,045 2.30 2,708,528554.56
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 55 0.00 271-79.70
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 7,365 0.00 0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 12,067,914 1.57 15,201,607-20.61
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 994,052 0.13 2,434,627-59.17
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 13,049,394 1.69 8,160,39559.91
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 7,399 0.00 10,525-29.70
54 Man-made filaments 41,342 0.01 73,764-43.95
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 777,330 0.10 399,20894.72
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 14 0.00 0
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 784,835 0.10 476,97964.54
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1,573 0.00 0
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 30,206 0.00 57,189-47.18
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 140 0.00 1,672-91.63
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 6,533 0.00 5671,052.20
65 Headgear and parts thereof 631 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 22,189 0.00 3,155603.30
69 Ceramic products 15,976 0.00 0
70 Glass and glassware 391 0.00 6,977-94.40
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 2 0.00 0
72 Iron and steel 42,681,464 5.54 12,912,510230.54
73 Articles of iron or steel 661,688 0.09 8,508,509-92.22
74 Copper and articles thereof 657 0.00 6,280-89.54
75 Nickel and articles thereof 10,160 0.00 1,269700.63
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 78 0.00 1,809-95.69
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1,361 0.00 1,21512.02
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 253,037 0.03 143,70876.08
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 19,381 0.00 26,450-26.73
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 3,693,212 0.48 3,440,7187.34
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,002,665 0.13 993,8080.89
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 2,470,464 0.32 32,2917,550.63
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,582,002 0.21 612,142158.44
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 120,152 0.02 148,290-18.97
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 6,088 0.00 52,430-88.39
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 84,585 0.01 354,658-76.15
SS Classified 11,643,710 1.51 27 75141,857.80

Russia’s Imports from Saudi Arabia

The major share of Russian imports from Saudi Arabia in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 94.03% of Russia’s total imports from Saudi Arabia (95.71% in 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 2.80% of Russia’s total imports from Saudi Arabia (2.70% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.45% of Russia’s total imports from Saudi Arabia (0.01% in 2016).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Saudi Arabia in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $21,851,702;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $6,010,504;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $1,271,146;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - an increase of $1,216,183;
  • Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal (HS code 82) - an increase of $728,245.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Saudi Arabia in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $25,599,097;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $1,226,279;
  • Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics (HS code 32) - a decrease of $1,150,071;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $743,309.
Russia’s imports from Saudi Arabia in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2016,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2017
over 2016
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 396,538 0.27 150,565163.37
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 2,382 0.00 0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 0 0.00 18,754-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 27,303 0.02 8,891207.09
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 5,055 0.00 746577.61
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 14,503 0.01 3,891272.73
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 14,276 0.01 3,289334.05
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 9,598 0.01 1,314630.44
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 11 0.00 49-77.55
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 175,581 0.12 68,112157.78
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 8,622 0.01 0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 168,125 0.12 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 167,353 0.12 0
29 Organic chemicals 45,498,072 31.48 23,646,37092.41
30 Pharmaceutical products 6,616,616 4.58 606,112991.65
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,959,557 2.05 4,109,628-27.98
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 65,798 0.05 63,4973.62
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 61 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,159,612 0.80 2,385,891-51.40
39 Plastics and articles thereof 78,319,406 54.19 103,918,503-24.63
40 Rubber and articles thereof 1,271,284 0.88 138921,120.29
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 750 0.00 0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 379,961 0.26 313,24621.30
54 Man-made filaments 4,050,473 2.80 3,801,0156.56
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 2,620 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 216,551 0.15 501,963-56.86
70 Glass and glassware 11,270 0.01 0
73 Articles of iron or steel 7,495 0.01 7,968-5.94
74 Copper and articles thereof 664 0.00 0
75 Nickel and articles thereof 0 0.00 2,814-100.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 149,751 0.10 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 0 0.00 70-100.00
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 728,245 0.50 0
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 1,216,183 0.84 0
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 398,076 0.28 1,141,385-65.12
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 276,013 0.19 72537,970.76
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 20,510 0.01 3,793440.73
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 0 0.00 25-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 173,828 0.12 0
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 3,568 0.00 3,5101.65
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia