Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian foreign trade in 2017

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods in 2017: turnover, exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade

In 2017, Russia’s trade totaled $584,050 million, up 24.86% ($116,297 million) from 2016.

Russia’s exports in 2017 totaled $357,083 million, up 25.08% ($71,592 million) from 2016.

Russia’s imports in 2017 totaled $226,966 million, up 24.53% ($44,705 million) from 2016.

Russia’s trade surplus in 2017 was $130,117 million, a 26.05% increase ($26,887 million) over 2016.

Russia’s Exports

The major share of Russian exports in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 60.37% of Russia’s total exports (59.18% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 10.43% of Russia’s total exports (10.18% in 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 6.70% of Russia’s total exports (7.28% in 2016);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 6.02% of Russia’s total exports (6.39% in 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 5.80% of Russia’s total exports (5.97% in 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 3.31% of Russia’s total exports (3.43% in 2016);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 3.09% of Russia’s total exports (3.12% in 2016).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $45,463 million;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $4,640 million;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $2,143 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $1,921 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $1,741 million;
  • Copper and articles thereof (HS code 74) - an increase of $1,396 million;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $1,378 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $1,177 million.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial decrease.
Russia’s exports in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2017,
million US dollars
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2016,
million US dollars
Percent change
in 2017
over 2016
01 Live animals 31 0.01 2335.95
02 Meat and edible meat offal 324 0.09 21948.09
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 3,482 0.98 3,01515.49
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 260 0.07 22515.48
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 88 0.02 7418.42
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 4 0.00 326.48
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 495 0.14 4793.30
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 103 0.03 7734.22
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 158 0.04 14111.73
10 Cereals 7,527 2.11 5,60634.27
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 229 0.06 243-5.94
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 641 0.18 52023.36
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 11 0.00 930.09
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 7 0.00 9-27.42
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 2,714 0.76 2,20922.87
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 168 0.05 13227.18
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 490 0.14 24599.90
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 554 0.16 48414.45
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 558 0.16 5197.54
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 259 0.07 22415.64
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 625 0.17 50623.58
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 499 0.14 4549.93
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 866 0.24 945-8.42
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 616 0.17 686-10.17
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 1,042 0.29 9499.84
26 Ores, slag and ash 3,070 0.86 2,01552.38
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 211,447 59.21 165,98427.39
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 4,197 1.18 4,477-6.26
29 Organic chemicals 3,237 0.91 2,40934.36
30 Pharmaceutical products 728 0.20 63514.73
31 Fertilizers 7,217 2.02 6,6378.73
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 304 0.09 23927.26
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 657 0.18 49931.76
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 737 0.21 40581.80
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 43 0.01 3329.09
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 149 0.04 10738.96
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 9 0.00 815.03
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 705 0.20 53531.76
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2,814 0.79 2,25224.98
40 Rubber and articles thereof 3,138 0.88 2,54323.37
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 161 0.05 1535.52
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 46 0.01 429.43
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 79 0.02 6717.51
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 7,902 2.21 6,52421.12
45 Cork and articles of cork 1 0.00 1-4.88
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0 0.00 022.40
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 1,229 0.34 1,08513.28
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 2,197 0.62 1,90015.67
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 492 0.14 28373.79
50 Silk 0 0.00 0-56.41
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 26 0.01 2312.27
52 Cotton 63 0.02 4928.75
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 8 0.00 10-19.87
54 Man-made filaments 56 0.02 4621.34
55 Man-made staple fibers 65 0.02 4351.95
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 141 0.04 12314.67
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 8 0.00 638.92
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 11 0.00 917.08
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 54 0.02 516.21
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 14 0.00 1310.65
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 161 0.05 12034.12
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 198 0.06 14932.94
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 84 0.02 6823.80
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 183 0.05 1754.86
65 Headgear and parts thereof 13 0.00 126.42
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 1 0.00 119.99
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 2 0.00 131.86
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 427 0.12 34822.80
69 Ceramic products 283 0.08 23619.77
70 Glass and glassware 673 0.19 55022.40
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 11,048 3.09 8,90624.06
72 Iron and steel 18,762 5.25 14,12232.86
73 Articles of iron or steel 3,441 0.96 2,26452.00
74 Copper and articles thereof 4,709 1.32 3,31342.16
75 Nickel and articles thereof 2,058 0.58 2,0191.96
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 6,673 1.87 5,98011.59
78 Lead and articles thereof 276 0.08 23119.34
79 Zinc and articles thereof 128 0.04 11017.09
80 Tin and articles thereof 6 0.00 7-12.49
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 817 0.23 71913.66
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 213 0.06 16826.93
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 166 0.05 14415.44
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 8,541 2.39 6,80125.59
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 4,322 1.21 4,0506.71
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 618 0.17 52218.42
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 4,292 1.20 4,1363.77
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 1,858 0.52 1,29443.60
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,877 0.53 1,42931.42
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 24 0.01 27-8.31
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 1 0.00 16.22
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 494 0.14 41020.65
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 137 0.04 10432.34
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 424 0.12 23580.82
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 6 0.00 8-19.33
SS Classified 11,409 3.20 9 63618.41

Russia’s Imports

The major share of Russian imports in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 45.62% of Russia’s total imports (44.26% in 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 17.74% of Russia’s total imports (18.54% in 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 12.70% of Russia’s total imports (13.66% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.89% of Russia’s total imports (6.25% in 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 5.97% of Russia’s total imports (6.01% in 2016);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 1.95% of Russia’s total imports (1.77% in 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.59% of Russia’s total imports (1.85% in 2016).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $9,927 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $5,770 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $5,230 million;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $1,927 million;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $1,793 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $1,224 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $1,156 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $1,030 million;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $847 million;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $823 million;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $811 million;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $773 million;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $720 million;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $708 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $694 million.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial decrease.
Russia’s imports in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2017,
million US dollars
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2016,
million US dollars
Percent change
in 2017
over 2016
01 Live animals 208 0.09 16923.11
02 Meat and edible meat offal 2,670 1.18 2,28217.04
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,626 0.72 1,39216.82
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 2,630 1.16 2,13523.18
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 78 0.03 5057.03
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 568 0.25 578-1.70
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,795 0.79 1,39628.57
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 4,678 2.06 3,83122.12
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 1,272 0.56 1,1589.86
10 Cereals 358 0.16 3444.10
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 129 0.06 135-4.59
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,816 0.80 1,6708.68
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 200 0.09 1877.13
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 5 0.00 415.90
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 1,212 0.53 1,08811.39
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 480 0.21 36830.35
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 401 0.18 485-17.32
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 1,049 0.46 9717.98
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 816 0.36 67520.84
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 1,182 0.52 1,07410.03
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,350 0.59 1,15716.66
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 2,493 1.10 1,82536.61
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 866 0.38 77012.45
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 938 0.41 1,158-19.03
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 784 0.35 69612.58
26 Ores, slag and ash 1,586 0.70 1,00857.30
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 2,064 0.91 1,52735.22
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 2,973 1.31 2,7378.62
29 Organic chemicals 3,516 1.55 2,74228.20
30 Pharmaceutical products 10,835 4.77 8,90821.63
31 Fertilizers 131 0.06 7867.77
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 1,816 0.80 1,60513.15
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 3,113 1.37 2,60019.70
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,370 0.60 1,20014.23
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 670 0.30 58314.90
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 45 0.02 3528.49
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 267 0.12 21822.79
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,169 1.40 2,76014.84
39 Plastics and articles thereof 8,766 3.86 7,54216.23
40 Rubber and articles thereof 3,589 1.58 2,77829.21
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 60 0.03 4631.05
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 778 0.34 61426.74
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 290 0.13 15685.40
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 658 0.29 6029.32
45 Cork and articles of cork 39 0.02 41-5.20
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 16 0.01 154.30
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 135 0.06 1258.24
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 2,405 1.06 2,2566.61
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 345 0.15 3401.56
50 Silk 4 0.00 42.82
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 35 0.02 1987.38
52 Cotton 523 0.23 46711.87
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 42 0.02 398.24
54 Man-made filaments 416 0.18 37112.12
55 Man-made staple fibers 553 0.24 48314.47
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 443 0.20 4254.12
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 185 0.08 13339.28
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 104 0.05 8521.64
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 327 0.14 27717.91
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 246 0.11 2383.29
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 3,181 1.40 2,56124.23
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 3,394 1.50 2,70025.69
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 731 0.32 64313.67
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 3,175 1.40 2,35334.96
65 Headgear and parts thereof 134 0.06 10725.03
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 20 0.01 1529.05
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 34 0.01 3014.76
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 820 0.36 68519.74
69 Ceramic products 868 0.38 69924.25
70 Glass and glassware 829 0.37 72813.89
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 572 0.25 43930.51
72 Iron and steel 4,826 2.13 3,03359.12
73 Articles of iron or steel 5,305 2.34 4,14927.87
74 Copper and articles thereof 803 0.35 47369.74
75 Nickel and articles thereof 102 0.05 9211.46
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,237 0.54 94730.54
78 Lead and articles thereof 7 0.00 618.30
79 Zinc and articles thereof 103 0.05 8520.66
80 Tin and articles thereof 33 0.01 2438.45
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 301 0.13 20348.10
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,545 0.68 1,28620.18
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 1,372 0.60 1,09225.69
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 45,288 19.95 35,36128.07
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 26,734 11.78 21,50424.32
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 579 0.26 39147.94
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 21,511 9.48 15,74136.65
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 3,232 1.42 2,51228.67
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 6,193 2.73 5,16319.94
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 289 0.13 2659.28
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 65 0.03 4932.92
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2,703 1.19 1,99535.52
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,879 0.83 1,53622.30
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,125 0.50 1,0497.27
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 18 0.01 6180.35
SS Classified 6,841 3.01 5 68520.33
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia