Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Dynamics of Russian trade with China from 2010 to 2017

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The dynamics of Russia’s foreign trade in goods with China from 2010 to 2017: turnover, exports, imports, balance, rank, share, products.
Dynamics of Russia’s foreign trade with China from 2010 to 2017 (in million US dollars)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Turnover 59,291 83,232 87,394 88,799 88,389 63,556 66,108 86,964
Exports 20,326 35,030 35,766 35,625 37,505 28,605 28,021 38,922
Imports 38,964 48,202 51,628 53,173 50,884 34,950 38,087 48,042
Balance -18,638 -13,172 -15,862 -17,548 -13,380 -6,345 -10,066 -9,120
Dynamics of the rank and share of China in Russia’s foreign trade from 2010 to 2017
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Rank in Russia’s trade 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Share in Russia’s trade, % 9.47 10.12 10.38 10.54 11.29 12.08 14.13 14.89
Rank in Russia’s exports 5 2 2 4 2 2 2 1
Share in Russia’s exports, % 5.12 6.78 6.82 6.76 7.55 8.33 9.82 10.90
Rank in Russia’s import 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Share in Russia’s imports, % 17.02 15.76 16.27 16.88 17.79 19.13 20.90 21.17
Dynamics of the structure of Russia’s exports to China by product types from 2010 to 2017 (percent of total exports)
Рroduct type 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) 4.7 2.8 2.9 3.2 2.9 4.8 5.8 4.6
Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) 55.6 72.3 75.7 76.0 77.0 69.0 66.7 67.8
Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) 14.0 9.9 8.6 6.0 5.0 6.5 5.1 4.4
Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) 14.2 9.6 8.0 8.4 8.9 10.6 12.2 10.7
Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.4
Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) 3.4 1.5 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.3 0.7 1.6
Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) 5.3 2.4 3.3 3.8 4.2 6.3 6.9 6.9
Dynamics of the structure of Russia’s imports from China by product types from 2010 to 2017 (percent of total imports)
Рroduct type 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) 3.4 3.5 3.1 3.2 3.7 4.4 4.3 3.7
Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3
Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) 7.3 7.9 8.1 8.3 8.9 9.6 9.4 9.0
Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.1 1.0 0.9
Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) 18.4 16.4 15.0 15.5 14.1 13.0 11.4 11.1
Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2
Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) 8.6 8.5 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.3 6.7 7.1
Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) 49.7 51.3 53.0 52.2 52.8 54.7 58.6 59.0
Dynamics of Russia’s exports to China from 2010 to 2017 by product groups (in million US dollars)
HS
code
Name of product group 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
01 Live animals 2 3 1 4 7 3 7 4
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates​ 892 941 933 1015 913 975 1033 1089
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0 0 0 0 2 6 4 3
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 3 5 5 14 12 10 12 6
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1 2 1 1 0 1 2 1
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 4 3 29 9 15 12 9 9
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
10 Cereals 0 0 1 1 6 15 11 6
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 0 0 2 4 4 9 18 32
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 0 2 23 17 30 125 145 194
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0 0 3 7 16 91 173 245
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 0 0 0 0 0 2 7 7
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 0 0 0 0 4 24 66 67
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 0 0 0 0 1 10 41 27
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0 1 0 0 0 2 3 2
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 0 0 0 1 2 2 8 9
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 2 2 3 5 8 15 21 25
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 45 9 24 38 53 65 43 33
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0 0 0 15 19 13 15 12
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 63 106 147 85 91 63 66 83
26 Ores, slag and ash 968 2474 2036 1825 1039 754 769 1042
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 10271 22737 24897 25178 27757 18914 17862 25263
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 456 540 151 84 110 316 115 175
29 Organic chemicals 792 1088 791 546 376 302 195 303
30 Pharmaceutical products 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 2
31 Fertilizers 796 1063 1598 964 960 826 748 667
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 8 9 3 2 2 1 1 2
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 4
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 39 43 26 27 3 1 3 2
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3 8 4 9 18 17 21 46
39 Plastics and articles thereof 420 373 225 307 303 247 178 282
40 Rubber and articles thereof 329 337 283 205 112 136 167 211
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 1 0 2 2 4 11 8 3
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 5 6 13 27 6 7 1 1
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal​ 2170 2422 2086 2231 2511 2218 2593 3265
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 611 798 665 602 698 706 708 791
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard​ 84 118 97 112 86 75 81 101
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 31 25 19 32 28 46 24 12
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 6 2 1 2 3 12 4 8
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0
54 Man-made filaments 9 7 0 0 0 1 0 0
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 1
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 0 0 1 1 1 2 8 6
70 Glass and glassware​ 1 4 1 2 1 1 2 1
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 14 21 34 51 54 42 95 142
72 Iron and steel 214 171 107 138 89 17 24 25
73 Articles of iron or steel 61 43 61 61 109 172 109 41
74 Copper and articles thereof 60 80 61 37 20 123 9 482
75 Nickel and articles thereof 253 124 2 8 8 4 7 4
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 63 74 78 91 91 38 33 57
78 Lead and articles thereof 2 1 5 1 1 1 0 0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 28 23 35 33 20 24 26 24
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 4
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof​ 850 591 971 1141 1371 1500 1201 1564
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 132 178 114 108 80 64 184 626
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 7 10 8 6 2 1 52 0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 8 4 4 2 11 77 187 244
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 8 6 28 49 8 17 82 20
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 64 50 42 52 111 150 237 213
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 3 4 4 6 5 4 9 8
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 4
SS Classified 542 518 136 460 313 326 570 1412
Dynamics of Russia’s imports from China from 2010 to 2017 by product groups (in million US dollars)
HS
code
Name of product group 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
02 Meat and edible meat offal 6 0 8 6 27 24 3 3
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates​ 191 246 229 263 307 167 216 238
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 2 3 2 2 1 1 1 0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 272 405 335 387 467 441 381 488
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 258 252 294 308 299 287 346 359
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 59 69 75 87 87 84 84 81
10 Cereals 7 10 3 4 5 2 2 2
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 5 45 10 3 1 1 5 1
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 35 40 35 34 38 26 34 44
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 20 29 27 22 30 39 40 42
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 3 5 5 5 6 5 5 5
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 55 67 67 69 85 51 63 65
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 50 59 56 56 53 38 37 41
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 3 3 4 3 17 14 19 10
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 8 8 12 15 16 11 14 19
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 261 336 310 293 314 217 234 220
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 25 31 32 44 56 41 45 55
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 7 8 9 10 8 5 5 7
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 13 23 31 38 42 36 38 52
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 51 67 54 40 46 51 49 35
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 67 86 76 81 78 56 47 52
26 Ores, slag and ash 7 9 28 13 10 7 5 5
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 157 206 164 118 20 73 47 81
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 214 290 317 387 377 292 273 307
29 Organic chemicals 500 641 731 745 799 819 942 1151
30 Pharmaceutical products 64 84 65 89 86 60 49 70
31 Fertilizers 0 1 1 1 3 3 7 3
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 41 65 73 75 85 70 82 110
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 96 123 135 122 131 112 116 141
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 28 34 41 45 53 36 41 51
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 100 110 112 122 116 108 91 102
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 7 19 37 37 28 23 20 29
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 24 29 33 32 30 32 43 56
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 143 170 203 215 206 204 245 326
39 Plastics and articles thereof 1304 1640 1759 1800 1959 1191 1313 1477
40 Rubber and articles thereof 321 590 677 722 664 391 370 485
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 2 5 5 3 2 2 3 4
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 569 653 685 754 602 363 292 401
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 119 161 149 111 106 67 80 139
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal​ 193 243 295 322 329 139 121 126
45 Cork and articles of cork 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 10 12 16 19 34 11 10 10
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard​ 214 266 287 324 313 192 220 243
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 70 78 72 67 71 45 38 31
50 Silk 1 5 2 1 4 1 3 1
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 4 6 5 5 5 6 4 7
52 Cotton 73 104 110 118 91 54 70 78
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 2 2 2 2 4 3 3 3
54 Man-made filaments 169 230 216 181 195 145 148 169
55 Man-made staple fibers 202 312 278 185 170 119 131 159
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 47 56 74 80 94 56 66 55
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 20 28 32 32 36 24 22 32
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 52 61 68 62 56 43 44 55
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 93 127 149 104 96 61 62 82
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 101 110 145 193 180 94 112 116
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted​​ 1295 1583 1563 1789 1610 969 948 1102
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 1703 1881 1683 1999 1967 1251 1190 1428
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 356 423 508 471 413 282 254 285
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 2889 2781 2690 2829 2071 1308 1168 1643
65 Headgear and parts thereof 59 97 133 127 127 83 74 87
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 42 43 34 33 26 15 11 15
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 44 43 43 43 49 31 26 30
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 280 354 404 390 375 255 245 302
69 Ceramic products 293 368 400 447 355 199 172 251
70 Glass and glassware​ 245 336 326 337 330 197 197 236
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 179 248 258 309 253 87 66 105
72 Iron and steel 752 953 820 692 690 451 502 690
73 Articles of iron or steel 1253 1513 1542 1783 1614 938 982 1210
74 Copper and articles thereof 101 133 106 75 76 74 74 94
75 Nickel and articles thereof 1 1 2 3 2 2 2 4
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 324 443 495 470 412 310 238 328
78 Lead and articles thereof 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1
79 Zinc and articles thereof 2 2 3 2 2 1 2 4
80 Tin and articles thereof 2 11 1 2 5 2 8 6
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 91 89 89 101 106 119 93 166
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 394 498 551 582 605 378 361 508
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 430 446 522 478 455 291 294 397
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof​ 8911 11661 12453 11398 10979 8217 11098 13642
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 8608 9986 10761 12617 12491 8826 9071 11804
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 37 151 341 106 74 42 70 101
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 1017 1895 2630 2381 2210 1145 1193 1676
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 94 173 95 250 172 211 166 148
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 699 864 1057 1023 924 678 739 951
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof​ 46 57 54 65 67 58 81 93
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 45 50 55 58 51 26 26 30
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 873 1083 1314 1290 1268 738 621 1020
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1268 1485 1711 1788 1798 1041 1073 1374
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 273 277 324 361 347 260 291 376
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 5 3 2 1 4 1 0 0
SS Classified 5 5 7 10 14 21 10 5
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia