Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade in goods with Romania in Q2 2018

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in the second quarter of 2018: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In the 2nd quarter of 2018, Russia’s trade with Romania totaled $1,090,906,134, up 21.53% ($193,276,688) from the 2nd quarter of 2017.

Russia’s exports to Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2018 totaled $685,499,064, up 29.24% ($155,098,187) from the 2nd quarter of 2017.

Russia’s imports from Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2018 totaled $405,407,070, up 10.40% ($38,178,501) from the 2nd quarter of 2017.

Russia’s trade surplus with Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2018 was $280,091,994, a 71.65% increase ($116,919,686) over the 2nd quarter of 2017.

Romania was Russia’s 33rd largest trading partner in the 2nd quarter of 2018 (down from 31st in the 2nd quarter of 2017), accounting for 0.6383% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.6423% in the 2nd quarter of 2017).

Romania was Russia’s 34th largest export market in the 2nd quarter of 2018 (just as in the 2nd quarter of 2017), accounting for 0.6220% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.6316% in the 2nd quarter of 2017).

Romania was Russia’s 29th largest supplier in the 2nd quarter of 2018 (up from 30th in the 2nd quarter of 2017), accounting for 0.6678% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.6583% in the 2nd quarter of 2017).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2018 (and in the 2nd quarter of 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 75.03% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (74.95% in the 2nd quarter of 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 10.62% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (11.22% in the 2nd quarter of 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 4.98% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.44% in the 2nd quarter of 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.47% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (4.03% in the 2nd quarter of 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 3.45% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (4.87% in the 2nd quarter of 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2018 over the 2nd quarter of 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $133,970,087;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $14,489,990;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $10,263,539;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - an increase of $5,977,060;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $4,144,480.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2018 over the 2nd quarter of 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $12,560,152;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $4,605,735;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $2,860,794.
Russia’s exports to Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q2 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in Q2 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q2 2018
over Q2 2017
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 136,410 0.02 64,904110.17
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 64,408 0.01 34,28887.84
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 4,496 0.00 15,199-70.42
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 88,639 0.01 994,002-91.08
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 1,692 0.00 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 215,303 0.03 104,865105.31
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 60,259 0.01 45,98831.03
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 1,259,552 0.18 30,5804,018.88
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 542,305 0.08 5,148,040-89.47
26 Ores, slag and ash 0 0.00 12,560,152-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 513,808,412 74.95 379,838,32535.27
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 3,598,365 0.52 3,908,768-7.94
29 Organic chemicals 11,444,986 1.67 9,882,11215.82
30 Pharmaceutical products 103,031 0.02 79,56229.50
31 Fertilizers 27,430,976 4.00 12,940,986111.97
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 24,433 0.00 31,236-21.78
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 1,121,440 0.16 1,306,714-14.18
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 109,931 0.02 30,384261.81
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 13,543 0.00 11,45018.28
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 20,845 0.00 21,250-1.91
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 288,770 0.04 287,7870.34
39 Plastics and articles thereof 4,437,308 0.65 3,990,18211.21
40 Rubber and articles thereof 24,183,072 3.53 27,043,866-10.58
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 99,345 0.01 28,613247.20
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 176 0.00 43,283-99.59
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 15,085,737 2.20 15,265,283-1.18
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 0 0.00 1,653,135-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 8,546,165 1.25 8,875,676-3.71
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 924 0.00 10,683-91.35
52 Cotton 50,216 0.01 37,69233.23
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0 0.00 23,317-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 0 0.00 19,615-100.00
55 Man-made staple fibers 28,566 0.00 25,17113.49
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 57,396 0.01 628,572-90.87
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 4,478 0.00 0
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 3 0.00 0
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 37,820 0.01 28134,971.43
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 56,097 0.01 2,2552,387.67
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 6,440 0.00 1,607300.75
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 2,318 0.00 61,523-96.23
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,917 0.00 365,225.00
65 Headgear and parts thereof 134 0.00 0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 6,454 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 3,689,755 0.54 2,342,76157.50
69 Ceramic products 1,068,635 0.16 315,756238.44
70 Glass and glassware 7,946,715 1.16 1,969,655303.46
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 3,408 0.00 0
72 Iron and steel 20,168,904 2.94 19,751,7432.11
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,181,724 0.17 1,026,44715.13
74 Copper and articles thereof 283 0.00 17,956-98.42
75 Nickel and articles thereof 3,235 0.00 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 2,151,835 0.31 322,190567.88
78 Lead and articles thereof 5 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 38,587 0.01 144,592-73.31
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 91,533 0.01 83,2429.96
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 137,618 0.02 46,741194.43
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 10,747,775 1.57 10,241,5084.94
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 8,171,966 1.19 4,027,486102.90
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 97,698 0.01 2,4733,850.59
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 13,482,096 1.97 3,218,557318.89
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 945,393 0.14 0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 711,203 0.10 778,441-8.64
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 19 0.00 7,389-99.74
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 900 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 727,811 0.11 308,461135.95
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 52,381 0.01 21,184147.27
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,067,008 0.16 721,39947.91
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 9,908 0.00 5,76771.81
SS Classified 60,307 0.01 0

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2018 (and in the 2nd quarter of 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 64.61% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (59.30% in the 2nd quarter of 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 19.25% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (20.73% in the 2nd quarter of 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 6.15% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (5.81% in the 2nd quarter of 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.47% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (6.60% in the 2nd quarter of 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.48% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (2.01% in the 2nd quarter of 2017);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 0.85% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (1.08% in the 2nd quarter of 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 0.73% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (1.88% in the 2nd quarter of 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2018 over the 2nd quarter of 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $35,026,587;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $9,160,498;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $4,723,065;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $2,651,227;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $1,941,057.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2018 over the 2nd quarter of 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $5,604,146;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $5,050,259;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $4,209,496;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $2,172,848.
Russia’s imports from Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in Q2 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in Q2 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q2 2018
over Q2 2017
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 0 0.00 51-100.00
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 886 0.00 0
10 Cereals 3,216,256 0.79 5,389,104-40.32
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,791,880 0.44 985,08381.90
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 68,608 0.02 54,71625.39
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 15,129 0.00 56,751-73.34
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 43,280 0.01 51,452-15.88
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 267,239 0.07 61,659333.41
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 130,629 0.03 208,156-37.24
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 150,472 0.04 343,640-56.21
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 102,639 0.03 74,63537.52
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 199,678 0.05 167,19819.43
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 87,280 0.02 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 3,340,346 0.82 3,956,538-15.57
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 376,752 0.09 250,45550.43
29 Organic chemicals 1,102,563 0.27 905,77921.73
30 Pharmaceutical products 30,504,499 7.52 30,544,292-0.13
31 Fertilizers 30,596 0.01 22,17537.98
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 783,896 0.19 801,839-2.24
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 20,637,955 5.09 20,819,937-0.87
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 172,608 0.04 63,237172.95
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 114 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 76,482 0.02 88,858-13.93
39 Plastics and articles thereof 11,197,635 2.76 8,546,40831.02
40 Rubber and articles thereof 13,175,140 3.25 14,093,756-6.52
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,311,095 0.32 1,040,13826.05
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 31,869 0.01 0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 2,479,148 0.61 1,988,23424.69
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 407 0.00 0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 114,301 0.03 4,323,797-97.36
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 351,898 0.09 582,240-39.56
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 119,625 0.03 95,08925.80
52 Cotton 1,481 0.00 96154.11
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 2,834 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 208,717 0.05 365,708-42.93
55 Man-made staple fibers 543,617 0.13 294,86284.36
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,152,248 0.28 258,587345.59
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 10,211 0.00 9,8393.78
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 130,692 0.03 88,04348.44
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,454,779 0.36 950,40853.07
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 4,166,428 1.03 3,421,77321.76
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 12,904,777 3.18 10,963,72017.70
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 509,327 0.13 335,41751.85
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 3,637,913 0.90 4,553,224-20.10
65 Headgear and parts thereof 26,917 0.01 4,238535.13
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 62,135 0.02 9,171577.52
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 2,831 0.00 2,24925.88
69 Ceramic products 1,454,013 0.36 1,541,802-5.69
70 Glass and glassware 1,521,244 0.38 1,422,0376.98
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 4,391 0.00 892392.26
72 Iron and steel 1,451,253 0.36 1,913,524-24.16
73 Articles of iron or steel 8,559,541 2.11 13,609,800-37.11
74 Copper and articles thereof 5,459 0.00 3,34763.10
75 Nickel and articles thereof 169 0.00 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 964,484 0.24 1,916,354-49.67
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 1-100.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 46,069 0.01 68,180-32.43
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 2,070 0.00 60,499-96.58
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 125,572 0.03 163,459-23.18
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 6,951,664 1.71 6,487,2487.16
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 94,605,734 23.34 59,579,14758.79
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 51,399,512 12.68 46,676,44710.12
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 2,484 0.00 0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 89,241,822 22.01 88,374,7320.98
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 11,621,381 2.87 17,225,527-32.53
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 15,053,435 3.71 5,892,937155.45
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 57 0.00 113-49.56
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 29,924 0.01 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 5,214,402 1.29 4,318,06520.76
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 117,929 0.03 194,394-39.34
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 338,649 0.08 1,006,647-66.36
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia