Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Azerbaijan in 2018

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Azerbaijan in 2018: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Azerbaijan

In 2018, Russia’s trade with Azerbaijan was $2,486,745,136, down 5.35% ($140,461,643) from 2017.

Russia’s exports to Azerbaijan in 2018 were $1,713,469,737, down 11.45% ($221,652,244) from 2017.

Russia’s imports from Azerbaijan in 2018 totaled $773,275,399, up 11.73% ($81,190,601) from 2017.

Russia’s trade surplus with Azerbaijan in 2018 was $940,194,338, a 24.36% decrease ($302,842,845) over 2017.

Azerbaijan was Russia’s 45th largest trading partner in 2018 (down from 39th in 2017), accounting for 0.3614% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.4498% in 2017).

Azerbaijan was Russia’s 42nd largest export market in 2018 (down from 36th in 2017), accounting for 0.3808% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.5419% in 2017).

Azerbaijan was Russia’s 45th largest supplier in 2018 (just as in 2017), accounting for 0.3247% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.3049% in 2017).

Russia’s Exports to Azerbaijan

The major share of Russian exports to Azerbaijan in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 24.64% of Russia’s total exports to Azerbaijan (30.53% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 18.89% of Russia’s total exports to Azerbaijan (26.34% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 18.44% of Russia’s total exports to Azerbaijan (12.95% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 13.90% of Russia’s total exports to Azerbaijan (9.40% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 11.55% of Russia’s total exports to Azerbaijan (8.40% in 2017);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 4.86% of Russia’s total exports to Azerbaijan (3.06% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Azerbaijan in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $54,457,432;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $44,887,870;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $36,874,713;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $25,566,127;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $23,250,331;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $19,869,379;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - an increase of $15,515,865;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $14,705,941;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $10,768,139;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - an increase of $9,490,687;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $8,599,839;
  • Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares (HS code 19) - an increase of $6,141,816;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $5,634,004.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Azerbaijan in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $235,417,427;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $94,352,466;
  • Sugars and sugar confectionery (HS code 17) - a decrease of $48,036,915;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $46,083,977;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - a decrease of $39,793,444;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $7,408,871.
Russia’s exports to Azerbaijan in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
01 Live animals 5,002,545 0.29 5,447,836-8.17
02 Meat and edible meat offal 6,210,089 0.36 6,185,7970.39
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 4,464,202 0.26 2,019,859121.02
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 11,053,393 0.65 10,176,5968.62
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 47,915 0.00 19,280148.52
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 43,036 0.00 57,077-24.60
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 6,549,701 0.38 6,452,7941.50
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 258,567 0.02 408,352-36.68
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 3,779,822 0.22 3,657,4883.34
10 Cereals 135,154,914 7.89 229,507,380-41.11
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 8,522,945 0.50 10,513,337-18.93
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 2,015,036 0.12 9,423,907-78.62
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 42,470 0.00 17,798138.62
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 42,313 0.00 122,731-65.52
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 65,608,739 3.83 63,097,2523.98
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 15,641,786 0.91 16,850,020-7.17
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 15,316,216 0.89 63,353,131-75.82
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 39,958,626 2.33 30,467,93931.15
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 33,289,505 1.94 27,147,68922.62
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 8,255,319 0.48 7,067,80716.80
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 27,061,760 1.58 26,396,6782.52
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 14,426,782 0.84 11,468,80625.79
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 7,001,004 0.41 8,719,591-19.71
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 12,369,090 0.72 52,162,534-76.29
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 7,692,338 0.45 7,020,1289.58
26 Ores, slag and ash 545,910 0.03 425,73528.23
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 75,039,338 4.38 51,789,00744.89
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 14,135,359 0.82 9,842,29943.62
29 Organic chemicals 1,290,627 0.08 1,922,414-32.86
30 Pharmaceutical products 23,420,189 1.37 19,554,16219.77
31 Fertilizers 50,682,237 2.96 35,976,29640.88
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 3,757,450 0.22 2,889,13630.05
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 21,670,454 1.26 22,115,306-2.01
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 17,790,189 1.04 17,095,7074.06
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 1,166,142 0.07 739,42357.71
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 3,270,645 0.19 2,702,69821.01
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 21,243 0.00 3,226558.49
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 11,596,176 0.68 11,458,9691.20
39 Plastics and articles thereof 32,082,642 1.87 23,482,80336.62
40 Rubber and articles thereof 17,071,735 1.00 14,725,44615.93
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 7,261 0.00 60,685-88.03
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 249,373 0.01 273,830-8.93
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 105 0.00 401-73.82
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 181,616,681 10.60 136,728,81132.83
45 Cork and articles of cork 19,430 0.00 1,833960.01
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 1,519 0.00 1,18628.08
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 8,717 0.00 1,163649.53
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 54,629,898 3.19 43,861,75924.55
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 1,814,512 0.11 1,378,42631.64
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 13,299 0.00 19,848-33.00
52 Cotton 437,649 0.03 562,115-22.14
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 55,529 0.00 77,957-28.77
54 Man-made filaments 444,321 0.03 205,135116.60
55 Man-made staple fibers 780,737 0.05 565,12638.15
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,043,339 0.06 524,21399.03
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 37,459 0.00 5,323603.72
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 22,369 0.00 18,82218.84
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 580,113 0.03 606,545-4.36
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 109,895 0.01 63,62372.73
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 999,668 0.06 1,390,004-28.08
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 664,504 0.04 1,024,027-35.11
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 719,248 0.04 243,465195.42
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 958,735 0.06 1,069,142-10.33
65 Headgear and parts thereof 113,820 0.01 86,79931.13
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 1,783 0.00 1,26640.84
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 22,759 0.00 5,596306.70
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 13,903,083 0.81 12,438,29511.78
69 Ceramic products 8,652,498 0.50 5,866,39647.49
70 Glass and glassware 23,725,053 1.38 25,931,805-8.51
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 25,011 0.00 64,682-61.33
72 Iron and steel 190,383,229 11.11 164,817,10215.51
73 Articles of iron or steel 94,582,882 5.52 57,708,16963.90
74 Copper and articles thereof 8,960,301 0.52 7,047,14227.15
75 Nickel and articles thereof 152,199 0.01 246,177-38.17
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 16,752,964 0.98 17,539,118-4.48
78 Lead and articles thereof 181,663 0.01 132,91536.68
79 Zinc and articles thereof 14,321 0.00 3,093363.01
80 Tin and articles thereof 206 0.00 2,640-92.20
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 195,060 0.01 43,502348.39
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 2,241,641 0.13 1,166,96392.09
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 2,447,401 0.14 1,879,69330.20
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 71,629,768 4.18 51,760,38938.39
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 150,826,147 8.80 96,368,71556.51
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 17,424,204 1.02 1,908,339813.06
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 59,648,837 3.48 295,066,264-79.78
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 7,936,165 0.46 54,020,142-85.31
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 16,157,660 0.94 10,523,65653.54
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 11,752 0.00 21,749-45.97
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 3,140 0.00 2,84010.56
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 4,383,806 0.26 2,619,97867.32
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 683,162 0.04 1,129,359-39.51
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 8,901,128 0.52 7,305,43321.84
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 13,908 0.00 0
SS Classified 64,931,376 3.79 118 245 891-45.09

Russia’s Imports from Azerbaijan

The major share of Russian imports from Azerbaijan in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 68.04% of Russia’s total imports from Azerbaijan (64.87% in 2017);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 13.40% of Russia’s total imports from Azerbaijan (10.44% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 4.64% of Russia’s total imports from Azerbaijan (3.89% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.31% of Russia’s total imports from Azerbaijan (6.43% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.73% of Russia’s total imports from Azerbaijan (2.01% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 1.17% of Russia’s total imports from Azerbaijan (5.31% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Azerbaijan in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $69,150,807;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $32,386,546;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - an increase of $17,209,612;
  • Cotton (HS code 52) - an increase of $6,451,802.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Azerbaijan in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $26,212,856;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - a decrease of $8,184,419;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - a decrease of $6,091,748;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $2,476,901;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $2,335,150.
Russia’s imports from Azerbaijan in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
01 Live animals 954 0.00 2,844-66.46
02 Meat and edible meat offal 37,600 0.00 0
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 491,236 0.06 393,56624.82
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 3,748,233 0.48 3,784,118-0.95
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 54-100.00
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 84,859 0.01 258,841-67.22
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 224,672,232 29.05 207,462,6208.30
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 264,517,022 34.21 195,366,21535.40
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 3,291,306 0.43 5,144,970-36.03
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 82 0.00 0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 118,520 0.02 178,216-33.50
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 58,228 0.01 13,067345.61
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 6,003 0.00 4,34538.16
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 15,432 0.00 6992,107.73
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 746,470 0.10 677,38710.20
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 1,685,824 0.22 2,487,843-32.24
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 190,422 0.02 274,034-30.51
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 10,052,383 1.30 9,294,8918.15
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 658,596 0.09 943,055-30.16
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 11,971,063 1.55 18,062,811-33.73
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 3,782,502 0.49 4,633,824-18.37
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 9,563,778 1.24 10,537,119-9.24
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 94,077,288 12.17 61,690,74252.50
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 2,906,700 0.38 1,536,05089.23
29 Organic chemicals 3,343,957 0.43 5,679,107-41.12
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 234,064 0.03 248,543-5.83
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 0 0.00 19,380-100.00
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 0 0.00 52,116-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,462,795 0.19 903,21661.95
39 Plastics and articles thereof 5,452,352 0.71 5,431,3170.39
40 Rubber and articles thereof 5,185 0.00 13,168-60.62
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 161,000 0.02 250,817-35.81
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 0 0.00 215-100.00
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 96,235 0.01 15,448522.96
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 31,491 0.00 451,056-93.02
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 879,344 0.11 152,578476.32
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 11,047 0.00 0
52 Cotton 18,319,854 2.37 11,868,05254.36
54 Man-made filaments 2,059,140 0.27 748,133175.24
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 610,084 0.08 221,359175.61
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 0 0.00 1,518-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 30,380 0.00 0
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 90,851 0.01 68,29933.02
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 14,708,881 1.90 13,713,1357.26
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 57,842 0.01 326,985-82.31
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 0 0.00 17,580-100.00
69 Ceramic products 0 0.00 19,520-100.00
70 Glass and glassware 0 0.00 10,792-100.00
73 Articles of iron or steel 12,537,888 1.62 15,014,789-16.50
74 Copper and articles thereof 483,235 0.06 981,779-50.78
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 20,286,557 2.62 28,470,976-28.75
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 7,392 0.00 14,666-49.60
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 337 0.00 0
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,728,652 0.22 2,995,089-42.28
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,136,753 0.15 864,74931.45
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 127,798 0.02 403,861-68.36
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 0 0.00 352,391-100.00
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 4,917,184 0.64 31,130,040-84.20
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,115,714 0.14 1,012,78210.16
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 181,706 0.02 221,847-18.09
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 0 0.00 7,495-100.00
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 18 0.00 2,250-99.20
SS Classified 50,520,930 6.53 47 652 4396.02
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia