Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Bulgaria in 2018

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Bulgaria in 2018: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Bulgaria

In 2018, Russia’s trade with Bulgaria totaled $3,469,330,287, up 0.61% ($21,008,511) from 2017.

Russia’s exports to Bulgaria in 2018 totaled $2,944,072,010, up 1.53% ($44,476,536) from 2017.

Russia’s imports from Bulgaria in 2018 were $525,258,277, down 4.28% ($23,468,025) from 2017.

Russia’s trade surplus with Bulgaria in 2018 was $2,418,813,733, a 2.89% increase ($67,944,561) over 2017.

Bulgaria was Russia’s 38th largest trading partner in 2018 (down from 36th in 2017), accounting for 0.5042% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.5904% in 2017).

Bulgaria was Russia’s 34th largest export market in 2018 (down from 29th in 2017), accounting for 0.6543% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.8120% in 2017).

Bulgaria was Russia’s 56th largest supplier in 2018 (down from 51st in 2017), accounting for 0.2206% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.2418% in 2017).

Russia’s Exports to Bulgaria

The major share of Russian exports to Bulgaria in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 83.19% of Russia’s total exports to Bulgaria (75.42% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 5.59% of Russia’s total exports to Bulgaria (15.57% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 5.22% of Russia’s total exports to Bulgaria (3.67% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 2.50% of Russia’s total exports to Bulgaria (2.30% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Bulgaria in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $262,383,477;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $44,181,123.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Bulgaria in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $239,729,759;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $51,743,960.
Russia’s exports to Bulgaria in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 343,792 0.01 102,020236.98
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 760,400 0.03 936,822-18.83
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 71,638 0.00 27,165163.71
10 Cereals 925,252 0.03 95,815865.67
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 81,886 0.00 106,479-23.10
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 117,491 0.00 149,617-21.47
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 11,337 0.00 6,70369.13
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 249,669 0.01 612,435-59.23
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 45,650 0.00 52,756-13.47
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 468,666 0.02 427,5429.62
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 310,502 0.01 251,68223.37
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 326,450 0.01 288,88713.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 817,495 0.03 657,43724.35
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 2,590,899 0.09 1,946,20233.13
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 47,372 0.00 41,40714.41
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 2,449,225,559 83.19 2,186,842,08212.00
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 4,071,710 0.14 3,191,04327.60
29 Organic chemicals 2,652,809 0.09 3,094,539-14.27
30 Pharmaceutical products 85,081 0.00 51,99963.62
31 Fertilizers 31,689,324 1.08 27,076,80017.03
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 264,697 0.01 283,800-6.73
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 888,024 0.03 573,58154.82
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 82,015 0.00 42,77291.75
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 183,328 0.01 12,1251,411.98
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 3,412,925 0.12 378,399801.94
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 20,385 0.00 2,572692.57
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 756,446 0.03 776,738-2.61
39 Plastics and articles thereof 12,149,515 0.41 12,054,5190.79
40 Rubber and articles thereof 17,461,802 0.59 19,052,312-8.35
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 5,284 0.00 7,303-27.65
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 10,915,529 0.37 7,248,34650.59
45 Cork and articles of cork 19,818 0.00 3665,314.75
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 1,031 0.00 9,182-88.77
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 10,107,852 0.34 9,253,2699.24
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 162,708 0.01 540,811-69.91
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 206,263 0.01 311,485-33.78
52 Cotton 9,705 0.00 2,635268.31
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 303 0.00 38697.37
54 Man-made filaments 833,761 0.03 233,625256.88
55 Man-made staple fibers 496,803 0.02 0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 102,197 0.00 20,130407.69
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 536 0.00 46914.29
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 14 0.00 101-86.14
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 7,520 0.00 57,164-86.84
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0 0.00 4,807-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 32,590 0.00 46,680-30.18
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 33,873 0.00 12,200177.65
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 32,226 0.00 23,50537.10
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 202,459 0.01 181,74111.40
65 Headgear and parts thereof 7,489 0.00 3,86793.66
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 10,494,927 0.36 5,500,16090.81
69 Ceramic products 690,276 0.02 222,046210.87
70 Glass and glassware 11,760,019 0.40 6,828,03672.23
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 29,657 0.00 10,447183.88
72 Iron and steel 35,906,923 1.22 28,982,19723.89
73 Articles of iron or steel 90,889,907 3.09 46,708,78494.59
74 Copper and articles thereof 194,148 0.01 249,253-22.11
75 Nickel and articles thereof 0 0.00 34,693-100.00
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 23,751,183 0.81 27,043,883-12.18
78 Lead and articles thereof 1,540,721 0.05 2,520,786-38.88
80 Tin and articles thereof 22,828 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 354,717 0.01 258,61937.16
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 386,213 0.01 297,69929.73
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 493,488 0.02 355,85038.68
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 136,042,549 4.62 375,772,308-63.80
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 7,998,399 0.27 7,131,04612.16
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 5,437,034 0.18 4,951,3949.81
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 3,951,671 0.13 2,999,10931.76
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 6,299,858 0.21 58,043,818-89.15
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 4,982,034 0.17 2,471,325101.59
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 4,095 0.00 13,196-68.97
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 10,287 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 837,022 0.03 732,56614.26
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 47,813 0.00 54,027-11.50
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 58,853 0.00 55,2056.61
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 4,537 0.00 15,565-70.85
SS Classified 48,592,771 1.65 51 249 488-5.18

Russia’s Imports from Bulgaria

The major share of Russian imports from Bulgaria in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 37.29% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (35.87% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 33.56% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (36.37% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 11.83% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (11.06% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 8.48% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (6.74% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.44% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (4.79% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.15% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (1.26% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Bulgaria in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $5,613,143;
  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - an increase of $3,716,674;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - an increase of $2,770,400;
  • Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric (HS code 51) - an increase of $2,547,883;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $2,359,209;
  • Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares (HS code 19) - an increase of $2,280,609;
  • Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes (HS code 35) - an increase of $2,235,818;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $1,767,740;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $1,706,456.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Bulgaria in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - a decrease of $18,677,048;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $14,287,036;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $6,544,158;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $5,003,142;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - a decrease of $4,765,387;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - a decrease of $1,985,098;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - a decrease of $1,757,580.
Russia’s imports from Bulgaria in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 932,086 0.18 0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 200,635 0.04 426,838-53.00
10 Cereals 367 0.00 0
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 1,533 0.00 1,32116.05
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,291,831 0.25 836,30354.47
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 308,924 0.06 58,298429.90
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 103 0.00 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 263,988 0.05 67,219292.73
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 11,147 0.00 15,001-25.69
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 949,535 0.18 971,038-2.21
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 5,816,505 1.11 3,046,10590.95
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 3,401,162 0.65 1,120,553203.53
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 4,825,585 0.92 4,882,222-1.16
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 3,922,634 0.75 2,921,48934.27
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 3,288,401 0.63 5,273,499-37.64
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 5,764,461 1.10 2,047,787181.50
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 13,547,647 2.58 15,305,227-11.48
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 1,341,855 0.26 854,88556.96
26 Ores, slag and ash 0 0.00 12,876-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 614,540 0.12 726,243-15.38
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 87,597 0.02 18,764,645-99.53
29 Organic chemicals 3,660,960 0.70 1,893,22093.37
30 Pharmaceutical products 131,216,651 24.98 145,503,687-9.82
31 Fertilizers 16,893 0.00 39,204-56.91
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 1,142,897 0.22 974,66517.26
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 9,679,279 1.84 7,972,82321.40
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 774,322 0.15 581,97633.05
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 9,299,111 1.77 7,063,29331.65
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 2,875 0.00 0
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 365 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,855,826 0.73 2,635,80246.29
39 Plastics and articles thereof 9,726,161 1.85 8,392,27615.89
40 Rubber and articles thereof 6,831,023 1.30 5,773,90018.31
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 112 0.00 94,044-99.88
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 2,729,979 0.52 2,005,16736.15
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 10,979 0.00 1,988452.26
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 53,971 0.01 78,584-31.32
45 Cork and articles of cork 334 0.00 617-45.87
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 5,753,065 1.10 6,680,887-13.89
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 224,804 0.04 176,63127.27
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 4,202,353 0.80 1,654,470154.00
52 Cotton 205,806 0.04 134,60152.90
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 16,339 0.00 2,966450.88
54 Man-made filaments 397,963 0.08 356,81711.53
55 Man-made staple fibers 1,566,778 0.30 1,412,65310.91
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 5,155,969 0.98 4,826,5386.83
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 57,729 0.01 6478,822.57
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 13,075 0.00 0
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 135,416 0.03 18,016651.64
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 222,350 0.04 153,56844.79
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 17,654,490 3.36 15,295,28115.42
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 22,196,156 4.23 21,086,7645.26
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 658,372 0.13 1,201,557-45.21
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 9,428,040 1.79 14,193,427-33.57
65 Headgear and parts thereof 172,431 0.03 117,15347.18
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 57,574 0.01 241,072-76.12
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 475,952 0.09 254,67286.89
69 Ceramic products 2,436,227 0.46 2,593,904-6.08
70 Glass and glassware 1,385,848 0.26 1,218,93413.69
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 13,604 0.00 1,673713.15
72 Iron and steel 3,871,884 0.74 4,941,224-21.64
73 Articles of iron or steel 4,337,752 0.83 10,881,910-60.14
74 Copper and articles thereof 1,035,960 0.20 999,5383.64
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 2,350,943 0.45 1,368,65671.77
78 Lead and articles thereof 157 0.00 0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0 0.00 33,607-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 111,564 0.02 174,068-35.91
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,230,972 0.23 1,857,586-33.73
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 5,146,933 0.98 6,045,499-14.86
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 119,007,873 22.66 124,011,015-4.03
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 55,402,393 10.55 54,736,6741.22
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 263,066 0.05 208,11226.41
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 6,748,798 1.28 7,654,822-11.84
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 2,631,500 0.50 4,019,404-34.53
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 11,806,426 2.25 6,193,28390.63
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 141,856 0.03 169,787-16.45
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 119,035 0.02 116,9091.82
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 6,907,076 1.31 7,340,971-5.91
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 5,534,475 1.05 5,364,7213.16
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 549,845 0.10 639,990-14.09
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 57,154 0.01 0
SS Classified 0 0.00 3 500-100.00
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia