Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Estonia in 2018

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Estonia in 2018: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Estonia

In 2018, Russia’s trade with Estonia totaled $3,069,469,816, up 16.89% ($443,489,750) from 2017.

Russia’s exports to Estonia in 2018 totaled $2,452,565,673, up 31.30% ($584,724,957) from 2017.

Russia’s imports from Estonia in 2018 were $616,904,143, down 18.63% ($141,235,207) from 2017.

Russia’s trade surplus with Estonia in 2018 was $1,835,661,530, a 65.42% increase ($725,960,164) over 2017.

Estonia was Russia’s 39th largest trading partner in 2018 (up from 40th in 2017), accounting for 0.4461% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.4496% in 2017).

Estonia was Russia’s 38th largest export market in 2018 (up from 40th in 2017), accounting for 0.5451% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.5231% in 2017).

Estonia was Russia’s 50th largest supplier in 2018 (down from 44th in 2017), accounting for 0.2590% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.3340% in 2017).

Russia’s Exports to Estonia

The major share of Russian exports to Estonia in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 53.89% of Russia’s total exports to Estonia (54.12% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 23.59% of Russia’s total exports to Estonia (19.16% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 8.89% of Russia’s total exports to Estonia (9.09% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 8.51% of Russia’s total exports to Estonia (8.61% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 2.75% of Russia’s total exports to Estonia (3.44% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 0.93% of Russia’s total exports to Estonia (1.02% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Estonia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $301,692,771;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $188,504,132;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $49,749,138;
  • Tin and articles thereof (HS code 80) - an increase of $33,380,420;
  • Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof (HS code 81) - an increase of $23,688,589;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $13,878,930;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $11,191,825;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - an increase of $10,681,872;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $9,232,494;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $8,544,661;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - an increase of $8,433,218;
  • Zinc and articles thereof (HS code 79) - an increase of $7,647,667.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Estonia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - a decrease of $15,101,413;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $14,058,060.
Russia’s exports to Estonia in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
01 Live animals 5,921 0.00 1,674253.70
02 Meat and edible meat offal 0 0.00 79,713-100.00
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 7,294,527 0.30 5,795,59725.86
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 35,807 0.00 20,32876.15
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 650,157 0.03 122,923428.91
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 1,815,322 0.07 488,047271.96
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 995,955 0.04 808,73923.15
10 Cereals 101,617 0.00 29,949239.30
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 253,555 0.01 278,905-9.09
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 100,659 0.00 522,657-80.74
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 194 0.00 0
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 1,946 0.00 7,027-72.31
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 454,636 0.02 561,076-18.97
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 4,006 0.00 0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 136,148 0.01 397,103-65.71
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 2,143,654 0.09 1,072,36299.90
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 2,288,105 0.09 3,711,528-38.35
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 736,039 0.03 219,322235.60
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,833,868 0.12 1,882,99850.50
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 2,694,875 0.11 3,051,497-11.69
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 142,775 0.01 87,54463.09
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 182,646 0.01 136,08734.21
26 Ores, slag and ash 9,268,238 0.38 35,74425,829.49
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,312,340,858 53.51 1,010,648,08729.85
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 52,448,546 2.14 44,015,32819.16
29 Organic chemicals 29,968,448 1.22 16,089,51886.26
30 Pharmaceutical products 411,384 0.02 638,305-35.55
31 Fertilizers 458,145,753 18.68 269,641,62169.91
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 927,221 0.04 970,826-4.49
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 2,886,786 0.12 1,942,57548.61
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 523,649 0.02 431,52621.35
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 553,522 0.02 497,39711.28
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 33,865 0.00 136,926-75.27
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 16,443 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 17,101,801 0.70 8,557,14099.85
39 Plastics and articles thereof 7,332,817 0.30 7,627,258-3.86
40 Rubber and articles thereof 8,247,176 0.34 7,322,71412.62
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 453,444 0.02 367,79723.29
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 20,321 0.00 58,311-65.15
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 3,474 0.00 485616.29
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 197,546,719 8.05 147,797,58133.66
45 Cork and articles of cork 30,186 0.00 34,305-12.01
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 54 0.00 15260.00
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 395,736 0.02 1,334,622-70.35
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 18,410,038 0.75 18,584,271-0.94
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 1,766,228 0.07 2,052,188-13.93
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 29 0.00 0
52 Cotton 65,611 0.00 126,430-48.10
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 121,102 0.00 191,129-36.64
54 Man-made filaments 6,081 0.00 4,75827.81
55 Man-made staple fibers 1,836 0.00 15,932-88.48
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,646,305 0.07 1,645,5360.05
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 4,677 0.00 4011,592.50
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 4,859 0.00 7,930-38.73
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 259,504 0.01 394,027-34.14
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 560 0.00 162245.68
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 167,507 0.01 146,97613.97
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 344,065 0.01 216,18259.16
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 796,403 0.03 231,201244.46
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 400,882 0.02 446,737-10.26
65 Headgear and parts thereof 35,686 0.00 36,398-1.96
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 677 0.00 55621.76
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 2,800 0.00 27,675-89.88
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 10,252,056 0.42 8,751,40017.15
69 Ceramic products 639,128 0.03 614,1494.07
70 Glass and glassware 11,253,792 0.46 9,842,86114.33
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 1,335,711 0.05 1,641,366-18.62
72 Iron and steel 63,757,934 2.60 77,815,994-18.07
73 Articles of iron or steel 34,694,811 1.41 23,502,98647.62
74 Copper and articles thereof 5,275,751 0.22 4,924,2087.14
75 Nickel and articles thereof 1,097,541 0.04 43,4262,427.38
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 9,492,668 0.39 24,594,081-61.40
78 Lead and articles thereof 2,506,953 0.10 2,137,34017.29
79 Zinc and articles thereof 7,652,010 0.31 4,343176,091.80
80 Tin and articles thereof 33,383,514 1.36 3,0941,078,875.89
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 50,099,746 2.04 26,411,15789.69
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 550,308 0.02 414,70532.70
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 298,078 0.01 887,118-66.40
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 15,939,914 0.65 16,431,656-2.99
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 14,388,576 0.59 9,951,87144.58
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 28,311,011 1.15 17,629,13960.59
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 5,572,852 0.23 12,505,704-55.44
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 1,480,537 0.06 6,046,726-75.52
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,651,682 0.07 1,762,137-6.27
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 25,919 0.00 17,81645.48
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 1,029 0.00 1,514-32.03
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 6,040,136 0.25 5,414,46411.56
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 833,675 0.03 630,50232.22
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 239,979 0.01 393,477-39.01
SS Classified 226,659 0.01 53 916 197-99.58

Russia’s Imports from Estonia

The major share of Russian imports from Estonia in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 71.20% of Russia’s total imports from Estonia (72.13% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 14.67% of Russia’s total imports from Estonia (15.25% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.30% of Russia’s total imports from Estonia (3.87% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 4.13% of Russia’s total imports from Estonia (3.04% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 2.03% of Russia’s total imports from Estonia (2.53% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.44% of Russia’s total imports from Estonia (1.33% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Estonia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $4,629,359.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Estonia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $90,131,726;
  • Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics (HS code 32) - a decrease of $18,362,466;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $14,431,514;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - a decrease of $10,012,546;
  • Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags (HS code 63) - a decrease of $5,541,589;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $5,357,810.
Russia’s imports from Estonia in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
01 Live animals 746,954 0.12 1,373,584-45.62
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 16,669 0.00 0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 4,570 0.00 9,787-53.31
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 235,812 0.04 85,561175.61
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 307,459 0.05 864,542-64.44
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 106,583 0.02 7,9661,237.97
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 0 0.00 2,854-100.00
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 540,327 0.09 401,11034.71
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 390,485 0.06 512,623-23.83
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 1,833,758 0.30 0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 200,077 0.03 247,527-19.17
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 923,075 0.15 1,043,598-11.55
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 3,320,269 0.54 3,238,1962.53
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 68,221 0.01 98,147-30.49
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 13,850,225 2.25 12,271,29112.87
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 2,925,596 0.47 2,924,7750.03
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0 0.00 149-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 653,596 0.11 495,53731.90
26 Ores, slag and ash 383,403 0.06 1,441,158-73.40
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 914,320 0.15 1,892,914-51.70
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 5,898,385 0.96 15,910,931-62.93
29 Organic chemicals 810,539 0.13 624,88529.71
30 Pharmaceutical products 10,309,323 1.67 10,585,561-2.61
31 Fertilizers 4,684 0.00 1,985135.97
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 50,278,768 8.15 68,641,234-26.75
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 664,040 0.11 1,049,507-36.73
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 173,789 0.03 307,987-43.57
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 1,241,693 0.20 1,261,685-1.58
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 522,142 0.08 224,297132.79
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,376,367 0.55 4,716,730-28.42
39 Plastics and articles thereof 15,392,981 2.50 10,763,62243.01
40 Rubber and articles thereof 1,827,207 0.30 1,509,14321.08
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 686,321 0.11 308,281122.63
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 5,713 0.00 3651,465.21
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 2,873,996 0.47 3,636,111-20.96
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0 0.00 5,581-100.00
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 266 0.00 0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 3,364,753 0.55 2,452,60337.19
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 2,641,636 0.43 4,003,777-34.02
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 24,570 0.00 24,595-0.10
52 Cotton 0 0.00 1,568-100.00
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 3,306 0.00 57,055-94.21
54 Man-made filaments 15,396 0.00 91,034-83.09
55 Man-made staple fibers 241,419 0.04 498,168-51.54
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,469,898 0.24 2,081,820-29.39
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 22,878 0.00 25,670-10.88
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 244,357 0.04 861,158-71.62
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 74,216 0.01 92,409-19.69
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 43,438 0.01 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 216,338 0.04 156,44438.28
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 2,964,967 0.48 2,622,69213.05
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 6,473,085 1.05 12,014,674-46.12
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 647,981 0.11 565,05014.68
65 Headgear and parts thereof 55,654 0.01 50,9679.20
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 324 0.00 505-35.84
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,018,520 0.17 488,287108.59
69 Ceramic products 1,993,782 0.32 3,095,300-35.59
70 Glass and glassware 397,286 0.06 252,18357.54
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 203,389 0.03 161,01126.32
72 Iron and steel 911,616 0.15 1,284,124-29.01
73 Articles of iron or steel 15,768,077 2.56 21,125,887-25.36
74 Copper and articles thereof 1,800,101 0.29 371,306384.80
75 Nickel and articles thereof 27,818 0.00 39,540-29.65
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 987,773 0.16 1,470,588-32.83
79 Zinc and articles thereof 4,204 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 4,117,629 0.67 2,793,96547.38
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 300,057 0.05 99,084202.83
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 2,589,668 0.42 2,170,42719.32
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 89,272,310 14.47 103,703,824-13.92
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 343,156,409 55.63 433,288,135-20.80
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 158,273 0.03 1,371,916-88.46
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 3,835,753 0.62 5,213,656-26.43
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 0 0.00 177,393-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 2,802,062 0.45 3,083,603-9.13
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 382 0.00 21577.67
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0 0.00 4,677-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 5,991,841 0.97 4,545,35131.82
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,456,416 0.24 1,139,39127.82
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 118,318 0.02 152,437-22.38
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 50 0.00 11,612-99.57
SS Classified 580 0.00 36 025-98.39
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia