Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Finland in 2018

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Finland in 2018: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Finland

In 2018, Russia’s trade with Finland totaled $14,752,156,383, up 19.57% ($2,414,435,819) from 2017.

Russia’s exports to Finland in 2018 totaled $11,372,605,390, up 31.60% ($2,730,866,731) from 2017.

Russia’s imports from Finland in 2018 were $3,379,550,993, down 8.56% ($316,430,912) from 2017.

Russia’s trade surplus with Finland in 2018 was $7,993,054,397, a 61.61% increase ($3,047,297,643) over 2017.

Finland was Russia’s 14th largest trading partner in 2018 (up from 15th in 2017), accounting for 2.1439% of Russia’s total trade (up from 2.1124% in 2017).

Finland was Russia’s 12th largest export market in 2018 (up from 13th in 2017), accounting for 2.5274% of Russia’s total exports (up from 2.4201% in 2017).

Finland was Russia’s 18th largest supplier in 2018 (down from 14th in 2017), accounting for 1.4191% of Russia’s total imports (down from 1.6284% in 2017).

Russia’s Exports to Finland

The major share of Russian exports to Finland in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 63.75% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (59.75% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 14.12% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (18.24% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 13.44% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (12.51% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 5.05% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (5.60% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 2.02% of Russia’s total exports to Finland (2.38% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Finland in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $2,097,467,902;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $297,279,222;
  • Nickel and articles thereof (HS code 75) - an increase of $168,912,176;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $141,987,812;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $83,240,371;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $37,578,216.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Finland in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $186,130,163.
Russia’s exports to Finland in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
02 Meat and edible meat offal 3,015,173 0.03 2,413,82724.91
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 14,799 0.00 12,99813.86
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 61 0.00 440-86.14
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 84,759 0.00 96,337-12.02
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 181 0.00 50,652-99.64
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 4,674,486 0.04 3,103,69950.61
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 10,955 0.00 205,420-94.67
10 Cereals 3,409,828 0.03 388,991776.58
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 50,133 0.00 60,910-17.69
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 255,056 0.00 107,213137.90
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 69,616 0.00 13,696408.29
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 1,035,496 0.01 2,323,800-55.44
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 564,726 0.00 700,905-19.43
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 0 0.00 25,609-100.00
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 39,531 0.00 40,772-3.04
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 8,227 0.00 9,174-10.32
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 167,882 0.00 103,53662.15
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 23,554,623 0.21 25,041,592-5.94
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 34,560,558 0.30 22,137,93956.11
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 3,733,323 0.03 4,959,818-24.73
26 Ores, slag and ash 100,314,168 0.88 109,889,033-8.71
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 7,145,650,911 62.83 5,048,183,00941.55
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 85,254,583 0.75 82,453,2213.40
29 Organic chemicals 945,255,732 8.31 647,976,51045.88
30 Pharmaceutical products 5,822,305 0.05 4,420,41931.71
31 Fertilizers 359,022,929 3.16 217,035,11765.42
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 63,736 0.00 106,398-40.10
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 229,967 0.00 200,43114.74
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 3,515,267 0.03 3,427,7732.55
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 591 0.00 521,036.54
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 6,544,947 0.06 6,262,3414.51
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 1,482 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 25,973,590 0.23 26,859,076-3.30
39 Plastics and articles thereof 15,138,096 0.13 13,574,57711.52
40 Rubber and articles thereof 81,802,311 0.72 78,594,0544.08
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 580,229 0.01 395,73246.62
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 484,664 0.00 374,45929.43
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 11,732,959 0.10 16,147,363-27.34
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 536,374,905 4.72 453,134,53418.37
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 12,378 0.00 9,91824.80
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 8,488,496 0.07 7,079,59719.90
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 29,703,868 0.26 24,006,18223.73
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 130,852 0.00 78,69166.29
55 Man-made staple fibers 0 0.00 65-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 102,195 0.00 109,122-6.35
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 7 0.00 9,644-99.93
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 309,697 0.00 1,796,981-82.77
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 150,590 0.00 51,274193.70
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 627,949 0.01 305,863105.30
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 67,394 0.00 63,4486.22
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 19,213 0.00 3,949386.53
65 Headgear and parts thereof 3,741 0.00 1,028263.91
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 119 0.00 1,179-89.91
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0 0.00 714-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 27,255,047 0.24 18,891,15344.27
69 Ceramic products 708,892 0.01 977,168-27.45
70 Glass and glassware 21,102,669 0.19 28,999,007-27.23
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 91,364 0.00 112,295-18.64
72 Iron and steel 92,846,459 0.82 68,975,62834.61
73 Articles of iron or steel 625,698,672 5.50 811,828,835-22.93
74 Copper and articles thereof 20,740,773 0.18 83,96324,602.28
75 Nickel and articles thereof 795,160,329 6.99 626,248,15326.97
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 56,997,497 0.50 51,889,6569.84
80 Tin and articles thereof 0 0.00 191-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 13,376,881 0.12 5,213,000156.61
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 843,438 0.01 696,45921.10
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 150,840 0.00 11,372,204-98.67
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 66,051,932 0.58 52,743,80625.23
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 42,804,971 0.38 57,307,076-25.31
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 26,595 0.00 260,112-89.78
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 30,363,433 0.27 41,492,550-26.82
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 89,524,361 0.79 51,946,14572.34
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 853,230 0.01 2,309,964-63.06
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 31,268 0.00 107,075-70.80
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 4,549 0.00 3001,416.33
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2,105,746 0.02 2,127,443-1.02
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 5,740,001 0.05 3,704,33554.95
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 97,220 0.00 72,94733.27
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 16,387 0.00 1,701863.37
SS Classified 41,383,552 0.36 28 411145,560.31

Russia’s Imports from Finland

The major share of Russian imports from Finland in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 46.42% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (53.02% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 18.95% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (17.19% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 15.13% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (12.71% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.49% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (5.73% in 2017);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 6.01% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (4.76% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 3.29% of Russia’s total imports from Finland (3.28% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Finland in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $112,264,253;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $48,388,007;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $34,146,673;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $27,672,860;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $21,920,492;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $17,311,071;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $13,244,210.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Finland in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $491,472,675;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $59,001,719;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $20,778,306;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $14,658,306.
Russia’s imports from Finland in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
01 Live animals 376,085 0.01 1,084,496-65.32
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,270,878 0.04 1,308,368-2.87
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 1,576,376 0.05 588,219167.99
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 69,238 0.00 97,572-29.04
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 2,491,130 0.07 2,399,1013.84
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,162,361 0.03 1,423,014-18.32
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 2,200,775 0.07 3,155,437-30.25
10 Cereals 1,169 0.00 6,328,298-99.98
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 13,158,356 0.39 12,583,8174.57
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 19,594 0.00 128,414-84.74
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 18,687 0.00 4,069359.25
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 1,894 0.00 1,21256.27
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 938,809 0.03 879,3736.76
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 918,856 0.03 1,355,300-32.20
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 2,274,197 0.07 2,587,249-12.10
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 6,345,184 0.19 5,349,00018.62
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 17,708,400 0.52 15,167,30016.75
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 2,524,465 0.07 2,169,97216.34
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 8,416,327 0.25 6,431,96230.85
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 28,386,848 0.84 30,920,523-8.19
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 21,252,724 0.63 27,297,035-22.14
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0 0.00 5,921-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 7,039,295 0.21 7,386,775-4.70
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 196,217,706 5.81 168,544,84616.42
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 61,275,267 1.81 57,009,4327.48
29 Organic chemicals 31,084,991 0.92 17,840,78174.24
30 Pharmaceutical products 67,424,255 2.00 65,931,8092.26
31 Fertilizers 1,230,713 0.04 719,74470.99
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 61,103,509 1.81 61,019,0640.14
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 9,626,523 0.28 8,144,41918.20
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 72,864,793 2.16 75,406,034-3.37
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 17,627,468 0.52 15,042,80717.18
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 0 0.00 4,835-100.00
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 0 0.00 580-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 34,633,690 1.02 34,456,2410.51
39 Plastics and articles thereof 242,238,811 7.17 263,017,117-7.90
40 Rubber and articles thereof 41,392,300 1.22 36,650,59212.94
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 380,373 0.01 210,96280.30
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 21,102,894 0.62 20,413,4473.38
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 7,905,163 0.23 8,614,632-8.24
45 Cork and articles of cork 25,071 0.00 35,811-29.99
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 87,191 0.00 18,682366.71
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 16,727,451 0.49 19,666,771-14.95
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 475,058,214 14.06 426,670,20711.34
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 11,355,210 0.34 14,835,224-23.46
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 8,342 0.00 1,939330.22
52 Cotton 7,840 0.00 5,08654.15
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 135 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 23,132 0.00 14,66357.76
55 Man-made staple fibers 32,533 0.00 12,229166.03
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,272,751 0.04 2,047,493-37.84
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 136,899 0.00 335,591-59.21
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 474,367 0.01 607,466-21.91
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 4,858,416 0.14 3,895,65424.71
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 921,047 0.03 660,95939.35
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1,273,215 0.04 1,514,365-15.92
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 10,325,894 0.31 9,924,7854.04
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 989,833 0.03 1,256,563-21.23
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 9,901,494 0.29 10,904,371-9.20
65 Headgear and parts thereof 1,702,155 0.05 1,992,865-14.59
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 6,725 0.00 891654.77
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 19,180 0.00 15,86920.86
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 22,649,551 0.67 21,603,8804.84
69 Ceramic products 1,529,119 0.05 1,236,38923.68
70 Glass and glassware 5,678,556 0.17 5,293,6047.27
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 880 0.00 269227.14
72 Iron and steel 62,707,647 1.86 77,365,953-18.95
73 Articles of iron or steel 75,359,742 2.23 53,439,25041.02
74 Copper and articles thereof 16,813,322 0.50 20,138,974-16.51
75 Nickel and articles thereof 33,902 0.00 6,347,447-99.47
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 42,095,539 1.25 37,039,90313.65
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 934-100.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 483,356 0.01 331,30645.89
80 Tin and articles thereof 5,663 0.00 5,848-3.16
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 864,917 0.03 387,568123.17
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 12,951,097 0.38 8,811,09446.99
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 8,026,967 0.24 8,004,9430.28
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 744,331,923 22.02 632,067,67017.76
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 297,246,482 8.80 356,248,201-16.56
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 959,420 0.03 4,838,118-80.17
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 290,228,249 8.59 256,081,57613.33
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 168,040,630 4.97 659,513,305-74.52
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 68,059,153 2.01 50,748,08234.11
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 1,593,873 0.05 954,94966.91
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 31,000,306 0.92 31,165,442-0.53
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 8,165,530 0.24 6,906,65418.23
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 906,941 0.03 610,88048.46
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 9,634 0.00 21,623-55.45
SS Classified 341,395 0.01 720 790-52.64
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia