Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Moldova in 2018

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Moldova in 2018: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Moldova

In 2018, Russia’s trade with Moldova totaled $1,560,092,834, up 28.17% ($342,890,079) from 2017.

Russia’s exports to Moldova in 2018 totaled $1,204,574,198, up 39.34% ($340,068,223) from 2017.

Russia’s imports from Moldova in 2018 totaled $355,518,636, up 0.80% ($2,821,856) from 2017.

Russia’s trade surplus with Moldova in 2018 was $849,055,562, a 65.89% increase ($337,246,367) over 2017.

Moldova was Russia’s 56th largest trading partner in 2018 (up from 61st in 2017), accounting for 0.2267% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.2084% in 2017).

Moldova was Russia’s 49th largest export market in 2018 (up from 52nd in 2017), accounting for 0.2677% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.2421% in 2017).

Moldova was Russia’s 62nd largest supplier in 2018 (up from 63rd in 2017), accounting for 0.1493% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.1554% in 2017).

Russia’s Exports to Moldova

The major share of Russian exports to Moldova in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 63.33% of Russia’s total exports to Moldova (60.11% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 12.51% of Russia’s total exports to Moldova (14.11% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 7.27% of Russia’s total exports to Moldova (6.68% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 7.23% of Russia’s total exports to Moldova (8.68% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.98% of Russia’s total exports to Moldova (2.21% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.46% of Russia’s total exports to Moldova (2.74% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.12% of Russia’s total exports to Moldova (1.57% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Moldova in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $243,103,311;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $20,261,383;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $13,452,581;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $13,038,115;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $9,355,889;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - an increase of $7,855,756;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $6,424,318;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - an increase of $4,001,314;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $3,852,044.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Moldova in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial decrease.
Russia’s exports to Moldova in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
01 Live animals 13,244 0.00 8621,436.43
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 271,676 0.02 743,828-63.48
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 2,096,881 0.17 1,902,87510.20
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 207,792-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 790,842 0.07 387,327104.18
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 85,006 0.01 50,35268.82
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 6,000,571 0.50 6,421,000-6.55
10 Cereals 1,526,642 0.13 2,335,808-34.64
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 5,444,479 0.45 5,698,167-4.45
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,136,258 0.09 392,530189.47
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 448 0.00 82446.34
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 4,383,692 0.36 5,655,097-22.48
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 2,481,419 0.21 2,765,396-10.27
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 3,096,405 0.26 2,624,90417.96
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 6,801,632 0.56 6,069,98512.05
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 8,597,296 0.71 7,843,7439.61
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 657,600 0.05 777,863-15.46
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 23,939,969 1.99 23,466,5192.02
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 11,614,671 0.96 3,758,915208.99
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 1,279,910 0.11 1,124,15613.86
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 6,832,823 0.57 2,831,509141.31
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 262,693 0.02 164,34559.84
26 Ores, slag and ash 287 0.00 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 762,623,254 63.31 519,519,94346.79
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 1,922,259 0.16 1,503,53727.85
29 Organic chemicals 800,556 0.07 774,6983.34
30 Pharmaceutical products 18,168,267 1.51 16,990,6096.93
31 Fertilizers 71,186,203 5.91 50,924,82039.79
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,996,196 0.25 2,754,4238.78
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 8,562,434 0.71 8,328,9152.80
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 3,516,392 0.29 3,457,4651.70
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 144,776 0.01 97,00349.25
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 1,083,276 0.09 985,5869.91
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 12,272 0.00 1239,877.24
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 9,295,990 0.77 6,789,42236.92
39 Plastics and articles thereof 20,860,701 1.73 18,124,50415.10
40 Rubber and articles thereof 12,192,948 1.01 11,285,5588.04
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 998,256 0.08 1,306,489-23.59
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 100,871 0.01 124,762-19.15
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 9,113 0.00 2323,828.02
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 11,563,718 0.96 9,604,69620.40
45 Cork and articles of cork 48,970 0.00 21,540127.34
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 4,130 0.00 478764.02
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 17,039 0.00 22,510-24.30
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 15,307,794 1.27 11,455,75033.63
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 2,681,663 0.22 2,620,1762.35
52 Cotton 1,386,314 0.12 888,75055.98
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 49,610 0.00 18,529167.74
54 Man-made filaments 142,881 0.01 158,841-10.05
55 Man-made staple fibers 249,628 0.02 192,23229.86
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 607,765 0.05 706,486-13.97
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 169,465 0.01 55,608204.75
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 73,394 0.01 114,399-35.84
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 221,864 0.02 174,09527.44
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 768,085 0.06 405,82189.27
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 8,432,093 0.70 9,581,004-11.99
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 637,743 0.05 553,71915.17
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 203,289 0.02 145,80539.43
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 466,131 0.04 555,685-16.12
65 Headgear and parts thereof 47,170 0.00 40,00517.91
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 3,074 0.00 1,57595.17
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 4,537 0.00 1,087317.39
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 8,730,973 0.72 8,625,7781.22
69 Ceramic products 2,899,520 0.24 2,428,59619.39
70 Glass and glassware 11,107,529 0.92 9,964,03611.48
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 6,607,467 0.55 5,642,19317.11
72 Iron and steel 17,752,379 1.47 4,299,798312.87
73 Articles of iron or steel 8,039,923 0.67 6,250,58428.63
74 Copper and articles thereof 3,428,679 0.28 2,719,64726.07
75 Nickel and articles thereof 1,766,104 0.15 1,773,653-0.43
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 2,377,822 0.20 2,178,7099.14
78 Lead and articles thereof 2,121 0.00 2,588-18.04
79 Zinc and articles thereof 5,893 0.00 8,400-29.85
80 Tin and articles thereof 29,167 0.00 12,945125.31
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 532,507 0.04 501,7656.13
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 555,993 0.05 387,72343.40
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 1,438,632 0.12 971,06748.15
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 39,316,034 3.26 26,277,91949.62
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 28,168,062 2.34 21,743,74429.55
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 112,490 0.01 166,689-32.52
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 16,980,506 1.41 7,624,617122.71
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 2,972,954 0.25 1,934,70853.66
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 52,248 0.00 103,082-49.31
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 27,043 0.00 6,041347.66
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2,401,952 0.20 1,514,01758.65
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 368,906 0.03 215,42271.25
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 2,972,752 0.25 2,578,12315.31
SS Classified 1,051,977 0.09 1 064 196-1.15

Russia’s Imports from Moldova

The major share of Russian imports from Moldova in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 68.64% of Russia’s total imports from Moldova (67.90% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 11.63% of Russia’s total imports from Moldova (11.55% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 6.65% of Russia’s total imports from Moldova (7.87% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.93% of Russia’s total imports from Moldova (5.21% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 3.66% of Russia’s total imports from Moldova (3.04% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Moldova in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $5,982,086;
  • Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (HS code 20) - an increase of $5,249,268;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $2,452,809;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $2,182,422.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Moldova in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $4,312,010;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - a decrease of $2,945,771;
  • Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included (HS code 04) - a decrease of $1,675,069;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $1,433,992;
  • Cotton (HS code 52) - a decrease of $1,254,438.
Russia’s imports from Moldova in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
01 Live animals 9,231 0.00 0
02 Meat and edible meat offal 6,847,203 1.93 7,897,360-13.30
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 5,036,938 1.42 6,712,007-24.96
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 461,437 0.13 276,45766.91
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 5,661,168 1.59 7,095,160-20.21
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 196,220,403 55.19 190,238,3173.14
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 7,354 0.00 14,596-49.62
10 Cereals 181,427 0.05 535,335-66.11
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 0 0.00 2,139-100.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 3,245,950 0.91 2,844,26914.12
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0 0.00 2,315-100.00
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 2,810 0.00 0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 1,112,434 0.31 891,86624.73
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 52,358 0.01 164,727-68.22
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 134,000 0.04 310,806-56.89
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 8,214,462 2.31 2,965,194177.03
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,604 0.00 5,916-55.98
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 16,389,738 4.61 19,335,509-15.24
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 368 0.00 1,400-73.71
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 446,951 0.13 181,658146.04
29 Organic chemicals 64 0.00 0
30 Pharmaceutical products 2,878,990 0.81 3,120,422-7.74
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 222,708 0.06 202,5169.97
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 28,179 0.01 59,785-52.87
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 33,987 0.01 39,746-14.49
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 0 0.00 560-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 198,719 0.06 98,907100.92
39 Plastics and articles thereof 9,643,849 2.71 7,191,04034.11
40 Rubber and articles thereof 4,484 0.00 2,64969.27
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 17,483 0.00 0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 243,209 0.07 136,75477.84
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 18,897 0.01 189,242-90.01
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 54,513 0.02 57,357-4.96
45 Cork and articles of cork 0 0.00 39,553-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 1,837,882 0.52 2,030,177-9.47
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 63,560 0.02 51,08024.43
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 33,399 0.01 0
52 Cotton 5,454,019 1.53 6,708,457-18.70
54 Man-made filaments 1,114,783 0.31 933,14419.47
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 644,893 0.18 829,890-22.29
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 401 0.00 14,825-97.30
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 842,111 0.24 8,14010,245.34
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 16,646,602 4.68 17,104,316-2.68
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 8,716,998 2.45 6,534,57633.40
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 631,810 0.18 630,8640.15
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 7,249,594 2.04 7,965,773-8.99
65 Headgear and parts thereof 3,726 0.00 2,26164.79
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 67,524 0.02 17,781279.75
69 Ceramic products 146,961 0.04 196,928-25.37
70 Glass and glassware 949,845 0.27 268,418253.87
72 Iron and steel 0 0.00 42,282-100.00
73 Articles of iron or steel 2,639,391 0.74 2,847,668-7.31
74 Copper and articles thereof 3,978,977 1.12 4,147,549-4.06
75 Nickel and articles thereof 4,023,969 1.13 4,633,538-13.16
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 117,943 0.03 115,8701.79
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 2,158,744 0.61 2,392,912-9.79
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,060,106 0.30 893,67118.62
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 3,533,482 0.99 3,316,9936.53
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 10,328,604 2.91 14,640,614-29.45
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 10,277,053 2.89 10,842,833-5.22
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 112,916 0.03 102,33710.34
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 85,854 0.02 94,000-8.67
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 2,843,557 0.80 2,075,88636.98
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 25 0.00 0
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 115 0.00 131-12.21
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 835,901 0.24 1,392,964-39.99
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 47,505 0.01 8,749442.98
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 796,613 0.22 995,375-19.97
SS Classified 10,901,855 3.07 10 243 2166.43
td
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia