Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Mongolia in 2018

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Mongolia in 2018: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Mongolia

In 2018, Russia’s trade with Mongolia totaled $1,649,900,534, up 20.60% ($281,802,802) from 2017.

Russia’s exports to Mongolia in 2018 totaled $1,606,636,151, up 21.09% ($279,774,852) from 2017.

Russia’s imports from Mongolia in 2018 totaled $43,264,383, up 4.92% ($2,027,950) from 2017.

Russia’s trade surplus with Mongolia in 2018 was $1,563,371,768, a 21.60% increase ($277,746,902) over 2017.

Mongolia was Russia’s 52nd largest trading partner in 2018 (up from 59th in 2017), accounting for 0.2398% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.2342% in 2017).

Mongolia was Russia’s 44th largest export market in 2018 (up from 46th in 2017), accounting for 0.3571% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.3716% in 2017).

Mongolia was Russia’s 95th largest supplier in 2018 (up from 96th in 2017), accounting for 0.0182% of Russia’s total imports (just as in 2017).

Russia’s Exports to Mongolia

The major share of Russian exports to Mongolia in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 63.80% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (63.37% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 13.48% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (13.56% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 7.00% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (8.93% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 6.82% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (7.60% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 5.91% of Russia’s total exports to Mongolia (3.67% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Mongolia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $183,613,258;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $40,123,761;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $39,374,583;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $15,792,681;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $5,654,279;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $5,076,885.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Mongolia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $16,121,569;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $13,978,322;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $4,895,404.
Russia’s exports to Mongolia in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
01 Live animals 200,700 0.01 908,206-77.90
02 Meat and edible meat offal 1,358,854 0.08 231,273487.55
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 17,524 0.00 36,280-51.70
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 12,010,472 0.75 10,015,60219.92
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 87 0.00 0
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 65,793 0.00 46,75740.71
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 506,517 0.03 272,51185.87
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 2,337,957 0.15 2,798,558-16.46
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 867,935 0.05 904,488-4.04
10 Cereals 55,747,956 3.47 16,373,373240.48
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 3,720,480 0.23 4,399,171-15.43
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 17,586,260 1.09 31,564,582-44.28
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 5,085 0.00 20,242-74.88
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 20,789,203 1.29 19,779,5895.10
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 2,173,836 0.14 2,188,831-0.69
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 7,072,839 0.44 7,702,954-8.18
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 25,269,837 1.57 23,243,5878.72
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 23,086,256 1.44 21,548,2767.14
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 3,732,325 0.23 3,428,2508.87
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 19,617,628 1.22 17,220,34313.92
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 9,008,641 0.56 8,294,9198.60
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 8,026,388 0.50 6,868,87816.85
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 3,400,299 0.21 2,115,07360.77
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 2,047,738 0.13 1,386,76047.66
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,023,001,186 63.67 839,387,92821.87
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 1,668,624 0.10 1,431,85216.54
29 Organic chemicals 9,680,034 0.60 11,655,988-16.95
30 Pharmaceutical products 13,660,151 0.85 10,579,45429.12
31 Fertilizers 32,115,363 2.00 27,038,47818.78
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 3,674,577 0.23 3,122,98117.66
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 11,117,360 0.69 11,165,940-0.44
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 10,727,403 0.67 9,963,3477.67
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 259,321 0.02 284,589-8.88
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 6,904,663 0.43 7,714,884-10.50
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 2,479 0.00 5,023-50.65
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 9,035,645 0.56 10,309,200-12.35
39 Plastics and articles thereof 7,285,826 0.45 5,069,75643.71
40 Rubber and articles thereof 3,443,990 0.21 2,526,68236.30
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 1,449,064 0.09 1,345,6447.69
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 16,813 0.00 17,697-5.00
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 7,482 0.00 4,58763.11
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 5,492,657 0.34 5,470,3150.41
45 Cork and articles of cork 8,503 0.00 7,43314.40
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 477 0.00 3,861-87.65
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 2,193,652 0.14 2,047,7507.12
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 6,085,439 0.38 2,986,991103.73
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 167,284 0.01 112,43848.78
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 242,811 0.02 325,419-25.39
52 Cotton 185,280 0.01 191,092-3.04
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 456 0.00 863-47.16
54 Man-made filaments 3,161 0.00 6,309-49.90
55 Man-made staple fibers 6,864 0.00 10,231-32.91
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 836,179 0.05 618,22735.25
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 129,801 0.01 118,8459.22
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 14,101 0.00 3,462307.31
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 110,039 0.01 132,416-16.90
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 479 0.00 1,401-65.81
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 483,845 0.03 404,03919.75
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 784,704 0.05 379,020107.03
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 139,162 0.01 109,43927.16
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,015,209 0.06 722,21040.57
65 Headgear and parts thereof 73,493 0.00 51,48342.75
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 73 0.00 1,157-93.69
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 10,937 0.00 2,638314.59
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 9,647,473 0.60 6,789,21042.10
69 Ceramic products 1,283,049 0.08 941,95936.21
70 Glass and glassware 12,792,946 0.80 10,803,48218.42
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 78,031 0.00 91,444-14.67
72 Iron and steel 69,720,574 4.34 29,596,813135.57
73 Articles of iron or steel 21,194,362 1.32 15,540,08336.39
74 Copper and articles thereof 309,614 0.02 192,84360.55
75 Nickel and articles thereof 21,675 0.00 2,250863.33
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 2,144,248 0.13 2,268,342-5.47
78 Lead and articles thereof 9,237 0.00 1,483522.86
79 Zinc and articles thereof 22,271 0.00 24,480-9.02
80 Tin and articles thereof 62,585 0.00 35,55876.01
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 23 0.00 1,057-97.82
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 800,728 0.05 415,42192.75
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 730,899 0.05 664,40510.01
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 35,241,158 2.19 40,136,562-12.20
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 30,629,039 1.91 46,750,608-34.48
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 19,338,712 1.20 21,025,709-8.02
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 24,853,564 1.55 9,060,883174.30
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 5,956 0.00 29,659-79.92
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 2,470,220 0.15 1,465,93068.51
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 2,129 0.00 2,0284.98
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 1,504 0.00 1,657-9.23
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2,010,458 0.13 2,124,720-5.38
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 201,656 0.01 236,289-14.66
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,895,732 0.12 1,830,2863.58
SS Classified 483,111 0.03 148 566225.18

Russia’s Imports from Mongolia

The major share of Russian imports from Mongolia in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 67.69% of Russia’s total imports from Mongolia (69.96% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 20.63% of Russia’s total imports from Mongolia (19.48% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 11.13% of Russia’s total imports from Mongolia (10.03% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Mongolia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - an increase of $1,476,126;
  • Meat and edible meat offal (HS code 02) - an increase of $751,080;
  • Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 16) - an increase of $439,657;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $401,321;
  • Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric (HS code 51) - an increase of $305,354;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $138,537.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Mongolia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $1,067,809;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $215,909;
  • Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts (HS code 13) - a decrease of $207,963;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $148,055;
  • Carpets and other textile floor coverings (HS code 57) - a decrease of $132,944.
Russia’s imports from Mongolia in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
02 Meat and edible meat offal 7,347,151 16.98 6,596,07111.39
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 430-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0 0.00 215,909-100.00
10 Cereals 21,788 0.05 0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 0 0.00 14,800-100.00
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 0 0.00 207,963-100.00
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 1,266,387 2.93 826,73053.18
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 10,569 0.02 4,022162.78
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0 0.00 262-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 111,600 0.26 77,02044.90
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 169,084 0.39 90,81586.19
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 27,850,689 64.37 26,374,5635.60
26 Ores, slag and ash 1,081,670 2.50 2,149,479-49.68
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 352,556 0.81 322,9399.17
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 0 0.00 12,924-100.00
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 440 0.00 0
39 Plastics and articles thereof 5,924 0.01 20,650-71.31
40 Rubber and articles thereof 596 0.00 0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 7,848 0.02 13,213-40.60
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 26,611 0.06 0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 54,634 0.13 2,9091,778.10
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 2,767 0.01 11,223-75.35
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 18,430 0.04 7,343150.99
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 743,479 1.72 438,12569.70
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 31 0.00 746-95.84
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 2,499 0.01 135,443-98.15
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 361 0.00 1,293-72.08
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 3,258,694 7.53 2,857,37314.05
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 212,139 0.49 360,194-41.10
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 174,565 0.40 127,83536.55
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 218,325 0.50 79,788173.63
65 Headgear and parts thereof 204,215 0.47 136,65449.44
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 0 0.00 1,504-100.00
69 Ceramic products 300 0.00 1,929-84.45
70 Glass and glassware 0 0.00 1,103-100.00
72 Iron and steel 19 0.00 0
73 Articles of iron or steel 3,626 0.01 3,4295.75
74 Copper and articles thereof 0 0.00 3,335-100.00
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 551 0.00 3,427-83.92
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 297 0.00 15887.97
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 1,092 0.00 76043.68
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 18,830 0.04 25,165-25.17
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 2,712 0.01 33,451-91.89
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 205 0.00 11873.73
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 0 0.00 1,221-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 91,997 0.21 74,08624.18
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,702 0.00 315,390.32
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia