Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Romania in 2018

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in 2018: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In 2018, Russia’s trade with Romania totaled $4,919,531,196, up 26.61% ($1,034,063,109) from 2017.

Russia’s exports to Romania in 2018 totaled $3,095,825,608, up 36.52% ($828,117,564) from 2017.

Russia’s imports from Romania in 2018 totaled $1,823,705,588, up 12.73% ($205,945,545) from 2017.

Russia’s trade surplus with Romania in 2018 was $1,272,120,020, a 95.73% increase ($622,172,019) over 2017.

Romania was Russia’s 31st largest trading partner in 2018 (up from 32nd in 2017), accounting for 0.7149% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.6653% in 2017).

Romania was Russia’s 33rd largest export market in 2018 (just as in 2017), accounting for 0.6880% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.6351% in 2017).

Romania was Russia’s 29th largest supplier in 2018 (up from 30th in 2017), accounting for 0.7658% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.7128% in 2017).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 76.61% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (77.40% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 9.96% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (10.43% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 4.88% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (4.08% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.13% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.83% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.85% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.58% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.18% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (0.38% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $626,094,374;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $45,322,715;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $29,066,160;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $26,887,885;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $25,900,150;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $21,388,641;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $16,145,062;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $14,032,164.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial decrease.
Russia’s exports to Romania in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 579,128 0.02 428,76235.07
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 516,405 0.02 147,449250.23
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 221,168 0.01 48,993351.43
10 Cereals 28,564,009 0.92 2,663,859972.28
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 169,305 0.01 164,2693.07
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 310,145 0.01 4,535,824-93.16
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 7,887 0.00 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0 0.00 121-100.00
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 119,019 0.00 0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 1,209 0.00 0
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 22,668 0.00 0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 27,143 0.00 2839,491.17
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0 0.00 17,254-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 540,566 0.02 423,04427.78
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 143,364 0.00 171,908-16.60
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 5,316 0.00 2,225138.92
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 5,216,038 0.17 30,58016,957.02
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 11,088,737 0.36 11,759,646-5.71
26 Ores, slag and ash 9,444,060 0.31 18,505,479-48.97
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 2,351,101,032 75.94 1,725,006,65836.30
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 20,987,800 0.68 15,562,60934.86
29 Organic chemicals 41,452,018 1.34 40,130,9223.29
30 Pharmaceutical products 630,766 0.02 748,543-15.73
31 Fertilizers 128,262,537 4.14 82,939,82254.65
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 159,628 0.01 159,5770.03
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 3,480,685 0.11 3,855,303-9.72
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 514,093 0.02 131,258291.67
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 68,029 0.00 44,65752.34
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 86,746 0.00 42,500104.11
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,319,891 0.04 1,045,95526.19
39 Plastics and articles thereof 13,653,138 0.44 10,248,29233.22
40 Rubber and articles thereof 97,724,677 3.16 81,579,61519.79
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 534,711 0.02 257,579107.59
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,540 0.00 92,842-98.34
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 53,022,696 1.71 49,073,3478.05
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 78 0.00 0
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 702,889 0.02 3,441,445-79.58
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 34,420,324 1.11 28,626,97920.24
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 124,620 0.00 84,46447.54
52 Cotton 137,661 0.00 233,759-41.11
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 56,076 0.00 89,161-37.11
54 Man-made filaments 31,564 0.00 28,04512.55
55 Man-made staple fibers 151,036 0.00 136,14310.94
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 662,440 0.02 3,294,263-79.89
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 4,660 0.00 1932,314.51
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 240 0.00 77211.69
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 79,274 0.00 36,787115.49
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 82,426 0.00 33,563145.59
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 34,569 0.00 14,899132.02
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 146,564 0.00 63,601130.44
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 9,768 0.00 12,340-20.84
65 Headgear and parts thereof 156 0.00 65140.00
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 1,440 0.00 0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 36,693 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 14,387,805 0.46 8,676,95465.82
69 Ceramic products 2,364,059 0.08 1,494,69258.16
70 Glass and glassware 18,043,128 0.58 9,900,99582.24
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 136,557 0.00 0
72 Iron and steel 82,191,195 2.65 55,303,31048.62
73 Articles of iron or steel 7,251,934 0.23 3,718,95995.00
74 Copper and articles thereof 8,539 0.00 22,271-61.66
75 Nickel and articles thereof 64,693 0.00 3,9471,539.04
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 6,191,618 0.20 3,966,85956.08
78 Lead and articles thereof 1,634 0.00 820,325.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0 0.00 132-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 116,704 0.00 420,158-72.22
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 530,258 0.02 543,248-2.39
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 447,460 0.01 262,96570.16
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 64,024,723 2.07 42,636,08250.17
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 32,006,842 1.03 17,974,67878.07
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 637,946 0.02 447,06742.70
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 50,008,651 1.62 20,942,491138.79
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 951,387 0.03 7,546,153-87.39
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 3,389,040 0.11 3,011,11312.55
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 11,976 0.00 32,570-63.23
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 16,284 0.00 12,03335.33
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,896,392 0.06 1,360,24339.42
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 351,520 0.01 301,53616.58
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 4,066,416 0.13 3,140,96329.46
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 9,908 0.00 5,76771.81
SS Classified 60,307 0.00 67 891-11.17

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 63.45% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (54.64% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 17.55% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (21.14% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 8.18% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (8.49% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.45% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (5.56% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 2.68% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (5.71% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 0.59% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (1.26% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $117,648,316;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $112,003,328;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $23,243,879;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $14,901,268;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $5,601,444.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $37,254,458;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - a decrease of $13,281,781;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $12,414,524;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $10,102,693;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $8,011,701;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $7,167,744.
Russia’s imports from Romania in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 0 0.00 51-100.00
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 886 0.00 1,216-27.14
10 Cereals 32,758,196 1.80 39,925,940-17.95
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 10,904,353 0.60 48,158,811-77.36
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 701,493 0.04 404,68173.34
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 212,690 0.01 368,616-42.30
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 366,987 0.02 353,7363.75
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 792,832 0.04 348,892127.24
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 945,266 0.05 899,2495.12
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,105,115 0.06 645,42371.22
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 330,403 0.02 409,717-19.36
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 750,722 0.04 815,785-7.98
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 188,887 0.01 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 12,866,950 0.71 13,576,018-5.22
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 1,161,899 0.06 2,107,968-44.88
29 Organic chemicals 4,408,530 0.24 3,608,08022.18
30 Pharmaceutical products 135,277,559 7.42 138,380,512-2.24
31 Fertilizers 126,783 0.01 86,94645.82
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 3,012,774 0.17 3,622,921-16.84
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 80,535,111 4.42 93,816,892-14.16
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 724,358 0.04 413,21075.30
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 38,414 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 387,368 0.02 443,039-12.57
39 Plastics and articles thereof 42,271,421 2.32 39,382,0047.34
40 Rubber and articles thereof 52,062,057 2.85 60,073,758-13.34
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 19,612 0.00 0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 5,540,557 0.30 5,693,768-2.69
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 107,657 0.01 136,491-21.13
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 8,735,381 0.48 7,672,91213.85
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 572 0.00 29991.30
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 488,259 0.03 10,590,952-95.39
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 1,530,517 0.08 2,066,569-25.94
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 540,369 0.03 297,54381.61
52 Cotton 8,117 0.00 27,587-70.58
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 3,585 0.00 1432,406.99
54 Man-made filaments 1,128,399 0.06 1,218,147-7.37
55 Man-made staple fibers 2,320,364 0.13 2,036,48513.94
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 2,879,644 0.16 1,436,946100.40
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 154,285 0.01 36,125327.09
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 1,298,793 0.07 664,81495.36
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 5,586,168 0.31 3,660,98052.59
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 25,895 0.00 33,430-22.54
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 22,634,896 1.24 21,227,1826.63
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 67,918,332 3.72 63,634,3686.73
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,969,220 0.11 1,766,47211.48
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 42,159,196 2.31 40,866,8423.16
65 Headgear and parts thereof 299,690 0.02 350,521-14.50
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 461 0.00 0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 238,779 0.01 170,99339.64
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 16,909 0.00 36,581-53.78
69 Ceramic products 6,115,537 0.34 5,024,51721.71
70 Glass and glassware 5,804,870 0.32 5,464,1656.24
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 157,183 0.01 4,4163,459.40
72 Iron and steel 8,527,046 0.47 9,234,233-7.66
73 Articles of iron or steel 35,631,231 1.95 48,045,755-25.84
74 Copper and articles thereof 44,445 0.00 18,375141.88
75 Nickel and articles thereof 6,465 0.00 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 3,607,160 0.20 5,927,356-39.14
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 9-100.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 182,532 0.01 253,751-28.07
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 19,634 0.00 264,509-92.58
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 5,084,493 0.28 680,645647.01
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 28,094,001 1.54 25,510,79410.13
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 380,897,380 20.89 263,249,06444.69
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 214,032,519 11.74 190,788,64012.18
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 4,219 0.00 154,773-97.27
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 348,734,091 19.12 343,132,6471.63
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 172,212,328 9.44 60,209,000186.02
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 41,308,040 2.27 26,406,77256.43
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 4,645 0.00 6,273-25.95
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 223,287 0.01 131,91269.27
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 21,518,876 1.18 17,029,07626.37
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,764,253 0.10 2,247,328-21.50
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 2,194,642 0.12 2,506,418-12.44
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia