Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Spain in 2018

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Spain in 2018: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Spain

In 2018, Russia’s trade with Spain totaled $5,759,835,165, up 7.87% ($420,102,060) from 2017.

Russia’s exports to Spain in 2018 totaled $2,362,435,788, up 6.73% ($148,868,568) from 2017.

Russia’s imports from Spain in 2018 totaled $3,397,399,377, up 8.68% ($271,233,492) from 2017.

Russia’s trade deficit with Spain in 2018 was $1,034,963,589, a 13.41% increase ($122,364,924) over 2017.

Spain was Russia’s 26th largest trading partner in 2018 (down from 22nd in 2017), accounting for 0.8370% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.9143% in 2017).

Spain was Russia’s 39th largest export market in 2018 (down from 34th in 2017), accounting for 0.5250% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.6199% in 2017).

Spain was Russia’s 17th largest supplier in 2018 (up from 19th in 2017), accounting for 1.4266% of Russia’s total imports (up from 1.3774% in 2017).

Russia’s Exports to Spain

The major share of Russian exports to Spain in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 72.35% of Russia’s total exports to Spain (72.50% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 11.02% of Russia’s total exports to Spain (12.09% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 5.34% of Russia’s total exports to Spain (1.94% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 4.79% of Russia’s total exports to Spain (5.63% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 2.90% of Russia’s total exports to Spain (0.92% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Spain in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $102,098,445;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - an increase of $43,454,152;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $34,687,362;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $26,789,385;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - an increase of $18,323,393;
  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - an increase of $12,970,993;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $9,046,728;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - an increase of $8,296,567.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Spain in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $17,924,169;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $10,033,871.
Russia’s exports to Spain in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
01 Live animals 241 0.00 0
02 Meat and edible meat offal 87 0.00 0
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 787,231 0.03 7,783,453-89.89
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 17,588 0.00 69,114-74.55
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 45,008,075 1.91 1,553,9232,796.42
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 1,454 0.00 1,16524.81
10 Cereals 31,534,684 1.33 4,745,299564.55
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 175,135 0.01 71,067146.44
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 3,729,778 0.16 1,763,126111.54
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 511 0.00 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 25,006 0.00 29,967-16.55
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 713 0.00 0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 11,556,017 0.49 8,993,00828.50
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 449,381 0.02 955,192-52.95
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 138,958 0.01 357,165-61.09
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 137,809 0.01 58,160136.95
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,113,661 0.05 343,630224.09
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 2,466,956 0.10 328,293651.45
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 28,891,693 1.22 15,920,70081.47
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 45,000 0.00 0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 3,987,805 0.17 1,794,307122.25
26 Ores, slag and ash 132,969 0.01 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,705,115,321 72.18 1,603,016,8766.37
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 28,550,008 1.21 20,253,44140.96
29 Organic chemicals 15,907,753 0.67 20,967,373-24.13
30 Pharmaceutical products 4,914 0.00 1,627202.03
31 Fertilizers 28,185,560 1.19 46,109,729-38.87
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,297,275 0.10 97,7462,250.25
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 864,291 0.04 850,9371.57
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 281,093 0.01 157,69778.25
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 1,929 0.00 0
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 3,405 0.00 544525.92
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 1,930 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 610,135 0.03 520,48017.23
39 Plastics and articles thereof 3,347,570 0.14 6,225,351-46.23
40 Rubber and articles thereof 33,155,754 1.40 29,341,69713.00
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 14,264,083 0.60 14,611,066-2.37
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 533,185 0.02 4,81810,966.52
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 17,329,939 0.73 13,224,74231.04
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 57 0.00 61-6.56
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 2 0.00 35,851-99.99
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 6,114,336 0.26 6,041,0391.21
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 178,601 0.01 340,623-47.57
52 Cotton 33,405 0.00 64,825-48.47
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 300,416 0.01 127,094136.37
54 Man-made filaments 3,029,342 0.13 2,838,8126.71
55 Man-made staple fibers 19 0.00 126-84.92
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 340,757 0.01 1,169,843-70.87
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 7,124 0.00 2,900145.66
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 1,164 0.00 317267.19
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 11,642 0.00 2058,110.00
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0 0.00 2,153-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 564,940 0.02 126,751345.71
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 3,918,928 0.17 282,8051,285.74
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,943,332 0.08 1,252,86555.11
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 127,797 0.01 315,334-59.47
65 Headgear and parts thereof 82,569 0.00 36922,276.42
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 179 0.00 45297.78
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 441,313 0.02 303,29045.51
69 Ceramic products 237,829 0.01 217,7999.20
70 Glass and glassware 22,937,373 0.97 4,613,980397.13
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 17,363 0.00 35,487-51.07
72 Iron and steel 230,299,723 9.75 240,333,594-4.17
73 Articles of iron or steel 729,349 0.03 414,78875.84
74 Copper and articles thereof 1,482 0.00 465218.71
75 Nickel and articles thereof 0 0.00 48,064-100.00
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 25,384,703 1.07 24,490,3333.65
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1,488,588 0.06 1,828,556-18.59
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 47,363 0.00 24,05796.88
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 2,449,171 0.10 486,167403.77
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 42,372,222 1.79 7,684,860451.37
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 12,030,303 0.51 10,356,28716.16
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 2,623,692 0.11 799,410228.20
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 742,401 0.03 642,76415.50
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 9,064,591 0.38 17,86350,645.07
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,731,689 0.07 754,484129.52
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 236 0.00 96145.83
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 22,511 0.00 5,136338.30
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 9,493,340 0.40 4,033,424135.37
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 367,671 0.02 419,711-12.40
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 123,180 0.01 39,780209.65
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 103,366 0.00 46,954120.14
SS Classified 2,416,822 0.10 103 216 345-97.66

Russia’s Imports from Spain

The major share of Russian imports from Spain in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 35.01% of Russia’s total imports from Spain (35.19% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 29.82% of Russia’s total imports from Spain (29.87% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 15.77% of Russia’s total imports from Spain (16.84% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.21% of Russia’s total imports from Spain (7.05% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 2.79% of Russia’s total imports from Spain (2.69% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.32% of Russia’s total imports from Spain (1.43% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Spain in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials (HS code 68) - an increase of $83,077,070;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $75,530,253;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $42,714,930;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $32,756,921;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $25,052,569;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $21,156,664;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $18,611,171.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Spain in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $62,337,744;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $13,094,703.
Russia’s imports from Spain in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
01 Live animals 494,583 0.01 85,394479.18
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 7,201,160 0.21 6,337,84913.62
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 26,025 0.00 11,898118.73
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 24,652,410 0.73 23,859,5283.32
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 122,669 0.00 19,414531.86
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 448,848 0.01 281,65259.36
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 4,101,339 0.12 4,070,4350.76
10 Cereals 387,690 0.01 760,733-49.04
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 2,681,711 0.08 2,383,00912.53
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 30,085,639 0.89 31,637,804-4.91
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 7,581,260 0.22 5,357,12441.52
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 49,671,800 1.46 45,476,7299.22
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 1,285,205 0.04 975,26831.78
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 6,959,277 0.20 5,537,66125.67
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 18,484,249 0.54 19,114,903-3.30
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 13,939,822 0.41 8,391,66066.12
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 129,622,597 3.82 129,530,2320.07
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 17,732,147 0.52 13,575,09730.62
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 191,189,288 5.63 195,255,659-2.08
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 22,226,839 0.65 26,384,875-15.76
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 6,863,397 0.20 7,253,817-5.38
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 6,100,976 0.18 4,864,07025.43
26 Ores, slag and ash 763,392 0.02 676,51912.84
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 10,824,618 0.32 10,347,1784.61
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 21,245,226 0.63 27,150,816-21.75
29 Organic chemicals 47,519,695 1.40 41,930,65613.33
30 Pharmaceutical products 299,475,749 8.81 290,312,2053.16
31 Fertilizers 7,547,243 0.22 7,518,0530.39
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 91,446,207 2.69 90,895,6470.61
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 94,393,936 2.78 91,590,8573.06
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 24,592,773 0.72 22,978,8617.02
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 5,248,271 0.15 5,370,252-2.27
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 2,744,430 0.08 1,997,53037.39
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 374,041 0.01 281,02033.10
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 116,955,091 3.44 95,798,42722.08
39 Plastics and articles thereof 147,681,662 4.35 129,070,49114.42
40 Rubber and articles thereof 153,899,743 4.53 128,847,17419.44
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 30,190 0.00 249,210-87.89
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 11,748,160 0.35 9,460,44324.18
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 393,693 0.01 1,717,403-77.08
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 6,370,192 0.19 6,598,528-3.46
45 Cork and articles of cork 289,985 0.01 335,650-13.60
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 20,157 0.00 1,2071,570.01
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 53,412 0.00 171,836-68.92
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 36,365,911 1.07 36,017,2820.97
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 1,749,857 0.05 1,637,6026.85
50 Silk 2,370 0.00 2,687-11.80
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 69,712 0.00 37,79784.44
52 Cotton 2,734,681 0.08 2,634,2873.81
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 22,597 0.00 37,955-40.46
54 Man-made filaments 3,556,072 0.10 1,990,57378.65
55 Man-made staple fibers 16,367,234 0.48 12,752,86628.34
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 4,772,356 0.14 3,403,71040.21
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 382,116 0.01 327,57516.65
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 433,012 0.01 373,14616.04
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 4,461,180 0.13 3,397,96931.29
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 3,688,812 0.11 2,071,83778.05
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 5,456,330 0.16 4,689,32316.36
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 10,934,407 0.32 9,777,94111.83
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 5,753,151 0.17 4,921,88916.89
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 35,895,978 1.06 37,420,921-4.08
65 Headgear and parts thereof 106,952 0.00 171,132-37.50
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 5,663 0.00 6,820-16.96
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 71,115 0.00 46,82851.86
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 93,627,717 2.76 10,550,647787.41
69 Ceramic products 106,727,177 3.14 100,004,1056.72
70 Glass and glassware 15,024,747 0.44 10,662,55240.91
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 11,483,779 0.34 9,343,00922.91
72 Iron and steel 60,928,155 1.79 70,047,232-13.02
73 Articles of iron or steel 98,917,515 2.91 107,341,002-7.85
74 Copper and articles thereof 2,877,861 0.08 1,523,84088.86
75 Nickel and articles thereof 1,104,029 0.03 1,680,821-34.32
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 14,828,135 0.44 14,942,899-0.77
79 Zinc and articles thereof 424,234 0.01 114,140271.68
80 Tin and articles thereof 9,175 0.00 43,103-78.71
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 3,118,331 0.09 235,2521,225.53
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 11,932,332 0.35 8,409,76441.89
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 16,975,733 0.50 16,146,8775.13
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 439,458,509 12.94 396,743,57910.77
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 260,481,313 7.67 184,951,06040.84
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 8,635,215 0.25 12,350,294-30.08
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 447,197,724 13.16 414,440,8037.90
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 3,699,718 0.11 66,037,462-94.40
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 30,008,044 0.88 25,610,18317.17
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 257,657 0.01 248,8003.56
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 658,726 0.02 387,10870.17
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 28,703,716 0.84 41,798,419-31.33
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 13,512,785 0.40 9,930,67536.07
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 3,165,675 0.09 4,217,986-24.95
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 131,590 0.00 538,256-75.55
SS Classified 5,203,482 0.15 1 681 103209.53
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia