Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Vietnam in 2018

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Vietnam in 2018: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Vietnam

In 2018, Russia’s trade with Vietnam totaled $6,081,485,664, up 16.35% ($854,473,909) from 2017.

Russia’s exports to Vietnam in 2018 totaled $2,457,473,226, up 29.12% ($554,257,198) from 2017.

Russia’s imports from Vietnam in 2018 totaled $3,624,012,438, up 9.03% ($300,216,711) from 2017.

Russia’s trade deficit with Vietnam in 2018 was $1,166,539,212, a 17.88% decrease ($254,040,487) over 2017.

Vietnam was Russia’s 23rd largest trading partner in 2018 (up from 27th in 2017), accounting for 0.8838% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.8950% in 2017).

Vietnam was Russia’s 37th largest export market in 2018 (up from 38th in 2017), accounting for 0.5461% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.5330% in 2017).

Vietnam was Russia’s 16th largest supplier in 2018 (up from 17th in 2017), accounting for 1.5217% of Russia’s total imports (up from 1.4644% in 2017).

Russia’s Exports to Vietnam

The major share of Russian exports to Vietnam in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 31.89% of Russia’s total exports to Vietnam (43.64% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 24.13% of Russia’s total exports to Vietnam (18.79% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 14.36% of Russia’s total exports to Vietnam (10.45% in 2017);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 11.53% of Russia’s total exports to Vietnam (11.39% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 6.20% of Russia’s total exports to Vietnam (7.97% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.62% of Russia’s total exports to Vietnam (3.61% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Vietnam in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $599,101,861;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $203,725,087;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $147,169,935;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $66,783,760;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $55,800,344;
  • Meat and edible meat offal (HS code 02) - an increase of $27,324,469;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $11,450,911.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Vietnam in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $596,011,375;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $105,342,508;
  • Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans (HS code 49) - a decrease of $29,614,863;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $12,874,764;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $8,600,293.
Russia’s exports to Vietnam in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
01 Live animals 0 0.00 13,017-100.00
02 Meat and edible meat offal 64,986,022 2.64 37,661,55372.55
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 12,073,167 0.49 6,380,99789.21
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 5,609-100.00
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 8,201,829 0.33 3,400,239141.21
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 44 0.00 261,303-99.98
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 1,778 0.00 0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 121,638 0.00 78,13955.67
10 Cereals 477,022,207 19.41 273,297,12074.54
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 43,396 0.00 2,166,062-98.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 6,570,405 0.27 15,170,698-56.69
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 4,664,103 0.19 2,999,52155.49
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 316,488 0.01 76,236315.14
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 4,497,185 0.18 4,848,887-7.25
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 1,731,390 0.07 1,057,79363.68
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 5,881,832 0.24 3,191,68684.29
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 611,841 0.02 949,821-35.58
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,328,586 0.09 1,620,51143.69
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 2,160,143 0.09 2,257,979-4.33
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 1,687,969 0.07 1,776,156-4.97
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 135,391 0.01 344,161-60.66
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 5,347,644 0.22 7,524,140-28.93
26 Ores, slag and ash 23,110,460 0.94 21,129,0919.38
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 254,963,252 10.38 188,179,49235.49
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 7,195,938 0.29 6,195,97916.14
29 Organic chemicals 21,896,014 0.89 10,445,103109.63
30 Pharmaceutical products 9,011,208 0.37 5,757,64456.51
31 Fertilizers 83,692,585 3.41 96,567,349-13.33
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,133,909 0.09 1,269,83068.05
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 3,379,083 0.14 3,764,133-10.23
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 416,690 0.02 549,797-24.21
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 251 0.00 13,491-98.14
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 15,900 0.00 1,663,186-99.04
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,568,266 0.06 1,958,005-19.90
39 Plastics and articles thereof 9,279,534 0.38 9,707,761-4.41
40 Rubber and articles thereof 13,757,727 0.56 13,744,8180.09
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 576,719 0.02 595,008-3.07
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 17,462 0.00 24,501-28.73
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 9,062,768 0.37 8,859,3962.30
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 59 0.00 0
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 7,509,569 0.31 5,779,41029.94
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 16,834,346 0.69 17,943,512-6.18
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 6,502,920 0.26 36,117,783-82.00
52 Cotton 2,599 0.00 927180.37
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 1,452 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 239,882 0.01 300,233-20.10
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 57,388 0.00 32,43776.92
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 779 0.00 0
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 40,015 0.00 50,467-20.71
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 13,975 0.00 25,634-45.48
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 133,245 0.01 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 13,809 0.00 1,451851.69
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 61,437 0.00 364,107-83.13
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 4,695 0.00 28,825-83.71
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 9,323 0.00 3,788146.12
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0 0.00 27-100.00
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0 0.00 15-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 444,201 0.02 423,1254.98
69 Ceramic products 3,847 0.00 9,485-59.44
70 Glass and glassware 494,296 0.02 60,199721.10
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 32,552 0.00 29,6179.91
72 Iron and steel 323,048,162 13.15 175,878,22783.68
73 Articles of iron or steel 15,940,361 0.65 9,621,01565.68
74 Copper and articles thereof 23,189 0.00 181,710-87.24
75 Nickel and articles thereof 0 0.00 685-100.00
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 12,399,093 0.50 11,912,6904.08
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 757-100.00
80 Tin and articles thereof 314 0.00 4,420-92.90
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 0 0.00 18,281-100.00
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,406,417 0.06 1,331,1485.65
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 49,249 0.00 17,933174.63
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 43,855,728 1.78 149,198,236-70.61
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 92,435,026 3.76 36,634,682152.32
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 4,000 0.00 0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 616,293,951 25.08 17,192,0903,484.75
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 307,025 0.01 596,318,400-99.95
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 30,807,475 1.25 31,233,017-1.36
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 16,623 0.00 15,5926.61
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 1,696 0.00 6,468-73.78
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 66,674 0.00 147,056-54.66
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 26,013 0.00 40,083-35.10
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 62,183 0.00 25,898140.11
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 136 0.00 0
SS Classified 249,868,698 10.17 76 760 386225.52

Russia’s Imports from Vietnam

The major share of Russian imports from Vietnam in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 61.58% of Russia’s total imports from Vietnam (61.44% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 18.72% of Russia’s total imports from Vietnam (19.26% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 13.07% of Russia’s total imports from Vietnam (12.77% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 2.52% of Russia’s total imports from Vietnam (2.65% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.05% of Russia’s total imports from Vietnam (0.88% in 2017).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Vietnam in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $103,896,446;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $50,547,485;
  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - an increase of $34,025,127;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $29,561,226;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $22,525,975;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $18,564,326;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - an increase of $12,648,585;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $12,585,238.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Vietnam in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 03) - a decrease of $14,775,165;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - a decrease of $11,600,728.
Russia’s imports from Vietnam in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2017,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2018
over 2017
01 Live animals 165,600 0.00 159,2503.99
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 86,400,949 2.38 101,176,114-14.60
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 5,355 0.00 0
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 16,571 0.00 38,215-56.64
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,002,078 0.03 700,74143.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 68,423,055 1.89 49,858,72937.23
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 226,560,095 6.25 192,534,96817.67
10 Cereals 4,873,892 0.13 9,765,743-50.09
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 145,017 0.00 253,804-42.86
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 342,670 0.01 338,8611.12
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 620,874 0.02 229,350170.71
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 4,795 0.00 26,589-81.97
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 121,693 0.00 61,96596.39
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 4,042,027 0.11 2,226,26181.56
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 156,332 0.00 130,04920.21
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 47,467 0.00 72,429-34.46
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 7,116,554 0.20 6,060,46717.43
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 28,400,701 0.78 29,094,497-2.38
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 43,479,880 1.20 30,831,29541.03
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1,634,491 0.05 743,676119.79
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 8,894 0.00 113,431-92.16
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 3,317 0.00 28,458-88.34
26 Ores, slag and ash 4,196,079 0.12 786,444433.55
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,029,287 0.03 850,84520.97
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 3,712,590 0.10 6,843,646-45.75
29 Organic chemicals 53,405 0.00 18,966181.58
30 Pharmaceutical products 7,674,360 0.21 16,188,351-52.59
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 10,743,199 0.30 7,592,69041.49
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 106,542 0.00 198,742-46.39
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 2,912,774 0.08 1,825,12559.59
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 455,940 0.01 623,230-26.84
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 15,568,641 0.43 12,900,11620.69
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,017,910 0.08 2,431,68924.11
39 Plastics and articles thereof 19,985,475 0.55 17,697,45412.93
40 Rubber and articles thereof 27,200,697 0.75 21,843,75724.52
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 89,153 0.00 29,837198.80
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 32,904,203 0.91 32,790,5970.35
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 346,726 0.01 133,020160.66
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 1,343,224 0.04 662,954102.61
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 2,159,165 0.06 2,384,792-9.46
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 932,506 0.03 740,75225.89
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 106,095 0.00 86,28922.95
52 Cotton 4,449,072 0.12 2,626,92469.36
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 13,402 0.00 24,461-45.21
54 Man-made filaments 159,879 0.00 556,430-71.27
55 Man-made staple fibers 4,232,609 0.12 947,604346.66
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 313,474 0.01 179,07575.05
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 320,541 0.01 55357,864.01
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 98,527 0.00 56,91573.11
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 7,671,696 0.21 6,327,58821.24
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 441,152 0.01 518,798-14.97
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 107,147,180 2.96 118,747,908-9.77
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 212,748,926 5.87 183,187,70016.14
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 20,046,374 0.55 12,337,37962.48
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 316,753,798 8.74 311,543,0241.67
65 Headgear and parts thereof 3,219,252 0.09 2,505,41728.49
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 57,159 0.00 7247,794.89
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 829,766 0.02 522,86558.70
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,276,854 0.04 655,98294.65
69 Ceramic products 2,899,923 0.08 1,884,68653.87
70 Glass and glassware 661,270 0.02 717,015-7.77
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 2,977,828 0.08 2,343,89527.05
72 Iron and steel 10,361,728 0.29 7,105,69445.82
73 Articles of iron or steel 13,394,118 0.37 14,001,858-4.34
74 Copper and articles thereof 286,021 0.01 74638,240.62
75 Nickel and articles thereof 36,189 0.00 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 64,020 0.00 45,24541.50
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 40-100.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0 0.00 212-100.00
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 11,385,713 0.31 6,660,56270.94
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 2,381,821 0.07 1,540,60354.60
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 309,501,320 8.54 286,975,3457.85
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,769,842,708 48.84 1,719,295,2232.94
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 5,391 0.00 2,252139.39
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 1,051,887 0.03 1,161,493-9.44
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 123,175,933 3.40 19,279,487538.90
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 28,094,835 0.78 15,509,59781.14
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 1,011,683 0.03 154,289555.71
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 97,994 0.00 71,79236.50
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 15,778,222 0.44 13,797,45114.36
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 32,936,366 0.91 28,842,20814.20
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 9,649,625 0.27 11,944,551-19.21
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 0 0.00 2,304-100.00
SS Classified 527,904 0.01 645 644-18.24
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia