Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade in goods with Romania in Q1 2019

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in the first quarter of 2019: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In the 1st quarter of 2019, Russia’s trade with Romania was $1,111,204,556, down 12.03% ($152,004,994) from the 1st quarter of 2018.

Russia’s exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2019 were $742,518,247, down 13.39% ($114,843,462) from the 1st quarter of 2018.

Russia’s imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2019 were $368,686,309, down 9.16% ($37,161,532) from the 1st quarter of 2018.

Russia’s trade surplus with Romania in the 1st quarter of 2019 was $373,831,938, a 17.20% decrease ($77,681,930) over the 1st quarter of 2018.

Romania was Russia’s 29th largest trading partner in the 1st quarter of 2019 (down from 28th in the 1st quarter of 2018), accounting for 0.7059% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.8014% in the 1st quarter of 2018).

Romania was Russia’s 33rd largest export market in the 1st quarter of 2019 (down from 29th in the 1st quarter of 2018), accounting for 0.7113% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.8322% in the 1st quarter of 2018).

Romania was Russia’s 30th largest supplier in the 1st quarter of 2019 (down from 29th in the 1st quarter of 2018), accounting for 0.6951% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.7432% in the 1st quarter of 2018).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2019 (and in the 1st quarter of 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 75.25% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (80.55% in the 1st quarter of 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 11.35% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (9.22% in the 1st quarter of 2018);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 5.04% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.74% in the 1st quarter of 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.13% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.65% in the 1st quarter of 2018);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.62% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.38% in the 1st quarter of 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2019 over the 1st quarter of 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $12,203,758;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $4,207,731;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $3,671,081;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $2,989,477;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $2,514,321.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2019 over the 1st quarter of 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $133,760,809;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $2,838,979.
Russia’s exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q1 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in Q1 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q1 2019
over Q1 2018
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 25,737 0.00 0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 135,437 0.02 135,702-0.20
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 954,434 0.13 21,8464,268.92
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 12,432 0.00 0
10 Cereals 0 0.00 2,030,463-100.00
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 88,048 0.01 17,283409.45
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 33,893 0.00 102,603-66.97
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 3,058 0.00 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 51 0.00 0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 215,558 0.03 0
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 20,260 0.00 0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 44,103 0.01 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 129,044 0.02 87,37447.69
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 6,997 0.00 40,473-82.71
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 0 0.00 5,316-100.00
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 2,039,001 0.27 229,998786.53
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 4,541,630 0.61 5,575,994-18.55
26 Ores, slag and ash 2,989,477 0.40 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 551,242,763 74.24 685,003,572-19.53
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 4,949,274 0.67 3,951,59725.25
29 Organic chemicals 9,035,491 1.22 9,672,450-6.59
30 Pharmaceutical products 2,655 0.00 128,600-97.94
31 Fertilizers 41,887,497 5.64 37,679,76611.17
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 32,035 0.00 61,725-48.10
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 1,027,509 0.14 996,8303.08
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 201,574 0.03 138,60245.43
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 20,100 0.00 14,67436.98
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 0 0.00 45,056-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 195,576 0.03 309,107-36.73
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2,938,910 0.40 2,497,88917.66
40 Rubber and articles thereof 24,002,683 3.23 23,586,3101.77
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 107,888 0.01 112,900-4.44
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 164 0.00 814-79.85
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 10,302,174 1.39 10,729,429-3.98
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 37 0.00 0
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 613,104 0.08 222,261175.85
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 8,563,440 1.15 9,414,310-9.04
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 4,688 0.00 20,119-76.70
52 Cotton 0 0.00 51,082-100.00
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0 0.00 52-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 98,834 0.01 0
55 Man-made staple fibers 0 0.00 30,052-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 122,204 0.02 130,850-6.61
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 293 0.00 18260.99
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 527 0.00 232127.16
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 914 0.00 229299.13
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 18,192 0.00 15,94714.08
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 17,653 0.00 15,43214.39
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 26,426 0.00 71,616-63.10
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 3,209 0.00 3,2010.25
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0 0.00 22-100.00
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0 0.00 744-100.00
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 3,049 0.00 19,990-84.75
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,473,227 0.20 2,314,907-36.36
69 Ceramic products 608,679 0.08 368,42265.21
70 Glass and glassware 3,550,819 0.48 5,430,630-34.61
72 Iron and steel 29,423,947 3.96 17,220,18970.87
73 Articles of iron or steel 982,309 0.13 3,821,288-74.29
74 Copper and articles thereof 12,530 0.00 1,731623.86
75 Nickel and articles thereof 1,428 0.00 266436.84
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 132,975 0.02 1,436,680-90.74
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 32-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 3,067 0.00 76,310-95.98
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 67,960 0.01 46,54646.01
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 44,068 0.01 125,268-64.82
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 14,297,822 1.93 11,783,50121.34
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 11,025,956 1.48 7,354,87549.91
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 226,468 0.03 437,810-48.27
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 10,461,864 1.41 11,657,034-10.25
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 357,320 0.05 5,9945,861.29
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,020,888 0.14 816,49425.03
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 585,231 0.08 416,50140.51
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 25,810 0.00 48,092-46.33
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,542,613 0.21 826,44586.66
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 15,243 0.00 0

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2019 (and in the 1st quarter of 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 52.40% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (53.26% in the 1st quarter of 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 18.67% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (21.67% in the 1st quarter of 2018);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 10.67% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (7.80% in the 1st quarter of 2018);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 8.07% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (8.56% in the 1st quarter of 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 5.73% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (4.84% in the 1st quarter of 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2019 over the 1st quarter of 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $14,033,920;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $1,989,748;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $1,809,574;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $1,730,035.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2019 over the 1st quarter of 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $14,832,387;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $12,487,256;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $8,551,732;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $6,854,282;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $3,257,756;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - a decrease of $3,063,445;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $2,257,647;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $2,255,268;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $2,205,249;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $1,733,351.
Russia’s imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in Q1 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in Q1 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q1 2019
over Q1 2018
10 Cereals 14,982,016 4.06 21,836,298-31.39
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 22,632,169 6.14 8,598,249163.22
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 31,767 0.01 132,199-75.97
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 97,625 0.03 51,03291.30
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 101,181 0.03 146,767-31.06
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 32,199 0.01 335,550-90.40
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 172,546 0.05 251,148-31.30
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,049,151 0.28 19,7055,224.29
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 60,535 0.02 60,537-0.00
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 169,139 0.05 234,405-27.84
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0 0.00 27,132-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 350,735 0.10 3,608,491-90.28
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 210,679 0.06 110,48790.68
29 Organic chemicals 1,348,674 0.37 730,22784.69
30 Pharmaceutical products 24,211,239 6.57 39,043,626-37.99
31 Fertilizers 29,421 0.01 31,754-7.35
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 462,471 0.13 1,072,488-56.88
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 21,395,043 5.80 21,408,732-0.06
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 219,116 0.06 159,07137.75
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 2,850 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 157,123 0.04 75,699107.56
39 Plastics and articles thereof 8,360,132 2.27 10,617,779-21.26
40 Rubber and articles thereof 12,422,029 3.37 14,677,297-15.37
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 18,614 0.01 0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,153,191 0.31 1,479,191-22.04
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 0 0.00 8,855-100.00
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 2,114,083 0.57 2,376,433-11.04
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0 0.00 40-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 773,665 0.21 49,7511,455.07
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 228,778 0.06 475,127-51.85
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 15,181 0.00 228,369-93.35
52 Cotton 9,214 0.00 3,882137.35
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 359 0.00 527-31.88
54 Man-made filaments 248,295 0.07 306,413-18.97
55 Man-made staple fibers 561,602 0.15 386,26245.39
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 303,703 0.08 550,598-44.84
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 8,732 0.00 7,27919.96
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 142,710 0.04 178,731-20.15
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,419,281 0.38 1,516,745-6.43
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 4,675,061 1.27 4,739,476-1.36
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 15,808,559 4.29 17,541,910-9.88
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 439,781 0.12 410,5177.13
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 5,781,101 1.57 8,844,546-34.64
65 Headgear and parts thereof 38,688 0.01 21,92276.48
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0 0.00 461-100.00
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 288,340 0.08 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,001 0.00 414141.79
69 Ceramic products 1,671,196 0.45 1,281,71630.39
70 Glass and glassware 1,440,824 0.39 1,536,475-6.23
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 1,991,857 0.54 2,10994,345.57
72 Iron and steel 1,672,526 0.45 1,955,644-14.48
73 Articles of iron or steel 10,751,367 2.92 9,021,33219.18
74 Copper and articles thereof 5,225 0.00 26,222-80.07
75 Nickel and articles thereof 292 0.00 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 949,113 0.26 967,795-1.93
79 Zinc and articles thereof 38,591 0.01 65,257-40.86
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 2,958 0.00 1,405110.53
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 386,780 0.10 178,500116.68
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 7,329,973 1.99 7,424,555-1.27
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 47,348,943 12.84 59,836,199-20.87
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 49,212,524 13.35 49,473,073-0.53
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 87,178,429 23.65 95,730,161-8.93
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 1,176,369 0.32 612,90991.93
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 8,287,032 2.25 10,492,281-21.02
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 5,110 0.00 2,61195.71
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0 0.00 45,778-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 5,943,255 1.61 4,133,68143.78
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 220,306 0.06 132,53466.23
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 545,860 0.15 571,482-4.48
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia