Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Abkhazia in 2011

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Abkhazia in 2011: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Abkhazia

In 2011, Russia’s trade with Abkhazia totaled $306,027,009, up 35.96% ($80,945,912) from 2010.

Russia’s exports to Abkhazia in 2011 totaled $255,250,990, up 61.51% ($97,214,165) from 2010.

Russia’s imports from Abkhazia in 2011 were $50,776,019, down 24.26% ($16,268,253) from 2010.

Russia’s trade surplus with Abkhazia in 2011 was $204,474,971, a 124.72% increase ($113,482,418) over 2010.

Abkhazia was Russia’s 92nd largest trading partner in 2011 (down from 89th in 2010), accounting for 0.0372% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.0360% in 2010).

Abkhazia was Russia’s 79th largest export market in 2011 (up from 82nd in 2010), accounting for 0.0494% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.0398% in 2010).

Abkhazia was Russia’s 93rd largest supplier in 2011 (down from 84th in 2010), accounting for 0.0166% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.0293% in 2010).

Russia’s Exports to Abkhazia

The major share of Russian exports to Abkhazia in 2011 (and in 2010) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 28.51% of Russia’s total exports to Abkhazia (36.50% in 2010);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 19.15% of Russia’s total exports to Abkhazia (11.31% in 2010);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 17.33% of Russia’s total exports to Abkhazia (19.87% in 2010);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 12.65% of Russia’s total exports to Abkhazia (10.85% in 2010);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 8.55% of Russia’s total exports to Abkhazia (8.86% in 2010);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 3.69% of Russia’s total exports to Abkhazia (5.21% in 2010).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Abkhazia in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $30,057,597;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $12,419,920;
  • Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials (HS code 68) - an increase of $12,126,188;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $8,861,806;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $5,402,484;
  • Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten (HS code 11) - an increase of $3,094,197;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - an increase of $2,690,489;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $2,564,754;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $1,470,000;
  • Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included (HS code 04) - an increase of $1,437,638;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $1,393,106;
  • Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster (HS code 34) - an increase of $1,378,993;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $1,318,970;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - an increase of $1,189,372;
  • Copper and articles thereof (HS code 74) - an increase of $1,180,676;
  • Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares (HS code 19) - an increase of $1,163,223;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - an increase of $1,104,728;
  • Sugars and sugar confectionery (HS code 17) - an increase of $1,101,769;
  • Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 16) - an increase of $1,065,487;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $1,000,334;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - an increase of $935,282;
  • Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations (HS code 36) - an increase of $927,370;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $848,338.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Abkhazia in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $4,371,460.
Russia’s exports to Abkhazia in 2011 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2010,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2011
over 2010
01 Live animals 57,301 0.02 17,243232.31
02 Meat and edible meat offal 2,941,861 1.15 2,351,86825.09
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 24,499 0.01 135,111-81.87
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 7,468,894 2.93 6,031,25623.84
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 10,125 0.00 0
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 0 0.00 102,075-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 163,391 0.06 171,362-4.65
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 73,558 0.03 40,26382.69
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 726,181 0.28 484,34849.93
10 Cereals 255,504 0.10 373,057-31.51
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 7,527,478 2.95 4,433,28169.79
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 218 0.00 2,506-91.30
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 2,114,272 0.83 1,517,48539.33
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 8,404,484 3.29 7,338,99714.52
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 2,018,519 0.79 916,750120.18
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 4,285,563 1.68 3,096,19138.41
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 3,473,333 1.36 2,310,11050.35
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 1,717,137 0.67 1,519,86312.98
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,697,637 1.06 1,998,24735.00
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 13,992,831 5.48 12,888,1038.57
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 473,177 0.19 301,17457.11
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 14,340,650 5.62 11,650,16123.09
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 2,113,879 0.83 1,178,59779.36
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 46,759,058 18.32 16,701,461179.97
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 138,926 0.05 67,415106.08
29 Organic chemicals 193,413 0.08 28,839570.66
30 Pharmaceutical products 7,128,780 2.79 5,809,81022.70
31 Fertilizers 1,050,525 0.41 812,85729.24
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 1,816,976 0.71 1,606,72213.09
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 974,895 0.38 342,150184.93
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 2,203,605 0.86 824,612167.23
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 63,170 0.02 32,21596.09
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 997,703 0.39 70,3331,318.54
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 15,808 0.01 1,511946.19
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 194,043 0.08 218,402-11.15
39 Plastics and articles thereof 4,918,470 1.93 3,448,47042.63
40 Rubber and articles thereof 2,127,266 0.83 734,160189.76
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 24,961 0.01 29,607-15.69
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 5,703,483 2.23 4,855,14517.47
45 Cork and articles of cork 28,797 0.01 59,472-51.58
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 1,409 0.00 0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 3,190,411 1.25 2,190,07745.68
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 494,769 0.19 1,135,897-56.44
52 Cotton 35,065 0.01 22,25957.53
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 2 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 10,336 0.00 2,283352.74
55 Man-made staple fibers 6,782 0.00 991584.36
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 117,089 0.05 30,576282.94
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 389 0.00 3,292-88.18
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0 0.00 6,563-100.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 97,449 0.04 75,90628.38
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 246,567 0.10 63,955285.53
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 457,355 0.18 56,321712.05
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 321,111 0.13 304,9515.30
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 288,545 0.11 104,366176.47
65 Headgear and parts thereof 86,884 0.03 6,7511,186.98
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 27,225 0.01 17,70253.80
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0 0.00 7-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 13,994,006 5.48 1,867,818649.22
69 Ceramic products 2,474,077 0.97 2,832,845-12.66
70 Glass and glassware 1,477,562 0.58 902,74063.68
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 416,320 0.16 406,1162.51
72 Iron and steel 10,319,907 4.04 10,015,8503.04
73 Articles of iron or steel 18,676,876 7.32 6,256,956198.50
74 Copper and articles thereof 1,200,061 0.47 19,3856,090.67
75 Nickel and articles thereof 0 0.00 187-100.00
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,186,735 0.46 529,410124.16
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 98-100.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 3,503 0.00 0
80 Tin and articles thereof 0 0.00 11-100.00
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 363,908 0.14 102,443255.23
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 540,916 0.21 218,658147.38
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 15,871,056 6.22 10,468,57251.61
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 16,688,487 6.54 7,826,681113.23
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 424,317 0.17 13,5113,040.53
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 6,800,293 2.66 11,171,753-39.13
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 8,652 0.00 46,976-81.58
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 4,445,184 1.74 1,880,430136.39
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 21,543 0.01 2,236863.46
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 163,063 0.06 3,9364,042.86
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 4,655,359 1.82 4,447,3074.68
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 199,975 0.08 196,9731.52
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 132,206 0.05 83,50058.33
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 0 0.00 4,894-100.00
SS Classified 585,225 0.23 214 413172.94

Russia’s Imports from Abkhazia

The major share of Russian imports from Abkhazia in 2011 (and in 2010) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 65.59% of Russia’s total imports from Abkhazia (48.57% in 2010);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 32.08% of Russia’s total imports from Abkhazia (50.26% in 2010);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 1.46% of Russia’s total imports from Abkhazia (1.04% in 2010).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Abkhazia in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - an increase of $3,613,531;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $375,222;
  • Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials (HS code 68) - an increase of $214,261;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $194,002.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Abkhazia in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $17,408,592;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $1,587,197;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - a decrease of $1,117,402;
  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - a decrease of $329,190;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $284,090.
Russia’s imports from Abkhazia in 2011 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2010,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2011
over 2010
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 224,135 0.44 84,171166.29
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 122,055 0.24 242,538-49.68
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 37,874 0.07 1,625,071-97.67
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 9,901,520 19.50 11,018,922-10.14
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 298,540 0.59 627,730-52.44
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 123,234 0.24 77,72558.55
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 569,363 1.12 473,09720.35
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 22,027,692 43.38 18,414,16119.62
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 16,290,087 32.08 33,698,679-51.66
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 769 0.00 0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 0 0.00 342-100.00
39 Plastics and articles thereof 0 0.00 54,433-100.00
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 0 0.00 9,707-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 195,719 0.39 1,71711,298.89
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 0 0.00 638-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 230,561 0.45 16,3001,314.48
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 886 0.00 0
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 576,723 1.14 201,501186.21
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 0 0.00 1,824-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 162,412 0.32 446,502-63.63
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 0 0.00 49,214-100.00
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 14,449 0.03 0
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Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia