Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Afghanistan in 2011

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Afghanistan in 2011: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Afghanistan

In 2011, Russia’s trade with Afghanistan totaled $985,425,219, up 72.49% ($414,127,751) from 2010.

Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in 2011 totaled $954,399,710, up 73.75% ($405,111,001) from 2010.

Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in 2011 totaled $31,025,509, up 40.97% ($9,016,750) from 2010.

Russia’s trade surplus with Afghanistan in 2011 was $923,374,201, a 75.12% increase ($396,094,251) over 2010.

Afghanistan was Russia’s 69th largest trading partner in 2011 (down from 68th in 2010), accounting for 0.1198% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.0913% in 2010).

Afghanistan was Russia’s 58th largest export market in 2011 (up from 61st in 2010), accounting for 0.1847% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.1383% in 2010).

Afghanistan was Russia’s 104th largest supplier in 2011 (down from 102nd in 2010), accounting for 0.0101% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.0096% in 2010).

Russia’s Exports to Afghanistan

The major share of Russian exports to Afghanistan in 2011 (and in 2010) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 67.30% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (72.32% in 2010);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 8.28% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (10.57% in 2010);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.05% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (6.11% in 2010);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 2.12% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (5.17% in 2010);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.64% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (2.22% in 2010);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 0.76% of Russia’s total exports to Afghanistan (1.28% in 2010).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $245,080,883;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $20,902,826.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $10,158,890;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $5,482,059.
Russia’s exports to Afghanistan in 2011 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2010,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2011
over 2010
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 51,260 0.01 25,082104.37
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 52,329 0.01 78,084-32.98
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 2,805,987 0.29 5,056,931-44.51
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 2,405,750 0.25 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 8,806,905 0.92 6,763,14430.22
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 1,456,996 0.15 158,556818.92
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 18,884 0.00 11,58862.96
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 4,574 0.00 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 49,500 0.01 102,600-51.75
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 22,869 0.00 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 642,302,382 67.30 397,221,49961.70
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 11,346 0.00 8,37035.56
29 Organic chemicals 0 0.00 16-100.00
30 Pharmaceutical products 283,501 0.03 176,48360.64
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 0 0.00 455-100.00
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 4,306,948 0.45 2,638,53263.23
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 0 0.00 16-100.00
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 546,434 0.06 2,075,640-73.67
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 404,126 0.04 62,720544.33
39 Plastics and articles thereof 26,549 0.00 93,636-71.65
40 Rubber and articles thereof 1,633,997 0.17 1,949,928-16.20
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,000 0.00 182449.45
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 78,940,266 8.27 58,037,44036.02
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 40,400 0.00 27,96244.48
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 0 0.00 279-100.00
52 Cotton 2,449 0.00 1615,206.25
54 Man-made filaments 0 0.00 7-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 211 0.00 0
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 5,394 0.00 4,9119.84
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 1,588 0.00 194718.56
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 6,443 0.00 722792.38
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 0 0.00 75,511-100.00
65 Headgear and parts thereof 351 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 39,559 0.00 8,757351.74
70 Glass and glassware 51,242 0.01 613,525-91.65
72 Iron and steel 27,689,224 2.90 33,171,283-16.53
73 Articles of iron or steel 499,687 0.05 212,242135.43
74 Copper and articles thereof 300 0.00 8,674-96.54
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 9,161 0.00 137,194-93.32
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 889,507 0.09 11,4657,658.46
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 24,518 0.00 10,845126.08
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 7,575,064 0.79 6,909,2709.64
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 2,024,727 0.21 1,218,09666.22
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 9,406,359 0.99 19,565,249-51.92
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 6,600 0.00 0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,267,088 0.13 681,05686.05
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 21,384 0.00 7030,448.57
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 32,332 0.00 37,012-12.64
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 20,000 0.00 0
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 938 0.00 395137.47
SS Classified 160,653,581 16.83 12 133 0721,224.10

Russia’s Imports from Afghanistan

The major share of Russian imports from Afghanistan in 2011 (and in 2010) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 84.08% of Russia’s total imports from Afghanistan (85.71% in 2010);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 4.92% of Russia’s total imports from Afghanistan (1.74% in 2010);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.36% of Russia’s total imports from Afghanistan (0.76% in 2010).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - an increase of $10,904,555;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $1,126,436;
  • Cotton (HS code 52) - an increase of $377,417.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - a decrease of $3,767,414;
  • Carpets and other textile floor coverings (HS code 57) - a decrease of $115,599.
Russia’s imports from Afghanistan in 2011 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2010,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2011
over 2010
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 10,904,555 35.15 0
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 14,904,009 48.04 18,671,423-20.18
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 276,290 0.89 193,17043.03
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0 0.00 8,499-100.00
30 Pharmaceutical products 0 0.00 1,443-100.00
39 Plastics and articles thereof 0 0.00 1,850-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 0 0.00 422-100.00
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 12,854 0.04 0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 5,745 0.02 1,072435.91
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0 0.00 254-100.00
52 Cotton 377,417 1.22 0
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 45,683 0.15 161,282-71.68
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 0 0.00 3,038-100.00
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 0 0.00 3,198-100.00
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0 0.00 127-100.00
69 Ceramic products 0 0.00 511-100.00
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 108,469 0.35 47,979126.08
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,213 0.00 430,225.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,488,869 4.80 362,433310.80
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 20,099 0.06 11,75271.03
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 16,415 0.05 7,777111.07
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 20 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 0 0.00 9,538-100.00
SS Classified 2,863,871 9.23 2 522 98713.51
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia