Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Romania in 2011

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in 2011: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In 2011, Russia’s trade with Romania totaled $3,552,275,869, up 5.40% ($181,886,274) from 2010.

Russia’s exports to Romania in 2011 were $1,827,618,209, down 9.74% ($197,313,720) from 2010.

Russia’s imports from Romania in 2011 totaled $1,724,657,660, up 28.18% ($379,199,994) from 2010.

Russia’s trade surplus with Romania in 2011 was $102,960,549, a 84.85% decrease ($576,513,714) over 2010.

Romania was Russia’s 36th largest trading partner in 2011 (down from 31st in 2010), accounting for 0.4319% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.5384% in 2010).

Romania was Russia’s 40th largest export market in 2011 (down from 29th in 2010), accounting for 0.3537% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.5100% in 2010).

Romania was Russia’s 32nd largest supplier in 2011 (just as in 2010), accounting for 0.5641% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.5878% in 2010).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in 2011 (and in 2010) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 83.00% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (89.52% in 2010);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 6.07% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.29% in 2010);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 5.28% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.01% in 2010);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 2.61% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (1.45% in 2010);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.80% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (1.55% in 2010).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $29,496,710;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $28,981,415;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $18,945,325;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $10,221,917;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $9,507,896;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - an increase of $7,810,449;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $7,715,102.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $303,218,340;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $11,470,425.
Russia’s exports to Romania in 2011 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2010,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2011
over 2010
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 208,463 0.01 270,243-22.86
10 Cereals 564,003 0.03 0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 6,077,316 0.33 5,095,15019.28
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 118,601 0.01 87,27635.89
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 135,959 0.01 0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 0 0.00 73,412-100.00
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 13,515 0.00 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 3,045,419 0.17 3,302,697-7.79
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 162,563 0.01 150,2968.16
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0 0.00 390,046-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 3,798,756 0.21 3,922,687-3.16
26 Ores, slag and ash 24,743,610 1.35 17,028,50845.31
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,488,457,433 81.44 1,791,675,773-16.92
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 12,684,025 0.69 4,873,576160.26
29 Organic chemicals 28,182,738 1.54 9,237,413205.09
30 Pharmaceutical products 757,307 0.04 92,039722.81
31 Fertilizers 15,933,572 0.87 27,403,997-41.86
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 95,480 0.01 76912,316.12
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 2,705,396 0.15 1,952,38738.57
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 116,084 0.01 59,14296.28
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 8,633 0.00 2,603231.66
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 523,000 0.03 472,74910.63
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 0 0.00 592-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 38,119 0.00 77,792-51.00
39 Plastics and articles thereof 6,105,624 0.33 7,531,383-18.93
40 Rubber and articles thereof 43,821,672 2.40 14,840,257195.29
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 73,261 0.00 14,304412.17
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 4,109 0.00 5,815-29.34
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 2,002,422 0.11 2,016,501-0.70
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 7,834,666 0.43 9,485,593-17.40
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 23,010,507 1.26 19,842,74215.96
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 85,260 0.00 42,81199.15
52 Cotton 36,837 0.00 0
54 Man-made filaments 0 0.00 2,073-100.00
55 Man-made staple fibers 66,939 0.00 188,011-64.40
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 2,676,062 0.15 2,185,73022.43
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 0 0.00 639-100.00
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 7 0.00 1,040-99.33
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 34,307 0.00 26,42729.82
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 2,665 0.00 126,188-97.89
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 1,370 0.00 68,749-98.01
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,993 0.00 343481.05
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 4,768 0.00 27,998-82.97
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0 0.00 16,777-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,606,833 0.09 2,243,611-28.38
69 Ceramic products 1,955 0.00 23,054-91.52
70 Glass and glassware 2,382,194 0.13 1,698,81840.23
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 0 0.00 97-100.00
72 Iron and steel 82,884,324 4.54 53,387,61455.25
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,974,746 0.11 1,522,40329.71
74 Copper and articles thereof 3,405,277 0.19 11,56829,337.04
75 Nickel and articles thereof 418,705 0.02 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 7,139,998 0.39 5,130,29739.17
78 Lead and articles thereof 4 0.00 129,446-100.00
80 Tin and articles thereof 8 0.00 0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 280,146 0.02 368,013-23.88
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 337,522 0.02 198,15570.33
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 146,264 0.01 112,59929.90
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 22,949,689 1.26 12,727,77280.31
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 22,671,843 1.24 13,163,94772.23
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 816,620 0.04 792,7583.01
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 367,754 0.02 105,069250.01
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 613,709 0.03 2,281,905-73.11
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 342,854 0.02 326,1915.11
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 5,583 0.00 4171,238.85
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 22,197 0.00 0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 4,988,083 0.27 4,692,8836.29
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 103,593 0.01 3,420,731-96.97
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 5,194 0.00 1373,691.24
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 453 0.00 1,916-76.36
SS Classified 20,200 0.00 0

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in 2011 (and in 2010) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 55.42% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (65.64% in 2010);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 22.97% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (17.34% in 2010);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 6.63% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (5.81% in 2010);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.46% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (4.22% in 2010);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 2.75% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (2.45% in 2010);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.12% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (0.83% in 2010).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $90,676,948;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $72,700,232;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $44,393,039;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $43,119,560;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $41,496,085;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $33,814,402;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $20,453,532;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $18,861,761;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $15,267,482;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $14,529,365;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $9,379,833;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $9,227,331;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $9,067,004;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $6,461,677;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - an increase of $6,037,463.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in 2011 over 2010 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $84,941,918;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $6,108,869.
Russia’s imports from Romania in 2011 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2011,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2010,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2011
over 2010
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 515,468 0.03 158,842224.52
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 3,292,865 0.19 3,228,6781.99
10 Cereals 24,758,144 1.44 15,530,81359.41
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 10,713,884 0.62 9,682,59810.65
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 4,903 0.00 102,693-95.23
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 418,905 0.02 395,5565.90
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 587,433 0.03 155,053278.86
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 158,307 0.01 97,86561.76
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 94,089 0.01 52417,855.92
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 4,516,575 0.26 1,125,349301.35
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 305,025 0.02 545,357-44.07
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 1,997,439 0.12 1,928,3093.59
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 6,578,639 0.38 541,1761,115.62
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 242,165 0.01 17,1121,315.18
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 76,436 0.00 45,55767.78
29 Organic chemicals 3,060,956 0.18 9,169,825-66.62
30 Pharmaceutical products 225,496,443 13.07 152,796,21147.58
31 Fertilizers 74,015 0.00 104,235-28.99
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,317,676 0.13 2,092,54910.76
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 49,182,734 2.85 4,789,695926.84
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 209,485 0.01 160,20630.76
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 339 0.00 6,685-94.93
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 200,055 0.01 1,154,453-82.67
39 Plastics and articles thereof 35,798,648 2.08 26,418,81535.50
40 Rubber and articles thereof 79,747,603 4.62 36,628,043117.72
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 4,446,121 0.26 3,266,66336.11
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 224,521 0.01 94,206138.33
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 11,650,802 0.68 6,503,18679.16
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 5,719,505 0.33 3,827,34249.44
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 1,994,475 0.12 864,416130.73
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 15,996 0.00 0
52 Cotton 7,316 0.00 5561,215.83
54 Man-made filaments 355,117 0.02 115,084208.57
55 Man-made staple fibers 1,691,497 0.10 234,747620.56
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 453,111 0.03 126,604257.90
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 652,710 0.04 476,10537.09
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 14,395 0.00 13,7784.48
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 5,169,037 0.30 2,170,767138.12
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 50,646 0.00 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 20,739,653 1.20 15,724,41931.89
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 46,320,222 2.69 31,052,74049.17
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,901,169 0.11 588,119223.26
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 36,336,408 2.11 27,269,40433.25
65 Headgear and parts thereof 475,604 0.03 383,34224.07
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 27 0.00 0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 115,207 0.01 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,056,901 0.06 561,78088.13
69 Ceramic products 9,606,889 0.56 7,845,96922.44
70 Glass and glassware 2,868,875 0.17 4,381,995-34.53
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 27,728 0.00 36,095-23.18
72 Iron and steel 43,032,947 2.50 9,218,545366.81
73 Articles of iron or steel 36,997,711 2.15 22,468,34664.67
74 Copper and articles thereof 3,694 0.00 10,653-65.32
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 14,919,048 0.87 13,151,27113.44
78 Lead and articles thereof 81 0.00 0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 138,402 0.01 137,7240.49
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 72,031 0.00 28,932148.97
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 551,552 0.03 568,830-3.04
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 15,718,815 0.91 11,225,35940.03
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 185,070,784 10.73 143,574,69928.90
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 415,796,477 24.11 500,738,395-16.96
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 34,020 0.00 30011,240.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 293,072,676 16.99 202,395,72844.80
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 46,707,499 2.71 27,845,73867.74
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 15,069,677 0.87 8,608,00075.07
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 532,387 0.03 216,791145.58
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 222,603 0.01 132,43968.08
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 51,059,243 2.96 30,605,71166.83
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 2,423,037 0.14 1,682,51644.01
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 685,878 0.04 391,90075.01
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 2,695 0.00 0
SS Classified 304,240 0.02 42 273619.70
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia