Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade in goods with Romania in Q3 2019

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in the third quarter of 2019: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In the 3rd quarter of 2019, Russia’s trade with Romania was $1,150,014,221, down 10.76% ($138,591,880) from the 3rd quarter of 2018.

Russia’s exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2019 totaled $788,723,847, up 15.37% ($105,050,327) from the 3rd quarter of 2018.

Russia’s imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2019 were $361,290,374, down 40.28% ($243,642,207) from the 3rd quarter of 2018.

Russia’s trade surplus with Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2019 was $427,433,473, a 442.84% increase ($348,692,534) over the 3rd quarter of 2018.

Romania was Russia’s 30th largest trading partner in the 3rd quarter of 2019 (down from 27th in the 3rd quarter of 2018), accounting for 0.6933% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.7489% in the 3rd quarter of 2018).

Romania was Russia’s 30th largest export market in the 3rd quarter of 2019 (up from 33rd in the 3rd quarter of 2018), accounting for 0.7634% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.6094% in the 3rd quarter of 2018).

Romania was Russia’s 32nd largest supplier in the 3rd quarter of 2019 (down from 21st in the 3rd quarter of 2018), accounting for 0.5776% of Russia’s total imports (down from 1.0103% in the 3rd quarter of 2018).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2019 (and in the 3rd quarter of 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 76.39% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (71.60% in the 3rd quarter of 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 12.89% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (11.22% in the 3rd quarter of 2018);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 3.35% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (4.80% in the 3rd quarter of 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.84% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.47% in the 3rd quarter of 2018);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.75% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.47% in the 3rd quarter of 2018);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 0.20% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.94% in the 3rd quarter of 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2019 over the 3rd quarter of 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $113,303,758;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $19,996,989;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $3,731,572;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $3,273,956;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $2,914,591.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2019 over the 3rd quarter of 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $23,365,756;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $6,871,601;
  • Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials (HS code 68) - a decrease of $3,366,731;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $2,834,569.
Russia’s exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in Q3 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in Q3 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q3 2019
over Q3 2018
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 242,278 0.03 160,40351.04
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 102,879 0.01 0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0 0.00 141,259-100.00
10 Cereals 658,184 0.08 24,023,940-97.26
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 136,862 0.02 43,870211.97
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 47,921 0.01 50,755-5.58
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 0 0.00 3,177-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 52 0.00 0
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 17,856 0.00 0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 44,620 0.01 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 44,301 0.01 197,949-77.62
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 8,204 0.00 15,108-45.70
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 6,590 0.00 0
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 242,416 0.03 2,278,090-89.36
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 839,216 0.11 307,094173.28
26 Ores, slag and ash 1,902 0.00 818,644-99.77
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 601,668,182 76.28 488,364,42423.20
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 6,508,355 0.83 6,473,0000.55
29 Organic chemicals 11,289,071 1.43 8,374,48034.80
30 Pharmaceutical products 103,730 0.01 346,430-70.06
31 Fertilizers 51,772,144 6.56 31,775,15562.93
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 76,768 0.01 48,36258.74
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 1,181,367 0.15 743,37758.92
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 172,305 0.02 102,76867.66
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 2,156 0.00 26,066-91.73
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 239,308 0.03 353,402-32.28
39 Plastics and articles thereof 3,394,070 0.43 3,273,9453.67
40 Rubber and articles thereof 26,899,089 3.41 25,177,7596.84
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 123,587 0.02 188,967-34.60
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 4,264 0.00 3081,284.42
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 14,411,628 1.83 14,250,6801.13
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 31 0.00 2240.91
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 21,038 0.00 413,778-94.92
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 7,198,776 0.91 9,010,889-20.11
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 57,395 0.01 54,9914.37
52 Cotton 30,218 0.00 36,363-16.90
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 83 0.00 0
55 Man-made staple fibers 0 0.00 78,124-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 203,024 0.03 212,929-4.65
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 26,782 0.00 0
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 62 0.00 51,140.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 6,506 0.00 15,232-57.29
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 3,888 0.00 7,072-45.02
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 5,660 0.00 6,835-17.19
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 178,275 0.02 4,2764,069.20
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 7,526 0.00 2,807168.12
65 Headgear and parts thereof 24 0.00 0
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0 0.00 696-100.00
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0 0.00 3,705-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 2,068,332 0.26 5,435,063-61.94
69 Ceramic products 503,034 0.06 563,268-10.69
70 Glass and glassware 3,050,302 0.39 2,060,66048.03
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 3,857,999 0.49 126,4272,951.56
72 Iron and steel 20,685,120 2.62 20,503,0750.89
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,432,472 0.18 1,057,81135.42
74 Copper and articles thereof 772 0.00 1,484-47.98
75 Nickel and articles thereof 5,765 0.00 2,245156.79
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 126,138 0.02 1,951,119-93.54
78 Lead and articles thereof 3 0.00 434-99.31
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 5,845 0.00 1,712241.41
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 41,096 0.01 97,916-58.03
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 66,552 0.01 79,831-16.63
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 8,386,268 1.06 15,257,869-45.04
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 10,185,316 1.29 6,911,36047.37
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 114,424 0.01 21,164440.65
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 7,132,180 0.90 9,966,749-28.44
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 608,900 0.08 671,250-9.29
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 17,519 0.00 11,95746.52
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0 0.00 8,455-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 548,309 0.07 304,33080.17
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 201,443 0.03 216,826-7.09
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,704,008 0.22 1,035,37964.58
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 3,457 0.00 0

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2019 (and in the 3rd quarter of 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 55.74% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (72.22% in the 3rd quarter of 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 22.87% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (11.93% in the 3rd quarter of 2018);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 11.88% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (8.90% in the 3rd quarter of 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.71% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (3.83% in the 3rd quarter of 2018);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.05% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (0.24% in the 3rd quarter of 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2019 over the 3rd quarter of 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $10,646,326;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - an increase of $2,262,995;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $2,109,232;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $1,418,201.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2019 over the 3rd quarter of 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $138,681,488;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $84,300,967;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $9,944,365;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - a decrease of $6,296,975;
  • Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal (HS code 82) - a decrease of $4,582,493;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $4,034,683;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $2,897,625;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $2,845,256;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $2,658,954;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $1,915,068;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - a decrease of $1,091,343.
Russia’s imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in Q3 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in Q3 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in Q3 2019
over Q3 2018
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 10,366 0.00 1,183776.25
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 123,723 0.03 338,592-63.46
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 4,367 0.00 17,931-75.65
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 68,251 0.02 93,222-26.79
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 33,394 0.01 129,184-74.15
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 207,441 0.06 269,075-22.91
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 777,818 0.22 369,989110.23
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 132,220 0.04 101,13630.73
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 2,424,215 0.67 161,2201,403.67
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 8,448 0.00 44,002-80.80
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,770,943 0.49 3,686,011-51.96
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 356,950 0.10 456,689-21.84
29 Organic chemicals 744,109 0.21 1,565,017-52.45
30 Pharmaceutical products 37,595,792 10.41 26,949,46639.50
31 Fertilizers 17,316 0.00 31,042-44.22
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 638,308 0.18 737,420-13.44
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 20,528,673 5.68 18,419,44111.45
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 102,592 0.03 215,088-52.30
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 22,954 0.01 26,514-13.43
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 218,139 0.06 137,05459.16
39 Plastics and articles thereof 7,941,097 2.20 10,600,051-25.08
40 Rubber and articles thereof 14,453,287 4.00 13,035,08610.88
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 51,636 0.01 0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,914,786 0.53 1,371,70739.59
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 74,310 0.02 59,07225.80
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 1,885,339 0.52 1,900,337-0.79
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0 0.00 42-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 296,875 0.08 83,980253.51
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 101,267 0.03 289,636-65.04
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 43,417 0.01 87,711-50.50
52 Cotton 1,013 0.00 1,033-1.94
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0 0.00 224-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 278,041 0.08 291,112-4.49
55 Man-made staple fibers 703,279 0.19 659,5646.63
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 126,336 0.03 939,783-86.56
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 4,457 0.00 83,907-94.69
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 159,322 0.04 314,875-49.40
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,067,653 0.30 1,283,645-16.83
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 12,767 0.00 12,7120.43
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 7,376,806 2.04 7,930,150-6.98
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 19,901,709 5.51 22,799,334-12.71
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 550,920 0.15 445,17723.75
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 12,395,474 3.43 18,692,449-33.69
65 Headgear and parts thereof 100,635 0.03 154,316-34.79
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 186,277 0.05 159,95116.46
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 19,085 0.01 6,205207.57
69 Ceramic products 1,472,332 0.41 1,473,203-0.06
70 Glass and glassware 1,009,206 0.28 1,358,324-25.70
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 901,411 0.25 13,6756,491.67
72 Iron and steel 2,288,250 0.63 2,141,9846.83
73 Articles of iron or steel 5,122,881 1.42 9,157,564-44.06
74 Copper and articles thereof 5,318 0.00 4,62015.11
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 635,632 0.18 869,730-26.92
78 Lead and articles thereof 2 0.00 0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 23,329 0.01 31,826-26.70
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 6,022 0.00 7,847-23.26
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 101,002 0.03 4,683,495-97.84
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 5,206,445 1.44 6,297,788-17.33
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 62,228,495 17.22 146,529,462-57.53
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 53,980,472 14.94 56,825,728-5.01
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,471 0.00 0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 76,048,214 21.05 85,992,579-11.56
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 393,018 0.11 139,074,506-99.72
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 8,729,190 2.42 8,463,2413.14
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 429 0.00 1,424-69.87
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 66,612 0.02 9,098632.16
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 6,129,161 1.70 5,803,5655.61
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,276,072 0.35 692,24584.34
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 233,603 0.06 549,342-57.48
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia