Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian foreign trade in 2019

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods in 2019: turnover, exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade

In 2019, Russia’s trade was $666,558 million, down 3.13% ($21,557 million) from 2018.

Russia’s exports in 2019 were $422,777 million, down 6.04% ($27,187 million) from 2018.

Russia’s imports in 2019 totaled $243,781 million, up 2.36% ($5,629 million) from 2018.

Russia’s trade surplus in 2019 was $178,997 million, a 15.49% decrease ($32,816 million) over 2018.

Russia’s Exports

The major share of Russian exports in 2019 (and in 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 63.33% of Russia’s total exports (64.79% in 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 8.87% of Russia’s total exports (9.88% in 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 6.39% of Russia’s total exports (6.09% in 2018);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 5.85% of Russia’s total exports (5.53% in 2018);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 5.32% of Russia’s total exports (5.13% in 2018);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 3.61% of Russia’s total exports (2.24% in 2018);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 3.02% of Russia’s total exports (3.10% in 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $5,161 million.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $24,262 million;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $5,217 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $2,536 million;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $1,608 million.
Russia’s exports in 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2019,
million US dollars
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2018,
million US dollars
Percent change
in 2019
over 2018
01 Live animals 49 0.01 4315.48
02 Meat and edible meat offal 591 0.14 40745.22
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 4,663 1.10 4,2828.89
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 273 0.06 2527.99
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 117 0.03 10115.86
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 5 0.00 374.81
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 469 0.11 40715.31
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 119 0.03 1116.97
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 171 0.04 1616.13
10 Cereals 7,921 1.87 10,458-24.25
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 328 0.08 26225.17
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,011 0.24 76332.45
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 11 0.00 12-4.07
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 19 0.00 9104.10
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 3,436 0.81 2,66928.74
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 195 0.05 1826.73
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 512 0.12 41523.56
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 726 0.17 64013.28
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 688 0.16 57918.78
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 341 0.08 29715.13
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 700 0.17 6724.06
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 615 0.15 55510.81
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 1,258 0.30 1,08415.96
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 535 0.13 5193.09
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 1,080 0.26 1,122-3.76
26 Ores, slag and ash 4,182 0.99 3,67313.87
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 262,478 62.08 286,740-8.46
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 5,232 1.24 5,251-0.36
29 Organic chemicals 3,675 0.87 4,200-12.50
30 Pharmaceutical products 844 0.20 7926.54
31 Fertilizers 8,402 1.99 8,2262.14
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 350 0.08 31710.33
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 772 0.18 68412.91
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 490 0.12 508-3.47
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 52 0.01 488.16
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 113 0.03 130-13.37
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 14 0.00 1124.88
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 996 0.24 88212.95
39 Plastics and articles thereof 3,026 0.72 3,172-4.62
40 Rubber and articles thereof 3,032 0.72 3,162-4.11
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 88 0.02 141-37.88
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 55 0.01 525.70
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 50 0.01 62-18.23
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 8,620 2.04 9,034-4.59
45 Cork and articles of cork 2 0.00 140.21
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 1 0.00 046.16
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 1,123 0.27 1,655-32.16
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 2,491 0.59 2,738-9.01
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 551 0.13 5156.91
50 Silk 0 0.00 08.06
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 18 0.00 23-24.37
52 Cotton 57 0.01 546.98
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 13 0.00 1122.91
54 Man-made filaments 70 0.02 691.87
55 Man-made staple fibers 59 0.01 63-7.24
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 162 0.04 1600.90
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 12 0.00 1027.63
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 13 0.00 1118.26
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 65 0.02 640.74
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 32 0.01 1874.20
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 216 0.05 17324.58
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 236 0.06 20217.17
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 115 0.03 9225.39
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 270 0.06 23116.71
65 Headgear and parts thereof 18 0.00 1428.31
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 2 0.00 137.80
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 4 0.00 322.54
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 533 0.13 5271.17
69 Ceramic products 323 0.08 3104.04
70 Glass and glassware 755 0.18 7441.48
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 15,259 3.61 10,09851.12
72 Iron and steel 18,141 4.29 23,358-22.34
73 Articles of iron or steel 3,719 0.88 4,076-8.76
74 Copper and articles thereof 5,222 1.24 5,372-2.79
75 Nickel and articles thereof 2,985 0.71 2,60714.52
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 5,839 1.38 6,556-10.93
78 Lead and articles thereof 167 0.04 240-30.62
79 Zinc and articles thereof 23 0.01 96-75.45
80 Tin and articles thereof 9 0.00 42-79.05
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1,001 0.24 1,149-12.89
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 197 0.05 796-75.22
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 190 0.04 1767.70
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 8,992 2.13 9,171-1.96
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 5,560 1.32 4,91213.19
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 911 0.22 8872.66
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 4,682 1.11 4,25010.16
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 520 0.12 2,128-75.55
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,814 0.43 1,7394.28
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 31 0.01 2243.14
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 8 0.00 558.09
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 666 0.16 56817.41
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 193 0.05 16517.29
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 307 0.07 2973.29
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 6 0.00 9-33.89
SS Classified 10,891 2.58 10 4644.09

Russia’s Imports

The major share of Russian imports in 2019 (and in 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 43.90% of Russia’s total imports (44.58% in 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 19.59% of Russia’s total imports (18.29% in 2018);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 12.24% of Russia’s total imports (12.44% in 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 7.31% of Russia’s total imports (7.16% in 2018);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 6.20% of Russia’s total imports (6.22% in 2018);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 2.09% of Russia’s total imports (2.09% in 2018);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.51% of Russia’s total imports (1.64% in 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $3,487 million.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial decrease.
Russia’s imports in 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2019,
million US dollars
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2018,
million US dollars
Percent change
in 2019
over 2018
01 Live animals 301 0.12 308-2.14
02 Meat and edible meat offal 1,878 0.77 2,066-9.09
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,797 0.74 1,802-0.29
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 2,967 1.22 2,33527.07
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 74 0.03 98-25.09
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 563 0.23 599-6.06
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,831 0.75 1,843-0.66
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 5,098 2.09 5,0770.41
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 1,158 0.48 1,188-2.54
10 Cereals 278 0.11 328-15.03
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 121 0.05 123-2.05
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,722 0.71 1,891-8.95
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 232 0.10 238-2.41
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 7 0.00 538.52
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 1,273 0.52 1,340-5.01
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 524 0.22 569-7.78
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 362 0.15 406-10.78
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 1,249 0.51 1,1805.85
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 880 0.36 954-7.76
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 1,233 0.51 1,286-4.15
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,445 0.59 1,3933.78
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 3,028 1.24 2,68212.92
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 951 0.39 9460.53
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 875 0.36 976-10.33
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 732 0.30 790-7.27
26 Ores, slag and ash 2,264 0.93 1,91818.01
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 2,111 0.87 2,266-6.84
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 3,900 1.60 3,902-0.05
29 Organic chemicals 4,446 1.82 4,1048.32
30 Pharmaceutical products 14,069 5.77 10,58232.95
31 Fertilizers 134 0.05 12011.76
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 1,910 0.78 1,926-0.79
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 3,475 1.43 3,3394.08
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,526 0.63 1,5041.43
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 717 0.29 7022.15
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 55 0.02 542.85
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 293 0.12 294-0.28
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,404 1.40 3,3910.37
39 Plastics and articles thereof 9,830 4.03 9,7630.69
40 Rubber and articles thereof 3,997 1.64 3,8733.20
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 58 0.02 58-0.20
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 964 0.40 9432.21
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 253 0.10 268-5.67
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 616 0.25 707-12.90
45 Cork and articles of cork 52 0.02 4418.67
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 18 0.01 175.63
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 177 0.07 14026.30
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 2,454 1.01 2,653-7.51
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 374 0.15 3467.97
50 Silk 4 0.00 43.93
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 42 0.02 411.55
52 Cotton 552 0.23 592-6.74
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 44 0.02 425.59
54 Man-made filaments 513 0.21 515-0.40
55 Man-made staple fibers 617 0.25 628-1.84
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 494 0.20 4665.99
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 218 0.09 2142.11
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 130 0.05 1281.27
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 358 0.15 369-2.98
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 354 0.15 30217.38
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 3,552 1.46 3,3555.88
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 3,790 1.55 3,7072.25
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 825 0.34 8101.87
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 3,393 1.39 3,430-1.09
65 Headgear and parts thereof 155 0.06 155-0.27
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 24 0.01 28-13.08
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 41 0.02 393.27
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 936 0.38 1,014-7.73
69 Ceramic products 933 0.38 973-4.15
70 Glass and glassware 908 0.37 9040.49
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 1,066 0.44 76239.95
72 Iron and steel 5,028 2.06 5,287-4.89
73 Articles of iron or steel 6,490 2.66 5,80611.77
74 Copper and articles thereof 1,032 0.42 78930.75
75 Nickel and articles thereof 105 0.04 109-4.37
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,194 0.49 1,228-2.79
78 Lead and articles thereof 15 0.01 149.09
79 Zinc and articles thereof 162 0.07 68139.83
80 Tin and articles thereof 26 0.01 27-4.50
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 407 0.17 455-10.46
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,722 0.71 1,6722.94
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 1,639 0.67 1,6002.44
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 43,235 17.74 43,601-0.84
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 29,770 12.21 29,916-0.49
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,012 0.42 51198.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 23,840 9.78 23,7420.41
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 1,858 0.76 1,64712.76
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 7,292 2.99 6,7478.08
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 335 0.14 341-1.80
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 108 0.04 8329.84
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2,897 1.19 2,8720.85
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 2,147 0.88 2,0634.09
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,174 0.48 1,1482.31
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 14 0.01 32-57.64
SS Classified 5,654 2.32 6 577-14.02
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia