Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Bulgaria in 2019

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Bulgaria in 2019: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Bulgaria

In 2019, Russia’s trade with Bulgaria was $3,267,949,278, down 5.80% ($201,381,009) from 2018.

Russia’s exports to Bulgaria in 2019 were $2,690,957,966, down 8.60% ($253,114,044) from 2018.

Russia’s imports from Bulgaria in 2019 totaled $576,991,312, up 9.85% ($51,733,035) from 2018.

Russia’s trade surplus with Bulgaria in 2019 was $2,113,966,654, a 12.60% decrease ($304,847,079) over 2018.

Bulgaria was Russia’s 38th largest trading partner in 2019 (just as in 2018), accounting for 0.4903% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.5042% in 2018).

Bulgaria was Russia’s 34th largest export market in 2019 (just as in 2018), accounting for 0.6365% of Russia’s total exports (down from 0.6543% in 2018).

Bulgaria was Russia’s 50th largest supplier in 2019 (up from 56th in 2018), accounting for 0.2367% of Russia’s total imports (up from 0.2206% in 2018).

Russia’s Exports to Bulgaria

The major share of Russian exports to Bulgaria in 2019 (and in 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 76.82% of Russia’s total exports to Bulgaria (83.19% in 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 10.17% of Russia’s total exports to Bulgaria (5.22% in 2018);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 6.39% of Russia’s total exports to Bulgaria (5.59% in 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 3.64% of Russia’s total exports to Bulgaria (2.50% in 2018);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.31% of Russia’s total exports to Bulgaria (0.24% in 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Bulgaria in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $46,283,589;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - an increase of $43,788,517;
  • Copper and articles thereof (HS code 74) - an increase of $43,076,622;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - an increase of $42,142,730;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $27,761,971.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Bulgaria in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $384,238,177;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $12,045,474;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $11,325,589.
Russia’s exports to Bulgaria in 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2019
over 2018
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 125,879 0.00 0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 82,173 0.00 343,792-76.10
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 755,580 0.03 760,400-0.63
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 109,569 0.00 71,63852.95
10 Cereals 605,381 0.02 925,252-34.57
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 67,954 0.00 81,886-17.01
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 27,879,462 1.04 117,49123,629.02
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 41,057 0.00 11,337262.15
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 149,401 0.01 249,669-40.16
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 43,023 0.00 45,650-5.75
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 404,963 0.02 468,666-13.59
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 342,331 0.01 310,50210.25
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 315,899 0.01 326,450-3.23
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,015,782 0.04 817,49524.26
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 3,182,445 0.12 2,590,89922.83
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 2,090,027 0.08 47,3724,311.95
26 Ores, slag and ash 58,029 0.00 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 2,064,987,382 76.74 2,449,225,559-15.69
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 46,214,440 1.72 4,071,7101,035.01
29 Organic chemicals 2,727,994 0.10 2,652,8092.83
30 Pharmaceutical products 153,511 0.01 85,08180.43
31 Fertilizers 20,363,735 0.76 31,689,324-35.74
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 295,870 0.01 264,69711.78
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 650,262 0.02 888,024-26.77
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 103,332 0.00 82,01525.99
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 117,039 0.00 183,328-36.16
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 2,053,308 0.08 3,412,925-39.84
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 2,414 0.00 20,385-88.16
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 831,285 0.03 756,4469.89
39 Plastics and articles thereof 8,092,212 0.30 12,149,515-33.39
40 Rubber and articles thereof 16,268,589 0.60 17,461,802-6.83
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 54,509 0.00 5,284931.59
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 8,997,706 0.33 10,915,529-17.57
45 Cork and articles of cork 17 0.00 19,818-99.91
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 686 0.00 1,031-33.46
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 7,896,031 0.29 10,107,852-21.88
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 102,270 0.00 162,708-37.15
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 1,129,702 0.04 206,263447.70
52 Cotton 767 0.00 9,705-92.10
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 698 0.00 303130.36
54 Man-made filaments 371,973 0.01 833,761-55.39
55 Man-made staple fibers 283,791 0.01 496,803-42.88
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 174,278 0.01 102,19770.53
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 849 0.00 53658.40
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 200 0.00 141,328.57
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 782 0.00 7,520-89.60
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 10,032 0.00 0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 47,854 0.00 32,59046.84
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 78,041 0.00 33,873130.39
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 52,005 0.00 32,22661.38
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 433,548 0.02 202,459114.14
65 Headgear and parts thereof 5,209 0.00 7,489-30.44
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 19 0.00 0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 68 0.00 0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 7,688,910 0.29 10,494,927-26.74
69 Ceramic products 189,113 0.01 690,276-72.60
70 Glass and glassware 4,608,022 0.17 11,760,019-60.82
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 195,375 0.01 29,657558.78
72 Iron and steel 23,861,449 0.89 35,906,923-33.55
73 Articles of iron or steel 137,173,496 5.10 90,889,90750.92
74 Copper and articles thereof 43,270,770 1.61 194,14822,187.52
75 Nickel and articles thereof 59,758 0.00 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 67,539,700 2.51 23,751,183184.36
78 Lead and articles thereof 9 0.00 1,540,721-100.00
80 Tin and articles thereof 1,073 0.00 22,828-95.30
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 307,928 0.01 354,717-13.19
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 938,371 0.03 386,213142.97
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 550,746 0.02 493,48811.60
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 139,687,517 5.19 136,042,5492.68
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 9,646,854 0.36 7,998,39920.61
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 2,363,745 0.09 5,437,034-56.53
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 4,575,771 0.17 3,951,67115.79
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 12,671,526 0.47 6,299,858101.14
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 3,139,611 0.12 4,982,034-36.98
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 3 0.00 4,095-99.93
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0 0.00 10,287-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,157,967 0.04 837,02238.34
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 147,636 0.01 47,813208.78
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 49,689 0.00 58,853-15.57
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 57,115 0.00 4,5371,158.87
SS Classified 11,304,449 0.42 48 592 771-76.74

Russia’s Imports from Bulgaria

The major share of Russian imports from Bulgaria in 2019 (and in 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 35.83% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (37.29% in 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 34.41% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (33.56% in 2018);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 10.43% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (11.83% in 2018);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 8.87% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (8.48% in 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.94% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (3.44% in 2018);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 0.70% of Russia’s total imports from Bulgaria (1.15% in 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Bulgaria in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $24,214,442;
  • Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 95) - an increase of $10,679,820;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $5,987,327;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $5,404,419;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $4,803,139;
  • Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included (HS code 04) - an increase of $4,067,416;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - an increase of $2,964,385;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $2,384,376;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $2,249,000.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Bulgaria in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes (HS code 35) - a decrease of $3,287,965;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - a decrease of $2,690,509;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $2,631,500;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $1,965,354.
Russia’s imports from Bulgaria in 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2019
over 2018
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 4,999,502 0.87 932,086436.38
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 34 0.00 0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 214,354 0.04 200,6356.84
10 Cereals 22,741 0.00 3676,096.46
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 4,538 0.00 1,533196.02
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 540,440 0.09 1,291,831-58.16
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 371,523 0.06 308,92420.26
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0 0.00 103-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 189,729 0.03 263,988-28.13
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 2,906 0.00 11,147-73.93
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 1,200,882 0.21 949,53526.47
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 8,780,890 1.52 5,816,50550.97
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 2,531,766 0.44 3,401,162-25.56
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 5,164,753 0.90 4,825,5857.03
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 3,384,692 0.59 3,922,634-13.71
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 3,424,927 0.59 3,288,4014.15
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 6,355,795 1.10 5,764,46110.26
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 13,977,372 2.42 13,547,6473.17
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 1,802,141 0.31 1,341,85534.30
26 Ores, slag and ash 3,752 0.00 0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 304,776 0.05 614,540-50.41
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 44,619 0.01 87,597-49.06
29 Organic chemicals 2,588,125 0.45 3,660,960-29.30
30 Pharmaceutical products 155,431,093 26.94 131,216,65118.45
31 Fertilizers 0 0.00 16,893-100.00
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 1,464,669 0.25 1,142,89728.15
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 9,130,500 1.58 9,679,279-5.67
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 282,133 0.05 774,322-63.56
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 6,011,146 1.04 9,299,111-35.36
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 7,068 0.00 2,875145.84
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 0 0.00 365-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 5,328,748 0.92 3,855,82638.20
39 Plastics and articles thereof 10,182,397 1.76 9,726,1614.69
40 Rubber and articles thereof 8,079,205 1.40 6,831,02318.27
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 141,932 0.02 112126,625.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 3,663,753 0.63 2,729,97934.20
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 3,636 0.00 10,979-66.88
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 183,439 0.03 53,971239.88
45 Cork and articles of cork 2,063 0.00 334517.66
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 3,787,711 0.66 5,753,065-34.16
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 77,431 0.01 224,804-65.56
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 2,985,391 0.52 4,202,353-28.96
52 Cotton 110,595 0.02 205,806-46.26
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 9,508 0.00 16,339-41.81
54 Man-made filaments 218,971 0.04 397,963-44.98
55 Man-made staple fibers 2,406,125 0.42 1,566,77853.57
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 3,686,731 0.64 5,155,969-28.50
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 580 0.00 57,729-99.00
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 813 0.00 13,075-93.78
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 206,126 0.04 135,41652.22
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 112,598 0.02 222,350-49.36
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 19,903,490 3.45 17,654,49012.74
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 22,895,130 3.97 22,196,1563.15
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 535,552 0.09 658,372-18.66
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 6,737,531 1.17 9,428,040-28.54
65 Headgear and parts thereof 146,666 0.03 172,431-14.94
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 214,062 0.04 57,574271.80
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 353,180 0.06 475,952-25.80
69 Ceramic products 2,156,471 0.37 2,436,227-11.48
70 Glass and glassware 1,761,803 0.31 1,385,84827.13
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 910 0.00 13,604-93.31
72 Iron and steel 8,675,023 1.50 3,871,884124.05
73 Articles of iron or steel 4,710,970 0.82 4,337,7528.60
74 Copper and articles thereof 870,937 0.15 1,035,960-15.93
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,267,210 0.22 2,350,943-46.10
78 Lead and articles thereof 0 0.00 157-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 128,932 0.02 111,56415.57
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,182,398 0.20 1,230,972-3.95
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 5,870,478 1.02 5,146,93314.06
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 124,412,292 21.56 119,007,8734.54
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 57,786,769 10.02 55,402,3934.30
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,171,245 0.20 263,066345.23
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 5,566,768 0.96 6,748,798-17.51
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 0 0.00 2,631,500-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 17,793,753 3.08 11,806,42650.71
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 182,622 0.03 141,85628.74
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 157,417 0.03 119,03532.24
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 6,388,249 1.11 6,907,076-7.51
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 16,214,295 2.81 5,534,475192.97
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 429,641 0.07 549,845-21.86
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 52,899 0.01 57,154-7.44
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia