Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Romania in 2019

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Romania in 2019: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Romania

In 2019, Russia’s trade with Romania was $4,658,943,741, down 5.30% ($260,587,455) from 2018.

Russia’s exports to Romania in 2019 totaled $3,196,184,052, up 3.24% ($100,358,444) from 2018.

Russia’s imports from Romania in 2019 were $1,462,759,689, down 19.79% ($360,945,899) from 2018.

Russia’s trade surplus with Romania in 2019 was $1,733,424,363, a 36.26% increase ($461,304,343) over 2018.

Romania was Russia’s 29th largest trading partner in 2019 (up from 31st in 2018), accounting for 0.6990% of Russia’s total trade (down from 0.7149% in 2018).

Romania was Russia’s 32nd largest export market in 2019 (up from 33rd in 2018), accounting for 0.7560% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.6880% in 2018).

Romania was Russia’s 32nd largest supplier in 2019 (down from 29th in 2018), accounting for 0.6000% of Russia’s total imports (down from 0.7658% in 2018).

Russia’s Exports to Romania

The major share of Russian exports to Romania in 2019 (and in 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 77.37% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (76.61% in 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 11.29% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (9.96% in 2018);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 4.17% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (4.88% in 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.82% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (3.13% in 2018);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.53% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (2.85% in 2018);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 0.56% of Russia’s total exports to Romania (1.18% in 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Romania in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $102,684,531;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $56,786,096;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $14,676,065.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Romania in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $26,362,018;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $17,154,209;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $14,527,528.
Russia’s exports to Romania in 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2019
over 2018
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 25,737 0.00 0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 547,265 0.02 579,128-5.50
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,425,706 0.04 516,405176.08
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 87,301 0.00 221,168-60.53
10 Cereals 2,201,991 0.07 28,564,009-92.29
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 471,701 0.01 169,305178.61
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 8,710,260 0.27 310,1452,708.45
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 9,042 0.00 7,88714.64
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 142,870 0.00 0
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 0 0.00 119,019-100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 376,099 0.01 1,20931,008.27
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 160,519 0.01 22,668608.13
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 142,136 0.00 27,143423.66
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 6,433 0.00 0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 454,169 0.01 540,566-15.98
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 163,838 0.01 143,36414.28
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 6,590 0.00 5,31623.97
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 3,060,637 0.10 5,216,038-41.32
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 14,442,200 0.45 11,088,73730.24
26 Ores, slag and ash 4,521,380 0.14 9,444,060-52.12
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 2,453,785,563 76.77 2,351,101,0324.37
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 23,291,155 0.73 20,987,80010.97
29 Organic chemicals 35,273,156 1.10 41,452,018-14.91
30 Pharmaceutical products 507,813 0.02 630,766-19.49
31 Fertilizers 185,048,633 5.79 128,262,53744.27
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 195,757 0.01 159,62822.63
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 4,633,980 0.14 3,480,68533.13
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 762,086 0.02 514,09348.24
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 62,408 0.00 68,029-8.26
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 59,700 0.00 86,746-31.18
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 865,131 0.03 1,319,891-34.45
39 Plastics and articles thereof 12,812,043 0.40 13,653,138-6.16
40 Rubber and articles thereof 97,189,036 3.04 97,724,677-0.55
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 543,117 0.02 534,7111.57
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 60,957 0.00 1,5403,858.25
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 49,367,049 1.54 53,022,696-6.89
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 84 0.00 787.69
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 654,375 0.02 702,889-6.90
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 30,701,871 0.96 34,420,324-10.80
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 77,941 0.00 124,620-37.46
52 Cotton 91,454 0.00 137,661-33.57
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 21,300 0.00 56,076-62.02
54 Man-made filaments 122,229 0.00 31,564287.24
55 Man-made staple fibers 0 0.00 151,036-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 796,424 0.02 662,44020.23
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 90,524 0.00 4,6601,842.58
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 652 0.00 240171.67
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 12,382 0.00 79,274-84.38
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 34,184 0.00 82,426-58.53
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 61,609 0.00 34,56978.22
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 522,136 0.02 146,564256.25
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 235,545 0.01 9,7682,311.39
65 Headgear and parts thereof 24 0.00 156-84.62
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0 0.00 1,440-100.00
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 3,592 0.00 36,693-90.21
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 7,772,867 0.24 14,387,805-45.98
69 Ceramic products 1,990,251 0.06 2,364,059-15.81
70 Glass and glassware 13,181,125 0.41 18,043,128-26.95
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 6,348,679 0.20 136,5574,549.11
72 Iron and steel 82,373,407 2.58 82,191,1950.22
73 Articles of iron or steel 5,354,677 0.17 7,251,934-26.16
74 Copper and articles thereof 20,551 0.00 8,539140.67
75 Nickel and articles thereof 8,730 0.00 64,693-86.51
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,596,091 0.05 6,191,618-74.22
78 Lead and articles thereof 125 0.00 1,634-92.35
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 14,785 0.00 116,704-87.33
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 331,898 0.01 530,258-37.41
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 313,778 0.01 447,460-29.88
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 46,870,514 1.47 64,024,723-26.79
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 46,682,907 1.46 32,006,84245.85
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 426,245 0.01 637,946-33.18
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 35,481,123 1.11 50,008,651-29.05
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 589,168 0.02 951,387-38.07
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 3,220,829 0.10 3,389,040-4.96
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 17,596 0.00 11,97646.93
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0 0.00 16,284-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2,361,184 0.07 1,896,39224.51
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 593,955 0.02 351,52068.97
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 5,762,934 0.18 4,066,41641.72
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 28,217 0.00 9,908184.79
SS Classified 2,632 0.00 60 307-95.64

Russia’s Imports from Romania

The major share of Russian imports from Romania in 2019 (and in 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 54.16% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (63.45% in 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 22.62% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (17.55% in 2018);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 8.59% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (8.18% in 2018);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 5.57% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (2.68% in 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.52% of Russia’s total imports from Romania (4.45% in 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Romania in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $32,822,175;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $15,466,466;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - an increase of $8,298,191;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $6,461,012;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $4,513,364.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Romania in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $179,336,829;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $135,821,526;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $35,319,113;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - a decrease of $11,203,141;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $11,022,567;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $10,872,057;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $9,501,992;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $8,342,720;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $8,133,747;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $6,382,368;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $5,770,206;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - a decrease of $4,584,914.
Russia’s imports from Romania in 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2019
over 2018
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 84 0.00 0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 14,094 0.00 8861,490.74
10 Cereals 21,886,139 1.50 32,758,196-33.19
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 43,726,528 2.99 10,904,353301.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 303,254 0.02 701,493-56.77
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 110,049 0.01 212,690-48.26
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 332,647 0.02 366,987-9.36
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 165,933 0.01 792,832-79.07
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 853,023 0.06 945,266-9.76
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 4,621,463 0.32 1,105,115318.19
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 415,248 0.03 330,40325.68
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 9,048,913 0.62 750,7221,105.36
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 8,653 0.00 188,887-95.42
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 3,364,958 0.23 12,866,950-73.85
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 998,093 0.07 1,161,899-14.10
29 Organic chemicals 4,584,806 0.31 4,408,5304.00
30 Pharmaceutical products 150,744,025 10.31 135,277,55911.43
31 Fertilizers 95,498 0.01 126,783-24.68
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,104,498 0.14 3,012,774-30.15
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 83,109,935 5.68 80,535,1113.20
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 681,031 0.05 724,358-5.98
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 37,629 0.00 38,414-2.04
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 690,058 0.05 387,36878.14
39 Plastics and articles thereof 31,248,854 2.14 42,271,421-26.08
40 Rubber and articles thereof 56,575,421 3.87 52,062,0578.67
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 192,072 0.01 19,612879.36
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 6,040,544 0.41 5,540,5579.02
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 147,752 0.01 107,65737.24
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 8,574,964 0.59 8,735,381-1.84
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 101 0.00 572-82.34
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 2,374,246 0.16 488,259386.27
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 644,276 0.04 1,530,517-57.90
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 168,601 0.01 540,369-68.80
52 Cotton 23,309 0.00 8,117187.16
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 1,577 0.00 3,585-56.01
54 Man-made filaments 1,377,397 0.09 1,128,39922.07
55 Man-made staple fibers 2,396,045 0.16 2,320,3643.26
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,061,701 0.07 2,879,644-63.13
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 28,915 0.00 154,285-81.26
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 783,926 0.05 1,298,793-39.64
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 4,953,284 0.34 5,586,168-11.33
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 62,420 0.00 25,895141.05
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 21,324,961 1.46 22,634,896-5.79
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 59,575,612 4.07 67,918,332-12.28
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,900,964 0.13 1,969,220-3.47
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 30,956,055 2.12 42,159,196-26.57
65 Headgear and parts thereof 310,797 0.02 299,6903.71
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 148 0.00 461-67.90
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 744,498 0.05 238,779211.79
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 97,548 0.01 16,909476.90
69 Ceramic products 5,536,660 0.38 6,115,537-9.47
70 Glass and glassware 4,971,603 0.34 5,804,870-14.35
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 6,618,195 0.45 157,1834,110.50
72 Iron and steel 7,948,171 0.54 8,527,046-6.79
73 Articles of iron or steel 29,861,025 2.04 35,631,231-16.19
74 Copper and articles thereof 19,340 0.00 44,445-56.49
75 Nickel and articles thereof 656,057 0.04 6,46510,047.83
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 3,229,439 0.22 3,607,160-10.47
78 Lead and articles thereof 4 0.00 0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 114,511 0.01 182,532-37.27
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 20,673 0.00 19,6345.29
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 739,108 0.05 5,084,493-85.46
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 23,509,087 1.61 28,094,001-16.32
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 201,560,551 13.78 380,897,380-47.08
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 207,650,151 14.20 214,032,519-2.98
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 2,690 0.00 4,219-36.24
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 313,414,978 21.43 348,734,091-10.13
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 36,390,802 2.49 172,212,328-78.87
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 33,174,293 2.27 41,308,040-19.69
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 5,732 0.00 4,64523.40
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 146,985 0.01 223,287-34.17
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 23,780,484 1.63 21,518,87610.51
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 2,489,562 0.17 1,764,25341.11
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,439,382 0.10 2,194,642-34.41
SS Classified 17,659 0.00 0
Share the publication on:
Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia