Russian foreign trade
reports and reviews

Russian trade with Spain in 2019

by Russian Foreign Trade
based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia
The Report on Russia’s foreign trade in goods with Spain in 2019: exports, imports, products, dynamics.

Russia’s Trade with Spain

In 2019, Russia’s trade with Spain totaled $5,878,609,209, up 2.06% ($118,774,044) from 2018.

Russia’s exports to Spain in 2019 totaled $2,558,575,097, up 8.30% ($196,139,309) from 2018.

Russia’s imports from Spain in 2019 were $3,320,034,112, down 2.28% ($77,365,265) from 2018.

Russia’s trade deficit with Spain in 2019 was $761,459,015, a 26.43% decrease ($273,504,574) over 2018.

Spain was Russia’s 24th largest trading partner in 2019 (up from 26th in 2018), accounting for 0.8819% of Russia’s total trade (up from 0.8370% in 2018).

Spain was Russia’s 35th largest export market in 2019 (up from 39th in 2018), accounting for 0.6052% of Russia’s total exports (up from 0.5250% in 2018).

Spain was Russia’s 19th largest supplier in 2019 (down from 17th in 2018), accounting for 1.3619% of Russia’s total imports (down from 1.4266% in 2018).

Russia’s Exports to Spain

The major share of Russian exports to Spain in 2019 (and in 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 72.66% of Russia’s total exports to Spain (72.35% in 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 8.38% of Russia’s total exports to Spain (11.02% in 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 5.58% of Russia’s total exports to Spain (4.79% in 2018);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.85% of Russia’s total exports to Spain (5.34% in 2018);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 1.62% of Russia’s total exports to Spain (2.90% in 2018);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.06% of Russia’s total exports to Spain (1.00% in 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s exports to Spain in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $150,782,837;
  • Copper and articles thereof (HS code 74) - an increase of $29,120,518;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - an increase of $26,595,836;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - an increase of $18,929,959.

The largest declines in Russia’s exports to Spain in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $102,111,320;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $40,981,465;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $30,110,276;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $17,186,719;
  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - a decrease of $10,659,638.
Russia’s exports to Spain in 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of exports
in 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total export Value of exports
in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2019
over 2018
01 Live animals 4,476 0.00 2411,757.26
02 Meat and edible meat offal 0 0.00 87-100.00
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 2,331,472 0.09 787,231196.16
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 165,251 0.01 17,588839.57
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 4,026,610 0.16 45,008,075-91.05
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 1,331 0.00 1,454-8.46
10 Cereals 1,424,408 0.06 31,534,684-95.48
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 203,680 0.01 175,13516.30
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 5,752,069 0.22 3,729,77854.22
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 3,234 0.00 511532.88
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 3,442,763 0.13 25,00613,667.75
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 0 0.00 713-100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 9,224,346 0.36 11,556,017-20.18
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 274,642 0.01 449,381-38.88
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 104,529 0.00 138,958-24.78
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 39,626 0.00 137,809-71.25
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 267,280 0.01 1,113,661-76.00
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1,887,912 0.07 2,466,956-23.47
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 18,232,055 0.71 28,891,693-36.90
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0 0.00 45,000-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 3,065,791 0.12 3,987,805-23.12
26 Ores, slag and ash 9,890 0.00 132,969-92.56
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,855,898,158 72.54 1,705,115,3218.84
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 47,479,967 1.86 28,550,00866.30
29 Organic chemicals 16,526,106 0.65 15,907,7533.89
30 Pharmaceutical products 11,407 0.00 4,914132.13
31 Fertilizers 32,235,677 1.26 28,185,56014.37
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 635,009 0.02 2,297,275-72.36
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 467,883 0.02 864,291-45.87
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 881,202 0.03 281,093213.49
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 1,538 0.00 1,929-20.27
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 0 0.00 3,405-100.00
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 2,115 0.00 1,9309.59
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 921,706 0.04 610,13551.07
39 Plastics and articles thereof 5,656,096 0.22 3,347,57068.96
40 Rubber and articles thereof 37,884,499 1.48 33,155,75414.26
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 9,620,449 0.38 14,264,083-32.55
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 515,898 0.02 533,185-3.24
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 18,536,691 0.72 17,329,9396.96
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0 0.00 57-100.00
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 0 0.00 2-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 8,570,452 0.33 6,114,33640.17
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 97,217 0.00 178,601-45.57
52 Cotton 136,706 0.01 33,405309.24
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 582,438 0.02 300,41693.88
54 Man-made filaments 3,208,050 0.13 3,029,3425.90
55 Man-made staple fibers 0 0.00 19-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 319,547 0.01 340,757-6.22
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 2,052 0.00 7,124-71.20
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 1,746 0.00 1,16450.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 8,094 0.00 11,642-30.48
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 2,241,402 0.09 564,940296.75
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 4,014,915 0.16 3,918,9282.45
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 848,961 0.03 1,943,332-56.31
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 129,233 0.01 127,7971.12
65 Headgear and parts thereof 193,388 0.01 82,569134.21
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 415 0.00 179131.84
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 236,566 0.01 441,313-46.39
69 Ceramic products 191,833 0.01 237,829-19.34
70 Glass and glassware 22,364,692 0.87 22,937,373-2.50
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 48,645 0.00 17,363180.16
72 Iron and steel 128,188,403 5.01 230,299,723-44.34
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,126,087 0.04 729,34954.40
74 Copper and articles thereof 29,122,000 1.14 1,4821,964,947.23
75 Nickel and articles thereof 398,137 0.02 0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 51,980,539 2.03 25,384,703104.77
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 3,009,934 0.12 1,488,588102.20
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 69,671 0.00 47,36347.10
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 605,937 0.02 2,449,171-75.26
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 25,185,503 0.98 42,372,222-40.56
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 9,189,443 0.36 12,030,303-23.61
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 308,904 0.01 2,623,692-88.23
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 196,060 0.01 742,401-73.59
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 5,620,056 0.22 9,064,591-38.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,057,636 0.04 1,731,689-38.92
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 17,231 0.00 2367,201.27
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 11,213 0.00 22,511-50.19
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 12,150,218 0.47 9,493,34027.99
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 711,124 0.03 367,67193.41
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 433,259 0.02 123,180251.73
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 66,765 0.00 103,366-35.41
SS Classified 168,194,859 6.57 2 416 8226,859.34

Russia’s Imports from Spain

The major share of Russian imports from Spain in 2019 (and in 2018) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 34.42% of Russia’s total imports from Spain (35.01% in 2018);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 31.91% of Russia’s total imports from Spain (29.82% in 2018);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 16.77% of Russia’s total imports from Spain (15.77% in 2018);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.11% of Russia’s total imports from Spain (6.21% in 2018);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 2.76% of Russia’s total imports from Spain (2.79% in 2018);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.34% of Russia’s total imports from Spain (1.32% in 2018).

The largest gains in Russia’s imports from Spain in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $58,574,217;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $33,171,727;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - an increase of $31,000,683;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $18,215,880;
  • Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal (HS code 82) - an increase of $14,731,967.

The largest declines in Russia’s imports from Spain in 2019 over 2018 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $98,809,367;
  • Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials (HS code 68) - a decrease of $80,325,477;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $29,332,009;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $18,373,337;
  • Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage (HS code 06) - a decrease of $14,899,974.
Russia’s imports from Spain in 2019 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value of imports in 2019,
US dollars ($)
Percent share in total import Value of imports in 2018,
US dollars ($)
Percent change
in 2019
over 2018
01 Live animals 2,210,005 0.07 494,583346.84
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 13,585,060 0.41 7,201,16088.65
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 194,061 0.01 26,025645.67
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 9,752,436 0.29 24,652,410-60.44
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 166,409 0.01 122,66935.66
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 321,572 0.01 448,848-28.36
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 3,082,594 0.09 4,101,339-24.84
10 Cereals 182,022 0.01 387,690-53.05
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 4,025,462 0.12 2,681,71150.11
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 23,280,153 0.70 30,085,639-22.62
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 5,076,514 0.15 7,581,260-33.04
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 40,405,769 1.22 49,671,800-18.65
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 837,958 0.03 1,285,205-34.80
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 8,458,007 0.25 6,959,27721.54
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 15,689,158 0.47 18,484,249-15.12
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 13,957,767 0.42 13,939,8220.13
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 138,351,710 4.17 129,622,5976.73
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 22,781,658 0.69 17,732,14728.48
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 222,189,971 6.69 191,189,28816.21
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 20,914,492 0.63 22,226,839-5.90
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 11,356,337 0.34 6,863,39765.46
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 3,329,019 0.10 6,100,976-45.43
26 Ores, slag and ash 955,884 0.03 763,39225.22
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 16,286,556 0.49 10,824,61850.46
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 22,155,978 0.67 21,245,2264.29
29 Organic chemicals 48,236,103 1.45 47,519,6951.51
30 Pharmaceutical products 332,647,476 10.02 299,475,74911.08
31 Fertilizers 9,213,655 0.28 7,547,24322.08
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 89,951,898 2.71 91,446,207-1.63
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 112,609,816 3.39 94,393,93619.30
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 24,084,969 0.73 24,592,773-2.06
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 4,622,063 0.14 5,248,271-11.93
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 4,668,225 0.14 2,744,43070.10
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 327,470 0.01 374,041-12.45
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 98,581,754 2.97 116,955,091-15.71
39 Plastics and articles thereof 155,948,727 4.70 147,681,6625.60
40 Rubber and articles thereof 156,319,595 4.71 153,899,7431.57
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 274,230 0.01 30,190808.35
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 13,443,913 0.40 11,748,16014.43
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 1,429,253 0.04 393,693263.04
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 6,190,735 0.19 6,370,192-2.82
45 Cork and articles of cork 261,817 0.01 289,985-9.71
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 64,174 0.00 20,157218.37
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 0 0.00 53,412-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 35,306,983 1.06 36,365,911-2.91
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 2,613,461 0.08 1,749,85749.35
50 Silk 5,082 0.00 2,370114.43
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 60,054 0.00 69,712-13.85
52 Cotton 1,361,909 0.04 2,734,681-50.20
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 17,764 0.00 22,597-21.39
54 Man-made filaments 5,976,870 0.18 3,556,07268.08
55 Man-made staple fibers 14,266,621 0.43 16,367,234-12.83
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 5,186,509 0.16 4,772,3568.68
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 332,547 0.01 382,116-12.97
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 502,959 0.02 433,01216.15
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 4,641,323 0.14 4,461,1804.04
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 3,320,819 0.10 3,688,812-9.98
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 4,468,425 0.13 5,456,330-18.11
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 9,078,203 0.27 10,934,407-16.98
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 6,396,527 0.19 5,753,15111.18
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 35,465,338 1.07 35,895,978-1.20
65 Headgear and parts thereof 281,571 0.01 106,952163.27
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 1,761 0.00 5,663-68.90
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 133,060 0.00 71,11587.11
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 13,302,240 0.40 93,627,717-85.79
69 Ceramic products 98,618,899 2.97 106,727,177-7.60
70 Glass and glassware 17,786,547 0.54 15,024,74718.38
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 7,138,164 0.22 11,483,779-37.84
72 Iron and steel 31,596,146 0.95 60,928,155-48.14
73 Articles of iron or steel 101,734,337 3.06 98,917,5152.85
74 Copper and articles thereof 11,021,302 0.33 2,877,861282.97
75 Nickel and articles thereof 3,174,080 0.10 1,104,029187.50
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 11,211,457 0.34 14,828,135-24.39
79 Zinc and articles thereof 217,320 0.01 424,234-48.77
80 Tin and articles thereof 14,585 0.00 9,17558.96
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1,319,056 0.04 3,118,331-57.70
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 26,664,299 0.80 11,932,332123.46
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 15,828,285 0.48 16,975,733-6.76
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 498,032,726 15.00 439,458,50913.33
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 257,875,465 7.77 260,481,313-1.00
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 4,834,690 0.15 8,635,215-44.01
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 348,388,357 10.49 447,197,724-22.10
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 14,883 0.00 3,699,718-99.60
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 33,501,613 1.01 30,008,04411.64
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 334,546 0.01 257,65729.84
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 598,587 0.02 658,726-9.13
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 30,120,959 0.91 28,703,7164.94
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 14,265,269 0.43 13,512,7855.57
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 3,270,286 0.10 3,165,6753.30
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 109,876 0.00 131,590-16.50
SS Classified 1,219,927 0.04 5 203 482-76.56
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Russian foreign trade statistics
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia